Transformation in Cultural Industries

Author: Candace Jones,Patricia H. Thornton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0762312408

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 1359

Cultural industries are one of the fastest growing and most vital sectors in the US and global economies. In this volume, the manuscripts recognize that the functions of the symbolic, creative, and knowledge-based assets of cultural industries are also characteristic of the professional services and other industries as well.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis

Author: Glenn Morgan,John Campbell,Colin Crouch,Ove Kaj Pedersen,Richard Whitley

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191613630

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 728

View: 927

It is increasingly accepted that 'institutions matter' for economic organization and outcomes. The last decade has seen significant expansion in research examining how institutional contexts affect the nature and behaviour of firms, the operation of markets, and economic outcomes. Yet 'institutions' conceal a multitude of issues and perspectives. Much of this research has been comparative, and followed different models such as 'varieties of capitalism', 'national business systems', and 'social systems of production'. This Handbook explores these issues, perspectives, and models, with the leading scholars in the area contributing chapters to provide a central reference point for academics, scholars, and students.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Cultural Industries

Author: David Hesmondhalgh

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446237834

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 360

View: 2720

'The first edition of The Cultural Industries moved us irrevocably past the tired debates between political economy and cultural studies approaches. This second edition takes on new and vital targets, for example claims that the Internet is replacing television in everyday media consumption.... In the process, Hesmondhalgh provides us with an essential toolkit for making critical sense of the digital media age, and our places within it' - Nick Couldry, Goldsmiths College, University Of London 'This book sets a valuable standard for communication studies. Hesmondhalgh integrates cultural research with political economy, organizational sociology with public communication policy studies, global with comparative analysis, and intellectual property law with technology changes. I've successfully taught graduate and undergraduate courses in the USA and France using the first edition, and this one is better still' - John D.H. Downing, Global Media Research Centre, Southern Illinois University Praise for the first edition: 'This lucid, careful and sophisticated book orders the entire field, for the US as well as Europe, and at one stroke becomes the state of the art, the standard' - Todd Gitlin, Columbia University, USA This book is a powerful antidote to journalistic hype about change in the cultural industries. Significantly expanding, updating and revising an acclaimed first edition published in 2002, it · analyses how, why and in what ways cultural production has changed since the 1980s · guides the reader through existing approaches · scrutinises facts and debates about the role of culture and creativity in modern societies · provides new material on copyright, cultural policy, celebrity power, the digital distribution of music and many other issues Like its predecessor, this exciting new edition of The Cultural Industries places transformation in the cultural industries in long-term political, economic and cultural context. In doing so, Hesmondhalgh offers a distinctive critical approach to cultural production, drawing on political economy perspectives, but also on cultural studies, sociology and social theory.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate

Author: Neal M. Ashkanasy,Celeste P M Wilderom,Mark F. Peterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761916024

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 629

View: 4498

The Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate provides an overview of current research, theory and practice in this expanding field. Well-known editors Neal Ashkanasy, Celeste P. M. Wilderom, and Mark F. Peterson lend a truly international perspective to what is the single most comprehensive and up-to-date source on the growing field of organizational culture and climate. In addition, the Handbook opens with a foreword by Andrew Pettigrew and two provocative commentaries by Ben Schneider and Edgar Schein, and concludes with an invaluable set of combined references. The editorial team and the authors come from diverse professional and geographical backgrounds, and provide an unprecedented coverage of topics relating to both culture and climate of modern organizations.
Posted in Business & Economics

The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis

Author: Walter W. Powell,Paul J. DiMaggio

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618594X

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

View: 4002

Long a fruitful area of scrutiny for students of organizations, the study of institutions is undergoing a renaissance in contemporary social science. This volume offers, for the first time, both often-cited foundation works and the latest writings of scholars associated with the "institutional" approach to organization analysis. In their introduction, the editors discuss points of convergence and disagreement with institutionally oriented research in economics and political science, and locate the "institutional" approach in relation to major developments in contemporary sociological theory. Several chapters consolidate the theoretical advances of the past decade, identify and clarify the paradigm's key ambiguities, and push the theoretical agenda in novel ways by developing sophisticated arguments about the linkage between institutional patterns and forms of social structure. The empirical studies that follow—involving such diverse topics as mental health clinics, art museums, large corporations, civil-service systems, and national polities—illustrate the explanatory power of institutional theory in the analysis of organizational change. Required reading for anyone interested in the sociology of organizations, the volume should appeal to scholars concerned with culture, political institutions, and social change.
Posted in Social Science

Cultural Policy

Management, Value and Modernity in the Creative Industries

Author: Dave O'Brien

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136661468

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 3435

Contemporary society is complex; governed and administered by a range of contradictory policies, practices and techniques. Nowhere are these contradictions more keenly felt than in cultural policy. This book uses insights from a range of disciplines to aid the reader in understanding contemporary cultural policy. Drawing on a range of case studies, including analysis of the reality of work in the creative industries, urban regeneration and current government cultural policy in the UK, the book discusses the idea of value in the cultural sector, showing how value plays out in cultural organizations. Uniquely, the book crosses disciplinary boundaries to present a thorough introduction to the subject. As a result, the book will be of interest to a range of scholars across arts management, public and nonprofit management, cultural studies, sociology and political science. It will also be essential reading for those working in the arts, culture and public policy.
Posted in Business & Economics

Enter Culture, Exit Arts?

The Transformation of Cultural Hierarchies in European Newspaper Culture Sections, 1960–2010

Author: Semi Purhonen,Riie Heikkilä,Irmak Karademir Hazir,Tina Lauronen,Carlos J. Fernández Rodríguez,Jukka Gronow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351728040

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1229

Key debates of contemporary cultural sociology – the rise of the ‘cultural omnivore’, the fate of classical ‘highbrow’ culture, the popularization, commercialization and globalization of culture – deal with temporal changes. Yet, systematic research about these processes is scarce due to the lack of suitable longitudinal data. This book explores these questions through the lens of a crucial institution of cultural mediation – the culture sections in quality European newspapers – from 1960 to 2010. Starting from the framework of cultural stratification and employing systematic content analysis both quantitative and qualitative of more than 13,000 newspaper articles, Enter Culture, Exit Arts? presents a synthetic yet empirically rich and detailed account of cultural transformation in Europe over the last five decades. It shows how classifications and hierarchies of culture have changed in course of the process towards increased cultural heterogeneity. Furthermore, it conceptualizes the key trends of rising popular culture and declining highbrow arts as two simultaneous processes: the one of legitimization of popular culture and the other of popularization of traditional legitimate culture, both important for the loosening of the boundary between ‘highbrow’ and ‘popular’. Through careful comparative analysis and illustrative snapshots into the specific socio-historical contexts in which the newspapers and their representations of culture are embedded – in Finland, France, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and the UK – the book reveals the key patterns and diversity of European variations in the transformation of cultural hierarchies since the 1960s. The book is a collective endeavour of a large-scale international research project active between 2013 and 2018.
Posted in Social Science

Organizational Intelligence

Knowledge and Policy in Government and Industry

Author: Harold L. Wilensky

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610272889

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 5939

The prize-winning book Organizational Intelligence focuses on the structural and ideological roots of intelligence (informational and analytical) failures in government, industry, and other institutions. It provides groundbreaking theory and structure to the analysis of decision-making processes and their breakdowns, as well as the interactions among experts and the organizations they inform. In this book, both "organization" and "intelligence" are taken to their larger meanings, not just focused on the military meaning of intelligence or on one set of institutions in society. Astute illustrations of intelligence failures abound from real-world cases, such as foreign policy (the Bay of Pigs, Soviet predictions in the Cuban missile crisis), military (civilian bombing of Germany, Pearl Harbor), financial (AmEx's investment in a vegetable oil guru), economics (the Council of Economic Advisers) and industrial production (Ford's Edsel), as well as many other telling arenas and disciplines. Economic, cultural, legal, and political contexts are considered, as well as the more known institutions of government and commerce. The new Classics of the Social Sciences edition from Quid Pro Books features a 2015 Foreword from Neil J. Smelser, University Professor Emeritus at Berkeley and former chair of its sociology department. He writes that the book remains "one of the classics in organizational studies, and—in ways I will indicate—it is still directly relevant to current and future problems of organizational life. ... What makes this book a classic? It is a disciplined, intelligent, and elegant model of applied social science. ... The text itself, richly documented empirically, yields an informed and balanced account of the decision-making process as this is shaped by the quality of information available (and unavailable) to and used (and not used) by organizational leaders." Reviews of the book at the time it was written similarly attest to the originality and breadth of its interdisciplinary analysis. Amitai Etzioni wrote in the American Sociological Review: "This book opens a whole new field — the macrosociology of knowledge. It is as different from the traditional sociology of knowledge as the study of interaction is from that of the structure of total societies." He adds, "The power of Wilensky's contribution is further magnified by his historical perspective. He studies structures and processes, but not in a vacuum." Gordon Craig wrote in The Reporter that the book's examples from organizations "show a similar tendency to believe what they want to believe, to become the victims of their own slogans and propaganda, and to resist or to silence warning voices that challenge their assumptions.... In his fascinating analysis of intelligence failures and their causes ... in the public and private sectors, Wilensky finds that the most disastrous miscalculations are those which have occurred in the field of governmental operations, especially foreign policy and national security." The book explains how such highly institutionalized actors are vulnerable to informational pathologies. The new digital edition features active Contents, a fully linked Index, linked notes, and proper ebook formatting. It is a modern, quality, and authorized re-presentation of a classic work in social science and organizational studies.
Posted in Political Science

Theorizing Cultural Work

Labour, Continuity and Change in the Cultural and Creative Industries

Author: Mark Banks,Rosalind Gill,Stephanie Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134083513

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 1930

In recent years, cultural work has engaged the interest of scholars from a broad range of social science and humanities disciplines. The debate in this ‘turn to cultural work’ has largely been based around evaluating its advantages and disadvantages: its freedoms and its constraints, its informal but precarious nature, the inequalities within its global workforce, and the blurring of work–life boundaries leading to ‘self-exploitation’. While academic critics have persuasively challenged more optimistic accounts of ‘converged’ worlds of creative production, the critical debate on cultural work has itself leant heavily towards suggesting a profoundly new confluence of forces and effects. Theorizing Cultural Work instead views cultural work through a specifically historicized and temporal lens, to ask: what novelty can we actually attach to current conditions, and precisely what relation does cultural work have to social precedent? The contributors to this volume also explore current transformations and future(s) of work within the cultural and creative industries as they move into an uncertain future. This book challenges more affirmative and proselytising industry and academic perspectives, and the pervasive cult of novelty that surrounds them, to locate cultural work as an historically and geographically situated process. It will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, cultural studies, human geography, urban studies and industrial relations, as well as management and business studies, cultural and economic policy and development, government and planning.
Posted in Social Science

Books in the Digital Age

The Transformation of Academic and Higher Education Publishing in Britain and the United States

Author: John B. Thompson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745684998

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 9573

The book publishing industry is going through a period of profound and turbulent change brought about in part by the digital revolution. What is the role of the book in an age preoccupied with computers and the internet? How has the book publishing industry been transformed by the economic and technological upheavals of recent years, and how is it likely to change in the future? This is the first major study of the book publishing industry in Britain and the United States for more than two decades. Thompson focuses on academic and higher education publishing and analyses the evolution of these sectors from 1980 to the present. He shows that each sector is characterized by its own distinctive ‘logic’ or dynamic of change, and that by reconstructing this logic we can understand the problems, challenges and opportunities faced by publishing firms today. He also shows that the digital revolution has had, and continues to have, a profound impact on the book publishing business, although the real impact of this revolution has little to do with the ebook scenarios imagined by many commentators. Books in the Digital Age will become a standard work on the publishing industry at the beginning of the 21st century. It will be of great interest to students taking courses in the sociology of culture, media and cultural studies, and publishing. It will also be of great value to professionals in the publishing industry, educators and policy makers, and to anyone interested in books and their future.
Posted in Social Science

Emotions in Transmigration

Transformation, Movement and Identity

Author: Ann Brooks,Ruth Simpson

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230280560

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 207

View: 8012

This book explores the intersection of emotions and migration in a number of case studies from across the United States, Europe and Southeast Asia, including the transmigration of female domestic workers, female workers in the service industries, transmigrant marriages, transmigrant workers in the entertainment industry and asylum seekers and refugees who have experienced violence. Migration is an intensely emotive event in people's everyday lives, yet the study of migration has, to date, overlooked this aspect - this book fills that gap. It brings the study of emotions together with the study of migration for the first time. The interrelationship of geographical and emotional spaces of nation, identity and emotions are examined as they intersect in a complex framing of a raft of emotions characterized by trauma, grief, guilt, love, violence and rage. Emotions in Transmigration provides theoretical analysis and empirical examples of the intersection of emotions and transmigration in relation to movement, transformation and identity in the context of the United States, Europe and Southeast Asia.
Posted in Business & Economics

Organizational Ethnography

Studying the Complexity of Everyday Life

Author: Sierk Ybema,Dvora Yanow,Harry Wels,Frans H Kamsteeg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473903386

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3548

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here Just as newspapers do not, typically, engage with the ordinary experiences of people's daily lives, so organizational studies has also tended largely to ignore the humdrum, everyday experiences of people working in organizations. However, ethnographic approaches provide in-depth and up-close understandings of how the 'everyday-ness' of work is organized and how, in turn, work itself organizes people and the societies they inhabit. Organizational Ethnography brings contributions from leading scholars in organizational studies that serve to unpack an ethnographic perspective on organizations and organizational research. The authors explore the particular problems faced by organizational ethnographers, including: - questions of gaining access to research sites within organizations; - the many styles of writing organizational ethnography; - the role of friendship relations in the field; - problems of distance and closeness; - the doing of at-home ethnography; - ethical issues; - standards for evaluating ethnographic work. This book is a vital resource for organizational scholars and students doing or writing ethnography in the fields of business and management, public administration, education, health care, social work, or any related field in which organizations play a role.
Posted in Social Science

Self-Reinforcing Processes in and among Organizations

Author: J. Sydow,G. Schreyögg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230392830

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 3308

Management and organization research has rediscovered individual agency, innovation and entrepreneurship. As such, there is a risk of overlooking the power of self-reinforcing processes in and among organizations. This volume redirects attention to these processes, including: escalating commitment, organizational imprinting and path dependence.
Posted in Business & Economics

Kreativität, Kultur und Raum

Ein wirtschaftsgeographischer Beitrag am Beispiel des kulturellen Kreativitätsprozesses

Author: Lech Suwala

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658065818

Category: Social Science

Page: 387

View: 5128

​„Kreativität“ gilt als die strategische Ressource der Zukunft. Lech Suwala betrachtet das Wesen, die Entstehung und die Bedeutungszuweisung von (kultureller) Kreativität. Denn trotz des „Kreativitätshypes“ und zahlreicher Veröffentlichungen gibt es gravierende Mängel beim Verständnis von kultureller Kreativität, die das Fundament der Kultur- und Kreativwirtschaft bildet. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird das Verhältnis von (kultureller) Kreativität und dem Raum als Standort, Ort und Landschaft untersucht. Der Autor entwickelt anhand einer Zusammenführung von interdisziplinären Erkenntnissen ein systemisches Modell des Kreativitätsprozesses an der Schnittstelle von Kreativität, Kultur und Raum, in dem der Raum eine strukturierende und/oder koordinierende Funktion übernimmt.
Posted in Social Science

Engineering Legitimacy

How Institutional Entrepreneurs in E-Commerce Bring Fashion Companies into the Digital Age

Author: Iva Petkova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319907077

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 6898

Through the lens of the fashion industry, Iva Petkova explores not only how institutionalized organizations react and adapt to the rise of start-up outsiders, but also how these outside “disruptors” seek to cultivate legitimacy and win influence. In so doing, she reflects upon a longstanding question in the sociology of organizations and neo-institutional theory: How do institutionalized organizations in creative industries resolve the inherent conflict between art and commerce, particularly in a changing institutional environment? Engineering Legitimacy outlines the processes through which e-commerce and social commerce companies in fashion disturb and reconstruct the industry, crosscutting their technical field of expertise and looking to legitimize their innovative practice in the institutionally elaborated field of fashion. Through an analysis of the emerging culture of innovation collectively created by start-up outsider disruptors, this book contemplates how fashion-technology companies transform their moral narratives into acceptable commercial practice, legitimating a model of profound institutional change over the digital operations of fashion companies.
Posted in Social Science

Vision and Change in Institutional Entrepreneurship

The Transformation from Science to Commercialization

Author: Israel Drori,Dana Landau

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845459849

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 9386

Sheltered for a long time within the public sector environment with high job security and professional research autonomy, defense R&D organizations faced unprecedented challenges when government support was being withdrawn and closure threatening. They needed to be led by a suitable vision in order to implement comprehensive changes to their operations and remain viable. This study explores this constitution of vision as a mechanism of intentional change, a strategic tool to reach the desired future for the organization. Going beyond the current literature, the authors ask to what extent, and how, organizational members reconstruct vision in a way that it can support or detain change, a question of importance for management scholars as well as professional managers in both public and private organizations.
Posted in Social Science

Unveiling Fashion

Business, Culture, and Identity in the Most Glamorous Industry

Author: F. Godart

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137000740

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 4174

Proposing a comprehensive account of the global fashion industry this book aims to present fashion as a social and cultural fact. Drawing on six principles from the industry, Godart guides the reader through the economic, social and political arena of the world's most glamorous industry.
Posted in Business & Economics

Transformations of Retailing in Europe after 1945

Author: Ms Lydia Langer,Prof Dr Ralph Jessen

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409483657

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 5251

After World War II, structures, practices and the culture of retailing in most West European countries went through a period of rapid change. The post-war economic boom, the emergence of a mass consumer society, and the adaptation of innovations which already had been implemented in the USA during the interwar period, revolutionized the world of getting and spending. But the implementation of self-service and the supermarket, the spread of the department store and the mail order business were not only elements of a transatlantic catch up process of 'Americanization' of retailing. National patterns of the retail trade and specific cultures of consumption remained crucial, and long term processes of change, starting in the 1920s or 1930s, also had an impact on the transformation of retailing in post-war Europe. This volume presents a series of case-studies looking at transformations of retailing in several European countries, offering new insights into the structural preconditions of the emerging mass consumer societies and also into the consequences consumerism had on the practices of retailing.
Posted in History

Frontiers of Creative Industries

Exploring Structural and Categorical Dynamics

Author: Candace Jones,Massimo Maoret

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787437744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7515

Creative industries are a growing and globally important area for both economic vitality and cultural expression of industrialized nations. This volume examines their institutional, categorical and structural dynamics to provide an overview of new trends and emerging issues in scholarship on this topic.
Posted in Business & Economics

Television and the Public Sphere

Citizenship, Democracy and the Media

Author: Peter Dahlgren

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446265765

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 4493

In this broad-ranging text, Peter Dahlgren clarifies the underlying theoretical concepts of civil society and the public sphere, and relates these to a critical analysis of the practice of television as journalism, as information and as entertainment. He demonstrates the limits and the possibilities of the television medium and the formats of popular journalism. These issues are linked to the potential of the audience to interpret or resist messages, and to construct its own meanings. What does a realistic understanding of the functioning and the capabilities of television imply for citizenship and democracy in a mediated age?
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines