As many as 20,000 women worked in Union and Confederate hospitals during America's bloodiest war. Black and white, and from various social classes, these women served as nurses, administrators, matrons, seamstresses, cooks, laundresses, and custodial workers. Jane E. Schultz provides the first full history of these female relief workers, showing how the domestic and military arenas merged in Civil War America, blurring the line between homefront and battlefront. Schultz uses government records, private manuscripts, and published sources by and about women hospital workers, some of whom are familiar--such as Dorothea Dix, Clara Barton, Louisa May Alcott, and Sojourner Truth--but most of whom are not well-known. Examining the lives and legacies of these women, Schultz considers who they were, how they became involved in wartime hospital work, how they adjusted to it, and how they challenged it. She demonstrates that class, race, and gender roles linked female workers with soldiers, both black and white, but became sites of conflict between the women and doctors and even among themselves. Schultz also explores the women's postwar lives--their professional and domestic choices, their pursuit of pensions, and their memorials to the war in published narratives. Surprisingly few parlayed their war experience into postwar medical work, and their extremely varied postwar experiences, Schultz argues, defy any simple narrative of pre-professionalism, triumphalism, or conciliation.
Hospital Workers in Civil War America
Author: Jane E. Schultz
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
"Our women are serving actively in many ways in this war, and they are doing a grand job on both the fighting front and the home front." -- Eleanor Roosevelt, 1944 Our Mothers' War is a stunning and unprecedented portrait of women during World War II, a war that forever transformed the way women participate in American society. Never before has the vast range of American women's experience during this pivotal era been brought together in one book. Now, Our Mothers' War re-creates what American women from all walks of life were doing and thinking, on the home front and abroad. Like all great histories, Our Mothers' War began with an illuminating discovery. After finding a journal and letters her mother had written while serving with the Red Cross in the Pacific, journalist Emily Yellin started unearthing what her mother and other women of her mother's generation went through during a time when their country asked them to step into roles they had never been invited, or allowed, to fill before. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including personal interviews and previously unpublished letters and diaries, Yellin shows what went on in the hearts and minds of the real women behind the female images of World War II -- women working in war plants; mothers and wives sending their husbands and sons off to war and sometimes death; women joining the military for the first time in American history; nurses operating in battle zones in Europe, Africa, and the Pacific; and housewives coping with rationing. Yellin also delves into lesser-known stories, including: tales of female spies, pilots, movie stars, baseball players, politicians, prostitutes, journalists, and even fictional characters; firsthand accounts from the wives of the scientists who created the atomic bomb at Los Alamos, African-American women who faced Jim Crow segregation laws at home even as their men were fighting enemy bigotry and injustice abroad, and Japanese-American women locked up as prisoners in their own country. Yellin explains how Wonder Woman was created in 1941 to fight the Nazi menace and became the first female comic book superhero, as well as how Marilyn Monroe was discovered in 1944 while working with her mother-in-law packing parachutes at a war plant in Burbank, California. Our Mothers' War gives center stage to those who might be called "the other American soldiers."
American Women at Home and at the Front During World War II
Author: Emily Yellin
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
A unique first hand account from a woman of a little-known aspect of the Second World War.
Memoirs of an ATS Girl
Author: Sylvia Wild
Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited
A sweeping review of the role of women within the American military from the colonial period to the present day. • An extensive bibliography offers additional reading and research opportunities • Accessibly written essays introduce the thematic developments of each major conflict in American history • Supporting photographs and illustrations depict key female figures • An informative overview in the frontmatter provides historical context to women's roles in the military
Author: Lisa Tendrich Frank
Author: Mary Roberts Rinehart
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
Category: World War, 1914-1918
The Sunday Times bestseller Over her ten years of documentary film making, Stacey Dooley has covered a variety of topics, from sex trafficking in Cambodia to Yazidi women fighting back in Syria. At the heart of all her reporting are incredible women in extraordinary situations: sex workers in Russia, victims of domestic violence in Honduras, and many more. On the Frontline with the Women who Fight Back, draws on Stacey's encounters with the brave, wonderful women she has met over her career to explore the issues of gender equality, domestic violence, sexual identity and, at its centre, womanhood in the world today.
Author: Stacey Dooley
Publisher: Random House
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Explores ways in which the various activities of women during the Civil War altered their role in society and led to new initiatives in women's rights.
Their Changing Roles in the Civil War
Author: Jean F. Blashfield
Category: United States
"Anthropology at the Front Lines of Gender-Based Violence" is a broad and accessible volume, with a truly global approach to understanding the lives of front-line workers in women's shelters, anti-violence organizations, and outreach groups. Often written from a first-person perspective, these essays examine government workers, volunteers, and nongovernmental organization employees to present a vital picture of practical approaches to combating gender-based violence.
Author: Jennifer R. Wies,Hillary J. Haldane
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
Category: Family & Relationships
Drawing on both wartime discourse about women and the voices of individual women living at the Italian Front, Allison Belzer analyzes how women participated in the Great War and how it affected them. The Great War transformed women into purveyors and recipients of a new feminine ideal that emphasized their status as national citizens. Although Italian women did not gain the vote, they did encounter a less empowering form of female citizenship just after the war ended with Mussolini's Fascism. Because of the Great War, many women seized the opportunity to participate in a society that continued to recognize them as guardians of the nation.
Femininity under Fire in Italy
Author: A. Belzer
Ask yourself honestly, is your professional life going according to plan? If you are not developing your leadership skills, there is an essential element missing from your efforts for success. Leading from the Front will show you how to start leading your life rather than allowing your life to lead you. Many women have never received formal leadership training. They weren't taught to be decisive, commanding, and ready to take risks. But it's never too late to change. Angie Morgan and Courtney Lynch weren't born leaders-they became leaders during their years in the U.S. Marine Corps, enduring some of the toughest training on earth. Now they pass the leadership know-how and experience from that training on to you. Drawing on their years as Marine Corps officers and successful private consultants, Morgan and Lynch deliver 10 key practices to becoming a powerful leader. You'll improve your decision making, focus, and performance as you learn to Set an inspiring example Think fast on your feet Stop making excuses Take care of your team (so they'll take care of you) Respond without overreacting Stay cool while dealing with crises Have the courage to achieve your goals Learn how to effectively take on any challenge that comes your way-with the confidence you need to lead like the toughest Marine, but with a woman's touch.
Author: Angie Morgan,Courtney Lynch
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Category: Business & Economics
Evocative period photographs and dramatic personal reminiscences honor the contributions of women to World War II, from the women in home and in industry to women in service and intelligence, on both sides of the war effort.
The Women of World War II- at Home, at Work, on the Front Line
Author: Brenda Ralph Lewis
Publisher: Readers Digest
A eloquent pair of observers illuminate the role of women in wartime and add significantly to the literature on the Great War.
Writing the Wounds of the Great War
Author: Ellen Newbold La Motte
The stirring history of a president and a capital city on the front lines of war and freedom. In the late 1840s, Representative Abraham Lincoln resided at Mrs. Sprigg’s boardinghouse on Capitol Hill. Known as Abolition House, Mrs. Sprigg’s hosted lively dinner-table debates of antislavery politics by the congressional boarders. The unusually rapid turnover in the enslaved staff suggested that there were frequent escapes north to freedom from Abolition House, likely a cog in the underground railroad. These early years in Washington proved formative for Lincoln. In 1861, now in the White House, Lincoln could gaze out his office window and see the Confederate flag flying across the Potomac. Washington, DC, sat on the front lines of the Civil War. Vulnerable and insecure, the capital was rife with Confederate sympathizers. On the crossroads of slavery and freedom, the city was a refuge for thousands of contraband and fugitive slaves. The Lincoln administration took strict measures to tighten security and established camps to provide food, shelter, and medical care for contrabands. In 1863, a Freedman’s Village rose on the grounds of the Lee estate, where the Confederate flag once flew. The president and Mrs. Lincoln personally comforted the wounded troops who flooded wartime Washington. In 1862, Lincoln spent July 4 riding in a train of ambulances carrying casualties from the Peninsula Campaign to Washington hospitals. He saluted the “One-Legged Brigade” assembled outside the White House as “orators,” their wounds eloquent expressions of sacrifice and dedication. The administration built more than one hundred military hospitals to care for Union casualties. These are among the unforgettable scenes in Lincoln’s Citadel, a fresh, absorbing narrative history of Lincoln’s leadership in Civil War Washington. Here is the vivid story of how the Lincoln administration met the immense challenges the war posed to the city, transforming a vulnerable capital into a bastion for the Union.
Author: Kenneth J. Winkle
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Author: Svetlana A. Aleksievič
Category: World War, 1939-1945
Celebrating ten years of the leading literary prize for African fiction (dubbed "The African Booker"), 10 Years of the Caine Prize brings together the ten winning stories along with a story each from the four African winners of the Booker Prize: Chinua Achebe, J.M. Coetzee, Nadine Gordimer, and Ben Okri. The ten winners: Leila Aboulela for The Museum Helon Habila for Love Poems Binyavanga Wainaina for Discovering Home Yvonne Adhiambo Owuor for Weight of Whispers Brian Chikwava for Seventh Street Alchemy S.A. Afolabi for Monday Morning Mary Watson for Jungfrau Monica Arac de Nyeko for Jambula Tree Henrietta Rose-Innes for Poison (The tenth winner is to be announced and published in the New Internationalist in July 2009.)
Plus Coetzee, Gordimer, Achebe, Okri
Author: The Caine Prize for African Writing
Publisher: New Internationalist
Category: Literary Collections
"Throughout the entire history of world armed conflict, the proportion of battle injuries involving the genitals was minimal--rarely above 5%. But sadly, by the end of 2007, this statistic was no longer valid for the U.S. military. While standard-issue body armor protects the torso, some lower extremity wounds are so severe that all or part of the reproductive organs are obliterated." --E Scott Sills, MD PhD As America picks up the pieces from more than a decade of war, a caliper has never been laid across one critical casualty--the long-term consequences of military service on the fertility of those in uniform. Written for a general audience, "Fighting At The Fertility Front" includes separate chapters for men & women and follows their journeys from reception & basic training to far-away places like the open burn pits of Afghanistan, and back. The list of ingredients here is provocative: Sex, soldiers' fertility, overseas service, and the "military-industrial-congressional complex" that funds it all...or, in the case of fertility treatment for Veterans, paradoxically denies funding. This one-of-a-kind book confronts some deeply unsettling questions from our armed service members and their loved ones: Should I be worried about fertility if my partner is in the military? How can hazards of defense work diminish future reproductive capacity? Is it true that the Army's standard combat uniform is coated with a potential reproductive toxin? The answers may surprise you. Before deciding on a fertility attack plan, you need credible intelligence about the target. Until now, there has never been any field-book outlining maneuvers to maximize the chances of a military patient growing his or her family. Recognizing that fertility after deployment is another "unknown unknown" of military service, this book helps guide a clear way to bring back baby.
A Navigational Guide to Infertility for U.S. Military, Veterans & Their Partners
Author: E Scott Sills, MD PhD
Publisher: First Edition Design Pub.