Transitions Theory

Middle Range and Situation Specific Theories in Nursing Research and Practice

Author: Afaf I. Meleis, PhD, DrPS (hon), FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826105356

Category: Medical

Page: 664

View: 3290

"It is very exciting to see all of these studies compiled in one book. It can be read sequentially or just for certain transitions. It also can be used as a template for compilation of other concepts central to nursing and can serve as a resource for further studies in transitions. It is an excellent addition to the nursing literature." Score: 95, 4 Stars. --Doody's "Understanding and recognizing transitions are at the heart of health care reform and this current edition, with its numerous clinical examples and descriptions of nursing interventions, provides important lessons that can and should be incorporated into health policy. It is a brilliant book and an important contribution to nursing theory." Kathleen Dracup, RN, DNSc Dean and Professor, School of Nursing University of California San Francisco Afaf Meleis, the dean of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, presents for the first time in a single volume her original "transitions theory" that integrates middle-range theory to assist nurses in facilitating positive transitions for patients, families, and communities. Nurses are consistently relied on to coach and support patients going through major life transitions, such as illness, recovery, pregnancy, old age, and many more. A collection of over 50 articles published from 1975 through 2007 and five newly commissioned articles, Transitions Theory covers developmental, situational, health and illness, organizational, and therapeutic transitions. Each section includes an introduction written by Dr. Meleis in which she offers her historical and practical perspective on transitions. Many of the articles consider the transitional experiences of ethnically diverse patients, women, the elderly, and other minority populations. Key Topics Discussed: Situational transitions, including discharge and relocation transitions (hospital to home, stroke recovery) and immigration transitions (psychological adaptation and impact of migration on family health) Educational transitions, including professional transitions (from RN to BSN and student to professional) Health and illness transitions, including self-care post heart failure, living with chronic illness, living with early dementia, and accepting palliative care Organization transitions, including role transitions from acute care to collaborative practice, and hospital to community practice Nursing therapeutics models of transition, including role supplementation models and debriefing models
Posted in Medical

Higher Education Transitions

Theory and Research

Author: Eva Kyndt,Vincent Donche,Keith Trigwell,Sari Lindblom-Ylänne

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317207734

Category: Education

Page: 322

View: 8568

In the current era where lifelong learning is brought to the fore, higher education can no longer be regarded as an isolated trajectory within one’s educational career as many students face substantial challenges in crafting their professional future. More specifically, the transition from school to higher education and continuing to the labour market are often a difficult hurdles for many students. Almost half of students do not succeed in the first year and often withdraw from education, students are faced with a variety of contexts and may choose to study in a different (international) context, and they are then confronted with structural barriers in finding a (high-quality) job, as evidenced by increasing levels of youth unemployment and underemployment. Higher Education Transitions aims to deepen our understanding of the transitions taking place when students enter, progress and leave higher education to enter the labour market. Drawing on an international team of contributors, this guide includes three conceptual and fifteen empirical studies which include a range of quantitative, qualitative, cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Divided into three sections to reflect each important transition phase, topics include: transitions from secondary to higher education; transitions within higher education; transitions from higher education to the labour market. By considering transitions across different phases as a broad and interrelated process, this guide will be essential reading for higher education researchers, policy stakeholders and all those interested in the transitions into higher education and the labour market.
Posted in Education

Multifunctional Agriculture

A Transition Theory Perspective

Author: G. A. Wilson

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932579

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 5677

In a time of great agricultural and rural change, the notion of 'multifunctionality' has remained under-theorized and poorly linked to the debates in the social sciences. This book analyses the extent to which the proposed transition towards post-productivist agriculture holds up to scientific scrutiny, and proposes a new transition theory.
Posted in Social Science

Order, Disorder and Criticality

Advanced Problems of Phase Transition Theory

Author: Yurij Holovatch

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814485152

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8217

This book reviews some of the classic aspects in the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, which has a long history. Recently, these aspects are attracting much attention due to essential new contributions. The topics presented in this book include: mathematical theory of the Ising model; equilibrium and non-equilibrium criticality of one-dimensional quantum spin chains; influence of structural disorder on the critical behaviour of the Potts model; criticality, fractality and multifractality of linked polymers; field-theoretical approaches in the superconducting phase transitions. The book is based on the review lectures that were given in Lviv (Ukraine) in March 2002 at the “Ising lectures” — a traditional annual workshop on phase transitions and critical phenomena which aims to bring together scientists working in the field of phase transitions with university students and those who are interested in the subject. Contents:Mathematical Theory of the Ising Model and Its Generalizations: An Introduction (Y Kozitsky)Relaxation in Quantum Spin Chains: Free Fermionic Models (D Karevski)Quantum Phase Transitions in Alternating Transverse Ising Chains (O Derzhko)Phase Transitions in Two-Dimensional Random Potts Models (B Berche & C Chatelain)Scaling of Miktoarm Star Polymers (C von Ferber)Field Theoretic Approaches to the Superconducting Phase Transition (F S Nogueira & H Kleinert) Readership: Researchers, academics and graduate students in condensed matter physics. Keywords:Phase Transitions;Disorder;Critical Phenomena;Renormalization Group;Ising Model;Potts Model
Posted in Science

Order, Disorder and Criticality

Advanced Problems of Phase Transition TheoryVolume 4

Author: Yurij Holovatch

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814632694

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 2295

This book is the fourth in the series of review papers on advanced problems of phase transitions and critical phenomena, the first three volumes appeared in 2004, 2007, and 2012. It presents reviews in those aspects of criticality and related subjects that have currently attracted much attention due to new and essential contributions. The contents are divided into five chapters, and they include: anomalous diffusion, kinetics of pattern formation, scaling, renormalization group approaches in soft matter and socio-physics, Monte Carlo simulation of critical Casimir forces. As with the first three volumes, this book is based on the review lectures that were given in Lviv (Ukraine) at the “Ising lectures” — a traditional annual workshop on phase transitions and critical phenomena which aims to bring together scientists working in these fields with university students and those who are interested in the subject. Contents:Scaling and Finite-Size Scaling above the Upper Critical Dimension (R Kenna and B Berche)Monte Carlo Simulation of Critical Casimir Forces (O A Vasilyev)Non-ergodicity and Ageing in Anomalous Diffusion (R Metzler)Kinetics of Pattern Formation: Mesoscopic and Atomistic Modelling (H Zapolsky)A Renormalization Group Like Model for a Democratic Dictatorship (S Galam) Readership: Researchers, advanced undergraduates and graduate students in physics; non-expert scientists interested in phase transitions and critical phenomena. Keywords:Phase Transitions;Criticality;Scaling;Complex Systems
Posted in Science

Noise-Induced Transitions

Theory and Applications in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

Author: W. Horsthemke,R. Lefever

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540368523

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 2489

The study of phase transitions is among the most fascinating fields in physics. Originally limited to transition phenomena in equilibrium systems, this field has outgrown its classical confines during the last two decades. The behavior of far from equilibrium systems has received more and more attention and has been an extremely active and productive subject of research for physicists, chemists and biologists. Their studies have brought about a more unified vision of the laws which govern self-organization processes of physico-chemical and biological sys tems. A major achievement has been the extension of the notion of phase transi tion to instabilities which occur only in open nonlinear systems. The notion of phase transition has been proven fruitful in apphcation to nonequilibrium ins- bihties known for about eight decades, like certain hydrodynamic instabilities, as well as in the case of the more recently discovered instabilities in quantum optical systems such as the laser, in chemical systems such as the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction and in biological systems. Even outside the realm of natural sciences, this notion is now used in economics and sociology. In this monograph we show that the notion of phase transition can be extend ed even further. It apphes also to a new class of transition phenomena which occur only in nonequilibrium systems subjected to a randomly fluctuating en vironment.
Posted in Science

Handbook on Sustainability Transition and Sustainable Peace

Author: Hans Günter Brauch,Úrsula Oswald Spring,John Grin,Jürgen Scheffran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319438840

Category: Political Science

Page: 1014

View: 1819

In this book 60 authors from many disciplines and from 18 countries on five continents examine in ten parts: Moving towards Sustainability Transition; Aiming at Sustainable Peace; Meeting Challenges of the 21st Century: Demographic Imbalances, Temperature Rise and the Climate–Conflict Nexus; Initiating Research on Global Environmental Change, Limits to Growth, Decoupling of Growth and Resource Needs; Developing Theoretical Approaches on Sustainability and Transitions; Analysing National Debates on Sustainability in North America; Preparing Transitions towards a Sustainable Economy and Society, Production and Consumption and Urbanization; Examining Sustainability Transitions in the Water, Food and Health Sectors from Latin American and European Perspectives; Preparing Sustainability Transitions in the Energy Sector; and Relying on Transnational, International, Regional and National Governance for Strategies and Policies Towards Sustainability Transition. This book is based on workshops held in Mexico (2012) and in the US (2013), on a winter school at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand (2013), and on commissioned chapters. The workshop in Mexico and the publication were supported by two grants by the German Foundation for Peace Research (DSF). All texts in this book were peer-reviewed by scholars from all parts of the world.
Posted in Political Science

Demographic Transition Theory

Author: John C. Caldwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402044984

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 6404

This book has a strong theoretical focus and is unique in addressing both mortality and fertility over the full span of human history. It examines the demographic transition in the change in the human condition from high mortality and high fertility to low mortality and low fertility. It asks if fluctuating populations is a new phenomenon, or if there has long been an inherent tendency in Man to maximize survival and to control family size.
Posted in Social Science

Middle Range Theory for Nursing

Third Edition

Author: Mary Jane Smith, PhD, RN,Patricia R. Liehr, PhD, RN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826195520

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 8541

Awarded first place in the 2013 AJN Book of the Year Awards in the Nursing Research category "This is an outstanding edition of this book. It has great relevance for learning about, developing, and using middle range theories. It is very user friendly, yet scholarly." Score: 90, 4 Stars.--Doody's Medical Reviews Middle range theory has become a vital staple of nursing education and application to research. These theories, which lie between the working hypotheses derived from day-to-day research and the larger, systemic efforts to develop unified theories, cover the scientific underpinnings that guide nursing practice and research. This third edition of a two-time AJN Book of the Year Award winner contains two new theories, including self-reliance theory and transitions theory. It revises and updates all other content, and provides ladders of abstraction for each theory to guide students in their appropriate use. This highly accessible book integrates nursing theory with well-defined practice areas, identifies purpose and basic concepts, foundational literature, relationships among concepts, and use in practice. Chapters are organized by central theories, each of which is covered in depth. Comprehensive bibliographies at the end of each chapter facilitate more in-depth research. The book remains an essential text for theory and research courses in master's and doctoral nursing programs. New to the Third Edition: Presents two new theories: self-reliance theory and transitions theory Deletes two theories no longer in use: community empowerment and family stress/adaptation Updates and revises all other content from the second edition Guides students in appropriate use of theory per level of complexity
Posted in Medical

China, the US and the Power-Transition Theory

A Critique

Author: Steve Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134069839

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 2869

China’s recent growth has called attention to the power-transition theory, which contends that the danger of a major war is the greatest when a rising dissatisfied challenger threatens to overtake a declining satisfied hegemon. Steve Chan questions this prevailing view by analyzing the extent of ongoing power shifts among the leading powers, exploring the portents for their future growth, and seeking indicators of their relative commitment to the existing international order. To better understand the strategic motivations of ascending and declining states, insights are drawn from prospect theory and past episodes of peaceful and violent transition (such as the end of the Cold War and the outbreak of the First and Second World Wars). He concludes that China is unlikely to instigate a confrontation with the US, and that whilst military conflict over the Taiwan Strait is possible, this is more likely to be due to China’s inability to prevent US involvement than its willingness to provoke the US. This book places China in a comparative and historical context, in which inquiry is informed by the experiences of other major powers and pertinent theories in international relations, such as those on extended deterrence, preventive war, and democratic peace. Its comparative and theoretical orientation and its contrarian perspective will be of great interest not only to students and scholars of international relations and Chinese politics, but also to policy makers and professionals.
Posted in Political Science

Counseling Adults in Transition, Fourth Edition

Linking Schlossberg’s Theory With Practice in a Diverse World

Author: Mary Anderson, PhD,Jane Goodman, PhD,Nancy K. Schlossberg, EdD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106366

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 7414

The only textbook explicitly designed to address counseling with adults who are coping with individual, relationship, and work transitions, this volume integrates the basic tenets of adult development with therapeutic practice. It is based on Schlossberg's theory of transitions, a new process and content model that offers effective techniques for helping adults to understand and successfully navigate normal life transitions. This revised edition addresses contemporary societal ills that exacerbate adult life transitions, such as a tumultuous economy, increased unemployment, bankruptcies, and foreclosures, and focuses on our increasing racial and cultural diversity. The volume also expands its consideration of spiritual and social justice issues and provides a more integrated and holistic approach to adult transitional counseling. Key Features of the New Edition: Based on Schlossberg's technique, a new model for counseling adults in transition Offers practical new strategies and exercises for use in transitional counseling Addresses unemployment and coping in an uncertain social/economic context Focuses on loss and resilience, diversity, culture, social justice, and spirituality Contains new sections on transitioning to adulthood, living arrangements including diverse family structures, mobility, siblings, in-laws, and retirement Introduces new concepts such as collectivist coping, hardiness, mindfulness, and transcendence
Posted in Psychology

Transitions to Advanced Nursing Practice in Austria

Author: Karin Eder

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656538751

Category: Medical

Page: 41

View: 6948

Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Pflegewissenschaften, Note: BSc, FH Krems (Health Sciences), Veranstaltung: Advanced Nursing Practice, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The aim of this paper is to describe the momentary part/state Advanced Nursing Practice (ANP) has in Austria and the pathways that need to be prepared to give Advanced Nursing Practice a positive start. In contemplating this transition in comparison to the middle range theory of Afaf I. Meleis' Transitions Theory, the Author aims to claim how Advanced Practition Nurses/-Students can improve the transition to a sucessfull transition to Advanced Nursing Practice in Austria. The chosen method to gain knowledge and to analyse the situation was a content analysis guided by phenomenology and objective hermeneutic. The interpretation of the aquired information in regard to the Transitions Theory completed the analysis. Advanced Nursing Practice is a very young branch in nursing in the german-speaking part of europe. The developement of Advanced Nursing Practice in Austria was also compared to the developement in the other german speaking countries. Finally as the author thinks of the students of Advanced Nursing Practice as change-agents, she wanted to take a close look what those agents could do to endorse this developement. This transition, viewed through the Transitions Theory of Meleis gave good clues for understanding and supporting this transition to Advanced Nursing Transition in Austria. The current developement to ANP in Austria is definitive a transition as Meleis defines these, it is ongoing since four years and definitely seems to become a healthy transition as Meleis describes it.
Posted in Medical

Phase Transition Dynamics

Author: Tian Ma,Shouhong Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461489636

Category: Mathematics

Page: 555

View: 7183

This book is an introduction to a comprehensive and unified dynamic transition theory for dissipative systems and to applications of the theory to a range of problems in the nonlinear sciences. The main objectives of this book are to introduce a general principle of dynamic transitions for dissipative systems, to establish a systematic dynamic transition theory, and to explore the physical implications of applications of the theory to a range of problems in the nonlinear sciences. The basic philosophy of the theory is to search for a complete set of transition states, and the general principle states that dynamic transitions of all dissipative systems can be classified into three categories: continuous, catastrophic and random. The audience for this book includes advanced graduate students and researchers in mathematics and physics as well as in other related fields.
Posted in Mathematics

Phase Transitions and Crystal Symmetry

Author: Yurii Aleksandrovich Izyumov,V.N. Syromyatnikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400919204

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 7253

About half a century ago Landau formulated the central principles of the phe nomenological second-order phase transition theory which is based on the idea of spontaneous symmetry breaking at phase transition. By means of this ap proach it has been possible to treat phase transitions of different nature in altogether distinct systems from a unified viewpoint, to embrace the aforemen tioned transitions by a unified body of mathematics and to show that, in a certain sense, physical systems in the vicinity of second-order phase transitions exhibit universal behavior. For several decades the Landau method has been extensively used to an alyze specific phase transitions in systems and has been providing a basis for interpreting experimental data on the behavior of physical characteristics near the phase transition, including the behavior of these characteristics in systems subject to various external effects such as pressure, electric and magnetic fields, deformation, etc. The symmetry aspects of Landau's theory are perhaps most effective in analyzing phase transitions in crystals because the relevant body of mathemat ics for this symmetry, namely, the crystal space group representation, has been worked out in great detail. Since particular phase transitions in crystals often call for a subtle symmetry analysis, the Landau method has been continually refined and developed over the past ten or fifteen years.
Posted in Science

The Physics of Traffic

Empirical Freeway Pattern Features, Engineering Applications, and Theory

Author: Boris S. Kerner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540207160

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 4622

The core of ths book presents a theory developed by the author to combine the recent insight into empirical data with mathematical models in freeway traffic research based on dynamical non-linear processes.
Posted in Science

Transitions Towards Sustainable Agriculture and Food Chains in Peri-urban Areas

Author: Krijn J. Poppe,K. J. Poppe,Catherina Johanna Arnoldine Maria Termeer,Maja Slingerland

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861172

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 7310

Agriculture is changing rapidly. The greatest current challenge to the agricultural sector is for it to become sustainable in all three of the dimensions profit, people and planet. This is certainly the case in highly urbanized countries like the Netherlands, where agriculture is confronted with high land prices, rising consumer concerns for issues like animal welfare and negative environmental effects but also with new demands from the city for recreation, health care and local food products. These are some of the developments in our society that are forcing agriculture to change. The government, farmers, the agri-food industry and the retail sector struggle to meet this challenge and find new forms of governance. In the Netherlands, the government has called for a 'transition towards sustainable agriculture' and it is investing in this programme with its research and education policy. Similar trends have been observed in other countries.This book presents the expertise that has been accrued from at least five years of Dutch research in this area. The aim is to collate the results of the experiments, to learn from them, to confront them with existing theory and to share them with a larger audience in order to foster learning about transition. Given the leading position of the Netherlands in global agriculture, in a highly urbanized setting, and its leading position in the study of transition theory this should be of significant interest to students and researchers of the transitions in agriculture.
Posted in Social Science

Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research

Author: Vern L. Bengtson,Alan C. Acock,Katherine R. Allen,Peggye Dilworth-Anderson,David M. Klein

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452279101

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 688

View: 6157

Sponsored by the National Council on Family Relations, the Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research is the reference work on theory and methods for family scholars and students around the world. This volume provides a diverse, eclectic, and paradoxically mature approach to theorizing and demonstrates how the development of theory is crucial to the future of family research. The Sourcebook reflects an interactive approach that focuses on the process of theory building and designing research, thereby engaging readers in "doing" theory rather than simply reading about it. An accompanying Web site, http://www.ncfr.org/sourcebook, offers additional participation and interaction in the process of doing theory and making science.
Posted in Family & Relationships