monthly news from the U.S. Bureau of the Census
Author: United States. Bureau of the Census
Category: International relations
Accelerating Progress in Reproductive Health
Author: James E. Rosen,Shanti R. Conly
Category: Birth control
During the next twenty to twenty-five years, the global human population will most likely exceed eight billion. Whether the earth's resources can support this unprecedented population increase remains an open question. The papers collected here examine one facet of this question by assessing the production potential of available land in relation to the predicted demand for food. The authors describe in detail current pressures on land and water resources; the effects of climate on productivity; the need for crop improvement and better management of water, soil and nutrients; economic factors; and environmental limitations. They also provide practical suggestions for guaranteeing adequate supplies of food in the future. The papers were developed from a meeting of the Royal Society in London in December 1996 and a follow-up meeting hosted by the Ciba Foundation in London, and they were previously published as an issue of The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.
on the edge of the Malthusian precipice?
Author: David J. Green,P. J. Gregory,Peter Hague Nye
Category: Business & Economics
Category: Economic development
Author: United States Government Printing Office
Für die Herstellung eines Burgers braucht man 3000 Liter Wasser. Wir produzieren in zwölf Monaten mehr Ruß als im gesamten Mittelalter und fliegen allein in diesem Jahr sechs Billionen Kilometer. Unsere Enkel werden sich die Erde mit zehn Milliarden Menschen teilen müssen. Haben wir noch eine Zukunft? Stephen Emmott, Leiter eines von Microsoft aufgebauten Forschungslabors und Professor in Oxford, schafft mit »Zehn Milliarden« etwas Einzigartiges: Zum ersten Mal zeichnet ein Experte ein zusammenhängendes, aktuelles und für jeden verständliches Bild unserer Lage. Kein theoretischer Überbau, kein moralischer Zeigefinger, nur die Fakten. Und die unmissverständliche Botschaft: »Wir sind nicht zu retten.« Emmott greift auf neueste Erkenntnisse zurück und zeigt, dass wir uns längst den Boden unter den Füßen weggezogen haben. »Zehn Milliarden« ist der letzte Weckruf. Wir dürfen ihn nicht überhören.
Author: Stephen Emmott
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Category: Social Science
Bericht der Weltkommission für Umwelt und Entwicklung
This report reviews progress in implementation of the World Bank's poverty reduction strategy during fiscal 1996-97. Chapter 1, "The World Bank's Poverty Reduction Strategy and Future Directions," outlines elements in the poverty reduction strategy: policies to promote broad-based labor-demanding growth and increase the productivity and economic opportunities of the poor; policies and institutions to improve access to social services, especially basic education, primary health care, and nutrition; and safety nets and poverty-targeted programs for those who are heavily risk-prone or who cannot take advantage of income opportunities. Chapter 2, "Progress in Fiscal 1996 and 1997," examines progress in the preparation and quality of poverty assessments and country assistance strategies; reviews the Bank's poverty-targeted lending; and discusses the Bank's recent work on project participation by stakeholders, gender issues, and poverty monitoring in various regions of the world. Chapter 3, "Safety Net Programs: Lessons from Country Experience," examines recent experiences in safety net programs, which complement the main strategy of broad-based growth and investment in human capital. Appendix A describes the Bank's analytical work on poverty and presents summaries of poverty assessments for 32 countries. Appendix D describes objectives of the Program of Targeted Interventions (PTI) and lists 156 PTI projects with details on their specific objectives and strategies; 75 of these addressed human capital development. Education projects focused on female literacy, skills for the informal sector, teacher education, provision of school materials, and educational facilities construction. Other appendices provide further details on poverty assessments, poverty-focused structural adjustment loans, poverty-focused emergency recovery loans, annual lending to selected sectors, regional plans for poverty monitoring, and projects and adjustment operations with safety net components. Contains 29 references and 19 data tables. (SV)
Progress in Fiscal 1996 and 1997
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Business & Economics
From the skyrocketing AIDS rate in Haiti to the oppressive pollution in industrial China, from the violent street culture of Nigeria to the crippling poverty in Nicaragua, from child trafficking in Thailand to child marriages in India, this jam-packed six-volume set explores all these issues and more in an unprecedented look at the world's children at the dawn of the 21st century. In recent years, while many countries have enjoyed a higher standard of living and improved working conditions, others have been torn apart by war and incapacitated by famine, and are struggling to improve life for their children and their future. Recent concern over the world's children has resulted in a global attempt to define what constitutes an acceptable childhood. New attention has been paid, not only to healthcare and secondary education, but also to the right to play and increased access to technology. The UN's codification of children's rights has done much to expand our understanding of what is needed for healthy growth and development of children and youth. Organized by region, The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Children's Issues Worldwide is the first globally focused set of this magnitude, offering extensive, up-to-date coverage of these critical issues. Original chapters accessibly synthesize current data on key topics, including education, play and recreation, child labor, family, health, laws and legal status, religious life, abuse and neglect, and growing up in the 21st century.--Provided by publisher.
Author: Irving Epstein
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group