What Is This Thing Called Science? (Fourth Edition)

Author: Alan F. Chalmers

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1624660878

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1278

Co-published with the University of Queensland Press. HPC holds rights in North America and U. S. Dependencies. Since its first publication in 1976, Alan Chalmers's highly regarded and widely read work--translated into eighteen languages--has become a classic introduction to the scientific method, known for its accessibility to beginners and its value as a resource for advanced students and scholars. In addition to overall improvements and updates inspired by Chalmers's experience as a teacher, comments from his readers, and recent developments in the field, this fourth edition features an extensive chapter-long postscript that draws on his research into the history of atomism to illustrate important themes in the philosophy of science. Identifying the qualitative difference between knowledge of atoms as it figures in contemporary science and metaphysical speculations about atoms common in philosophy since the time of Democritus offers a revealing and instructive way to address the question at the heart of this groundbreaking work: What is this thing called science?
Posted in Science

What is this thing called Philosophy?

Author: Duncan Pritchard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135037450

Category: Philosophy

Page: 408

View: 6794

What is this thing called Philosophy? is the definitive textbook for all who want a thorough introduction to the field. It introduces philosophy using a question-led approach that reflects the discursive nature of the discipline. Edited by Duncan Pritchard, each section is written by a high-profile contributor focusing on a key area of philosophy, and contains three or four question-based chapters offering an accessible point of engagement. The core areas of philosophy covered are: Ethics Political Philosophy Aesthetics Epistemology Philosophy of Mind Metaphysics Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Religion The Meaning of Life. The accompanying Routledge companion website features valuable online resources for both instructors and students including links to audio and video material, multiple-choice questions, interactive flashcards, essay questions and annotated further reading. This is the essential textbook for students approaching the study of philosophy for the first time.
Posted in Philosophy

What is this thing called Metaphysics?

Author: Brian Garrett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317565967

Category: Philosophy

Page: 174

View: 9636

How did our universe come to be? Does God exist? Does time ?ow? What are we? Do we have free will? What is truth? Metaphysics is concerned with the nature of ourselves and the world around us. This clear and accessible introduction covers the central topics in metaphysics in a concise but comprehensive way. Brian Garrett discusses the crucial concepts and arguments of metaphysics in a highly readable manner. He addresses the following key areas of metaphysics: • God • Existence • Modality • Universals and particulars • Facts • Causation • Time • Puzzles of material constitution • Free will & determinism • Fatalism • Personal identity • Truth This third edition has been thoroughly revised. Most chapters include new and updated material, and there are now two chapters devoted to attacks on free will and fatalism. What is this thing called Metaphysics? contains many helpful student-friendly features, such as a glossary of important terms, study questions, annotated further reading, and a guide to web resources. Text boxes provide bite-sized summaries of key concepts and major philosophers, and clear and interesting examples are used throughout.
Posted in Philosophy

What is this Thing Called Knowledge?

Author: Duncan Pritchard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136976825

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 1398

What is Knowledge? Where does it come from? Can we know anything at all? This lucid and engaging introduction grapples with these central questions in the theory of knowledge, offering a clear, non-partisan view of the main themes of epistemology including recent developments such as virtue epistemology and contextualism. Duncan Pritchard discusses traditional issues and contemporary ideas in thirteen easily digestible sections, including: the value of knowledge the structure of knowledge virtues and faculties perception testimony and memory induction scepticism. What is this thing called Knowledge? contains many helpful student-friendly features including study questions, annotated further reading, a glossary and a guide to web resources. Clear and interesting examples are used throughout. This is an ideal first textbook in the theory of knowledge for undergraduates taking a first course in philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

What Is This Thing Called Philosophy of Language?

Author: Gary Kemp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415517834

Category: Philosophy

Page: 191

View: 3167

Philosophy of language explores some of the fundamental yet most technical problems in philosophy, such as meaning and reference, semantics, and propositional attitudes. Some of its greatest exponents, such as Gottlob Frege, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell are amongst the major figures in the history of philosophy. In this clear and carefully structured introduction to the subject Gary Kemp explains the following key topics: the basic nature of philosophy of language and its historical development early arguments concerning the role of meaning, including cognitive meaning vs expressivism, context and compositionality Frege's arguments concerning sense and reference; non-existent objects Russell and the theory of definite descriptions modern theories including Kripke and Putnam; arguments concerning necessity, analyticity and natural kind terms indexicality, context and modality. What are indexicals? Davidson's theory of language and the 'principle of charity' propositional attitudes Quine's naturalism and its consequences for philosophy of language. Additional features such as chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of language and will be particularly useful for those coming to the subject for the first time.
Posted in Philosophy

Science and Its Fabrication

Author: Alan Francis Chalmers

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816618880

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 7465

While acknowledging its theory-ladeness, Chalmers (history and philosophy, U. of Sydney) defends the objectivity of scientific knowledge against those critics for whom such knowledge is both subjective and ideological. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Posted in Science

This Thing Called the Future

A Novel

Author: J. L. Powers

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1459616820

Category: Blacks

Page: 285

View: 7308

AIDS and South Africa. Khosi, a 14-year-old girl, yearns for this thing called the future. Does she want too much?...
Posted in Blacks

What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Author: Fred Feldman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199571171

Category: Philosophy

Page: 286

View: 6399

Fred Feldman presents a study of the nature and value of happiness. He offers critical discussions of the main philosophical and psychological theories of happiness, and a presentation and defense of his own theory of happiness.
Posted in Philosophy

What is this thing called Ethics?

Author: Christopher Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135055785

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 7152

What is morality? How do we define what is right and wrong? How does moral theory help us deal with ethical issues in the world around us? This second edition provides an engaging and stimulating introduction to philosophical thinking about morality. Christopher Bennett provides the reader with accessible examples of contemporary and relevant ethical problems, before looking at the main theoretical approaches and key philosophers associated with them. Topics covered include: life and death issues such as abortion and global poverty; the meaning of life; whether life is sacred and which lives matter; major moral theories such as utilitarianism, Kantian ethics and virtue ethics; critiques of morality from Marx and Nietzsche. What is this Thing Called Ethics? has been thoroughly revised and updated throughout, with a new final chapter on meta-ethics. With boxed case studies, discussion questions and further reading included within each chapter this textbook is the ideal introduction to ethics for philosophy students coming to the subject for the first time.
Posted in Philosophy

This Thing Called Literature

Reading, Thinking, Writing

Author: Andrew Bennett,Nicholas Royle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317698282

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 170

View: 6730

What is this thing called literature? Why should we study it? And how? Relating literature to topics such as dreams, politics, life, death, the ordinary and the uncanny, this beautifully written book establishes a sense of why and how literature is an exciting and rewarding subject to study. Bennett and Royle delicately weave an essential love of literature into an account of what literary texts do, how they work and what sort of questions and ideas they provoke. The book’s three parts reflect the fundamental components of studying literature: reading, thinking and writing. The authors use helpful, familiar examples throughout, offering rich reflections on the question ‘What is literature?’ and on what they term ‘creative reading’. Bennett and Royle’s lucid and friendly style encourages a deep engagement with literary texts. This book is not only an essential guide to the study of literature, but an eloquent defence of the discipline.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Philosophy and the Sciences for Everyone

Author: Michela Massimi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317664450

Category: Philosophy

Page: 154

View: 3206

What is the origin of our universe? What are dark matter and dark energy? What is our role in the universe as human beings capable of knowledge? What makes us intelligent cognitive agents seemingly endowed with consciousness? Scientific research across both the physical and cognitive sciences raises fascinating philosophical questions. Philosophy and the Sciences For Everyone introduces these questions and more. It begins by asking what good is philosophy for the sciences before examining the following questions: The origin of our universe Dark matter and dark energy Anthropic reasoning in philosophy and cosmology Evolutionary theory and the human mind What is consciousness? Intelligent machines and the human brain Embodied Cognition. Each chapter includes an introduction, summary and study questions and there is a glossary of technical terms. Designed to be used on the corresponding Philosophy and the Sciences online course offered by the University of Edinburgh this book is also a superb introduction to central topics in philosophy of science and popular science.
Posted in Philosophy

This Thing Called Life

Prince, Race, Sex, Religion, and Music

Author: Joseph Vogel

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1501333992

Category: Music

Page: 240

View: 748

What were Prince's politics? What did he believe about God? And did he really forsake the subject-sex-that once made him the most subversive superstar of the Reagan era? In this illuminating thematic biography, Joseph Vogel explores the issues that made Prince one of the late 20th century's most unique, controversial, and fascinating artists. Since his unexpected death in 2016, Prince has been recognized by peers, critics, and music fans alike. President Barack Obama described him as "one of the most gifted and prolific musicians of our time.†? Yet in spite of the influx of attention, much about Prince's creative life, work, and cultural impact remains thinly examined. This Thing Called Life fills this vacuum, delving deep into seven key topics-politics, sound, race, gender, sex, religion, and death-that allow us to see Prince in fresh, invigorating new ways. Accessible and timely, This Thing Called Life takes the reader on a journey through the catalog and creative revolution of one of America's most compelling and elusive icons.
Posted in Music

What Is This Thing Called Love: Poems

Author: Kim Addonizio

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 0393327094

Category: Poetry

Page: 128

View: 7696

Poetry from the author of Tell Me, a finalist for the National Book Award. From lilting lines about a love that "dizzies up the brain's back room" to haunting fragments betokening death and decline in a suffering world, Kim Addonizio articulates the ways that our connections—to the world, to self, and to others—endure and help make us whole.
Posted in Poetry

Worldviews

An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science

Author: Richard DeWitt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144439276X

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 5243

Updated throughout and with three entirely new chapters, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, Second Edition furthers its reputation as the definitive introductory text on the historical developments and philosophical issues that inform our scientific view of the world around us. Represents an innovative introduction to the history and philosophy of science, designed especially for those coming to the subject for the first time Updated new edition features the addition of chapters focusing on scientific laws, evolutionary theory, and implications of evolution Covers the key historical developments and philosophical themes that have impacted our scientific view of the world around us Analyzes the transitions from the Aristotelian worldview to the Newtonian worldview to a new and currently developing worldview Explores challenges to the Western scientific worldview brought on by recent discoveries
Posted in Science

This Thing Called Life

Author: Ernest Holmes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781258119249

Category:

Page: 132

View: 8423

A Book That Shows You How To Get The Most Out Of This Thing Called Life.
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What is this thing called Global Justice?

Author: Kok-Chor Tan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317566475

Category: Philosophy

Page: 164

View: 6361

What is this thing called Global Justice? explores the core topics covered on the increasingly popular undergraduate modules on global justice including: world poverty economic inequality nationalism human rights humanitarian intervention immigration global democracy and governance climate change international justice. Centered on real world problems, this textbook helps students to understand that global justice is not only a field of philosophical inquiry but also of practical importance. Each chapter concludes with a helpful summary of the main ideas discussed, study questions and a further reading guide.
Posted in Philosophy

What is this Thing Called Jazz?

Insights and Opinions from the Players

Author: Batt Johnson

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595151663

Category: Music

Page: 352

View: 2809

There is no better authority on jazz than the creators, educators, and writers who have made this enigmatic musical style a major force internationally as well as in American history. The answer to the question “what is jazz?” is as complex and diverse as those involved in it. This book takes the question to noted musicians, scholars, and composers, creating a documentary style of oral history that makes you feel as if you are actually in the room as they put the sounds they know as music into words. The ideas from these authentic, personal voices of authority provide a unique perspective that will enlighten the novice and stimulate the professional. Ron Carter, Bassist-“Because they are improvising does not necessarily mean that it is jazz” Buddy Rich,Drums-“Trane to Bird, Diz to Miles, all in the family of jazz, just different children.” Ray Charles, Singer/Pianist-Jazz is the freedom to do what you want within the confines of the chord structure.” Milt Jackson, Vibraphonist-"The era of bebop represents jazz to me.” Chet Baker, Trumpet-Paris “Jazz is a hard swinging rhythm section with everybody playing with the same time feeling.”
Posted in Music

What Is This Thing Called Language?

Author: David Nunan

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137284994

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 2192

Language is a complex and ever-evolving phenomenon, but it is one that deeply defines us all. So, What Is This Thing Called Language? Illustrating how it is used in different ways and in varied contexts, this book offers a thought-provoking and entertaining guide through the mysteries of language. The new edition: – Explores the basics of the language systems of sounds, vocabulary and grammar – Explains a basic framework of linguistics and language analysis Examines the written and spoken word in a range of different languages – Uses intriguing anecdotes and interesting examples to unpack complex ideas – Offers study-friendly features, including reflective questions, further reading suggestions as well as glossaries of linguistic terminology and key linguists With new and expanded material on a range of topics, from language variation and culture to second language acquisition and bilingualism, this is an 'un-put-down-able' introduction for all students of language and linguistics.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Philosophy of Science

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Samir Okasha

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198745583

Category: Philosophy

Page: 140

View: 7696

How much faith should we place in what scientists tell us? Is it possible for scientific knowledge to be fully "objective?" What, really, can be defined as science? In the second edition of this Very Short Introduction, Samir Okasha explores the main themes and theories of contemporary philosophy of science, and investigates fascinating, challenging questions such as these. Starting at the very beginning, with a concise overview of the history of science, Okasha examines the nature of fundamental practices such as reasoning, causation, and explanation. Looking at scientific revolutions and the issue of scientific change, he asks whether there is a discernible pattern to the way scientific ideas change over time, and discusses realist versus anti-realist attitudes towards science. He finishes by considering science today, and the social and ethical philosophical questions surrounding modern science. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in Philosophy

Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice

Author: C. Mantzavinos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139479822

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2079

This volume is a unique contribution to the philosophy of the social sciences, presenting the results of cutting-edge philosophers' research alongside critical discussions by practicing social scientists. The book is motivated by the view that the philosophy of the social sciences cannot ignore the specific scientific practices according to which social scientific work is being conducted, and that it will be valuable only if it evolves in constant interaction with theoretical developments in the social sciences. With its unique format guaranteeing a genuine discussion between philosophers and social scientists, this thought-provoking volume extends the frontiers of the field. It will appeal to all scholars and students interested in the interplay between philosophy and the social sciences.
Posted in Science