World Economic Outlook October 2014

Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781498331555

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 3290

Global activity has broadly strengthened and is expected to improve further in 2014-15, according to the April 2014 WEO, with much of the impetus for growth coming from advanced economies. Although downside risks have diminished overall, lower-than-expected inflation poses risks for advanced economies, there is increased financial volatility in emerging market economies, and increases in the cost of capital will likely dampen investment and weigh on growth. Advanced economy policymakers need to avoid a premature withdrawal of monetary accommodation. Emerging market economy policymakers must adopt measures to changing fundamentals, facilitate external adjustment, further monetary policy tightening, and carry out structural reforms. The report includes a chapter that analyzes the causes of worldwide decreases in real interest rates since the 1980s and concludes that global rates can be expected to rise in the medium term, but only moderately. Another chapter examines factors behind the fluctuations in emerging market economies' growth and concludes that strong growth in China played a key role in buffering the effects of the global financial crisis in these economies
Posted in Business & Economics

World Economic Outlook, October 2014:

Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1484380665

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 2879

The pace of recovery has disappointed in recent years, and downside risks have increased, including from heightened geopolitical tensions. These increased risks make it a priority to raise actual and potential growth. In a number of economies, an increase in public infrastructure investment can also provide support to demand and help boost potential output. And in advanced economies as well as emerging and developing economies there is a general, urgent need for structural reforms to strengthen growth potential or make growth more sustainable. The four individual chapters examine the overall global outlook, the prospects for individual countries and regions, the benefits of increased public infrastructure investment in terms of raising output, and the extent to which global imbalances have narrowed significantly since their peak in 2006.
Posted in Business & Economics

World Economic Outlook, October 2014: Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties

Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 149830298X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1260

The pace of recovery has disappointed in recent years, and downside risks have increased, including from heightened geopolitical tensions. These increased risks make it a priority to raise actual and potential growth. In a number of economies, an increase in public infrastructure investment can also provide support to demand and help boost potential output. And in advanced economies as well as emerging and developing economies there is a general, urgent need for structural reforms to strengthen growth potential or make growth more sustainable. The four individual chapters examine the overall global outlook, the prospects for individual countries and regions, the benefits of increased public infrastructure investment in terms of raising output, and the extent to which global imbalances have narrowed significantly since their peak in 2006.
Posted in Business & Economics

World Economic Outlook, October 1986

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1455290971

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 119

View: 3262

This paper highlights that economic developments in the first half of 1986 were disappointing in a number of respects. Despite the stimulus from lower interest rates and lower oil prices, the pace of activity in the industrial countries slowed. This contributed to continuing sluggishness in the growth of world trade and a further weakening of primary commodity prices. Falling export earnings in developing countries worsened the outlook for the restoration of generalized creditworthiness and for the resumption of a satisfactory growth performance.
Posted in Business & Economics

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2014

Staying the Course

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1484392302

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 110

View: 2017

Growth in much of Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to remain strong, driven by efforts to invest in infrastructure and strong agricultural production. The current Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone is exacting a heavy toll, with spillovers to neighboring countries. External threats to the region's overall positive outlook include global financial conditions and a slowdown in emerging market growth.
Posted in Business & Economics

Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, October 2014

Middle East and Central Asia

Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1498302327

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 120

View: 3450

This issue discusses economic developments in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP), which continue to reflect the diversity of conditions prevailing across the region. Most high-income oil exporters, primarily in the GCC, continue to record steady growth and solid economic and financial fundamentals, albeit with medium-term challenges that need to be addressed. In contrast, other countries—Iraq, Libya, and Syria—are mired in conflicts with not only humanitarian but also economic consequences. And yet other countries, mostly oil importers, are making continued but uneven progress in advancing their economic agendas, often in tandem with political transitions and amidst difficult social conditions. In most of these countries, without extensive economic and structural reforms, economic prospects for the medium term remain insufficient to reduce high unemployment and improve living standards.
Posted in Business & Economics

Fiscal Monitor, October 2014

Back to Work: How Fiscal Policy Can Help

Author: International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1498383181

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 112

View: 3357

At a time when job creation tops the policy agenda globally, this issue of the Fiscal Monitor explores if and how fiscal policy can do more for jobs. It finds that while fiscal policy cannot substitute for comprehensive reforms, it can support job creation in a number of ways. First, deficit reduction can be designed and timed to minimize negative effects on employment. Second, fiscal policy can facilitate structural reforms in the labor market by offsetting their potential short term costs. And third, targeted fiscal measures, including labor tax cuts, can help tackle challenges in specific segments of the labor market, such as youth and older workers.
Posted in Business & Economics

East Asia and Pacific Economic Update October 2014

Enhancing Competitiveness in an Uncertain World

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464804303

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 165

View: 533

In China, growth will gradually moderate, reflecting intensified policy efforts to address financial vulnerabilities and structural constraints, and place the economy on a more sustainable growth path. In the rest of the region, growth will pick up, as exports firm in line with strengthening global activity, and the impact of domestic adjustment in large ASEAN countries eases. Significant uncertainties remain about the sustainability of the global recovery, and global financial conditions are likely to tighten. The short-term priority in several countries is to address the vulnerabilities and inefficiencies created by an extended period of loose financial conditions and fiscal stimulus. In China, the authorities need to strike a balance between containing growing risks from rising leverage and meeting the indicative growth targets. Over the longer term, the focus in most countries must be on structural reforms to enhance export competitiveness. The report’s special section focuses on education & skills development; international migration; and the policy priorities for the Pacific Island Countries.
Posted in Business & Economics

World Economic Outlook, October 2013: Transition and Tensions

Transition and Tensions

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1484324064

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 929

Global growth is in low gear, and the drivers of activity are changing. These dynamics raise new policy challenges. Advanced economies are growing again but must continue financial sector repair, pursue fiscal consolidation, and spur job growth. Emerging market economies face the dual challenges of slowing growth and tighter global financial conditions. This issue of the World Economic Outlook examines the potential spillovers from these transitions and the appropriate policy responses. Chapter 3 explores how output comovements are influenced by policy and financial shocks, growth surprises, and other linkages. Chapter 4 assesses why certain emerging market economies were able to avoid the classical boom-and-bust cycle in the face of volatile capital flows during the global financial crisis.
Posted in Business & Economics

World Economic Outlook, April 2014: Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475515766

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 5246

Global activity has broadly strengthened and is expected to improve further in 2014–15, according to the April 2014 WEO, with much of the impetus for growth coming from advanced economies. Although downside risks have diminished overall, lower-than-expected inflation poses risks for advanced economies, there is increased financial volatility in emerging market economies, and increases in the cost of capital will likely dampen investment and weigh on growth. Advanced economy policymakers need to avoid a premature withdrawal of monetary accommodation. Emerging market economy policymakers must adopt measures to changing fundamentals, facilitate external adjustment, further monetary policy tightening, and carry out structural reforms. The report includes a chapter that analyzes the causes of worldwide decreases in real interest rates since the 1980s and concludes that global rates can be expected to rise in the medium term, but only moderately. Another chapter examines factors behind the fluctuations in emerging market economies’ growth and concludes that strong growth in China played a key role in buffering the effects of the global financial crisis in these economies.
Posted in Business & Economics

Europe's Crisis, Europe's Future

Author: Kemal Dervis,Jacques Mistral

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725558

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 5466

Can the eurozone's emergence from crisis turn into a real economic recovery and a new vision for Europe's future? Or is Europe heading for a "lost decade" in terms of growth and a rise in old style nationalism? Kemal Dervis and Jacques Mistral have assembled an international group of economic analysts who provide perspectives on the most audacious supranational governance experiment in history. Will the crisis mark the end of the dream of "ever closer union" or lead to a renewed impetus to integrate, perhaps taking novel forms? Among the key issues explored are the · Onset, evolution, and ramifications of the euro crisis from the perspective of three countries especially hard hit—Greece, Italy, and Spain. · Concerns, priorities, and issues in France and Germany, the couple that has so far always driven European integration. · Effects and lessons in two key policy areas: banking union and social policies. The volume concludes with a possible renewed vision for the EU in the 2020s, including much greater political integration but where some countries may keep their national currencies and share less of their sovereignty. It is a vision of two Europes within one, ready for the twenty-first century.
Posted in Political Science

Annual Report

Author: Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Banks and banking

Page: N.A

View: 9638

Posted in Banks and banking

World Economic Outlook

A Survey by the Staff of the International Monetary Fund

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic history

Page: N.A

View: 9707

Posted in Economic history

Vietnam Business Annual Report

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business enterprises

Page: N.A

View: 6270

On business environment advantages, human resources development, and the enterprises capacity in Vietnam
Posted in Business enterprises