Understanding Dark Networks

A Strategic Framework for the Use of Social Network Analysis

Author: Daniel Cunningham,Sean Everton,Philip Murphy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442249455

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 5340

Written in an accessible manner, this book provides an introduction to Social Network Analysis (SNA), presenting tools and concepts, and showing how SNA can inform the crafting of a wide array of strategies for the tracking and disrupting of dark networks (illegal and covert networks that analysts must track, identify, and dismantle).
Posted in Political Science

Illuminating Dark Networks

The Study of Clandestine Groups and Organizations

Author: Luke M. Gerdes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107102693

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 8525

Illuminating Dark Networks discusses new necessary methods to understand dark networks, because these clandestine groups differ from transparent organizations.
Posted in Business & Economics

Disrupting Dark Networks

Author: Sean F. Everton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022592

Category: Computers

Page: 451

View: 2093

Sean F. Everton focuses on how social network analysis can be used to craft strategies to track, destabilize, and disrupt covert, illegal networks. He illustrates these methods through worked examples from four different social network analysis software packages (UCINET, NetDraw, Pajek, and ORA), using standard network data sets as well as data from an actual terrorist network to serve as a running example throughout the book.
Posted in Computers

The Dark Net

Unterwegs in den dunklen Kanälen der digitalen Unterwelt

Author: Jamie Bartlett

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864702976

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 2291

Das 'Dark Net' ist eine Unterwelt. Es besteht aus den geheimsten und verschwiegensten Ecken des verschlüsselten Webs. Ab und zu gerät ein Teil dieser Unterwelt in die Schlagzeilen, beispielsweise wenn eine Plattform für Online-Drogenhandel zerschlagen wird. Abgesehen davon wissen wir jedoch so gut wie nichts darüber. Bis heute. Basierend auf umfangreichen Recherchen, exklusiven Interviews und schockierendem, authentischem Material zeigt Jamie Bartlett, wie sich völlige Anonymität auf Menschen auswirken kann, und porträtiert faszinierende, abstoßende oder auch gefährliche Subkulturen, darunter Trolle und Pädophile, Dealer und Hacker, Extremisten, Bitcoin-Programmierer und Bürgerwehren.
Posted in Political Science

Social Networks and Popular Understanding of Science and Health

Sharing Disparities

Author: Brian G. Southwell

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413256

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 5608

Using social media and peer-to-peer networks to teach people about science and health may seem like an obvious strategy. Yet recent research suggests that systematic reliance on social networks may be a recipe for inequity. People are not consistently inclined to share information with others around them, and many people are constrained by factors outside of their immediate control. Ironically, the highly social nature of humankind complicates the extent to which we can live in a society united solely by electronic media. Stretching well beyond social media, this book documents disparate tendencies in the ways people learn and share information about health and science. By reviewing a wide array of existing research—ranging from a survey of New Orleans residents in the weeks after Hurricane Katrina to analysis of Twitter posts related to H1N1 to a physician-led communication campaign explaining the benefits of vaginal birth—Brian Southwell explains why some types of information are more likely to be shared than others and how some people never get exposed to seemingly widely available information. This book will appeal to social science students and citizens interested in the role of social networks in information diffusion and yet it also serves as a cautionary tale for communication practitioners and policymakers interested in leveraging social ties as an inexpensive method to spread information. -- K. "Vish" Viswanath, Harvard School of Public Health and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Posted in Social Science

Flash Boys

Revolte an der Wall Street

Author: Michael Lewis

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593424029

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 6805

Mit diesem Buch erhalten Sie das E-Book inklusive! Ein Buch, das die Börse zum Beben bringt Michael Lewis, begnadeter Sachbuchautor, lüftet mit seinem neuen Buch "das dunkelste Geheimnis der Börse". Wer an Börse denkt, hat oft ein Bild im Kopf: wild gestikulierende Makler, die unter immensem Zeitdruck Dinge kaufen, um sie gleich wieder zu verkaufen. Doch das ist Geschichte. Die Realität an der Börse sieht anders aus - das Parkett hat längst neue Regeln. Michael Lewis, Wirtschaftsjournalist und begnadeter Sachbuchautor, sorgte mit seinem neuen Buch für ein Erdbeben. Der Erzähler unter den Sachbuchautoren enthüllt die Geschichte einer Gruppe genialer Wall-Street-Außenseiter. Sie haben herausgefunden, wie die Börse zum Vorteil von Insidern manipuliert wird, die ohne Risiko Milliarden absahnen und abends ohne eine einzige Aktie nach Hause gehen. Ein Buch über die neuen "Helden" an der Börse Der Entschluss der "Helden": Sie schaffen ein paralleles System, das sich den raffgierigen "Flash Boys" in den Weg stellt. Lewis bringt Licht in die dunkelste Ecke der Börse. Seine filmreife Geschichte über den Kampf um Geschwindigkeit - auf einem Markt, den zwar keiner sieht, der unsere Wirtschaft aber ernsthaft bedroht - bringt die Wall Street zum Beben. Dieses Buch lässt die Börsenwelt erzittern. Einen Tag nach seinem Erscheinen kündigten FBI und amerikanisches Justizministerium an, sie würden Untersuchungen gegen den von Lewis gegeißelten Hochfrequenzhandel an den Börsen einleiten. Lewis ... - "... hat eine neue Ebene der Aufmerksamkeit erreicht". (FAZ) - ... lässt den "The Wolf of Wall Street" wie ein Lamm wirken. - ... ist der derzeit packendste (Reality-)Thriller über die Finanzwelt gelungen. - ... enthüllt, wie Märkte und Privatanleger manipuliert werden. Links: http://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/buecher/rezensionen/sachbuch/rezension-flash-boys-von-michael-lewis-12899266.html http://www.handelsblatt.com/finanzen/fonds/nachrichten/hochfrequenzhandel-staatsfonds-fluechtet-vor-den-flash-boys/10019622.html http://www.manager-magazin.de/finanzen/boerse/hochfrequenzhandel-lewis-gefahr-jedermannn-flashcrash-a-973311.html
Posted in Business & Economics

The Brain

Die Geschichte von dir

Author: David Eagleman

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641183154

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 4425

Unterhaltend und fundiert: Ein Pageturner über die Hirnforschung Die Hirnforschung macht rasante Fortschritte, aber nur selten treten wir einen Schritt zurück und fragen uns, was es heißt, ein Lebewesen und Mensch zu sein. Der renommierte Neurowissenschaftler David Eagleman nimmt uns mit auf die Reise durch das Gewirr aus Milliarden von Hirnzellen und Billionen von Synapsen – und zu uns selbst. Das sonderbare Rechengewebe in unserem Schädel ist der Apparat, mit dem wir uns in der Welt orientieren, Entscheidungen treffen und Vorstellungen entwickeln. Seine unendlich vielen Zellen bringen unser Bewusstsein und unsere Träume hervor. In diesem Buch baut Bestsellerautor David Eagleman eine Brücke zwischen der Hirnforschung und uns, den Besitzern eines Gehirns. Er hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. Denn ein besseres Verständnis unseres inneren Kosmos wirft auch ein neues Licht auf unsere persönlichen Beziehungen und unser gesellschaftliches Zusammenleben: wie wir unser Leben lenken, warum wir lieben, was wir für wahr halten, wie wir unsere Kinder erziehen, wie wir unsere Gesellschaftspolitik verbessern und wie wir den menschlichen Körper auf die kommenden Jahrhunderte vorbereiten können.
Posted in Science

Illuminating the Dark Arts of War

Terrorism, Sabotage, and Subversion in Homeland Security and the New Conflict

Author: David Tucker

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441156860

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 3316

Since 9/11, the dominant view is that we have entered an era of 'new conflict' in which technology has empowered non-state actors who now pose unprecedented and unmanageable threats to U.S. national security. This unique work studies a range of threats, from homegrown and foreign terrorism to the possibility of cyber- or Chinese sabotage and fears of religious subversion to challenge every aspects of this 'new conflict' argument and expose its underlying exaggerations and misunderstandings. Examining such issues as political violence, the role of religion in terrorism, the impact of technology, and the political aspects of homeland security, this unique survey demonstrates how such activities as terrorism are limited by their clandestine nature. It also addresses why we need to switch our strategic focus and increase the role citizens have in dealing with such threats. This historically informed and critical analysis fills a void in the debates on the threats and conflicts that the U.S. confronts at home and abroad and will appeal to anyone interested in national security and terrorism.
Posted in Political Science

Genomic “dark matter”: implications for understanding human disease mechanisms, diagnostics, and cures

Author: Philipp Kapranov

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 2889190536

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1438

The vast majority of the human genome has been historically ignored from the point of view of molecular mechanisms of disease, diagnostics and potential therapeutic targets. The predominant focus of disease research has traditionally been placed on the protein-coding regions of the human genome, which account for only ~4-5% of its total sequence complexity. This bias has an obvious underlying reason: protein-coding regions encode a crucial class of molecules in a cell, whose function and importance are well established. Furthermore, proteins are the predominant class of cellular molecules against which effective therapeutics can be designed. This bias pervades the design of analytical tools made to measure DNA, DNA-protein interactions, as well as procedures used to measure and annotate transcriptome expression. Microarrays for example, are often biased to the regions of genome known to encode exons or promoters of protein-coding mRNAs. Other aspects of our approach towards measuring expression of RNAs such as the typical choice of polyA+ RNA selection, enriched in mRNAs, for next generation sequencing also reinforces this bias. In summary, the 2-3% of the genome and RNAs made from it has dominated the conceptual thinking of academic and medical communities as well as industries that make devices that measure nucleic acids for research or diagnostic purposes and the pharmaceutical industry. However, during the last decade a tide of data has gained sufficient momentum to suggest that the cell actually uses the remaining 97-98% of the genome to produce stable RNAs – the so-called “dark matter” RNA. The first reports to suggest this were based on tiling array technology and sequencing of ESTs, which while powerful, had their limitations: tiling arrays could not estimate the relative mass of the RNAs produced from the non-protein coding regions in a cell and the EST sequencing methods were not deep enough. The advent of next-generation sequencing, in particular, single-molecule sequencing has allowed us not only confirm the previous observations but also for the first time to estimate not only from where, but also how much non-exonic RNA is produced. Its fraction of the total transcriptome is quite significant, up to 2/3 of all RNA made in a human cell (http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/8/149 ). Moreover, the non-exonic RNAs are differentially expressed in disease: for example, between the primary tumors and metastatic derivatives. We believe that the logical next step from these observations is to ask three questions, perhaps some of the most important questions of our time in biomedical science: (1) do “dark matter” RNAs underlie mechanisms of human disease?; (2) Can they be used for diagnostics?; and (3) Can they be used as targets for therapeutics?. We thus would like to propose a Research Topic in the Frontiers in Genetics/Frontiers in Non-Coding RNAs that is specifically dedicated to publishing manuscripts addressing these three questions.
Posted in

Policing Transnational Organized Crime and Corruption

Exploring the Role of Communication Interception Technology

Author: M. Congram,P. Bell,Mark Lauchs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137333790

Category: Social Science

Page: 141

View: 3282

Examining the role of communication interception technology (CIT) in the investigation of transnational organised crime, the authors demonstrate that a proactive intelligence-led policing framework and a re-evaluation of the constraints of CIT are required to combat the international issue of corruption.
Posted in Social Science

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 5768

Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...
Posted in Nature

Die Zukunft der Intelligenz

wie das Gehirn funktioniert, und was Computer davon lernen können

Author: Jeff Hawkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499621673

Category:

Page: 315

View: 8943

Posted in

Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319041479

Category: Science

Page: 287

View: 5241

Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security discusses relevant theoretical frameworks and applications of network analysis in support of the defence and security domains. This book details real world applications of network analysis to support defence and security. Shocks to regional, national and global systems stemming from natural hazards, acts of armed violence, terrorism and serious and organized crime have significant defence and security implications. Today, nations face an uncertain and complex security landscape in which threats impact/target the physical, social, economic and cyber domains. Threats to national security, such as that against critical infrastructures not only stem from man-made acts but also from natural hazards. Katrina (2005), Fukushima (2011) and Hurricane Sandy (2012) are examples highlighting the vulnerability of critical infrastructures to natural hazards and the crippling effect they have on the social and economic well-being of a community and a nation. With this dynamic and complex threat landscape, network analysis has emerged as a key enabler in supporting defence and security. With the advent of ‘big data’ and increasing processing power, network analysis can reveal insights with regards to structural and dynamic properties thereby facilitating greater understanding of complex networks, their entities, interdependencies, vulnerabilities to produce insights for creative solutions. This book will be well positioned to inform defence, security and intelligence professionals and researchers with regards to leading methodologies and approaches.
Posted in Science

Drugs on the Dark Net

How Cryptomarkets are Transforming the Global Trade in Illicit Drugs

Author: J. Martin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137399058

Category: Social Science

Page: 92

View: 1652

This study explores the rapidly expanding world of online illicit drug trading. Since the fall of the infamous Silk Road, a new generation of cryptomarkets can be found thriving on the dark net. Martin explores how these websites defy powerful law enforcement agencies and represent the new digital front in the 'war on drugs'.
Posted in Social Science

Hidden Figures - Unerkannte Heldinnen

Author: Margot Lee Shetterly

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 3959676433

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 364

1943 stellt das Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory der NACA,die später zur NASA wird, erstmalig afroamerikanische Frauen ein. "Menschliche Rechner" - unter ihnen Dorothy Vaughan, die 1953 Vorgesetzte der brillanten afroamerikanischen Mathematikerin Katherine Johnson wird. Trotz Diskriminierung und Vorurteilen, treiben sie die Forschungen der NASA voran und Katherine Johnsons Berechnungen werden maßgeblich für den Erfolg der Apollo-Missionen. Dies ist ihre Geschichte. "Mit dieser unglaublich mitreißenden und vielschichtigen Erzählung zeigt Shetterly ihr Können. Die Geschichte begeistert in allen Aspekten." Booklist
Posted in History

Kolumbus' Erbe

Wie Menschen, Tiere, Pflanzen die Ozeane überquerten und die Welt von heute schufen

Author: Charles C. Mann

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364403771X

Category: History

Page: 816

View: 3154

«Das beste Sachbuch des Jahres.» TIME Die Entdeckung Amerikas war für das Leben auf unserem Planeten das folgenreichste Ereignis seit dem Aussterben der Dinosaurier. Denn: Millionen Jahre waren die Hemisphären weitgehend voneinander isoliert gewesen. Mit Kolumbus traten sie in einen Austausch. Menschen und Pflanzen, Tiere und Krankheiten gelangten per Schiff in neue Lebensräume und schufen eine Welt, in der nichts blieb, wie es einmal gewesen war. Das hatte auch gravierende politische Konsequenzen: Der «kolumbische Austausch» trug mehr als alles andere dazu bei, dass Europa zur Weltmacht aufstieg und China verdrängte. Charles C. Mann zeichnet ein spannendes Panorama dieser Vorgänge, das Kontinente und Jahrhunderte umfasst. Ein großartiges Lesevergnügen für alle Wissensdurstigen! «Herausragend.» The New York Times «Ein faszinierendes und vielschichtiges Buch, das auf vorbildliche Weise sprechende Fakten mit gutem Geschichtenerzählen vereint.» The Washington Post
Posted in History

The Wire and Americaäó»s Dark Corners

Critical Essays

Author: Arin Keeble,Ivan Stacy

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476619603

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 236

View: 6976

In post–9/11 America, while all eyes were on Iraq and Afghanistan, The Wire (2002–2008) focused on the dark realities of those living in America’s disintegrating industrial heartlands and drug-ravaged neighborhoods, striving against the odds in its schools, hospitals and legal system. With compelling story lines and a memorable cast of characters, The Wire has been compared to the work of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, with a level of detail rarely seen in a dramatic series. While the show garnered critical praise and a loyal following, a discussion of its political aspects—in particular Bush-era America—is overdue. This collection of new essays examines The Wire in terms of the War on Drugs, the racial and economic division of America’s cities, the surveillance state and the meaning of citizenship.
Posted in Performing Arts

Advances in Research on Illicit Networks

Author: Martin Bouchard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317579763

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9452

Social network analysis finally reached a critical mass of scholars in the field of criminology. The proven track record of network theory and methods in fostering new advances in our understanding of crimes and criminals has extended the web of researchers willing to integrate this approach to their work. It is more than just a fad – once you adopt a network approach, it almost inevitably becomes the main lens through which you see crime. The insights learned from analysing matrices of relations among offenders, from exploiting the interdependence among actors instead of finding ways to avoid it are simply too great to ignore. This book provides a state of the art assessment into network research currently being conducted in criminology and beyond, pushing the field further in multiple ways. A series of contributions tackle themes and offending types that had yet to be previously empirically investigated, including political conspiracies, steroid distribution, methamphetamine production, illicit marketplaces on the Internet, and small arms trafficking. Advances are also found in the data sources used to extract illicit networks, and the methods used to analyse them. This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Crime.
Posted in Social Science

Crime and Networks

Author: Carlo Morselli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134643322

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 7246

This innovative collection of original essays showcases the use of social networks in the analysis and understanding of various forms of crime. More than any other past research endeavor, the seventeen chapters in this book apply to criminology the many conceptual and methodological options from social network analysis. Crime and Networks is the only book of its kind that looks at the use of networks in understanding crime, and can be used for advanced undergraduate and beginner’s graduate level courses in criminal justice and criminology.
Posted in Social Science