Working in America

Continuity, Conflict, and Change in a New Economic Era

Author: Amy S Wharton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317248767

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 3417

The Great Recession brought rising inequality and changing family economies. New technologies continued to move jobs overseas, including those held by middle-class information workers. The first new edition to capture these historic changes, this book is the leading text in the sociology of work and related research fields. Wharton s readings retain the classics but offer a new spectrum of articles accessible to undergraduate students that focus on the changes that will most affect their lives.New to the fourth edition"
Posted in Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of the Sociology of Work and Employment

Author: Stephen Edgell,Heidi Gottfried,Edward Granter

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473943280

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 3296

The SAGE Handbook of the Sociology of Work and Employment is a landmark collection of original contributions by leading specialists from around the world. The coverage is both comprehensive and comparative (in terms of time and space) and each ‘state of the art’ chapter provides a critical review of the literature combined with some thoughts on the direction of research. This authoritative text is structured around six core themes: Historical Context and Social Divisions The Experience of Work The Organization of Work Nonstandard Work and Employment Work and Life beyond Employment Globalization and the Future of Work. Globally, the contours of work and employment are changing dramatically. This handbook helps academics and practitioners make sense of the impact of these changes on individuals, groups, organizations and societies. Written in an accessible style with a helpful introduction, the retrospective and prospective nature of this volume will be an essential resource for students, teachers and policy-makers across a range of fields, from business and management, to sociology and organization studies.
Posted in Social Science

Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism

Author: Herbert Kitschelt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521634960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 527

View: 1100

Capitalist democracies have always displayed considerable diversity in their key political and economic institutions, such as the organization of economic interest groups and private enterprises, the public sector and the welfare state, as well as political parties and social movements. This book asks whether the challenges of new technologies, citizens' preferences, and growing political and economic interdependence in the 1980s and 1990s force all polities to adopt similar institutional reforms. The authors argue that established arrangements have become difficult to sustain, but that countries choose unique trajectories of reform, not a common approach. The diversity among capitalist democracies persists in a new fashion.
Posted in Business & Economics

Conflict and Cooperation in Sino-US Relations

Change and Continuity, Causes and Cures

Author: Jean-Marc F. Blanchard,Simon Shen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317664264

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 3180

Numerous crosswinds are buffeting the more than 40-year-old People's Republic of China--American relationship, yet only once since Nixon’s historic trip to China in 1972 has a major conflagration seemed a real possibility. Anchoring the relationship throughout multiple storms are the two countries’ broad areas of collaboration such as deep links in culture, economics, and education. However, for some observers, the conflictual aspects of the relationship seem to be gaining prominence. Conflict and Cooperation in Sino-US Relations offers a timely and current look at one of the world’s weightiest bilateral relationships. It goes beyond detailing the conflict and cooperation that have been integral facets of China--US interactions since 1972, to gauging the relationship's evolution and future trends, examining its nuances regarding diverse issues such as the Asia-Pacific leadership structure, the South China Sea, and the Korean peninsula. The book further delves into the causes of conflict and cooperation, offers diverse solutions for tempering frictions between Beijing and Washington, and considers the efficacy of some of the mechanisms (e.g., military-to-military exchanges) that China and the US currently employ to manage their relationship.The chapters suggest that extreme anxieties about China--US relations may be misplaced, but that there nonetheless are some worrisome signs even in areas like economics and the environment that are perceived as naturally cooperative. While the book does not offer any silver bullets, various contributors contend that successful management of Sino-American relations may require greater American accommodation of China’s interests.? This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese politics, American politics, international relations, and Asian studies, as well as to policy-makers working in the field.
Posted in Political Science

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 7371

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Women, Work and Islamism

Ideology and Resistance in Iran

Author: Maryam Poya

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781856496827

Category: Religion

Page: 186

View: 2330

"A major exploration of Islamism in practice, this book looks at the influence of state, economy and religion on women in Iran. Based on original research, the book is the most up-to-date study of women in Iran available." "A history of Iran, an introduction to Islamism and an analysis of the women and Islam debate, this book will be necessary reading for students and academics of Middle East studies, women's studies and labour studies."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Posted in Religion

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 5008

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.
Posted in Religion

Social Change in America

From the Revolution Through the Civil War

Author: Christopher Clark

Publisher: Ivan R Dee

ISBN: 9781566636865

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 484

Citing the early processes that were to have significant impact on the character of American society, an account of the late colonial period and early years of the new republic covers such topics as free and compensated labor, regional characteristics, and the tension between advocates for geographic expansion and economic development. History.
Posted in History

Latino Urbanism

The Politics of Planning, Policy and Redevelopment

Author: David R. Diaz,Rodolfo D. Torres

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814724833

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4229

The nation’s Latina/o population has now reached over 50 million, or 15% of the estimated total U.S. population of 300 million, and a growing portion of the world’s population now lives and works in cities that are increasingly diverse. Latino Urbanism provides the first national perspective on Latina/o urban policy, addressing a wide range of planning policy issues that impact both Latinas/os in the US, as well as the nation as a whole, tracing how cities develop, function, and are affected by socio-economic change. The contributors are a diverse group of Latina/o scholars attempting to link their own unique theoretical interpretations and approaches to political and policy interventions in the spaces and cultures of everyday life. The three sections of the book address the politics of planning and its historic relationship with Latinas/os, the relationship between the Latina/o community and conventional urban planning issue sand challenges, and the future of urban policy and Latina/o barrios. Moving beyond a traditional analysis of Latinas/os in the Southwest, the volume expands the understanding of the important relationships between urbanization and Latinas/os including Mexican Americans of several generations within the context of the restructuring of cities, in view of the cultural and political transformation currently encompassing the nation.
Posted in Social Science

State-Led Privatization in China

The Politics of Economic Reform

Author: Jin Zeng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134464967

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 5984

Large-scale privatization did not emerge spontaneously in China in the late 1990s. Rather, the Chinese state led and carefully “planned” ownership transformation with timetables and measurable privatization quotas, not for the purpose of extracting the state from the economy, but in order to strengthen the rule of the Party. While it is widely believed that authoritarian regimes are better suited than democracies to carry out economic reform, this book provides a more nuanced understanding of reform in China, demonstrating that the Chinese state’s capacity to impose unpopular reform is contingent on its control over local state agents and its adaptability to societal demands. Building on rich fieldwork data gathered in three Chinese cities (Shenyang, Shanghai, and Xiamen), this book offers the first comparative study of China’s privatization processes at the local level. Instead of focusing solely on political elites, Jin Zeng adopts a multi-level interaction approach to examine how the complex interplay of the central leadership, grassroots officials, and state-owned enterprise managers and workers shaped the contour of privatization in China.The book advances three central arguments. First, local economic structure and cadre evaluation system mediated local officials’ incentives to initiate privatization. Second, local officials relied on mobilization campaigns and various appeasement measures to implement privatization. Finally, the dynamics of privatization were fundamentally driven by the central government’s reactions to social opposition and by the subsequent responses of local officials to the changed political-regulatory environment. As a detailed analysis of the dual transformation of the property regime and state–society relations in China, this book will be invaluable to students and scholars of Chinese politics, economic reform, as well as those interested in comparative political economy and economic development more broadly.
Posted in Business & Economics

Union of Parts

Labor Politics in Postwar Germany

Author: Kathleen Ann Thelen,Professor of Political Science Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801425868

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 4111

Since the start of its economic miracle, West Germany has shown a striking ability to manage industrial adjustment peacefully and with the cooperation of organized labor. Frequently compared to smaller "corporatist" democracies such as Sweden and Austria, Germany resembles these countries in outcomes - negotiated adjustment and labor peace - but achieves them in different ways. Kathleen A. Thelen, using a case study of Germany's leading union, the IG Metall, documents how peaceful collaborative adjustment results from the interaction of centralized bargaining and decentralized labor participation through the institutions of codetermination. Thelen shows how the system of plant works councils created in the 1950s - in a form the union originally opposed - evolved into an integral part of the IG Metall's structure and strategies. Her examination of plant bargaining in three industries adversely affected by macroeconomic developments in the 1970s and 1980s - steel, automobiles, and consumer electronics - demonstrates how codetermination contributed to Germany's overall pattern of negotiated adjustment. Analyzing IG Metall's responses to the issues of unemployment and technological change, Thelen traces a shifting balance between centralized bargaining and codetermination in response to changing macroeconomic and political trends. Comparisons with Sweden and the United States highlight the distinctive features of Germany's dual system that account for its continued resiliency.
Posted in Business & Economics

Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Volume VIII: A New Jewry? America Since the Second World War

Author: Peter Y. Medding

Publisher: Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

ISBN: 9780195360684

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 2883

The eighth volume of the acclaimed annual publication of the Institute of Contemporary Jewry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, this volume focuses on the history and development of American Jewish life since World War II. Contributions include "A 'Golden Decade' for American Jews, 1945-1955" by Arthur A. Goren, "American Judaism: Changing Patterns in Denominational Self-Definition" by Arnold Eisen, "Value Added: Jews in Postwar American Culture" by Stephen J. Whitfield, "The Postwar Economy of American Jews" by Barry R. Chiswick, "Jewish Migration in Postwar America: The Case of Miami and Los Angeles" by Deborah Dash Moore, and "All in the Family: American Jewish Attachments to Israel" by Chaim Waxman. The volume also contains essays, book reviews, and a list of recent dissertations in the field.
Posted in History

Der Aufstieg der Netzwerkgesellschaft

Das Informationszeitalter. Wirtschaft. Gesellschaft. Kultur

Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658113227

Category: Social Science

Page: 646

View: 9365

Manuel Castells entwirft in seinem Werk eine Soziologie des Informationszeitalters. Auf der Grundlage reichhaltigen empirischen Materials analysiert und interpretiert er die Entwicklung von der Industriegesellschaft zur Informationsgesellschaft. Seit seinem ersten Erscheinen 1996 in den USA hat das Werk einen beispiellosen Siegeszug durch die wissenschaftlich interessierte Leserschaft genommen.
Posted in Social Science

Ideology in a Global Age

Continuity and Change

Author: R. Soborski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137317019

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 1403

This book challenges the popular view that established ideologies no longer make sense in today's globalizing world. Considered from a broad historical perspective, major ideological traditions have not become destabilized and incoherent by globalization, but remain meaningful political beliefs that shape the globalization debate.
Posted in Social Science

Die unterste Milliarde

Warum die ärmsten Länder scheitern und was man dagegen tun kann

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641204941

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9149

Der vielfach preisgekrönte Longseller jetzt in einer neuen Ausgabe Die unterste Milliarde – das sind die ärmsten Menschen der Erde, die am weltweit steigenden Wirtschaftswachstum keinen Anteil haben. Ihre Lebenserwartung ist auf fünfzig Jahre gesunken, jedes siebte Kind stirbt vor dem fünften Lebensjahr. Seit Jahrzehnten befinden sich die Ökonomien dieser Länder im freien Fall – ohne Aussicht auf Besserung. In seinem vielfach preisgekrönten Bestseller erklärt Paul Collier, wie es zu dieser krassen Armut gekommen ist und was man gegen sie tun kann.
Posted in Social Science

Rainbow at Midnight

Labor and Culture in the 1940s

Author: George Lipsitz

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252063947

Category: History

Page: 359

View: 3636

Rainbow at Midnight details the origins and evolution of working-class strategies for independence during and after World War II. Arguing that the 1940s may well have been the most revolutionary decade in U.S. history, George Lipsitz combines popular culture, politics, economics, and history to show how war mobilization transformed the working class and how that transformation brought issues of race, gender, and democracy to the forefront of American political culture. This book is a substantially revised and expanded work developed from the author's heralded 1981 Class and Culture in Cold War America.
Posted in History

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 9588

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
Posted in Science

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6637

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
Posted in Political Science

Changing Woman

A History of Racial Ethnic Women in Modern America

Author: Karen Anderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198022138

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9096

While great strides have been made in documenting discrimination against women in America, our awareness of discrimination is due in large part to the efforts of a feminist movement dominated by middle-class white women, and is skewed to their experiences. Yet discrimination against racial ethnic women is in fact dramatically different--more complex and more widespread--and without a window into the lives of racial ethnic women our understanding of the full extent of discrimination against all women in America will be woefully inadequate. Now, in this illuminating volume, Karen Anderson offers the first book to examine the lives of women in the three main ethnic groups in the United States--Native American, Mexican American, and African American women--revealing the many ways in which these groups have suffered oppression, and the profound effects it has had on their lives. Here is a thought-provoking examination of the history of racial ethnic women, one which provides not only insight into their lives, but also a broader perception of the history, politics, and culture of the United States. For instance, Anderson examines the clash between Native American tribes and the U.S. government (particularly in the plains and in the West) and shows how the forced acculturation of Indian women caused the abandonment of traditional cultural values and roles (in many tribes, women held positions of power which they had to relinquish), subordination to and economic dependence on their husbands, and the loss of meaningful authority over their children. Ultimately, Indian women were forced into the labor market, the extended family was destroyed, and tribes were dispersed from the reservation and into the mainstream--all of which dramatically altered the woman's place in white society and within their own tribes. The book examines Mexican-American women, revealing that since U.S. job recruiters in Mexico have historically focused mostly on low-wage male workers, Mexicans have constituted a disproportionate number of the illegals entering the states, placing them in a highly vulnerable position. And even though Mexican-American women have in many instances achieved a measure of economic success, in their families they are still subject to constraints on their social and political autonomy at the hands of their husbands. And finally, Anderson cites a wealth of evidence to demonstrate that, in the years since World War II, African-American women have experienced dramatic changes in their social positions and political roles, and that the migration to large urban areas in the North simply heightened the conflict between homemaker and breadwinner already thrust upon them. Changing Woman provides the first history of women within each racial ethnic group, tracing the meager progress they have made right up to the present. Indeed, Anderson concludes that while white middle-class women have made strides toward liberation from male domination, women of color have not yet found, in feminism, any political remedy to their problems.
Posted in History

Military-civilian Interactions

Humanitarian Crises and the Responsibility to Protect

Author: Thomas George Weiss

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742530171

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 4449

Updated to include discussion of Afghanistan & Iraq, this text explores the recent history of military-civilian interaction in the context of international military intervention, & develops a framework for assessing military costs against civilian benefits.
Posted in Political Science