Transitions Theory

Middle Range and Situation Specific Theories in Nursing Research and Practice

Author: Afaf I. Meleis, PhD, DrPS (hon), FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826105356

Category: Medical

Page: 664

View: 9728

"It is very exciting to see all of these studies compiled in one book. It can be read sequentially or just for certain transitions. It also can be used as a template for compilation of other concepts central to nursing and can serve as a resource for further studies in transitions. It is an excellent addition to the nursing literature." Score: 95, 4 Stars. --Doody's "Understanding and recognizing transitions are at the heart of health care reform and this current edition, with its numerous clinical examples and descriptions of nursing interventions, provides important lessons that can and should be incorporated into health policy. It is a brilliant book and an important contribution to nursing theory." Kathleen Dracup, RN, DNSc Dean and Professor, School of Nursing University of California San Francisco Afaf Meleis, the dean of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, presents for the first time in a single volume her original "transitions theory" that integrates middle-range theory to assist nurses in facilitating positive transitions for patients, families, and communities. Nurses are consistently relied on to coach and support patients going through major life transitions, such as illness, recovery, pregnancy, old age, and many more. A collection of over 50 articles published from 1975 through 2007 and five newly commissioned articles, Transitions Theory covers developmental, situational, health and illness, organizational, and therapeutic transitions. Each section includes an introduction written by Dr. Meleis in which she offers her historical and practical perspective on transitions. Many of the articles consider the transitional experiences of ethnically diverse patients, women, the elderly, and other minority populations. Key Topics Discussed: Situational transitions, including discharge and relocation transitions (hospital to home, stroke recovery) and immigration transitions (psychological adaptation and impact of migration on family health) Educational transitions, including professional transitions (from RN to BSN and student to professional) Health and illness transitions, including self-care post heart failure, living with chronic illness, living with early dementia, and accepting palliative care Organization transitions, including role transitions from acute care to collaborative practice, and hospital to community practice Nursing therapeutics models of transition, including role supplementation models and debriefing models
Posted in Medical

Higher Education Transitions

Theory and Research

Author: Eva Kyndt,Vincent Donche,Keith Trigwell,Sari Lindblom-Ylänne

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317207734

Category: Education

Page: 322

View: 422

In the current era where lifelong learning is brought to the fore, higher education can no longer be regarded as an isolated trajectory within one’s educational career as many students face substantial challenges in crafting their professional future. More specifically, the transition from school to higher education and continuing to the labour market are often a difficult hurdles for many students. Almost half of students do not succeed in the first year and often withdraw from education, students are faced with a variety of contexts and may choose to study in a different (international) context, and they are then confronted with structural barriers in finding a (high-quality) job, as evidenced by increasing levels of youth unemployment and underemployment. Higher Education Transitions aims to deepen our understanding of the transitions taking place when students enter, progress and leave higher education to enter the labour market. Drawing on an international team of contributors, this guide includes three conceptual and fifteen empirical studies which include a range of quantitative, qualitative, cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Divided into three sections to reflect each important transition phase, topics include: transitions from secondary to higher education; transitions within higher education; transitions from higher education to the labour market. By considering transitions across different phases as a broad and interrelated process, this guide will be essential reading for higher education researchers, policy stakeholders and all those interested in the transitions into higher education and the labour market.
Posted in Education

Noise-Induced Transitions

Theory and Applications in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

Author: W. Horsthemke,R. Lefever

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540368523

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 7161

The study of phase transitions is among the most fascinating fields in physics. Originally limited to transition phenomena in equilibrium systems, this field has outgrown its classical confines during the last two decades. The behavior of far from equilibrium systems has received more and more attention and has been an extremely active and productive subject of research for physicists, chemists and biologists. Their studies have brought about a more unified vision of the laws which govern self-organization processes of physico-chemical and biological sys tems. A major achievement has been the extension of the notion of phase transi tion to instabilities which occur only in open nonlinear systems. The notion of phase transition has been proven fruitful in apphcation to nonequilibrium ins- bihties known for about eight decades, like certain hydrodynamic instabilities, as well as in the case of the more recently discovered instabilities in quantum optical systems such as the laser, in chemical systems such as the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction and in biological systems. Even outside the realm of natural sciences, this notion is now used in economics and sociology. In this monograph we show that the notion of phase transition can be extend ed even further. It apphes also to a new class of transition phenomena which occur only in nonequilibrium systems subjected to a randomly fluctuating en vironment.
Posted in Science

Postmodern Narrative Theory

Author: Mark Currie

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349266205

Category: Narration (Rhetoric)

Page: 169

View: 554

Posted in Narration (Rhetoric)

The Theory of Auger Transitions

Author: D Chattarji

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323158064

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 1171

The Theory of Auger Transitions reviews the Auger effect theory, relating it to the broad spectrum of atomic and physical theory. This book discusses the Auger effect involving discrete and continuous states of the atomic system, which can be used as a good testing ground for fundamental atomic theory, such as the various atomic models and their concomitant wave functions. The application of Auger spectroscopy to surface chemical analysis is also elaborated. Other topics include the symmetry and invariance, theory of the Auger process, coulomb field and coulomb wave functions, and symmetry-breaking and classification of states. The central-field calculations, many-electron atom, advances in Auger theory, and Auger electron spectroscopy and its application to surface science are likewise covered in this text. This publication is intended for scientists and atomic physicists, but is also useful to theoreticians and graduate student specializing in atomic physics.
Posted in Science

Multifunctional Agriculture

A Transition Theory Perspective

Author: G. A. Wilson

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932579

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 5187

In a time of great agricultural and rural change, the notion of 'multifunctionality' has remained under-theorized and poorly linked to the debates in the social sciences. This book analyses the extent to which the proposed transition towards post-productivist agriculture holds up to scientific scrutiny, and proposes a new transition theory.
Posted in Social Science

Queer Theories

Author: Donald E. Hall

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1403913560

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7533

Queer Theories explores and aggressively expands the provocative new field of sexual identity studies. It covers the history of the terms 'gay' and 'lesbian' as identity categories, the reclamation of the word 'queer' as a term of radical self-identification, and the recent challenges to sexual identity studies posed by transgender and bisexual theories. Donald E. Hall also offers concrete applications of the abstract theories that he explores with imaginative new readings of works such as 'The Yellow Wallpaper', Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Orlando and The Color Purple.
Posted in Social Science

Julia Kristeva and Literary Theory

Author: Megan Becker-Leckrone

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230801951

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 7894

Engaged debate among feminist, political, and psychoanalytic thinkers has secured Julia Kristeva's status as one of the most formidable figures in twentieth-century critical theory. Nevertheless, her precise relevance to the study of literature - the extent to which her theory is specifically a literary theory - can be hard for new readers to fathom. This approachable volume explores Kristeva's definition of literature, her methods for analyzing it, and the theoretical ground on which those endeavors are based. Megan Becker-Leckrone argues that Kristeva's signature concepts, such as abjection and intertextuality, lose much of their force when readers extract them from the specific, complex theoretical context in which Kristeva produces them. Early chapters situate her theory in a broader conversation with Roland Barthes, Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan and others around the issues of reading, textuality, and subjectivity. Subsequent chapters look at Kristeva's actual engagements with literary texts, specifically her challenging, highly performative reading of French novelist Louis-Ferdinand Céline in Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection and her career-long preoccupation with James Joyce. A final chapter of the book looks at the way contemporary literary critics have marshaled her ideas in re-reading the poetry of William Wordsworth, while a helpful glossary identifies Kristeva's most pertinently "literary" theoretical concepts, by way of synopses of the texts in which she presents them.
Posted in Literary Criticism

China, the US and the Power-Transition Theory

A Critique

Author: Steve Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134069839

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 4850

China’s recent growth has called attention to the power-transition theory, which contends that the danger of a major war is the greatest when a rising dissatisfied challenger threatens to overtake a declining satisfied hegemon. Steve Chan questions this prevailing view by analyzing the extent of ongoing power shifts among the leading powers, exploring the portents for their future growth, and seeking indicators of their relative commitment to the existing international order. To better understand the strategic motivations of ascending and declining states, insights are drawn from prospect theory and past episodes of peaceful and violent transition (such as the end of the Cold War and the outbreak of the First and Second World Wars). He concludes that China is unlikely to instigate a confrontation with the US, and that whilst military conflict over the Taiwan Strait is possible, this is more likely to be due to China’s inability to prevent US involvement than its willingness to provoke the US. This book places China in a comparative and historical context, in which inquiry is informed by the experiences of other major powers and pertinent theories in international relations, such as those on extended deterrence, preventive war, and democratic peace. Its comparative and theoretical orientation and its contrarian perspective will be of great interest not only to students and scholars of international relations and Chinese politics, but also to policy makers and professionals.
Posted in Political Science

Phase Transitions in the Early Universe: Theory and Observations

Author: Héctor J. De Vega,Isaak M. Khalatnikov,Norma G. Sànchez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940100997X

Category: Science

Page: 593

View: 5560

A fundamental, profound review of the key issues relating to the early universe and the physical processes that occurred in it. The interplay between cosmic microwave background radiation, large scale structure, and the dark matter problem are stressed, with a central focus on the crucial issue of the phase transitions in the early universe and their observable consequences: baryon symmetry, baryogenesis and cosmological fluctuations. There is an interplay between cosmology, statistical physics and particle physics in studying these problems, both at the theoretical and the experimental / observational levels. Special contributions are devoted to primordial and astrophysical black holes and to high energy cosmic rays and neutrino astrophysics. There is also a special section devoted to the International Space Station and its scientific utilization.
Posted in Science

Managing the Transition to Renewable Energy

Theory and Practice from Local, Regional and Macro Perspectives

Author: Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh,Frank Reinier Bruinsma

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782542940

Category: Science

Page: 385

View: 4896

This edited work studies the transition to renewable energy. It offers perspectives from a wide range of disciplines, addressing macro, regional and local scales. Important lessons are also drawn from historical transitions.
Posted in Science

Sustainable Practices

Social Theory and Climate Change

Author: Elizabeth Shove,Nicola Spurling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135094020

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 5721

Climate change is widely agreed to be one the greatest challenges facing society today. Mitigating and adapting to it is certain to require new ways of living. Thus far efforts to promote less resource-intensive habits and routines have centred on typically limited understandings of individual agency, choice and change. This book shows how much more the social sciences have to offer. The contributors to Sustainable Practices: Social Theory and Climate Change come from different disciplines – sociology, geography, economics and philosophy – but are alike in taking social theories of practice as a common point of reference. This volume explores questions which arise from this distinctive and fresh approach: how do practices and material elements circulate and intersect? how do complex infrastructures and systems form and break apart? how does the reproduction of social practice sustain related patterns of inequality and injustice? This collection shows how social theories of practice can help us understand what societal transitions towards sustainability might involve, and how they might be achieved. It will be of interest to students and researchers in sociology, environmental studies, geography, philosophy and economics, and to policy makers and advisors working in this field.
Posted in Nature

Theory of Phase Transitions

Rigorous Results

Author: I͡Akov Grigorʹevich Sinaĭ

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: 9780080264691

Category: Science

Page: 153

View: 5229

Posted in Science

System Innovation and the Transition to Sustainability

Theory, Evidence and Policy

Author: Boelie Elzen,Frank W. Geels,Kenneth Green

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781845423421

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 315

View: 7469

Modern societies face several structural problems such as transport congestion and greenhouse gas emissions due to the widespread use of fossil fuels. To address these important societal problems and achieve sustainability in the broad sense, major transformations are required, but this poses an enormous challenge given the complexity of the processes involved. Such transformations are called 'transitions' or 'system innovations' and involve changes in a variety of elements, including technology, regulation, user practices and markets, cultural meaning and infrastructure. This book considers two main questions: how do system innovations or transitions come about and how can they be influenced by different actors, in particular by governments. The authors identify the theories which can be used to conceptualise the dynamics of system innovations and discuss the weaknesses in these theories. They also look at the lessons which can be learned from historical examples of transitions, and highlight the instruments and policy tools which can be used to stimulate future system innovations towards sustainability. The expert contributors address these questions using insights from a variety of different disciplines including innovation studies, evolutionary economics, the sociology of technology, environmental analysis and governance studies. The book concludes with an extensive summary of the results and practical suggestions for future research. This important new volume offers an interdisciplinary assessment of how and why system innovations occur. It will engage and inform academics and researchers interested in transitions towards sustainability, and will also be highly relevant for policymakers concerned with environmental issues, structural change and radical innovation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Urban Sustainability Transitions

Author: Niki Frantzeskaki,Vanesa Castán Broto,Lars Coenen,Derk Loorbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351855956

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 3254

The world’s population is currently undergoing a significant transition towards urbanisation, with the UN expecting that 70% of people globally will live in cities by 2050. Urbanisation has multiple political, cultural, environmental and economic dimensions that profoundly influence social development and innovation. This fundamental long-term transformation will involve the realignment of urban society’s technologies and infrastructures, culture and lifestyles, as well as governance and institutional frameworks. Such structural systemic realignments can be referred to as urban sustainability transitions: fundamental and structural changes in urban systems through which persistent societal challenges are addressed, such as shifts towards urban farming, renewable decentralised energy systems, and social economies. This book provides new insights into how sustainability transitions unfold in different types of cities across the world and explores possible strategies for governing urban transitions, emphasising the co-evolution of material and institutional transformations in socio-technical and socio-ecological systems. With case studies of mega-cities such as Seoul, Tokyo, New York and Adelaide, medium-sized cities such as Copenhagen, Cape Town and Portland, and nonmetropolitan cities such as Freiburg, Ghent and Brighton, the book provides an opportunity to reflect upon the comparability and transferability of theoretical/conceptual constructs and governance approaches across geographical contexts. Urban Sustainability Transitions is key reading for students and scholars working in Environmental Sciences, Geography, Urban Studies, Urban Policy and Planning.
Posted in Social Science

Power Transitions: Strategies For the 21st Century

Author: Ronald Tammen

Publisher: Chatham House Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 2191

By succinctly integrating power transition theory and national policy, this outstanding team of scholars explores emerging issues in world politics in the 21st century, including proliferation and deterrence, the international political economy, regional hierarchies, and the role of alliances. Blending quantitative and traditional analyses, theory and practice, history and informed predictions, Power Transitions draws a map of the new world that will stimulate, provoke, and offer solutions.Authors include: Mark Abdollohian, Carole Alsharabati, Brian Efird, Jacek Kugler, Douglas Lemke, Allan C. Stam III, Ronald L. Tammen, and A.F.K Organski.
Posted in Business & Economics

Demographic Transition Theory

Author: John C. Caldwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402044984

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 4645

This book has a strong theoretical focus and is unique in addressing both mortality and fertility over the full span of human history. It examines the demographic transition in the change in the human condition from high mortality and high fertility to low mortality and low fertility. It asks if fluctuating populations is a new phenomenon, or if there has long been an inherent tendency in Man to maximize survival and to control family size.
Posted in Social Science

Phase Transition Dynamics

Author: Tian Ma,Shouhong Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461489636

Category: Mathematics

Page: 555

View: 1102

This book is an introduction to a comprehensive and unified dynamic transition theory for dissipative systems and to applications of the theory to a range of problems in the nonlinear sciences. The main objectives of this book are to introduce a general principle of dynamic transitions for dissipative systems, to establish a systematic dynamic transition theory, and to explore the physical implications of applications of the theory to a range of problems in the nonlinear sciences. The basic philosophy of the theory is to search for a complete set of transition states, and the general principle states that dynamic transitions of all dissipative systems can be classified into three categories: continuous, catastrophic and random. The audience for this book includes advanced graduate students and researchers in mathematics and physics as well as in other related fields.
Posted in Mathematics