Understanding Dark Networks

A Strategic Framework for the Use of Social Network Analysis

Author: Daniel Cunningham,Sean Everton,Philip Murphy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442249455

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 1274

Written in an accessible manner, this book provides an introduction to Social Network Analysis (SNA), presenting tools and concepts, and showing how SNA can inform the crafting of a wide array of strategies for the tracking and disrupting of dark networks (illegal and covert networks that analysts must track, identify, and dismantle).
Posted in Political Science

Illuminating Dark Networks

The Study of Clandestine Groups and Organizations

Author: Luke M. Gerdes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107102693

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 6867

Illuminating Dark Networks discusses new necessary methods to understand dark networks, because these clandestine groups differ from transparent organizations.
Posted in Business & Economics

Disrupting Dark Networks

Author: Sean F. Everton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022592

Category: Computers

Page: 451

View: 5476

Sean F. Everton focuses on how social network analysis can be used to craft strategies to track, destabilize, and disrupt covert, illegal networks. He illustrates these methods through worked examples from four different social network analysis software packages (UCINET, NetDraw, Pajek, and ORA), using standard network data sets as well as data from an actual terrorist network to serve as a running example throughout the book.
Posted in Computers

Social Networks and Popular Understanding of Science and Health

Sharing Disparities

Author: Brian G. Southwell

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413256

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 5148

Using social media and peer-to-peer networks to teach people about science and health may seem like an obvious strategy. Yet recent research suggests that systematic reliance on social networks may be a recipe for inequity. People are not consistently inclined to share information with others around them, and many people are constrained by factors outside of their immediate control. Ironically, the highly social nature of humankind complicates the extent to which we can live in a society united solely by electronic media. Stretching well beyond social media, this book documents disparate tendencies in the ways people learn and share information about health and science. By reviewing a wide array of existing research—ranging from a survey of New Orleans residents in the weeks after Hurricane Katrina to analysis of Twitter posts related to H1N1 to a physician-led communication campaign explaining the benefits of vaginal birth—Brian Southwell explains why some types of information are more likely to be shared than others and how some people never get exposed to seemingly widely available information. This book will appeal to social science students and citizens interested in the role of social networks in information diffusion and yet it also serves as a cautionary tale for communication practitioners and policymakers interested in leveraging social ties as an inexpensive method to spread information. -- K. "Vish" Viswanath, Harvard School of Public Health and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Posted in Social Science

The Dark Net

Unterwegs in den dunklen Kanälen der digitalen Unterwelt

Author: Jamie Bartlett

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864702976

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 1450

Das 'Dark Net' ist eine Unterwelt. Es besteht aus den geheimsten und verschwiegensten Ecken des verschlüsselten Webs. Ab und zu gerät ein Teil dieser Unterwelt in die Schlagzeilen, beispielsweise wenn eine Plattform für Online-Drogenhandel zerschlagen wird. Abgesehen davon wissen wir jedoch so gut wie nichts darüber. Bis heute. Basierend auf umfangreichen Recherchen, exklusiven Interviews und schockierendem, authentischem Material zeigt Jamie Bartlett, wie sich völlige Anonymität auf Menschen auswirken kann, und porträtiert faszinierende, abstoßende oder auch gefährliche Subkulturen, darunter Trolle und Pädophile, Dealer und Hacker, Extremisten, Bitcoin-Programmierer und Bürgerwehren.
Posted in Political Science

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 7809

Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.
Posted in Political Science

Illuminating the Dark Arts of War

Terrorism, Sabotage, and Subversion in Homeland Security and the New Conflict

Author: David Tucker

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441156860

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 8551

Since 9/11, the dominant view is that we have entered an era of 'new conflict' in which technology has empowered non-state actors who now pose unprecedented and unmanageable threats to U.S. national security. This unique work studies a range of threats, from homegrown and foreign terrorism to the possibility of cyber- or Chinese sabotage and fears of religious subversion to challenge every aspects of this 'new conflict' argument and expose its underlying exaggerations and misunderstandings. Examining such issues as political violence, the role of religion in terrorism, the impact of technology, and the political aspects of homeland security, this unique survey demonstrates how such activities as terrorism are limited by their clandestine nature. It also addresses why we need to switch our strategic focus and increase the role citizens have in dealing with such threats. This historically informed and critical analysis fills a void in the debates on the threats and conflicts that the U.S. confronts at home and abroad and will appeal to anyone interested in national security and terrorism.
Posted in Political Science

Genomic “dark matter”: implications for understanding human disease mechanisms, diagnostics, and cures

Author: Philipp Kapranov

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 2889190536

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4720

The vast majority of the human genome has been historically ignored from the point of view of molecular mechanisms of disease, diagnostics and potential therapeutic targets. The predominant focus of disease research has traditionally been placed on the protein-coding regions of the human genome, which account for only ~4-5% of its total sequence complexity. This bias has an obvious underlying reason: protein-coding regions encode a crucial class of molecules in a cell, whose function and importance are well established. Furthermore, proteins are the predominant class of cellular molecules against which effective therapeutics can be designed. This bias pervades the design of analytical tools made to measure DNA, DNA-protein interactions, as well as procedures used to measure and annotate transcriptome expression. Microarrays for example, are often biased to the regions of genome known to encode exons or promoters of protein-coding mRNAs. Other aspects of our approach towards measuring expression of RNAs such as the typical choice of polyA+ RNA selection, enriched in mRNAs, for next generation sequencing also reinforces this bias. In summary, the 2-3% of the genome and RNAs made from it has dominated the conceptual thinking of academic and medical communities as well as industries that make devices that measure nucleic acids for research or diagnostic purposes and the pharmaceutical industry. However, during the last decade a tide of data has gained sufficient momentum to suggest that the cell actually uses the remaining 97-98% of the genome to produce stable RNAs – the so-called “dark matter” RNA. The first reports to suggest this were based on tiling array technology and sequencing of ESTs, which while powerful, had their limitations: tiling arrays could not estimate the relative mass of the RNAs produced from the non-protein coding regions in a cell and the EST sequencing methods were not deep enough. The advent of next-generation sequencing, in particular, single-molecule sequencing has allowed us not only confirm the previous observations but also for the first time to estimate not only from where, but also how much non-exonic RNA is produced. Its fraction of the total transcriptome is quite significant, up to 2/3 of all RNA made in a human cell (http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/8/149 ). Moreover, the non-exonic RNAs are differentially expressed in disease: for example, between the primary tumors and metastatic derivatives. We believe that the logical next step from these observations is to ask three questions, perhaps some of the most important questions of our time in biomedical science: (1) do “dark matter” RNAs underlie mechanisms of human disease?; (2) Can they be used for diagnostics?; and (3) Can they be used as targets for therapeutics?. We thus would like to propose a Research Topic in the Frontiers in Genetics/Frontiers in Non-Coding RNAs that is specifically dedicated to publishing manuscripts addressing these three questions.
Posted in

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310402247X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 608

View: 5921

Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«
Posted in Business & Economics

Policing Transnational Organized Crime and Corruption

Exploring the Role of Communication Interception Technology

Author: M. Congram,P. Bell,Mark Lauchs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137333790

Category: Social Science

Page: 141

View: 1483

Examining the role of communication interception technology (CIT) in the investigation of transnational organised crime, the authors demonstrate that a proactive intelligence-led policing framework and a re-evaluation of the constraints of CIT are required to combat the international issue of corruption.
Posted in Social Science

Vom Glück des Strebens

Warum der Weg oft glücklicher macht als das Ziel

Author: Chris Guillebeau

Publisher: books4success

ISBN: 3864702674

Category: Self-Help

Page: 320

View: 1167

Und jedem Streben wohnt ein Glück inne ... Zu Fuß quer durch die USA wandern oder so viele Vogelarten wie möglich beobachten - das sind nur zwei Beispiele für ungewöhnliche Herausforderungen, denen sich ganz gewöhnliche Menschen gestellt haben. Chris Guillebeau beschreibt, wie das Streben nach selbst gesteckten Zielen Sinn und Glück in das eigene Leben bringt. Chris Guillebeau hat sein Projekt, alle Länder dieser Erde zu bereisen, umgesetzt. Und er hat erkannt: Nicht das Ziel an sich ist am wichtigsten, sondern der Weg dorthin. Nach etwas streben, planen, äußere und innere Hürden überwinden - all dies macht uns oft glücklicher und lässt uns innerlich mehr wachsen als das Erreichen des Ziels selbst. Zahlreiche inspirierende Beispiele sowie praktische Ratschläge weisen dem Leser den Weg: So findet er seine ganz persönliche Herausforderung, so geht er sie an und verleiht damit seinem Leben mehr Bedeutung.
Posted in Self-Help

Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319041479

Category: Science

Page: 287

View: 8065

Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security discusses relevant theoretical frameworks and applications of network analysis in support of the defence and security domains. This book details real world applications of network analysis to support defence and security. Shocks to regional, national and global systems stemming from natural hazards, acts of armed violence, terrorism and serious and organized crime have significant defence and security implications. Today, nations face an uncertain and complex security landscape in which threats impact/target the physical, social, economic and cyber domains. Threats to national security, such as that against critical infrastructures not only stem from man-made acts but also from natural hazards. Katrina (2005), Fukushima (2011) and Hurricane Sandy (2012) are examples highlighting the vulnerability of critical infrastructures to natural hazards and the crippling effect they have on the social and economic well-being of a community and a nation. With this dynamic and complex threat landscape, network analysis has emerged as a key enabler in supporting defence and security. With the advent of ‘big data’ and increasing processing power, network analysis can reveal insights with regards to structural and dynamic properties thereby facilitating greater understanding of complex networks, their entities, interdependencies, vulnerabilities to produce insights for creative solutions. This book will be well positioned to inform defence, security and intelligence professionals and researchers with regards to leading methodologies and approaches.
Posted in Science

Drugs on the Dark Net

How Cryptomarkets are Transforming the Global Trade in Illicit Drugs

Author: J. Martin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137399058

Category: Social Science

Page: 92

View: 4545

This study explores the rapidly expanding world of online illicit drug trading. Since the fall of the infamous Silk Road, a new generation of cryptomarkets can be found thriving on the dark net. Martin explores how these websites defy powerful law enforcement agencies and represent the new digital front in the 'war on drugs'.
Posted in Social Science

The Wire and Americaäó»s Dark Corners

Critical Essays

Author: Arin Keeble,Ivan Stacy

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476619603

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 236

View: 7499

In post–9/11 America, while all eyes were on Iraq and Afghanistan, The Wire (2002–2008) focused on the dark realities of those living in America’s disintegrating industrial heartlands and drug-ravaged neighborhoods, striving against the odds in its schools, hospitals and legal system. With compelling story lines and a memorable cast of characters, The Wire has been compared to the work of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, with a level of detail rarely seen in a dramatic series. While the show garnered critical praise and a loyal following, a discussion of its political aspects—in particular Bush-era America—is overdue. This collection of new essays examines The Wire in terms of the War on Drugs, the racial and economic division of America’s cities, the surveillance state and the meaning of citizenship.
Posted in Performing Arts

Die Lieferung

Roman

Author: Lene Kaaberbøl,Agnete Friis

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641052866

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 1942

Auftakt einer dänischen Spannungsreihe um die Krankenschwester Nina Borg, eine erfrischend andere Krimiheldin! Nina Borg arbeitet als Krankenschwester für das Rote Kreuz in Kopenhagen. Sie kümmert sich um Flüchtlinge und Asylanten und wird täglich mit einer Welt konfrontiert, die den meisten Menschen fremd ist. Als eine alte Freundin sie darum bittet, einen Koffer aus einem Schließfach abzuholen, stimmt sie zu, nichtsahnend, was sich wirklich darin befindet. In dem Koffer ist ein kleiner Junge, betäubt, aber am Leben. Als Nina ihre Freundin zur Rede stellen will, ist diese bereits tot. Und Nina versteht, dass jemand alles dafür tun würde, den Jungen in seine Gewalt zu bringen ...
Posted in Fiction

Alan Turing, Enigma

Author: Andrew Hodges

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783709158326

Category: Computers

Page: 662

View: 897

Alan Turing, Enigma ist die Biographie des legendären britischen Mathematikers, Logikers, Kryptoanalytikers und Computerkonstrukteurs Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954). Turing war einer der bedeutendsten Mathematiker dieses Jahrhunderts und eine höchst exzentrische Persönlichkeit. Er gilt seit seiner 1937 erschienenen Arbeit "On Computable Numbers", in der er das Prinzip des abstrakten Universalrechners entwickelte, als der Erfinder des Computers. Er legte auch die Grundlagen für das heute "Künstliche Intelligenz" genannte Forschungsgebiet. Turings zentrale Frage "Kann eine Maschine denken?" war das Motiv seiner Arbeit und wird die Schlüsselfrage des Umgangs mit dem Computer werden. Die bis 1975 geheimgehaltene Tätigkeit Turings für den britischen Geheimdienst, die zur Entschlüsselung des deutschen Funkverkehrs führte, trug entscheidend zum Verlauf und Ausgang des Zweiten Weltkriegs bei.
Posted in Computers

Advances in Research on Illicit Networks

Author: Martin Bouchard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317579763

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3996

Social network analysis finally reached a critical mass of scholars in the field of criminology. The proven track record of network theory and methods in fostering new advances in our understanding of crimes and criminals has extended the web of researchers willing to integrate this approach to their work. It is more than just a fad – once you adopt a network approach, it almost inevitably becomes the main lens through which you see crime. The insights learned from analysing matrices of relations among offenders, from exploiting the interdependence among actors instead of finding ways to avoid it are simply too great to ignore. This book provides a state of the art assessment into network research currently being conducted in criminology and beyond, pushing the field further in multiple ways. A series of contributions tackle themes and offending types that had yet to be previously empirically investigated, including political conspiracies, steroid distribution, methamphetamine production, illicit marketplaces on the Internet, and small arms trafficking. Advances are also found in the data sources used to extract illicit networks, and the methods used to analyse them. This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Crime.
Posted in Social Science

Support Networks in a Caring Community

Research and Policy, Fact and Fiction

Author: J.A. Yoder,J.M.L. Jonker,R.A.B. Leaper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400951418

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 6708

The historic Binnenhof, seat of the Dutch government in The Hague, provided the setting (January 1985) for a conference in which participants from eleven countries met to consider the theme: Support networks in a caring community: research and policy, fact and fiction. At the outset, conference leadership - provided by Professors J.M.L. Jonker (The Netherlands) and R.A.B. Leaper (United Kingdom) urged the conferees not to allow their enthusiasm for informal support networks to combine with the pervasive awareness of the failures of welfare states into a simplistic stance of advocacy, with a consequent appeal to politicians to direct state funds accordingly. Legitimate criticisms of the responses of welfare states to the needs of citizens were to be seen as the context for discussion, not the substance of conference deliberations. More specifically, if it is now apparent to many people that governmental assistance of individuals with social needs can lead to an undesirable dependency on the part of increasingly passive citizens, that awareness does not lend logical support to an ideological position that governmental expenditures are pern~c~ous per se - to be replaced as rapidly as possible by a return to reliance on self, family, friends and associations that are developed voluntarily and financed by those who are sufficiently interested.
Posted in Social Science