The World Trade Organization: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Amrita Narlikar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192806084

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 155

View: 8630

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is scarcely ten years old, but even in these early years of its existence it has generated debate, controversy and even outrage. This Very Short Introduction will provide a timely and carefully considered explanation of what the WTO is, what it does, and how it goes about executing its tasks. A clear understanding of the mandate, structure and functioning of the WTO is essential to appreciate the controversy behind the organization, and how far it deserves the reputation that it has come to acquire.
Posted in Business & Economics

The World Trade Organization: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Amrita Narlikar

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191578088

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 1768

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is scarcely ten years old, but even in these early years of its existence it has generated debate, controversy and even outrage. Rulings on beef hormones and tuna-dolphin cases provide graphic examples of how the organization regulates and intrudes into areas of individual consumer choice, ethical preferences, and cultural habits. This deep and far-ranging impact of the WTO on peoples' everyday lives means that it is not just an institution of interest to economists, but to everyone, a fact that was perhaps most graphically illustrated in the popular demonstrations at the 1999 Seattle Ministerial. Such protests have become a regular feature associated with most high-level meetings of the WTO. This VSI will provide a timely and carefully considered explanation of what the WTO is, what it does, and how it goes about executing its tasks. A clear understanding of the mandate, structure and functioning of the WTO is essential to appreciate the controversy behind the organization, and how far it deserves the reputation that it has come to acquire. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

Author: Amrita Narlikar,Martin Daunton,Robert M. Stern

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199586101

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 849

View: 3006

This handbook provides a holistic understanding of what the World Trade Organization does, how it goes about fulfilling its tasks, its achievements and problems, and how it might contend with some critical challenges.
Posted in Business & Economics

The World Trade Organization

A Beginner's Guide

Author: David Collins

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780745796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 6871

The World Trade Organization is one of the most important yet least understood organizations in the world. As a lynchpin of globalization, the WTO allows us to enjoy products and services from around the world, but it also lays bare the frailty of many industries, in some cases leading to unemployment and even threatening social cohesion. In this beginner’s guide, Dr. David Collins explores the goals of the WTO and how these have created difficulties for its member countries as they adapt to the pressures of globalization. With high-profile case studies straight from the headlines and textboxes that clearly outline complex issues such as regional trade agreements and currency manipulation, this engaging and highly-informative book explains what the WTO does and how it fits into the world we know. Anti-globalizationists say it should expand its mandate to cover social issues that matter to real people but, as Collins shows, to pursue these goals would likely involve taking steps back from liberalizing international trade — the primary objective of the WTO and why the organization was created in the first place.
Posted in Business & Economics

Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century

An Institutional Approach

Author: Kent Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199366047

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 8793

Jones examines the difficulties of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in completing multilateral trade negotiations and possible ways to improve the situation. The problem lies in the institutional structure it inherited from the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which was designed for a more limited scope of trade negotiations among wealthier, industrialized countries. The book presents a model of the GATT/WTO system as a global institution, based on the accepted goals, rules, and obligations of the members, as well as the output the institution is expected to generate.
Posted in Business & Economics

International Law

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Vaughan Lowe

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199239339

Category: Law

Page: 130

View: 8788

Interest in international law has increased greatly over the past decade, largely because of its central place in discussions such as the Iraq War and Guantanamo, the World Trade Organisation, the anti-capitalist movement, the Kyoto Convention on climate change, and the apparent failure of theinternational system to deal with the situations in Palestine and Darfur, and the plights of refugees and illegal immigrants around the world. This Very Short Introduction explains what international law is, what its role in international society is, and how it operates. Vaughan Lowe examines what international law can and cannot do and what it is and what it isn't doing to make the world a better place. Focussing on the problems the worldfaces, Lowe uses terrorism, environmental change, poverty, and international violence to demonstrate the theories and practice of international law, and how the principles can be used for international co-operation.
Posted in Law

Blame it on the WTO?

A Human Rights Critique

Author: Sarah Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199689768

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 3669

The WTO is often accused of not paying enough attention to human rights. This book weighs these criticisms and examines their validity, both from a legal and from political and economic points of views. It asks whether the WTO is under an obligation to construct a fairer trade system and discusses suggestions for reform.
Posted in Business & Economics

The European Union: A Very Short Introduction

Author: John Pinder,Simon Usherwood

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199681694

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 181

View: 8472

Fully updated to include the Lisbon treaty, the EU fiscal crisis, and the state of the Euro currency, this accessible Very Short Introduction shows how and why the EU has developed, how its institutions works, and what it does - from the single market to the Euro, and from agriculture to peace-keeping and the environment.
Posted in Business & Economics

Whose Trade Organization?

A Comprehensive Guide to the WTO

Author: Lori Wallach,Patrick Woodall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781565848412

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 9126

Revealing documentation of the WTO's persistent undermining of the attempts by governments around the world to maintain independent standards on everything from food safety and public health to minimum wage and the environment. Contains case-by-case studies that expose secret tribunals and lopsided agreements often arranged by the WTO.
Posted in Business & Economics

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Law, Economics, and Politics

Author: Bernard M. Hoekman,Petros C. Mavroidis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317585488

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 8996

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is one of the most important international organizations in existence today. It contains a set of disciplines that affect the ability of governments to impose trade restrictions, and has helped to support the steady expansion of international trade since the 1950s. The WTO has been the focus of vociferous protests by anti-globalization activists and has experienced great difficulties in agreeing to new trade rules since its establishment. At the same time it has become the premier global forum for the settlement of trade disputes and has proven to provide a robust framework for international cooperation in the trade area. This book separates the facts from the propaganda and provides an accessible overview of the WTO’s history, structure and policies as well as a discussion of the future of the organization. It also confronts the criticisms of the WTO and assesses their validity. New to the second edition: discussion of legislative amendments to the WTO Agreement, in particular Aid for Trade, the Agreement on Trade Facilitation and the Bali Package evaluation of case law developments and major disputes since 2007, including analysis of the WTO and the financial crisis – in particular the trade policy responses of WTO Members and institutional response reflection on recent shifts to mega-regional agreements (TPP, TISA, TTIP) and their implications what next post Bali? Fully updated throughout, this book continues to be essential reading for students of international trade, international political economy, commercial law and international organizations as well as activists and others interested in a balanced account of a key global institution.
Posted in Political Science

Globalization: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Manfred Steger

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199662665

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 151

View: 1652

Explores globalization from economic, political, cultural, ideological, and environmental perspectives, discussing the major causes and consequences of globalization and whether it is a good or bad phenomenon.
Posted in Business & Economics

Global Value Chains in a Changing World

Author: Deborah Kay Elms,Patrick Low

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789287038821

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 409

View: 6402

A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek
Posted in Business & Economics

Development at the WTO

Author: Sonia E. Rolland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199600880

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 361

View: 1589

With the Doha Round on the rocks, the tension between the WTO's trade liberalization agenda and the development needs of many member states is more pronounced than ever. This book looks at the position of developing countries at the WTO from an institutionalist perspective and presents a range of proposals for change.
Posted in Business & Economics

Five Days that Shook the World

Seattle and Beyond

Author: Alexander Cockburn,Jeffrey St. Clair

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859847794

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 119

View: 2299

This work is an account of the most intense popular uprising since the protests against the Vietnam War, exploring the convergence and victory of trade unionists, environmentalists, human rights advocates and farmers over the WTO in Seattle.
Posted in Business & Economics

The United Nations in the 21st Century

Author: Karen A. Mingst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429973934

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 3611

The United Nations in the 21st Century provides a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the United Nations, exploring the historical, institutional, and theoretical foundations of the UN. This popular text for courses on international organizations and international relations also discusses the political complexities facing the organization today.Thoroughly revised throughout, the fifth edition focuses on major trends since 2012, including changing power dynamics, increasing threats to peace and security, and the growing challenges of climate change and sustainability. It examines the proliferating public-private partnerships involving the UN and the debates over reforming the Security Council and the Secretary-General selection process. This edition also includes new case studies on peacekeeping and the use of force in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mali, transnational terrorism and the emergence of ISIS, the Security Council's failure to act in Syria, the Syrian and global refugee/migrant crisis, and the conclusion of the Millennium Development Goals and framing of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Posted in Political Science

Modern China: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Rana Mitter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191068187

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 1690

China today is never out of the news: from international finance to human rights controversies, global coverage of its rising international presence, and the Chinese 'economic miracle'. It seems to be a country of contradictions: a peasant society with some of the world's most futuristic cities, heir to an ancient civilization that is still trying to find a modern identity. This Very Short Introduction offers the reader an entry to understanding the world's most populous nation, giving an integrated picture of modern Chinese society, culture, economy, politics, and art. In this new edition, Rana Mitter addresses China's current global position, accounting for the country's growth in global significance over the past decade. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in History

World Trade Law after Neoliberalism

Reimagining the Global Economic Order

Author: Andrew Lang

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191656151

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 8280

The rise of economic liberalism in the latter stages of the 20th century coincided with a fundamental transformation of international economic governance, especially through the law of the World Trade Organization. In this book, Andrew Lang provides a new account of this transformation, and considers its enduring implications for international law. Against the commonly-held idea that 'neoliberal' policy prescriptions were encoded into WTO law, Lang argues that the last decades of the 20th century saw a reinvention of the international trade regime, and a reconstitution of its internal structures of knowledge. In addition, the book explores the way that resistance to economic liberalism was expressed and articulated over the same period in other areas of international law, most prominently international human rights law. It considers the promise and limitations of this form of 'inter-regime' contestation, arguing that measures to ensure greater collaboration and cooperation between regimes may fail in their objectives if they are not accompanied by a simultaneous destabilization of each regime's structures of knowledge and characteristic features. With that in mind, the book contributes to a full and productive contestation of the nature and purpose of global economic governance.
Posted in Law

Islam: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Malise Ruthven

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199642877

Category: Religion

Page: 200

View: 8645

Islam features widely in the news, often in its most militant forms, but few people in the non-Muslim world really understand its nature. Malise Ruthven's Very Short Introduction, offers essential insights into the big issues, provides fresh perspectives on contemporary questions, and guides us through the complex debates.
Posted in Religion

The Development of World Trade Organization Law

Examining Change in International Law

Author: Gregory Messenger

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019871646X

Category: Foreign trade regulation

Page: 240

View: 9196

The World Trade Organization is a central player in the regulation of international trade. As the rights and duties that form WTO law are not created in a vacuum, there exists a complex network of domestic, regional and international influences on the development of WTO law that go beyond the disciplines found in the covered agreements or the interpretations given by panels and the Appellate Body. As such, understanding the development of WTO law in a wider institutional context is critical to comprehending WTO law in a new age of legal globalization. The Development of World Trade Organization Law: Examining Change in International Law examines the development of the law of the WTO through an analysis of competing global actors, norms, and institutions that have influence over it. Taking a different approach to social-scientific or traditional legal models, this book argues that such globalized actors are the driving force behind the development of WTO law. Identifying causal language as key to understanding this development, the volume examines three different causal influences: instrumental, systemic, and constitutive. It applies this causal methodology to three key areas of WTO law- safeguard measures, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, and subsidies. The volume provides detailed explanations of why the law has developed as it has and offers insights into the future functioning of the WTO system.
Posted in Foreign trade regulation