Walden Two

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780024115102

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 5854

A Utopian community organized around behaviorist principles offers provocative alternatives to a society lacking direction
Posted in Social Science

Walden Two

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603840362

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 9665

A reprint of the 1976 Macmillan edition. This fictional outline of a modern utopia has been a center of controversy ever since its publication in 1948. Set in the United States, it pictures a society in which human problems are solved by a scientific technology of human conduct.
Posted in Psychology

Walden Two

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9780872207790

Category: Psychology

Page: 301

View: 4958

A reprint of the 1976 Macmillan edition. This fictional outline of a modern utopia has been a center of controversy ever since its publication in 1948. Set in the United States, it pictures a society in which human problems are solved by a scientific technology of human conduct.
Posted in Psychology

Walden Two

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780872207783

Category: Psychology

Page: 301

View: 2311

This fictional outline of a modern utopia has been a center of controversy ever since its publication in 1948. Set in the United States, it pictures a society in which human problems are solved by a scientific technology of human conduct. It is now widely recognized that great changes must be made in the American way of life. Not only can we not face the rest of the world while consuming and polluting as we do, we cannot for long face ourselves while acknowledging the violence and chaos in which we live.The choice is clear: either we do nothing and allow a miserable and probably catastrophic future to overtake us, or we use our knowledge about human behavior to create a social environment in which we shall live productive and creative lives and do so without jeopardizing the chances that those who follow us will be able to do the same. -Back cover.
Posted in Psychology

Living Walden Two

B. F. Skinner's Behaviorist Utopia and Experimental Communities

Author: Hilke Kuhlman

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252091655

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1304

In Walden Two, behavioral psychologist B. F. Skinner describes one of the most controversial fictional utopias of the twentieth century. During the 1960s and 70s, this novel went on to inspire approximately three dozen actual communities, which are entertainingly examined in Hilke Kuhlmann's Living Walden Two. In the novel, behavioral engineers use positive reinforcement in organizing and "gently guiding" all aspects of society, leaving the rest of the citizens "free" to lead happy and carefree lives. Among the real-world communities, a recurrent problem in moving past the planning stages was the nearly ubiquitous desire among members to be gentle guides, coupled with strong resistance to being guided. In an insightful and often hilarious narrative, Hilke Kuhlmann explores the dynamics of the communities, with an in-depth examination of the two surviving Skinnerian communities: Comunidad Los Horcones in Mexico, and Twin Oaks in Virginia. Drawing on extensive interviews with the founders and key players in the Walden Two communities, Kuhlmann redefines the criteria for their success by focusing on the tension between utopian blueprints for a new society and communal experiments' actual effects on individual lives.
Posted in Social Science

A Walden Two experiment

the first five years of Twin Oaks Community

Author: Kathleen Kinkade

Publisher: William Morrow &Company

ISBN: 9780688000202

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

View: 6268

From the Back Cover: Twin Oaks, perhaps America's most famous and successful commune, was founded in rural Virginia in 1967 by Kathleen Kinkade and several other people, all of whom were influenced by B.F. Skinner's Walden Two. Eschewing primitivism for its own sake, embracing technology instead of rejecting it, these creators of Twin Oaks set out to build a community not only structured but also experimental in which the goal was the "good life". Kathleen Kinkade describes in great detail the story of the hard work put in by people who wanted to live together in as much harmony as possible.
Posted in Political Science

Walden two

notes ...

Author: Cynthia C. McGowan

Publisher: Cliff Notes

ISBN: 9780822013617

Category: Psychology

Page: 60

View: 6858

Posted in Psychology

Walden

Author: Henry David Thoreau

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Authors, American

Page: 440

View: 8297

Posted in Authors, American

Beyond Freedom and Dignity

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603840818

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 1219

In this profound and profoundly controversial work, a landmark of 20th-century thought originally published in 1971, B. F. Skinner makes his definitive statement about humankind and society. Insisting that the problems of the world today can be solved only by dealing much more effectively with human behavior, Skinner argues that our traditional concepts of freedom and dignity must be sharply revised. They have played an important historical role in our struggle against many kinds of tyranny, he acknowledges, but they are now responsible for the futile defense of a presumed free and autonomous individual; they are perpetuating our use of punishment and blocking the development of more effective cultural practices. Basing his arguments on the massive results of the experimental analysis of behavior he pioneered, Skinner rejects traditional explanations of behavior in terms of states of mind, feelings, and other mental attributes in favor of explanations to be sought in the interaction between genetic endowment and personal history. He argues that instead of promoting freedom and dignity as personal attributes, we should direct our attention to the physical and social environments in which people live. It is the environment rather than humankind itself that must be changed if the traditional goals of the struggle for freedom and dignity are to be reached. Beyond Freedom and Dignity urges us to reexamine the ideals we have taken for granted and to consider the possibility of a radically behaviorist approach to human problems--one that has appeared to some incompatible with those ideals, but which envisions the building of a world in which humankind can attain its greatest possible achievements.
Posted in Psychology

The Nurture Effect

How the Science of Human Behavior Can Improve Our Lives and Our World

Author: Anthony Biglan

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 160882957X

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 8006

A fascinating look at the evolution of behavioral science, the revolutionary way it’s changing the way we live, and how nurturing environments can increase people’s well-being in virtually every aspect of our society, from early childhood education to corporate practices. If you want to know how you can help create a better world, read this book. What if there were a way to prevent criminal behavior, mental illness, drug abuse, poverty, and violence? Written by behavioral scientist Tony Biglan, and based on his ongoing research at the Oregon Research Institute, The Nurture Effect offers evidence-based interventions that can prevent many of the psychological and behavioral problems that plague our society. For decades, behavioral scientists have investigated the role our environment plays in shaping who we are, and their research shows that we now have the power within our own hands to reduce violence, improve cognitive development in our children, increase levels of education and income, and even prevent future criminal behaviors. By cultivating a positive environment in all aspects of society—from the home, to the classroom, and beyond—we can ensure that young people arrive at adulthood with the skills, interests, assets, and habits needed to live healthy, happy, and productive lives. The Nurture Effect details over forty years of research in the behavioral sciences, as well as the author’s own research. Biglan illustrates how his findings lay the framework for a model of societal change that has the potential to reverberate through all environments within society.
Posted in Psychology

Walden on Wheels

On the Open Road from Debt to Freedom

Author: Ken Ilgunas

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 054402883X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 296

View: 7310

Inspired by Thoreau, Ilgunas set out on a Spartan path to pay off $32,000 in undergraduate student loans by scrubbing toilets and making beds in Coldfoot, Alaska. Determined to graduate debt-free after enrolling in graduate school, he lived in an Econoline van in a campus parking lot, saving—and learning—much about the cost of education today.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The State Boys Rebellion

Author: Michael D'Antonio

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416591222

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8312

A Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist tells the amazing story of how a group of imprisoned boys won their freedom, found justice, and survived one of the darkest and least-known episodes of American history. In the early twentieth century, United States health officials used IQ tests to single out "feebleminded" children and force them into institutions where they were denied education, sterilized, drugged, and abused. Under programs that ran into the 1970s, more than 250,000 children were separated from their families, although many of them were merely unwanted orphans, truants, or delinquents. The State Boys Rebellion conveys the shocking truth about America's eugenic era through the experiences of a group of boys held at the Fernald State School in Massachusetts starting in the late 1940s. In the tradition of Erin Brockovich, it recounts the boys' dramatic struggle to demand their rights and secure their freedom. It also covers their horrifying discovery many years later that they had been fed radioactive oatmeal in Cold War experiments -- and the subsequent legal battle that ultimately won them a multimillion-dollar settlement. Meticulously researched through school archives, previously sealed papers, and interviews with the surviving State Boys, this deft exposé is a powerful reminder of the terrifying consequences of unchecked power as well as an inspiring testament to the strength of the human spirit.
Posted in History

The Behavior of Organisms

An Experimental Analysis

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation

ISBN: 0996453903

Category: Psychology

Page: 457

View: 4016

Posted in Psychology

Two Fish on One Hook

A Transformative Reading of Thoreau's Walden

Author: Raymond Paul Tripp

Publisher: SteinerBooks

ISBN: 9780940262898

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 160

View: 1636

A transcendental study of Henry Thoreau's' Walden, one that urges the reader to listen to, hear and act upon what he has to say and which becomes a transformative experience. Thoreau himself tells us how to get in and out of Walden, but Raymond Tripp makes the map.This book is a transcendental
Posted in Literary Criticism

Brave New World Revisited

Author: Aldous Huxley

Publisher: RosettaBooks

ISBN: 9780795311697

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 144

View: 1250

In 1958, author Aldous Huxley wrote what some would call a sequel to his novel Brave New World (1932) but the sequel did not revisit the story or the characters. Instead, Huxley chose to revisit the world he created in a set of twelve essays in which he meditates on how his fantasy seemed to be becoming a reality and far more quickly than he ever imagined. That Huxley’s book Brave New World had been largely prophetic about a dystopian future a great distress to Huxley. By 1958, Huxley was sixty-four-years old; the world had been transformed by the events of World War II and the terrifying advent of nuclear weapons. Peeking behind the Iron Curtain where people were not free but instead governed by Totalitarianism, Huxley could only bow to grim prophecy of his friend, author George Orwell, (author of the book 1984). It struck Huxley that people were trading their freedom and individualism in exchange for the illusory comfort of sensory pleasure--just as he had predicted in Brave New World. Huxley despairs of contemporary humankind’s willingness to surrender freedom for pleasure. Huxley worried that the rallying cry, “Give me liberty or give me death” could be easily replaced by “Give me television and hamburgers, but don’t bother me with the responsibilities of liberty.” Huxley saw hope in education; education that could teach people to see beyond the easy slogans and efficient ends and anesthetic-like influence of propaganda.
Posted in Literary Criticism

WALDEN TWO

Author: B.F. SKINNE

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3668

Posted in

On a Sunbeam

Author: Tillie Walden

Publisher: First Second

ISBN: 1250225973

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 544

View: 7108

On a Sunbeam is an epic graphic novel about a girl who travels to the ends of the universe to find a long lost love, from acclaimed author Tillie Walden. Two timelines. Second chances. One love. A ragtag crew travels to the deepest reaches of space, rebuilding beautiful, broken structures to piece the past together. Two girls meet in boarding school and fall deeply in love—only to learn the pain of loss. With interwoven timelines and stunning art, award-winning graphic novelist Tillie Walden creates an inventive world, breathtaking romance, and an epic quest for love. “Tillie Walden is the future of comics, and On a Sunbeam is her best work yet. It’s a ‘space’ story unlike any you’ve ever read, with a rich, lived-in universe of complex characters.” —Brian K. Vaughan, Saga and Paper Girls
Posted in Young Adult Fiction