Tropical rain forest ecology, diversity, and conservation

Author: Jaboury Ghazoul,Douglas Sheil

Publisher: Oxford Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780199285877

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 516

View: 445

Rain forests represent the world's richest repository of terrestrial biodiversity, and play a major role in regulating the global climate. They support the livelihoods of a substantial proportion of the world's population and are the source of many internationally traded commodities. They remain (despite decades of conservation attention) increasingly vulnerable to degradation and clearance, with profound though often uncertain future costs to global society. Understanding the ecology of these diverse biomes, and peoples' dependencies on them, is fundamental to their future management and conservation. Tropical Rain Forest Ecology, Diversity, and Conservation introduces and explores what rain forests are, how they arose, what they contain, how they function, and how humans use and impact them. The book starts by introducing the variety of rain forest plants, fungi, microorganisms, and animals, emphasising the spectacular diversity that is the motivation for their conservation. The central chapters describe the origins of rain forest communities, the variety of rain forest formations, and their ecology and dynamics. The challenge of explaining the species richness of rain forest communities lies at the heart of ecological theory, and forms a common theme throughout. The book's final section considers historical and current interactions of humans and rain forests. It explores biodiversity conservation as well as livelihood security for the many communities that are dependent on rain forests - inextricable issues that represent urgent priorities for scientists, conservationists, and policy makers.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Die Zukunft des Lebens

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442152827

Category:

Page: 255

View: 6353

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Dipterocarp Biology, Ecology, and Conservation

Author: Jaboury Ghazoul

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199639655

Category:

Page: 320

View: 7769

Asian tropical forests are amongst the most diverse on the planet, a richness that belies the fact that they are dominated by a single family of trees, the Dipterocarpaceae. Many other families contribute to Asia's natural diversity, but few compare to the dipterocarps in terms of the number and variety of species that occupy the forest canopy. Understanding the ecology and dynamics of Asian forests is therefore, to a large extent, a study of the Dipterocarpaceae. This book synthesises our current knowledge concerning dipterocarps, exploring the family through taxonomic, evolutionary, and biogeographic perspectives. Dipterocarp Biology, Ecology, and Conservation describes the rich variety of dipterocarp forest formations in both the ever-wet and seasonal tropics, including the less well known African and South American species. Detailed coverage of dipterocarp reproductive ecology and population genetics reflects the considerable research devoted to this subject, and its particular importance in shaping the ecology of Asian lowland rain forests. Ecophysiological responses to light, water, and nutrients, which underlie mechanisms that maintain dipterocarp species richness, are also addressed. At broader scales, dipterocarp responses to variation in soil, topography, climate, and natural disturbance regimes are explored from both population and community perspectives. The book concludes with a consideration of the crucial economic values of dipterocarps, and their extensive exploitation, discussing future opportunities for conservation and restoration. This will be a useful resource for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in tropical forest ecology and management, as well as professional researchers in tropical plant ecology, forestry, geography, and conservation biology.
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Timber Production and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forests

Author: Andrew Grieser Johns

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521572828

Category: Nature

Page: 225

View: 4007

Timber production is often the most economic form of land use in areas of tropical forest; forest preservation is rarely so. This book attempts to bridge the current gap between conservation requirements and commercial interests, indicating the possibilities for integrated management of tropical forests. The aim is to create a practical approach for the management of production forest as a supplement to totally-protected forest in the conservation of tropical biodiversity.
Posted in Nature

Tropical Rainforests

Past, Present, and Future

Author: Eldredge Bermingham,Christopher W. Dick,Craig Moritz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226044688

Category: Nature

Page: 745

View: 5378

Synthesizing theoretical and empirical analyses of the processes that help shape these unique ecosystems, Tropical Rainforests looks at the effects of evolutionary histories, past climate change, and ecological dynamics on the origin and maintenance of tropical rainforest communities. Featuring recent advances in paleoecology, climatology, geology, molecular systematics, biogeography, and community ecology, the volume also offers insights from those fields into how rainforests will endure the impact of anthropogenic change. With more than sixty contributors, Tropical Rainforests will be of great interest to students and professionals in tropical ecology and conservation.
Posted in Nature

Der Malayische Archipel. Die Heimat des Orang-Utan und des Paradiesvogels. Band 1.

Author: Alfred Russel Wallace

Publisher: mach-mir-ein-ebook.de

ISBN: 3944309103

Category: History

Page: 351

View: 8006

Dies ist der erste Band des Reiseberichtes des britischen Naturforschers Alfred Russel Wallace. Er unternahm in den Jahren 1854 bis 1862 im südlichen Malaiischen Archipel eine ausführliche Forschungsreise und legte dabei rund 20.000 Kilometer zurück. Dieses Buch enthält seinen Bericht und seine Forschungsergebnisse dieser Reise in der Übersetzung des deutschen Zoologen Adolf Bernhard Meyer aus dem Jahr 1869. Es wird als eines der wichtigsten und einflussreichsten Bücher über die Inselwelt in Südostasien angesehen und erscheint hier erstmals als E-Book. Wallace liefert neben den naturwissenschaftlichen Beschreibungen der gefundenen Pflanzen und Tiere eine Fülle von Beobachtungen der Einheimischen, ihrer Sprachen, ihrer Art zu leben und ihrer sozialen Organisation. Er berichtet über die Verbreitung der verschiedenen Arten, die er beobachtete, und ihre naturgeschichtliche Bedeutung, begründet auf der biologischen und geologischen Geschichte dieser Region. Er berichtet ebenfalls über einige seiner persönlichen Erlebnisse während dieser Reise, sowie über die Begegnungen mit Personen dieser Zeit. So trifft er Thomas Stamford Raffles, den Gründer der Stadt Singapur, James Brooke, den ersten der Weißen Rajahs von Sarawak und dessen Neffen Charles Johnson Brooke. Die Rechtschreibung dieses Buches wurde vollständig modernisiert. Heute unverständliche und veraltete Worte wurden ersetzt. Der zweite Band dieses Werkes ist ebenfalls als E-Book verfügbar.
Posted in History

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 8117

Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...
Posted in Nature

Diversity and the Tropical Rain Forest

Author: John Terborgh

Publisher: Times Books

ISBN: 9780716750307

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 4534

Explains the importance of biodiversity and looks at what is being done to save the rain forests
Posted in Science

Käfer und andere Kerbtiere

Author: Bernard Durin,Gerhard Scherer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783829606318

Category:

Page: 156

View: 3988

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Tropical Forest Ecology

The Basis for Conservation and Management

Author: Florencia Montagnini,Carl F. Jordan,Institute of Ecology Carl F Jordan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540237976

Category: Nature

Page: 295

View: 5731

Importance pf tropical forests; characteristics of tropical forests; classification of tropical forests; deforestation in the tropics; management of tropical forests; plantatios and agroforestry systems; approaches for implementing sustainable management techniques.
Posted in Nature

Forests

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jaboury Ghazoul

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198706170

Category: Nature

Page: 150

View: 6220

Since the dawn of human civilization, forests have provided us with food, resources, and energy. The history of human development is also one of forest loss and transformation, and yet even in our increasingly urbanized societies we remain surprisingly dependent on forests for a wide range of goods and services. Moreover, forests still retain a remarkable hold on our environmental values. In an era of continuing tropical deforestation and temperate forest resurgence, and in the midst of uncertainties of climate and land use changes, it is more important than ever to understand what forests are, how they contribute to our livelihoods, and how they underpin our cultural histories and futures. In this Very Short Introduction Jaboury Ghazoul explores our contrasting interactions with forests, as well as their origins, dynamics, and the range of goods and services they provide to human society. Ghazoul concludes with an examination of the recent history of deforestation, transitions to reforestation, and the future outlook for forests particularly in the context of expected climate change. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in Nature

Die epiphytische Vegetation Amerikas

Author: Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Amerika

Page: 162

View: 5130

Tropische Florenzone, Epiphyten.
Posted in Amerika

Tropical Forests in Prehistory, History, and Modernity

Author: Patrick Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192550551

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 4527

In popular discourse, tropical forests are synonymous with 'nature' and 'wilderness'; battlegrounds between apparently pristine floral, faunal, and human communities, and the unrelenting industrial and urban powers of the modern world. It is rarely publicly understood that the extent of human adaptation to, and alteration of, tropical forest environments extends across archaeological, historical, and anthropological timescales. This book is the first attempt to bring together evidence for the nature of human interactions with tropical forests on a global scale, from the emergence of hominins in the tropical forests of Africa to modern conservation issues. Following a review of the natural history and variability of tropical forest ecosystems, this book takes a tour of human, and human ancestor, occupation and use of tropical forest environments through time. Far from being pristine, primordial ecosystems, this book illustrates how our species has inhabited and modified tropical forests from the earliest stages of its evolution. While agricultural strategies and vast urban networks emerged in tropical forests long prior to the arrival of European colonial powers and later industrialization, this should not be taken as justification for the massive deforestation and biodiversity threats imposed on tropical forest ecosystems in the 21st century. Rather, such a long-term perspective highlights the ongoing challenges of sustainability faced by forager, agricultural, and urban societies in these environments, setting the stage for more integrated approaches to conservation and policy-making, and the protection of millennia of ecological and cultural heritage bound up in these habitats.
Posted in Social Science

Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins

Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation

Author: Teja Tscharntke,Christoph Leuschner,Manfred Zeller,Edi Guhardja,Arifuddin Bidin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540302905

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 6206

Tropical rainforests are disappearing at an alarming rate, causing unprecedented losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services. This book contributes to an improved understanding of the processes that have destabilizing effects on ecological and socio-economic systems of tropical rain forest margins, as well as striving to integrate environmental, technological and socio-economic issues in their solution.
Posted in Science

Biologie der Fledermäuse

Author: Gerhard Neuweiler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bats

Page: 350

View: 9392

Posted in Bats

Breakfast Of Biodiversity

The Political Ecology of Rain Forest Destruction

Author: John Vandermeer,Ivette Perfecto

Publisher: Food First Books

ISBN: 0935028455

Category: Nature

Page: 207

View: 1747

The continuing devastation of the world’s tropical rain forest affects us all—spurring climate change, decimating biodiversity, and wrecking our environment’s resiliency. Millions of worried people around the world want to do whatever it takes to save the forest that is left. But halting rain forest destruction means understanding what is driving it. In Breakfast of Biodiversity, John Vandermeer and Ivette Perfecto insightfully describe the ways in which such disparate factors as the international banking system, modern agricultural techniques, rain forest ecology, and the struggles of the poor interact to bring down the forest. They weave an alternative vision in which democracy, sustainable agriculture, and land security for the poor are at the center of the movement to save the tropical environment.
Posted in Nature

Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change

Author: Mark Bush,John Flenley,William Gosling

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642053831

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 3861

This updated and expanded second edition of a much lauded work provides a current overview of the impacts of climate change on tropical forests. The authors also investigate past, present and future climatic influences on the ecosystems with the highest biodiversity on the planet. Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change, Second Edition, looks at how tropical rain forest ecology is altered by climate change, rather than simply seeing how plant communities were altered. Shifting the emphasis on to ecological processes, e.g. how diversity is structured by climate and the subsequent impact on tropical forest ecology, provides the reader with a more comprehensive coverage. A major theme of the book is the interaction between humans, climate and forest ecology. The authors, all foremost experts in their fields, explore the long term occupation of tropical systems, the influence of fire and the future climatic effects of deforestation, together with anthropogenic emissions. Incorporating modelling of past and future systems paves the way for a discussion of conservation from a climatic perspective, rather than the usual plea to stop logging. This second edition provides an updated text in this rapidly evolving field. The existing chapters are revised and updated and two entirely new chapters deal with Central America and the effect of fire on wet forest systems. In the first new chapter, the paleoclimate and ecological record from Central America (Lozano, Correa, Bush) is discussed, while the other deals with the impact of fire on tropical ecosystems. It is hoped that Jonathon Overpeck, who has been centrally involved in the 2007 and 2010 IPCC reports, will provide a Foreword to the book.
Posted in Science