The world labour market

a history of migration

Author: Lydia Potts

Publisher: N.A


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 9052

Posted in Business & Economics

Women, Gender and Labour Migration

Historical and Cultural Perspectives

Author: Lecturer in Social and Economic History Pamela Sharpe,Pamela Sharpe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134586647

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 443

Approximately half of all migrants today are female. The contributors to this volume consider the ways in which attention to gender is moving debates away from old paradigms, such as the push/pull motivation which used to dominate the field of migration studies. The authors consider women's experience of migration, especially in long distance, transnational moves. They examine the extent to which labour migration is a social and strategic decision for women.
Posted in History

The Economics of Labour Migration

Author: Julien Van Den Broeck

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 8230

. . . excellent background reading for anyone interested in acquainting themselves with the political economy underlying international migration. J. Millington, International Journal of Manpower Labour migration is part of the process of human survival. In order to survive, individuals have to respond to changes in natural and institutional environments. The economic motivation and consequences of labour migration are the subject of this important new book. The Economics of Labour Migration places migration in a historical context, considers the economic impact of labour emigration and immigration, and examines the migration process in the European Union. The international group of contributors adopts an institutionalist perspective, allowing for the involvement of dynamic processes and human institutions. Their approach combines normative analysis with positive discussion of contemporary real world issues. Economists and policymakers will welcome the innovative approach of this volume which tackles a key economic issue which will have a profound influence on the development of the global economy.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Dynamics of Asian Labour Markets

Balancing Control and Flexibility

Author: John Benson,Ying Zhu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136823905

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 6649

Asia has undergone rapid economic transformation over the past two decades. Despite its constant economic growth, the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis and the resulting surge in unemployment highlighted the vulnerability of national systems that base development solely on economic growth. This book fills a major research gap by exploring the nature, dynamics and functioning of Asian labour markets in eight major Asian economies, including Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, China, Vietnam, India and Malaysia. It examines the type of labour markets that exist in Asia; how they have responded to globalisation; and how flexible they are to changing social and economic conditions. The book analyses how the current transformation has impacted on the key parties, such as employers, employees, trade unions, governments, organisations and society as a whole, and considers the likely future trends and developments in Asian labour markets.
Posted in Business & Economics

Migrants, Borders and Global Capitalism

West African Labour Mobility and EU Borders

Author: Hannah Cross

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136230041

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 7652

People from West Africa are risking their lives and surrendering their citizenship rights to enter exploitative labour markets in Europe. This book offers an explanation for this phenomenon that is based on close analysis of the contradictory economic and political agendas that create and constrain labour migration. It shows how global capitalism regulates different stages of the process within an interconnected system of economic dispossession, the construction of an illegal status, border control, labour exploitation and processes of underdevelopment. This is summarised as a regime of ‘unfree labour mobility’. Combined with structural and historical approaches, this book is based on ethnographic research. It incorporates those who are left behind, those who decide to stay, migrants who fail and those who are on the move, alongside clustered migrant communities in Senegal, Mauritania and Spain. The book’s panoramic approach shows how West African ‘step-wise’ journeys to Europe by land and sea sees competing territorial and economic policies regulating an unstable and unpredictable trajectory, creating ‘illegal’ labour through dual logics of border security and selective labour mobility. This book demonstrates that the diverse channels through which people migrate in the modern era are mediated by European states and labour markets, which utilise border regimes to control labour and be globally competitive. The themes and patterns that emerge, in their context of inter-generational change, present a challenge to the accepted wisdom about the individual and household dynamics of labour migration. This book is of interest to students and scholars of migration, transnationalism, politics, security, development, economics, and sociology.
Posted in Business & Economics

Towards a Labour Market in China

Author: John B. Knight,Lina Song

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199245274

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 1896

Combining remarkable economic transition and dynamic growth, China may well have the most fascinating economy in the world. Over the period of economic reform China has moved from an administered labour system towards the creation of a labour market. The scale of this transformation, involvingnew economic incentives, vast labour migration, draconian retrenchment of state workers, and sharply rising wage inequality, is unprecedented in world history.The authors draw on more than a decade of their research to document and analyse this process. The book uses the rigorous analysis and empirical methodology of modern economics. Much of the evidence used is survey-based but a systematic approach is adopted: economic and sociological theory,institutional analysis and political economy are also used to explain the causes, pressures, obstacles and consequences of the move towards a labour market. It is argued that much progress has been made towards the creation of a labour market but that the process is far from complete. This isreflected in the growing importance of productivity to wages, on the one hand, and the growing wage segmentation across regions and firms, on the other. The underlying policy issue is the tension and trade-off between efficiency and equity objectives, stressed throughout the book.Because the subject is of such importance and general interest, the book is written for development economists, labour economists, and transition economists as well as for China specialists.
Posted in Business & Economics

Rethinking Unequal Exchange

The Global Integration of Nursing Labour Markets

Author: Salimah Valiani

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442643668

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 197

View: 4401

Using a world historical approach, Valiani demonstrates that though nursing and other caring labour is essential to human, social, and economic development, the exploitation of care workers is escalating.
Posted in Business & Economics

Labour migration in Indonesia

policies and practice

Author: Sukamdi,Abdul Haris,Patrick Brownlee,Universitas Gadjah Mada. Pusat Penelitian dan Studi Kependudukan

Publisher: N.A


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 9472

Posted in Business & Economics

The Cambridge Survey of World Migration

Author: Robin Cohen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521444057

Category: Social Science

Page: 570

View: 4361

Leading scholars consider issues such as migration patterns, the flights of refugees and illegal migration.
Posted in Social Science

The Irish world wide

history, heritage, identity. The irish in the new communities

Author: Patrick O'Sullivan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780718514273

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 2307

Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Women's Studies

Gender in a Transnational World

Author: Inderpal Grewal,Caren Kaplan

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social

ISBN: 9780071093804

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 7095

This anthology for first and second year students introduces them to the history of key ideas in the modern period related to sexual difference, gender, race, class, and sexuality. While most introductory Women's Studies textbooks focus on the United States, even if they add multiculturalism to the discussion, this book looks at the history of important differences between women in diverse locations around the world and continually challenges students to think through the issues that are raised. This transnational approach to understanding gender brings Women's Studies into an era of globalization and connects women’s issues in the United States to women’s issues elsewhere. The book shows how colonialism and imperialism, as they spread across the world, shaped ideas about gender as much as other modern phenomena. It addresses issues of power and inequalities and focuses on links and connections rather than commonalties. The readings are truly interdisciplinary, drawing upon scholarly work in many disciplines and interdisciplinary fields as well as non-scholarly sources.
Posted in Social Science

A History of Foreign Labor in Germany, 1880-1980

Seasonal Workers, Forced Laborers, Guest Workers

Author: Ulrich Herbert

Publisher: N.A


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 8318

Combines socioeconomic labor market analysis with a cultural historical study of the impact of migration.
Posted in Business & Economics

Labour Markets & Employment

Author: Berch Berberoğlu,Mike O’Donnell,Nilay Etiler,Betül Yüce Dural, Meriç Subaşı Ertekin,Lubomír Nenička,P. K. Basu,John Hicks,Denise Conroy,Richard B. Sappey,M. Mustafa Erdoğdu,Olanrewaju Adewole Adediran,Renáta Halásková,Martina Halásková,David Slavata,Berna Ak Bingül, Rengin Ak,Burak Kahraman,Fatih Kahraman,Mehtap Tosun,Esra Köten Peker

Publisher: IJOPEC Publication

ISBN: 0956825648


Page: 224

View: 6397

As the outcome of the third international conference of political economy, the papers in this volume cover a range of topics, related to the conference theme of “labor markets and employment,” from globalization to migration, unionization to policy implementation, and women’s labor to child labor and ethnic issues in employment. Despite the wide range they come from, almost all papers draw attention to the radical changes in employment policies and practices around the world, and many of them point to global neoliberalism as the source of this transformation process, one way or another. We believe that revealing the dynamics of this process and putting forward possible alternative policies and practices across the world would provide signicant contribution to solving the problems of labor markets and employment, as the papers in this collection attempt to do.
Posted in

Migration and Its Enemies

Global Capital, Migrant Labour and the Nation-state

Author: Robin Cohen

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754646587

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 507

In this book Robin Cohen shows how the preferences, interests and actions of the three major social actors in international migration policy - global capital, migrant labour and national politicians - intersect and often contradict each other. Cohen addresses these vital questions in a wide-ranging, lucid and accessible account of the historical origins and contemporary dynamics of global migration.
Posted in Law

Work in Transition

Cultural Capital and Highly Skilled Migrants' Passages into the Labour Market

Author: Arnd-Michael Nohl,Karin Schittenhelm,Oliver Schmidtke,Anja Weiss

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442615680

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 445

Work in Transition shows how migrants develop their cultural capital in order to enter the workforce, as well as how failure to leverage that capital can lead to permanent exclusion from professional positions.
Posted in Political Science

International Migration in Southeast Asia

Author: Aris Ananta,Evi Nurvidya Arifin

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789812302786

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 4767

Includes statistics.
Posted in Social Science

Migration, Trade, and Slavery in an Expanding World

Essays in Honor of Pieter Emmer

Author: Wim Klooster

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004176209

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 1273

The twelve essays explore three connected aspects of European expansion in the period between 1500 and 1900 - migration, trade, and slavery - with some attention given to present-day echoes from that era. The book's first section deals with European migration to transatlantic and Asian destinations, the second and third sections focus on the Atlantic slave trade and representations of slavery, and the final section analyzes the demise and legacy of slavery. The authors reach surprising conclusions: European expansion did not entail major economic benefits; the small scale of the Europeans' intercontinental migration never jeopardized their colonial projects; and the unique popular nature of British abolitionism can be explained in part by the growth of the newspaper press in the mid-eighteenth century, which regularly reported about slave ship revolts.
Posted in History

Unfree Labour?

Struggles of Migrant and Immigrant Workers in Canada

Author: Aziz Choudry,Adrian Smith

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1629632589

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9681

Over the past decade, Canada has experienced considerable growth in labour migration. Moreover, temporary labour migration has replaced permanent immigration as the primary means by which people enter Canada. Utilizing the rhetoric of maintaining competitiveness, Canadian employers and the state have ushered in an era of neoliberal migration alongside an agenda of austerity flowing from capitalist crisis. Labour markets have been restructured to render labour more flexible and precarious, and in Canada as in other high-income capitalist labour markets, employers are relying on migrant and immigrant workers as "unfree labour." This book explores labour migration to Canada and how public policies of temporary and guest worker programs function in the global context of work and capitalist restructuring. Contributors are directly engaged with the issues emerging from the influx of temporary foreign workers and Canada's "creeping economic apartheid."
Posted in Social Science

Asian Migrants and European Labour Markets

Patterns and Processes of Immigrant Labour Market Insertion in Europe

Author: Ernst Spaan,Felicitas Hillmann,Ton van Naerssen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134217463

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 4775

In an era of globalization and demographic transition international migration has become an important issue for European governments. The past decades have seen an increasing and diversifying flow of migrants from different parts of the world, including many from South, Southeast and East Asia. It has become apparent that in several European countries the demand for workers in certain sectors of the labour market is increasing and that Asia has become the source for these workers. This collection explores the phenomenon of Asian immigration in Europe, particularly focusing on the ways in which Asian immigrants gain access to local labour markets. The book includes studies of several countries including Germany, France and the United Kingdom - shedding light on the labour market positions of different ethnic groups within Europe. Asian Migrants and European Labour Markets will interest scholars in the field of labour economics, population and migration studies and international business.
Posted in Science

The Politics of Immigrant Workers

Labor Activism and Migration in the World Economy Since 1830

Author: Camille Guerin-Gonzales,Carl Strikwerda

Publisher: Holmes & Meier Pub


Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 7733

Immigrant workers are as crucial to the world and national economies as they are socially and politically controversial. This provocative book explores the rise of the global working class in the 19th & 20th centuries by examining the experiences of a wide range of immigrant workers in the US, Europe, Asia and Africa. Are immigrant workers more conservative or radical than native-born workers? Under what circumstances do workers act together and when do they fail to co-operate? These are just two of the questions addressed in this important collection of essays.
Posted in Political Science