The Western Medical Tradition

1800-2000

Author: W. F. Bynum,Anne Hardy,Stephen Jacyna,Christopher Lawrence,E. M. Tansey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475655

Category: History

Page: 614

View: 1157

This book, first published in 2006, is a detailed and authoritative account of the last two centuries of the development of 'Western' medicine, a tradition now important everywhere in the world. It is written by leading experts who not only describe the most important people, events, and transformations, but give explanations for why medicine developed as it did, becoming as important as it has in the modern world. It contains one of the first historical summaries of the development of medicine after the Second World War. It is an authoritative source of new information as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge on this fascinating subject. The Western Medical Tradition, 1800-2000 is a companion volume to The Western Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800.
Posted in History

Textbook Osteopathic Medicine

Author: Mayer,Clive Standen

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702052663

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 592

For the first time, a 60-person team of internationally renowned editors and authors presents a textbook of osteopathic medicine that is oriented towards clinical symptoms. Introductory chapters on history, philosophy and the spread of osteopathy are followed by a presentation of its scientific basis that clearly demonstrates how firmly osteopathy is rooted in science. Further chapters cover osteopathic research, diagnosis and principles of treatment. Two parts on therapeutic strategies in osteopathic practice form the core of this book. The first is divided into regions of the body, the second into clinical specialties that offer opportunities for osteopathic treatment. In both clinical parts, osteopathic therapy is presented in the entirety in which it is actually practiced - without the common but artificial separation of parietal, visceral and craniosacral treatment. First, the clinical symptom is explained from a medical perspective, then the osteopathic perspective and and treatment is presented. Thus, the title is not only suitable for conveying a profound understanding of osteopaths in training, be they doctors or non-medical practitioners, but also as a clinical reference of osteopathic medicine for everyday treatment.
Posted in Medical

Medizingeschichte

Eine Einführung

Author: Wolfgang Eckart,Robert Jütte

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825239276

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 2918

Grundlagen der Medizingeschichte: Medizingeschichte ist nicht nur Pflichtfach im Medizinstudium, sie hat mittlerweile auch Eingang in die Geschichts- und Sozialwissenschaften gefunden. Das Studienbuch bietet einen Überblick über die Medizingeschichtsschreibung der letzten 200 Jahre und vermittelt das methodische und fachliche Rüstzeug zur weitergehenden Beschäftigung mit medizinhistorischen Themen. Die methodisch-theoretischen Ansätze reichen von der Ideen- und Sozialgeschichte über die Geschlechter- und Körpergeschichte bis zu den Teil- und Nachbardisziplinen – etwa der Pharmaziegeschichte, der Pflegegeschichte oder der Geschichte der Alternativen Medizin. Die wichtigsten Grundbegriffe und forschungsleitenden Theoreme wie Medikalisierung, Volksmedizin, Schulmedizin oder, hier neu, Biopolitik werden erläutert. Das hier in zweiter, überarbeiteter und ergänzter Auflage vorgelegte Studienbuch bietet eine systematische und informative Einführung in die gesamte Bandbreite der Medizingeschichte.
Posted in Medical

The Western Medical Tradition

800 BC to AD 1800

Author: Lawrence I. Conrad,Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475648

Category: Medical

Page: 556

View: 9085

This text, written by members of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine and first published in 1995, is designed to cover the history of western medicine from classical antiquity to 1800. As one guiding thread it takes, as its title suggests, the system of medical ideas that in large part went back to the Greeks of the eighth century BC, and played a major role in the understanding and treatment of health and disease. Its influence spread from the Aegean basin to the rest of the Mediterranean region, to Europe, and then to European settlements overseas. By the nineteenth century, however, this tradition no longer carried the same force or occupied so central a position within medicine. This book charts the influence of this tradition, examining it in its social and historical context. It is essential reading as a synthesis for all students of the history of medicine.
Posted in Medical

To Fix Or To Heal

Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Author: Ana Marta Gonzalez

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479878243

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 2897

Do doctors fix patients? Or do they heal them? For all of modern medicine’s many successes, discontent with the quality of patient care has combined with a host of new developments, from aging populations to the resurgence of infectious diseases, which challenge medicine’s overreliance on narrowly mechanistic and technical methods of explanation and intervention, or “fixing’ patients. The need for a better balance, for more humane “healing” rationales and practices that attend to the social and environmental aspects of health and illness and the experiencing person, is more urgent than ever. Yet, in public health and bioethics, the fields best positioned to offer countervailing values and orientations, the dominant approaches largely extend and reinforce the reductionism and individualism of biomedicine. The collected essays in To Fix or To Heal do more than document the persistence of reductionist approaches and the attendant extension of medicalization to more and more aspects of our lives. The contributors also shed valuable light on why reductionism has persisted and why more holistic models, incorporating social and environmental factors, have gained so little traction. The contributors examine the moral appeal of reductionism, the larger rationalist dream of technological mastery, the growing valuation of health, and the enshrining of individual responsibility as the seemingly non-coercive means of intervention and control. This paradigm-challenging volume advances new lines of criticism of our dominant medical regime, even while proposing ways of bringing medical practice, bioethics, and public health more closely into line with their original goals. Precisely because of the centrality of the biomedical approach to our society, the contributors argue, challenging the reductionist model and its ever-widening effects is perhaps the best way to press for a much-needed renewal of our ethical and political discourse.
Posted in Law

Lehrbuch osteopathische Medizin in einem Band DEUTSCH

Author: Johannes Mayer,Clive Standen

Publisher: "Elsevier,Urban&FischerVerlag"

ISBN: 3437296396

Category: Medical

Page: 918

View: 7922

Erstmals legt hier ein 60-köpfiges, international renommiertes Team ein an klinischen Bildern orientiertes Lehrwerk der osteopathischen Medizin vor. Die Darstellung der wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zeigt deutlich, wie sehr die Osteopathie auf der Grundlage auch schulmedizinisch gesicherter Erkenntnisse beruht. Das Kernstück bilden mehr als 40 Kapitel zu therapeutischen Strategien in der osteopathischen Praxis. Es werden Strategien nach Körperregionen behandelt und nach Spezialdisziplinen wie Osteopathie in der Pädiatrie, Geriatrie, Psychologie, Schmerztherapie, Neurologie, Rheumatologie oder Sportmedizin. Das Besondere: In den klinischen Kapiteln wird die osteopathische Therapie in der Gesamtheit dargestellt, in der sie auch zur Anwendung kommt, also ohne künstliche Trennung von parietaler, viszeraler und kraniosakraler Behandlung. Dabei wird zunächst das Krankheitsbild aus schulmedizinischer Sicht dargestellt und dann die osteopathische Sicht und Behandlung aufgezeigt.
Posted in Medical

The Making of Modern Science

Science, Technology, Medicine and Modernity: 1789 - 1914

Author: David Knight

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745636756

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 455

This volume brings together the people, events, and discoveries of 19th century science into a lively narrative. It places particular emphasis on the new forms in which scientists communicated with the public, in the context of increasing urbanization, globalization and industrialization.
Posted in History

Plural Medicine, Tradition and Modernity, 1800-2000

Author: Waltraud Ernst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134736029

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 1800

Research into 'colonial' or 'imperial' medicine has made considerable progress in recent years, whilst the study of what is usually referred to as 'indigenous' or 'folk' medicine in colonized societies has received much less attention. This book redresses the balance by bringing together current critical research into medical pluralism during the last two centuries. It includes a rich selection of historical, anthropological and sociological case-studies that cover many different parts of the globe, ranging from New Zealand to Africa, China, South Asia, Europe and the USA.
Posted in History

Small-town Boy, Small-town Girl

Growing Up in South Dakota, 1920-1950

Author: Eric B. Fowler,Sheila Delaney

Publisher: SDSHS Press

ISBN: 0979894077

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 9329

Milbank and Mitchell, dissimilar in size and separated by more than two hundred miles, have more in common than might appear at first glance. Elsewhere in the country, they would be considered small towns, but in South Dakota, they are urban population centers. In the first half of the twentieth century, when many more South Dakotans lived on farms and ranches than do today, towns such as Milbank and Mitchell formed hubs for commerce, social activities, and culture. Eric Fowler and Sheila Delaney looked at their communities from different viewpoints, but their childhood and young adult memories of South Dakota share common themes of life away from the farm. Fowler dealt with the hardships of a low-income, single-parent family in Milbank. Delaney experienced the wealth and occasional grandeur of Mitchell's social elite. Both found respite and youthful joy in mid-century South Dakota urban life. Despite the differences in Fowler and Delaney's circumstances, these two contrasting memoirs bring forth commonalities in the authors' early experiences of small-town life, even while they followed differing paths to adulthood.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Western Herbal Tradition E-Book

2000 years of medicinal plant knowledge

Author: Graeme Tobyn,Alison Denham,Margaret Whitelegg

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048453

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 9013

The Western Herbal Tradition provides a comprehensive and critical exploration of the use of plant medicines through 2000 years of history from Dioscorides to the present day. It follows each of the 27 herbs through a wide range of key sources from European, Arabic and American traditions including Greek, Roman and Renaissance texts. A rich discussion of the historical texts is balanced with current application and research. The herbs have been selected on the basis of common use by practising herbalists. Each illustrated monograph contains: Species, identification and botanical description A study of the characterisation and medicinal use of the plants consistently drawn from featured herbals which includes the authors’ own translations from the Latin Assessment of past and current texts in the transmission of herbal knowledge Consideration of traditional therapeutics, including humoral and physiomedical approaches Suggestions towards a modern experiential approach through Goethean methodology Current evidence on pharmacological constituents Review of evidence on safety Recommendations for internal and external uses, prescribing and dosage Excellent illustrations accompany each monograph to aid learning First book to cover broader historical perspective and discussions of issues surrounding each herb Written by leading experts who are well known in the field Includes some monographs of which there is little material already available The bibliographic evidence provided could support applications for registration of Herbal Medicinal Products under the provisions of the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Product Directive An excellent valuable resource for everyone interested in herbal medicine
Posted in Medical

Gesnerus

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1101

Posted in Science

The Philosophical Foundations of Modern Medicine

Author: K. Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230353258

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 6217

An exploration of the philosophical foundation of modern medicine which explains why such a medicine possesses the characteristics it does and where precisely its strengths as well as its weaknesses lie. Written in plain English, it should be accessible to anyone who is intellectually curious, lay persons and medical professionals alike.
Posted in Science

Warm Climates and Western Medicine

The Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500-1900

Author: David Arnold

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789051839234

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 5052

It is generally assumed that tropical medicine only emerged as a medical specialism in the late nineteenth century under the aegis of men like Patrick Manson and Ronald Ross. However, recent research (much of it brought together for the first time in this volume) shows that a distinctive medicine of 'warm climates' came into existence much earlier in areas like the West-Indies, Indonesia and India. Europeans' health needs were one imperative, but this was more than just the medicine of Europe shipped overseas. Contact with non-Western medical ideas and practices was also a stimulus, as was Europe's encounter with unfamiliar environments and peoples. These essays provide valuable insights into the early history of tropical medicine and from the standpoint of several European powers. They examine the kinds of medicine practised, the responses to local diseases and environments and diseases, the nature of the medical constituencies that developed, and the relationship between the old medicine of 'warm climates' and the emerging tropical medicine of the late nineteenth century. The volume as a whole expands the parameters for the discussion of the evolution of Western medicine and opens up new perspectives on European science and society overseas.
Posted in History

Victorian Poetry

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English poetry

Page: N.A

View: 1561

Posted in English poetry

Medicine and Medical Policies in India

Social and Historical Perspectives

Author: Poonam Bala

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739113226

Category: History

Page: 139

View: 9575

Poonam Bala tenaciously follows the developmental trajectory of medical pluralism in India with a keen eye to the dynamic social production of health and healing systems as social systems, practices, and technologies of power.
Posted in History

The Philosopher's Index

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 1276

Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.
Posted in Philosophy

Nuncius

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9900

Posted in Science

America, History and Life

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Canada

Page: N.A

View: 5891

Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.
Posted in Canada

Music Therapy Handbook

Author: Barbara L. Wheeler

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462518222

Category: Psychology

Page: 507

View: 9115

Rich with case material, this groundbreaking volume provides a comprehensive overview of music therapy, from basic concepts to emerging clinical approaches. Experts review psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive-behavioral, and developmental foundations and describe major techniques, including the Nordoff-Robbins model and the Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music. An expansive section on clinical applications examines music therapy with children and adults, as well as its recognized role in medical settings. Topics include autism spectrum disorder, school interventions, brain injury, and trauma. An authoritative resource for music therapists, the book also shows how music can be used by other mental health and medical professionals. The companion website features audio downloads illustrative of the Nordoff-Robbins model.
Posted in Psychology

Warm Climates and Western Medicine

The Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500-1900

Author: David Arnold

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789051839234

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2647

It is generally assumed that tropical medicine only emerged as a medical specialism in the late nineteenth century under the aegis of men like Patrick Manson and Ronald Ross. However, recent research (much of it brought together for the first time in this volume) shows that a distinctive medicine of 'warm climates' came into existence much earlier in areas like the West-Indies, Indonesia and India. Europeans' health needs were one imperative, but this was more than just the medicine of Europe shipped overseas. Contact with non-Western medical ideas and practices was also a stimulus, as was Europe's encounter with unfamiliar environments and peoples. These essays provide valuable insights into the early history of tropical medicine and from the standpoint of several European powers. They examine the kinds of medicine practised, the responses to local diseases and environments and diseases, the nature of the medical constituencies that developed, and the relationship between the old medicine of 'warm climates' and the emerging tropical medicine of the late nineteenth century. The volume as a whole expands the parameters for the discussion of the evolution of Western medicine and opens up new perspectives on European science and society overseas.
Posted in History