Witchcraft and Magic in 16th and 17th-Century Europe

Author: Geoffrey Scarre

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780333399330

Category: History

Page: 150

View: 8489

In his study of witchcraft and magic in 16th and 17th century Europe, Geoffrey Scarre provides an examination of the theoretical and intellectual rationales which made prosecution for the crime acceptable to the continent's judiciaries.
Posted in History

Witchcraft and Magic in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Europe

Author: Geoffrey Scarre,John Callow

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137243341

Category: History

Page: 112

View: 7759

The figure of the witch still has the ability to exert a powerful fascination on the modern mind. The vision of the elderly crone begging for charity at the crossroads, an object of fear and revulsion for her local community, has combined with the memory of prolonged judicial persecution and oppression to inspire contemporary movements as far removed from each other as Wiccans and women's liberation. In tackling such an emotive issue, where misogyny and violence combine with superstition and the basest of human instincts, Scarre and Callow chart a clear and refreshingly level-headed approach to the subject. Distinguishing between fact and fiction, they set the witch trials firnly back within the context of their own times and, without seeking to exonerate those responsible, demonstrate how it was possible for judiciaries and social elites to believe wholeheartedly in the reality and efficacy of witchcraft as a valid system of belief and as a dangerous threat to the fabric of society in which they lived. This new edition has been comprehensively updated to take account of the vast expansion in interest and scholarly research that has taken place in the field since the publication of the first edition. This work provides a provocative thesis for those seeking to understand the basis for the politics of persecution and a firm interpretative basis around which further exploratory research may be conducted.
Posted in History

Frühe Neuzeit, Reformation und Gegenreformation

Author: Markus Reisenleitner

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3706514370

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 3661

Die Frühe Neuzeit, ein relativ junger Begriff in der deutschsprachigen Historiografie, ist derzeit Gegenstand intensiver Theoriedebatten und methodischer Diskussionen. Im Zusammenhang mit dem 16. Jahrhundert prägen Begriffe wie "Sozialdisziplinierung" und "Konfessionalisierung" das Bild einer Epoche, die von den Spannungen einer Übergangszeit charakterisiert wird und deren einziges verbindendes Merkmal der Umbruch auf politischer, wirtschaftlicher und sozialer Ebene zu sein scheint. Ziel dieses ersten Bandes eines fünfbändigen Handbuches zur neueren Geschichte Österreichs ist es daher, diese Periode des Umbruchs vom Beginn der Neuzeit bis zum Sieg der Gegenreformation (1620) zu beschreiben, wobei sozialen, wirtschaftlichen und mentalitätsgeschichtlichen Entwicklungen der gleiche Stellenwert eingeräumt wird wie politischen und der Versuch unternommen wird, langfristig wirkende Tendenzen, Lebens- und Wahrnehmungsformen in die Untersuchung miteinzubeziehen. Der Darstellungsteil, der die wesentlichen Entwicklungslinien der Epoche nachzuzeichnen versucht, wird durch einen Forschungsüberblick über neue Tendenzen und Fragestellungen zu diesem Zeitraum sowie durch eine umfangreiche Auswahlbibliografie ergänzt, die sowohl Standardwerke als auch aktuelle Neuerscheinungen berücksichtigt und so einen Einstieg in die Untersuchung des Zeitraumes erleichtern soll.
Posted in History

Hexen und Hexenverfolgung

Eine kurze Kulturgeschichte

Author: Malcolm Gaskill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150108505

Category:

Page: 214

View: 630

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Witches and Witchcraft

Author: David Nash

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0747815356

Category: History

Page: 56

View: 9974

Witchcraft haunts the Western imagination to this day, from Central Europe to Britain to North America. This book explores the development of witchcraft and of the belief in it (stressing the difference between the two), the sixteenthand seventeenth-century obsession that spawned witch-hunting, the eventual decline of witchcraft, and the phenomenon's fascinating 'afterlife' that has involved the Nazis' fixation and modern treatments including Arthur Miller's acclaimed The Crucible. Fully illustrated with historical documents and colour photographs, and expertly written by Professor David Nash, this book is the perfect introduction to a subject that is compelling, disturbing and a little-understood cultural touchstone.
Posted in History

Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Studies in Culture and Belief

Author: Jonathan Barry,Marianne Hester,Gareth Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521638753

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 6195

An up-to-date account of the present state of scholarship on early modern European witchcraft.
Posted in History

Der Hexenhammer

Author: Jakob Sprenger

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849611426

Category:

Page: 583

View: 2445

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine detaillierte Abhandlung über die Geschichte der Hexe und der Hexenverfolgung. Der Hexenhammer (lat. Malleus Maleficarum) ist ein Werk zur Legitimation der Hexenverfolgung, das der Dominikaner Heinrich Kramer (lat. Henricus Institoris) nach heutigem Forschungsstand im Jahre 1486 in Speyer veröffentlichte und das bis ins 17. Jahrhundert hinein in 29 Auflagen erschien. Der Hexenhammer muss in engem Zusammenhang mit der sogenannten Hexenbulle des Papstes Innozenz VIII. vom 5. Dezember 1484 gesehen werden. Die päpstliche Bulle Summis desiderantes affectibus markierte zwar nicht den Beginn der Hexenverfolgungen in Europa, jedoch erreichte sie nun mit offizieller Beglaubigung durch das Oberhaupt der römisch-katholischen Kirche eine völlig neue Dimension. Kramer sammelt mit seinem Gehilfe Dr. theol. Johannes Gremper in seinem Buch weit verbreitete Ansichten über die Hexen und Zauberer. Im Hexenhammer werden die bestehenden Vorurteile übersichtlich präsentiert und mit einer vermeintlich wissenschaftlichen Argumentation begründet. Durch klare Regeln wird eine systematische Verfolgung und Vernichtung der vermeintlichen Hexen gefordert.Der Hexenhammer ist als scholastische Abhandlung verfasst und in drei Teile gegliedert. Im ersten Teil definiert Kramer, was unter einer Hexe zu verstehen sei. Gelegentlich spricht er zwar von männlichen Zauberern, bezieht sich aber hauptsächlich auf das weibliche Geschlecht. Seiner Meinung nach sind Frauen für die schwarze Magie anfälliger als Männer. Sie seien schon bei der Schöpfung benachteiligt gewesen, weil Gott Eva aus Adams Rippe schuf. Außerdem warf er den Frauen, die er als „Feind der Freundschaft, eine unausweichliche Strafe, ein notwendiges Übel, eine natürliche Versuchung, eine begehrenswerte Katastrophe, eine häusliche Gefahr, einen erfreulichen Schaden, ein Übel der Natur“ bezeichnet, Defizite im Glauben vor. Dies begründete er mit einer eigenwilligen Etymologie des lateinischen Wortes femina, das er aus lat. fides „Glauben“ und minus „weniger“ ableitete. Er unterstellte den Frauen sexuelle Unersättlichkeit. Deshalb hätten sie auch intimen Kontakt mit speziellen Dämonen (Incubi). Der Teufelspakt bilde zusammen mit der schlechten Veranlagung der Frauen und der göttlichen Zulassung die Grundlage für das gefürchtete Phänomen der Hexe. Die Männer fielen dem Zauber der Frauen zum Opfer. (aus wikipedia.de)
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Witchcraft, Magic, and Religion in 17th-century Massachusetts

Author: Richard Weisman

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9780870234941

Category: History

Page: 267

View: 7939

Looks at the colonial witchcraft trials, and discusses Puritan beliefs concerning magic, and the social meaning of witchcraft.
Posted in History

The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191648841

Category: History

Page: 646

View: 7586

The essays in this Handbook, written by leading scholars working in the rapidly developing field of witchcraft studies, explore the historical literature regarding witch beliefs and witch trials in Europe and colonial America between the early fifteenth and early eighteenth centuries. During these years witches were thought to be evil people who used magical power to inflict physical harm or misfortune on their neighbours. Witches were also believed to have made pacts with the devil and sometimes to have worshipped him at nocturnal assemblies known as sabbaths. These beliefs provided the basis for defining witchcraft as a secular and ecclesiastical crime and prosecuting tens of thousands of women and men for this offence. The trials resulted in as many as fifty thousand executions. These essays study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the Americas. They also relate these prosecutions to the Catholic and Protestant reformations, the introduction of new forms of criminal procedure, medical and scientific thought, the process of state-building, profound social and economic change, early modern patterns of gender relations, and the wave of demonic possessions that occurred in Europe at the same time. The essays survey the current state of knowledge in the field, explore the academic controversies that have arisen regarding witch beliefs and witch trials, propose new ways of studying the subject, and identify areas for future research.
Posted in History

Wider alle Hexerei und Teufelswerk

die europèaische Hexenverfolgung und ihre Auswirkungen auf Sèudwestdeutschland

Author: Stefan Kötz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Witchcraft

Page: 668

View: 7627

Posted in Witchcraft

The Valiant Welshman

Author: R. Armin,V. Kreb

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5874587632

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2252

Posted in History

Cultures of Witchcraft in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present

Author: Jonathan Barry,Owen Davies,Cornelie Usborne

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319637843

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 8307

This volume is a collection based on the contributions to witchcraft studies of Willem de Blécourt, to whom it is dedicated, and who provides the opening chapter, setting out a methodological and conceptual agenda for the study of cultures of witchcraft (broadly defined) in Europe since the Middle Ages. It includes contributions from historians, anthropologists, literary scholars and folklorists who have collaborated closely with De Blécourt. Essays pick up some or all of the themes and approaches he pioneered, and apply them to cases which range in time and space across all the main regions of Europe since the thirteenth century until the present day. While some draw heavily on texts, others on archival sources, and others on field research, they all share a commitment to reconstructing the meaning and lived experience of witchcraft (and its related phenomena) to Europeans at all levels, respecting the many varieties and ambiguities in such meanings and experiences and resisting attempts to reduce them to master narratives or simple causal models. The chapter 'News from the Invisible World: The Publishing History of Tales of the Supernatural c.1660-1832' is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.
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The Scottish Witch-Hunt in Context

Author: Julian Goodare

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719060243

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 7603

Covering the whole period of the Scottish witch-hunt, from the mid-16th century to the early 18th, this book is a collection of essays on Scottish witchcraft and witch-hunting. It provides a comparative dimension of witch-hunting beyond Scotland.
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Superstition and Magic in Early Modern Europe: A Reader

Author: N.A

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441100326

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3493

Superstition and Magic in Early Modern Europe brings together a rich selection of essays which represent the most important historical research on religion, magic and superstition in early modern Europe. Each essay makes a significant contribution to the history of magic and religion in its own right, while together they demonstrate how debates over the topic have evolved over time, providing invaluable intellectual, historical, and socio-political context for readers approaching the subject for the first time. The essays are organised around five key themes and areas of controversy. Part One tackles superstition; Part Two, the tension between miracles and magic; Part Three, ghosts and apparitions; Part Four, witchcraft and witch trials; and Part Five, the gradual disintegration of the 'magical universe' in the face of scientific, religious and practical opposition. Each part is prefaced by an introduction that provides an outline of the historiography and engages with recent scholarship and debate, setting the context for the essays that follow and providing a foundation for further study. This collection is an invaluable toolkit for students of early modern Europe, providing both a focused overview and a springboard for broader thinking about the underlying continuities and discontinuities that make the study of magic and superstition a perennially fascinating topic.
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Gender and Witchcraft

New Perspectives on Witchcraft, Magic, and Demonology

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136539042

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 9162

Witchcraft and magical beliefs have captivated historians and artists for millennia, and stimulated an extraordinary amount of research among scholars in a wide range of disciplines. This new collection, from the editor of the highly acclaimed 1992 set, Articles on Witchcraft, Magic, and Demonology, extends the earlier volumes by bringing together the most important articles of the past twenty years and covering the profound changes in scholarly perspective over the past two decades. Featuring thematically organized papers from a broad spectrum of publications, the volumes in this set encompass the key issues and approaches to witchcraft research in fields such as gender studies, anthropology, sociology, literature, history, psychology, and law. This new collection provides students and researchers with an invaluable resource, comprising the most important and influential discussions on this topic. A useful introductory essay written by the editor precedes each volume.
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Gegenreformation

Die Welt der katholischen Erneuerung, 1540-1770

Author: R. Po-chia Hsia

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Church renewal

Page: 271

View: 3151

Posted in Church renewal