Thermal Safety of Chemical Processes

Risk Assessment and Process Design

Author: Francis Stoessel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352762161X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 393

View: 2464

Based on the author's many years of experience in practicing safety assessment in industry and teaching students or professionals in this area, the topic of this book is seldom found on university curricula and many professionals do not have the knowledge required to interpret thermal data in terms of risks. For this reason, Francis Stoessel adopts a unique systematic how-to-do approach: Each chapter begins with a case history illustrating the topic and presenting the lessons learned from the incident. In so doing, he analyzes a goldmine of numerous examples stemming from industrial practice, additionally providing a series of problems or case studies at the end of each chapter. Divided into three distinct sections, part one looks at the general aspects of thermal process safety, while Part 2 deals with mastering exothermal reactions. The final section discusses the avoidance of secondary reactions, including heat accumulation and thermal confinement.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Chemical Reaction Hazards

A Guide to Safety

Author: John Barton,Richard Rogers

Publisher: IChemE

ISBN: 9780852954645

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 225

View: 4434

Assess the potential hazards of your process before designing the plant. 100 case studies have been added to the original text of the first edition. This second edition provides a basis for the identification and evaluation of chemical reaction hazards not only for practising chemists, engineers and plant personnel but also for students.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111820963X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 760

View: 9905

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices. This new framework for thinking about process safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas published in the early 1990s, integrates industry lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable "total quality" principles (i.e., plan, do, check, act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all organizations - even those with relatively lower hazard activities - throughout the life-cycle of a company.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Safety Design for Space Systems

Author: Gary E. Musgrave Ph.D,Axel Larsen,Tommaso Sgobba

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080559223

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 992

View: 9018

Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance. * The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed * Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station. * Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Process Safety Calculations

Author: Renato Benintendi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780081012284

Category:

Page: 662

View: 8886

Process Safety Calculations is an essential guide for process safety engineers involved in calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. This book provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards. Standards such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP are covered, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics. Includes realistic engineering models with validation from CFD modeling and/or industry testing Provides an introduction into basic principles that govern process relationships in modern industry Helps the reader find and apply the right principles to the specific problem being solved, mitigated or validated
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Integrated Design and Simulation of Chemical Processes

Author: Alexandre C. Dimian,Costin S. Bildea,Anton A. Kiss

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444627081

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 886

View: 3385

This comprehensive work shows how to design and develop innovative, optimal and sustainable chemical processes by applying the principles of process systems engineering, leading to integrated sustainable processes with 'green' attributes. Generic systematic methods are employed, supported by intensive use of computer simulation as a powerful tool for mastering the complexity of physical models. New to the second edition are chapters on product design and batch processes with applications in specialty chemicals, process intensification methods for designing compact equipment with high energetic efficiency, plantwide control for managing the key factors affecting the plant dynamics and operation, health, safety and environment issues, as well as sustainability analysis for achieving high environmental performance. All chapters are completely rewritten or have been revised. This new edition is suitable as teaching material for Chemical Process and Product Design courses for graduate MSc students, being compatible with academic requirements world-wide. The inclusion of the newest design methods will be of great value to professional chemical engineers. Systematic approach to developing innovative and sustainable chemical processes Presents generic principles of process simulation for analysis, creation and assessment Emphasis on sustainable development for the future of process industries
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Process and Plant Safety

Author: Ulrich Hauptmanns

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642409547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 665

View: 1631

Accidents in technical installations are random events. Hence they cannot be totally avoided. Only the probability of their occurrence may be reduced and their consequences be mitigated. The book proceeds from hazards caused by materials and process conditions to indicating technical and organizational measures for achieving the objectives of reduction and mitigation. Qualitative methods for identifying weaknesses of design and increasing safety as well as models for assessing accident consequences are presented. The quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of safety measures is explained. The treatment of uncertainties plays a role there. They stem from the random character of the accident and from lacks of knowledge on some of the phenomena to be addressed. The reader is acquainted with the simulation of accidents, safety and risk analyses and learns how to judge the potential and limitations of mathematical modelling. Risk analysis is applied amongst others to “functional safety” and the determination of “appropriate distances” between industry and residential areas (land-use planning). This shows how it can be used as a basis for safety-relevant decisions. Numerous worked-out examples and case studies addressing real plants and situations deepen the understanding of the subjects treated and support self-study. Target groups Chemical and petrochemical industry, licensing authorities, testing and certification bodies, safety engineers, engineering , students of process, chemical and mechanical engineering as well as of industrial and engineering chemistry.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications

Author: Arnab Chakrabarty,Sam Mannan,Tahir Cagin

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0123972833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 9735

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications is a new reference demonstrating the implementation of multiscale modeling techniques on process safety applications. It is a valuable resource for readers interested in theoretical simulations and/or computer simulations of hazardous scenarios. As multi-scale modeling is a computational technique for solving problems involving multiple scales, such as how a flammable vapor cloud might behave if ignited, this book provides information on the fundamental topics of toxic, fire, and air explosion modeling, as well as modeling jet and pool fires using computational fluid dynamics. The book goes on to cover nanomaterial toxicity, QPSR analysis on relation of chemical structure to flash point, molecular structure and burning velocity, first principle studies of reactive chemicals, water and air reactive chemicals, and dust explosions. Chemical and process safety professionals, as well as faculty and graduate researchers, will benefit from the detailed coverage provided in this book. Provides the only comprehensive source addressing the use of multiscale modeling in the context of process safety Bridges multiscale modeling with process safety, enabling the reader to understand mapping between problem detail and effective usage of resources Presents an overall picture of addressing safety problems in all levels of modeling and the latest approaches to each in the field Features worked out examples, case studies, and a question bank to aid understanding and involvement for the reader
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Loss Prevention Engineering, 2 Volume Set

Author: Joel M. Haight

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527650660

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1154

View: 6321

Loss prevention engineering describes all activities intended to help organizations in any industry to prevent loss, whether it be through injury, fire, explosion, toxic release, natural disaster, terrorism or other security threats. Compared to process safety, which only focusses on preventing loss in the process industry, this is a much broader field. Here is the only one-stop source for loss prevention principles, policies, practices, programs and methodology presented from an engineering vantage point. As such, this handbook discusses the engineering needs for manufacturing, construction, mining, defense, health care, transportation and quantification, covering the topics to a depth that allows for their functional use while providing additional references should more information be required. The reference nature of the book allows any engineers or other professionals in charge of safety concerns to find the information needed to complete their analysis, project, process, or design.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes

Author: Richard Turton

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0132618125

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1007

View: 1969

"Process design is the focal point of chemical engineering practice: the creative activity through which engineers continuously improve facility operations to create products that enhance life. Effective chemical engineering design requires students to integrate a broad spectrum of knowledge and intellectual skills, so they can analyze both the big picture and minute details - and know when to focus on each. Through three previous editions, this book has established itself as the leading resource for students seeking to apply what they've learned in real-world, open-ended process problems. The authors help students hone and synthesize their design skills through expert coverage of preliminary equipment sizing, flowsheet optimization, economic evaluation, operation and control, simulation, and other key topics. This new Fourth Edition is extensively updated to reflect new technologies, simulation techniques, and process control strategies, and to include new pedagogical features including concise summaries and end-of-chapter lists of skills and knowledge."--pub. desc.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Calorimetry in Food Processing

Analysis and Design of Food Systems

Author: Gönül Kaletunç

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813805945

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 6767

Calorimetry in Food Processing: Analysis and Design of Food Systems introduces the basic principles of calorimetry and highlights various applications of calorimetry to characterize temperature-induced changes including starch gelatinization and crystallization, lipid transitions, protein denaturation, and inactivation of microorganisms in a variety of food and biological materials. Emphasis is given to the use of calorimetry as a tool for evaluation of processing requirements in order to assess the efficacy of food processing and for characterization of the effects of changes in formulation and processing conditions.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook

Author: P A CARSON

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008049515X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 3625

The authors' aim with this handbook, is to provide a rapid ready-reference to help in the often complex task of handling, using and disposing of chemicals safely and with minimum risk to people's health or damage to facilities or to the environment. The book provides look-up data, and concise, clear explanations of general chemical principles, physiochemical and reactive properties, toxicities and exposure limits, flammability characteristics, monitoring techniques, personal protection and other parameters and requirements relating to compliance with designated safe practice, control of risks to people's health and limitation of environmental impact. Over 600 pages of valuable reference materialIncludes information on physiochemical and reactive properties, toxicities and exposure limits, flammability characteristics, monitoring techniques, personal protection and other parameters and requirements relating to complianceSummarizes core information for quick reference in the workplace or in transit
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Process and Plant Safety

Applying Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author: Jürgen Schmidt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352764573X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 1446

The safe operation of plants is of paramount importance in the chemical, petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries. Best practice in process and plant safety allows both the prevention of hazards and the mitigation of consequences. Safety Technology is continuously advancing to new levels and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is already successfully established as a tool to ensure the safe operation of industrial plants. With CFD tools, a great amount of knowledge can be gained as both the necessary safety measures and the economic operation of plants can be simultaneously determined. Young academics, safety experts and safety managers in all parts of the industry will henceforth be forced to responsibly judge these new results from a safety perspective. This is the main challenge for the future of safety technology. This book serves as a guide to elaborating and determining the principles, assumptions, strengths, limitations and application areas of utilizing CFD in process and plant safety, and safety management. The book offers recommendations relating to guidelines, procedures, frameworks and technology for creating a higher level of safety for chemical and petrochemical plants. It includes modeling aids and concrete examples of industrial safety measures for hazard prevention.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control

Author: Frank Lees

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0123977827

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3776

View: 3165

Safety in the process industries is critical for those who work with chemicals and hazardous substances or processes. The field of loss prevention is, and continues to be, of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, and Lees’ is a detailed reference to defending against hazards. Recognized as the standard work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals, it provides the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing three volume reference instead. The process safety encyclopedia, trusted worldwide for over 30 years Now available in print and online, to aid searchability and portability Over 3,600 print pages cover the full scope of process safety and loss prevention, compiling theory, practice, standards, legislation, case studies and lessons learned in one resource as opposed to multiple sources
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Advanced Concepts In Nuclear Energy Risk Assessment And Management

Author: Aldemir Tunc

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813225629

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 2282

Over the past 30 years, numerous concerns have been raised in the literature regarding the capability of static modeling approaches such as the event-tree (ET)/fault-tree (FT) methodology to adequately account for the impact of process/hardware/software/firmware/human interactions on nuclear power plant safety assessment, and methodologies to augment the ET/FT approach have been proposed. Often referred to as dynamic probabilistic risk/safety assessment (DPRA/DPSA) methodologies, which use a time-dependent phenomenological model of system evolution along with a model of its stochastic behavior to model for possible dependencies among failure events. The book contains a collection of papers that describe at existing plant level applicable DPRA/DPSA tools, as well as techniques that can be used to augment the ET/FT approach when needed. Contents: Shutdown Probabilistic Safety Assessment (Marko Čepin) Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment Model Validation and Application -- Experience with ADS-IDAC, Version 2.0 (Kevin Coyne and Ali Mosleh) MCDET: A Tool for Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analyses (Martina Kloos, Nadine Berner, Joerg Peschke and Josef Scheuer) Why Sequence Dynamics Matters in PSA: Checking Consistency of Probabilistic and Deterministic Analyses (J M Izquierdo, J Hortal, M Sánchez and E Meléndez) Level 2 Probabilistic Risk Assessment Using Dynamic Event Tree Analysis (Douglas M Osborn, Tunc Aldemir, Richard S Denning and Diego Mandelli) EDF Experience in Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analysis for Risk Assessment (Valentin Rychkov) Offsite Power Reliability Assessment for Nuclear Power Plants: An Application of Dynamic Reliability to Power Systems (Pierre Henneaux and Pierre-Etienne Labeau) Stochastic Differential Equations in Dynamic Reliability (Vytis Kopustinskas, Henrikas Pragarauskas and Juozas Augutis) Dynamic Event Tree Modeling of a Reactor Coolant Pump Seal LOCA (Kyle Metzroth, Richard Denning and Tunc Aldemir) Markov/Cell-to-Cell Mapping Technique for Stochastic Modeling of Dynamic Systems (Tunc Aldemir) Dynamic Flowgraph Methodology (DFM) Modeling of Nuclear and Advanced Technology System Risk and Reliability Scenarios (Sergio Guarro and Michael Yau) Dynamic Behavior of Nuclear Power Plant State Under Severe Accident Conditions: Analysis by the GO-FLOW Methodology and the Consideration of Loop Structures (Takeshi Matsuoka) Dynamic Accident Scenario Generation, Modeling and Post-Processing for the Integrated Deterministic and Probabilistic Safety Analysis of Nuclear Power Plants (Francesco Di Maio and Enrico Zio) Software Behavior Modeling for Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment: Perspectives (C S Smidts) Readership: Graduate students, researchers and professionals in the field of nuclear engineering, risk analysis and reliability engineering. Keywords: Probabilistic Risk Assessment;Nuclear Energy;Nuclear Plant Reliability and SafetyReview: Key Features: Except for PSAM, ESREL and PSA conference proceedings which may contain some relevant papers, the most recent review publication on similar topics is Proceedings of the International Workshop on Dynamic Reliability, C Smidts, T Aldemir (Eds.), The Center for Risk and Reliability, University of Maryland, USA (2007) In addition to capturing more recent developments, the proposed publication differs from 2007 publication by concentrating on nuclear energy and also containing papers on risk management The book is a compilation of papers by almost all prominent researchers active in the field of dynamic probabilistic safety/ris
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Ludwig's Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants

Author: A. Kayode Coker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080469706

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1024

View: 5057

This complete revision of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Volume 1 builds upon Ernest E. Ludwig’s classic text to further enhance its use as a chemical engineering process design manual of methods and proven fundamentals. This new edition includes important supplemental mechanical and related data, nomographs and charts. Also included within are improved techniques and fundamental methodologies, to guide the engineer in designing process equipment and applying chemical processes to properly detailed equipment. All three volumes of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants serve the practicing engineer by providing organized design procedures, details on the equipment suitable for application selection, and charts in readily usable form. Process engineers, designers, and operators will find more chemical petrochemical plant design data in: Volume 2, Third Edition, which covers distillation and packed towers as well as material on azeotropes and ideal/non-ideal systems. Volume 3, Third Edition, which covers heat transfer, refrigeration systems, compression surge drums, and mechanical drivers. A. Kayode Coker, is Chairman of Chemical & Process Engineering Technology department at Jubail Industrial College in Saudi Arabia. He’s both a chartered scientist and a chartered chemical engineer for more than 15 years. and an author of Fortran Programs for Chemical Process Design, Analysis and Simulation, Gulf Publishing Co., and Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design, Butterworth-Heinemann. Provides improved design manuals for methods and proven fundamentals of process design with related data and charts Covers a complete range of basic day-to-day petrochemical operation topics with new material on significant industry changes since 1995.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Process Systems Engineering

Author: Mario R. Eden,Gavin Towler,Maria Ierapetritou

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444641298

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2912

View: 2139

Process Systems Engineering
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Managing Hazardous Reactions and Compounds in Process Chemistry

Author: Jaan A. Pesti,Ahmed F. Abdel-Magid,American Chemical Society, Division of Organic Chemistry Staff

Publisher: American Chemical Society

ISBN: 9780841230330

Category: Chemical industry

Page: 488

View: 4188

There is always potential for hazards during chemical reactions that can lead to accidents resulting in loss of time, equipment, products and harm to people. The hazards may result from uncontrolled exothermic reactions or secondary exothermic reactions such as decomposition of a reactant, reagent or product. Hazards may also occur from impurities or metal residues that can catalyze undesired exothermic reactions or decompositions. Many organic reactants, reagents, products as well as solvents have varying degrees of toxic effects and/or fire hazard if not handled properly. Improperly treated waste may also be a source of many hazards. Managing all these hazards effectively is very important for carrying out reactions safely, particularly on large scale. To achieve this goal, chemists and engineers need a clear understanding of the thermal characteristics of chemical reactions derived from accurate quantitative measurements and clear scientific knowledge of reaction mechanisms. They also need to build an expertise on handling toxic and flammable materials and proper procedures to waste treatment and disposal. To address these objectives, this book covers many topics on management of potential hazards in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. The topics range from classical batch reactions to the latest innovative applications of continuous processes and flow chemistry. The applications range in scale from bench to manufacturing. The book contains 16 chapters on different aspects of managing chemical reaction hazards contributed by a group of internationally renowned leading chemical safety and hazard management experts. Their contributions make this book a valuable addition to the scientific literature.
Posted in Chemical industry

Occupational Safety and Hygiene

Author: Pedro Arezes,João Santos Baptista,Monica P. Barroso,Paula Carneiro,Patrício Cordeiro,Nelson Costa,Rui B. Melo,A. Sergio Miguel,Gonçalo Perestrelo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138000477

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 646

View: 7344

Occupational Safety and Hygiene presents selected papers from the International Symposium on Occupational Safety and Hygiene – SHO2013 (Guimarães, Portugal, 14-15 February 2013), which was organized by the Portuguese Society for Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SPOSHO). The contributions from 15 different countries focus on: - Occupational safety - Risk assessment - Safety management - Ergonomics - Management systems - Environmental ergonomics - Physical environments - Construction safety - Human factors The papers included in the book are mainly based on research carried out at universities and other research institutions, but they are also based on practical studies developed by Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) practitioners within their companies. As a result, this book will be useful to get acquainted with the state-of-the-art of the research within the aforementioned domains, as well as with some practical tools and approaches that are currently used by OHS professionals worldwide.
Posted in Technology & Engineering