The Ugly Laws

Disability in Public

Author: Susan M. Schweik

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814783619

Category: History

Page: 429

View: 9739

In the culture of the modern West, we see ourselves as thinking subjects, defined by our conscious thought, autonomous and separate from each other and the world we survey. Current research in neurology and cognitive science shows that this picture is false. We think with our bodies, and in interaction with others, and our thought is never completed. The Fiction of a Thinkable World is a wide-ranging exploration of the meaning of this insight for our understanding of history, ethics, and politics Ambitious but never overwhelming, carrying its immense learning lightly, The Fiction of a Thinkable World shows how the Western conception of the human subject came to be formed historically, how it contrasts with that of Eastern thought, and how it provides the basic justification for the institutions of liberal capitalism. The fiction of a world separated from each of us as we are separated from each other, from which we make our choices in solitary thought, is enacted by the voter in the voting booth and the consumer at the supermarket shelf. The structure of daily experience in capitalist society reinforces the fictions of the Western intellectual tradition, stunt human creativity, and create the illusion that the capitalist order is natural and unsurpassable. Steinberg’s critique of the intellectual world of Western capitalism at the same time illuminates the paths that have been closed off in that world. It draws on Chinese ethics to show how our actions can be brought in accord with the world as it is, in its ever-changing interaction and mutual transformation, and sketches a radical political perspective that sheds the illusions of the Western model. Beautifully conceived and written, The Fiction of a Thinkable World provides new ways of thinking and opens new horizons.
Posted in History

Law's Virtues

Fostering Autonomy and Solidarity in American Society

Author: Cathleen Kaveny

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589019334

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 8244

Can the law promote moral values even in pluralistic societies such as the United States? Drawing upon important federal legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, legal scholar and moral theologian Cathleen Kaveny argues that it can. In conversation with thinkers as diverse as Thomas Aquinas, Pope John Paul II, and Joseph Raz, she argues that the law rightly promotes the values of autonomy and solidarity. At the same time, she cautions that wise lawmakers will not enact mandates that are too far out of step with the lived moral values of the actual community. According to Kaveny, the law is best understood as a moral teacher encouraging people to act virtuously, rather than a police officer requiring them to do so. In Law’s Virtues Kaveny expertly applies this theoretical framework to the controversial moral-legal issues of abortion, genetics, and euthanasia. In addition, she proposes a moral analysis of the act of voting, in dialogue with the election guides issued by the US bishops. Moving beyond the culture wars, this bold and provocative volume proposes a vision of the relationship of law and morality that is realistic without being relativistic and optimistic without being utopian.
Posted in Religion

The Handbook of Deviance

Author: Erich Goode

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118701356

Category: Social Science

Page: 656

View: 330

The Handbook of Deviance is a definitive reference for professionals, researchers, and students that provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to the sociology of deviance. Composed of over 30 essays written by an international array of scholars and meticulously edited by one of the best known authorities on the study of deviance Features chapters on cutting-edge topics, such as terrorism and environmental degradation as forms of deviance Each chapter includes a critical review of what is known about the topic, the current status of the topic, and insights about the future of the topic Covers recent theoretical innovations in the field, including the distinction between positivist and constructionist perspectives on deviance, and the incorporation of physical appearance as a form of deviance
Posted in Social Science

We Must Say No to the Status Quo

Educators as Allies in the Battle for Social Justice

Author: Veronica McDermott

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1506346006

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 4996

It takes more than good intentions to make meaningful change The “spirit slashing” of injustice: that is how McDermott describes the psychic toll that marginalized students face every day. So how can you make a difference? McDermott gives you the tools to become a powerful ally, showing you how to: Better understand injustice so you can pierce the fog of privilege and embrace ally-hood Fill the gap between your desire to eliminate injustice and the attitudes and skills required to be effective Leverage your natural strengths, including your disposition, educational training, and professional position Challenge the structural barriers, practices, and beliefs that diminish opportunities for many students
Posted in Education

Disability History

Konstruktionen von Behinderung in der Geschichte. Eine Einführung

Author: Elsbeth Bösl,Anne Klein,Anne Waldschmidt

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839413613

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 2449

Hat Behinderung eine Geschichte? Die internationale Disability History füllt die Leerstelle zwischen Historiografie und Disability Studies; sie geht davon aus, dass Phänomene verkörperter Differenz kontingent sind. Dieses Buch führt in den deutschsprachigen Diskurs der neuen geschichtswissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin ein. Erörtert werden konzeptionelle Grundlagen und methodische Fragen der Disability History. Exemplarische Fallstudien umreißen das Forschungsfeld und befassen sich mit wissenschaftlichen Konstruktionen und subjektiven Erfahrungen, Institutionen und Politiken, Körper, Kunst und Kultur. Eine grundlegende Einführung für Bachelor- und Master-Studiengänge sowie die am Thema interessierte Öffentlichkeit.
Posted in Social Science

The Safety-Net Health Care System

Health Care at the Margins

Author: Gunnar Almgren, MSW, PhD,Taryn Lindhorst, MSW, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826105726

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 4132

"This is the only book currently available that fully addresses all aspects of the safety net for healthcare." Score: 96, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews "[T]his complex treatment of a complex topic represents a valuable contribution to the health services literature."--INQUIRY "The Safety-Net Health Care System offers a road map to help safety-net providers overcome personal prejudices, understand why certain patients become ìdifficultî or fail to adhere to treatment, and deal with the stress of working in safety-net environments."--Health Affairs A unique and authoritative guide to the US safety-net health care system, this book addresses how various populations and their difficult health and socio-economic issues are dealt with and impacted by the system. Drs. Gunnar Almgren and Taryn Lindhorst, experts in the fields of social work and public health, provide critical, much-needed insight into the safety-net system and how the recession, unemployment, and reform have accelerated its growth. Ideal for graduate students and early professionals in the health professions, this textbook: Includes narratives from patients and caregivers that help readers understand and empathize with the poor, homeless, and other vulnerable populations affected by the safety-net system Discusses various health issues, including: violence, chronic diseases, mental illness, victimization, and substance abuse/addiction Examines overlaps in US public health, social work, nursing, and medical education Analyzes the differences between the populations that depend on safety-net system providers and more advantaged populations that have access to the mainstream health care system
Posted in Medical

The Psychological and Social Impact of Illness and Disability, 6th Edition

Author: Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LCP, DCMHS, CRC, CCM,Irmo Marini, PhD, DSc, CRC, CLCP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106560

Category: Psychology

Page: 568

View: 8519

"This edition...adds an important international perspective on illness and disability. The personal narratives help bring the real world of people who are suffering to the forefront of the scientific discourse."--Doody's Medical Reviews Now in its sixth edition, this best-selling textbook continues to be the most comprehensive and diverse text available on the psychosocial aspects of disability. It examines current thought and treatment approaches to working with individuals with disabilities through the contributions of expert thinkers and practitioners in the disability field. Abundant and insightful narratives by disabled individuals offer a bridge between theory and practice for students in rehabilitation psychology and counseling courses. In addition to completely updated and reorganized material, this edition contains insightful new section introductions, empirically based research articles, and the contributions of international researchers presenting a more global and richer perspective on the psychosocial aspects of disability and illness. It also contains an increased focus on the negative impact of societal attitudes and treatment of disabled individuals on their psychological adjustment to disability. The addition of objectives at the beginning of each chapter and review questions and personal perspectives at the end of each chapter further facilitate in-depth learning. Key Features: Presents the most comprehensive and diverse coverage of psychosocial aspects of disability topics of any textbook available Examines contemporary thinking and treatment approaches in working with individuals with disabilities Provides a bridge between theory and practice through the narratives of individuals with disabilities Establishes a historical understanding of societal attitudes toward disability and treatment past and present of persons with disabilities Analyzes barriers to enabling persons with disabilities and improving social consciousness and quality of life for this population Facilitates course planning through inclusion of objectives and review questions/personal perspectives in each chapter
Posted in Psychology

Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference

Author: Linell E. Cady,Tracy Fessenden

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536046

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 6784

Global struggles over women's roles, rights, and dress increasingly cast the secular and the religious in tense if not violent opposition. When advocates for equality speak in terms of rights and modern progress, or reactionaries ground their authority in religious and scriptural appeals, both tend to presume women's emancipation is ineluctably tied to secularization. Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference upsets this certainty by drawing on diverse voices and traditions in studies that historicize, question, and test the implicit links between secularism and expanded freedoms for women. Rather than position secularism as the answer to conflicts over gender and sexuality, this volume shows both religion and the secular collaborate in creating the conditions that generate them.
Posted in Religion

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen

Author: Rebecca Skloot

Publisher: Irisiana

ISBN: 3641051754

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 512

View: 6853

Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Hin und weg von Paul

Roman

Author: Jane Fallon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499244742

Category:

Page: 413

View: 7776

Posted in

Fantasies of Identification

Disability, Gender, Race

Author: Ellen Samuels

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479821373

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 3986

In the mid-nineteenth-century United States, as it became increasingly difficult to distinguish between bodies understood as black, white, or Indian; able-bodied or disabled; and male or female, intense efforts emerged to define these identities as biologically distinct and scientifically verifiable in a literally marked body. Combining literary analysis, legal history, and visual culture, Ellen Samuels traces the evolution of the “fantasy of identification”—the powerful belief that embodied social identities are fixed, verifiable, and visible through modern science. From birthmarks and fingerprints to blood quantum and DNA, she examines how this fantasy has circulated between cultural representations, law, science, and policy to become one of the most powerfully institutionalized ideologies of modern society. Yet, as Samuels demonstrates, in every case, the fantasy distorts its claimed scientific basis, substituting subjective language for claimed objective fact. From its early emergence in discourses about disability fakery and fugitive slaves in the nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation in the question of sex testing at the 2012 Olympic Games, Fantasies of Identification explores the roots of modern understandings of bodily identity.
Posted in Social Science

The Professional Practice of Rehabilitation Counseling

Author: Dennis R. Maki, PhD, CRC, NCC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107397

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 5211

Based on the Handbook of Rehabilitation Counseling (Rigger/Maki 2004), this new volume has been completely revised and updated to accommodate the overarching changes that have recently occurred in the field. It reflects the new, accepted definition of rehabilitation counseling as a specialization within the field of counseling and demonstrates how the knowledge, skills and attitudes of rehabilitation counseling complement those of mental health counseling. The volume now includes an increased emphasis on education in general counseling, and mental health and substance abuse counseling; empirically supported practice; and a focus on the globalization of professional practice in rehabilitation counseling. It has been organized within a new conceptual framework for ease of use, and is based on the authors' ecological model that is a core framework for the book and the field itself. Key Features: Places rehabilitation counseling firmly within the profession of counseling Imparts the essence of the transformative rehabilitation practice Compatible with both CORE and CACREP standards for basic professional identity content Authored by nationally recognized experts in specialized topics who are acknowledge leaders in their field Designed for the practical use of students and instructors of introductory courses, as well as practicing professionals New to This Edition: Learning objectives for each chapter Content review and discussion questions for each chapter to enhance active learning PowerPoint presentations for instructors' use Model syllabus for an introduction to rehabilitation counseling course for instructors Exhaustive in scope, The Professional Practice of Rehabilitation Counseling will provide the expertise necessary for new graduates and practicing professionals who need to gain licensure and employment opportunities.
Posted in Psychology

Difference and Disability in the Medieval Islamic World

Author: Kristina Richardson

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748664912

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 5192

A revealing portrait of Medieval Arab notions of physical difference, this book uses close analysis of primary sources to bring to light cultural views and lived experiences of disability and difference.
Posted in History

The Case of the Ugly Suitor

& Other Histories of Love, Gender, & Nation in Buenos Aires, 1776-1870

Author: Jeffrey M. Shumway

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803293267

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 5395

"In the courtrooms of nineteenth-century Buenos Aires, children battled parents in order to fulfill their romantic desires and marry the mate of their choice. Parents and guardians also struggled for custody of young children: some did this out of love, while others were greedy for child labor. In courtrooms and elsewhere, women challenged their traditional status as social and intellectual inferiors. Though all these struggles existed in earlier times, the nineteenth century injected a new dynamic into such conflicts: Argentina's revolution against Spain and the subsequent attempts by political and intellectual leaders to craft a new nation out of the vestiges of Spanish colonialism."--BOOK JACKET.
Posted in History

Hideous Progeny

Disability, Eugenics, and Classic Horror Cinema

Author: Angela Smith

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527853

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 384

View: 5532

Twisted bodies, deformed faces, aberrant behavior, and abnormal desires characterized the hideous creatures of classic Hollywood horror, which thrilled audiences with their sheer grotesqueness. Most critics have interpreted these traits as symptoms of sexual repression or as metaphors for other kinds of marginalized identities, yet Angela M. Smith conducts a richer investigation into the period's social and cultural preoccupations. She finds instead a fascination with eugenics and physical and cognitive debility in the narrative and spectacle of classic 1930s horror, heightened by the viewer's desire for visions of vulnerability and transformation. Reading such films as Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (1931), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), Freaks (1932), and Mad Love (1935) against early-twentieth-century disability discourse and propaganda on racial and biological purity, Smith showcases classic horror's dependence on the narratives of eugenics and physiognomics. She also notes the genre's conflicted and often contradictory visualizations. Smith ultimately locates an indictment of biological determinism in filmmakers' visceral treatments, which take the impossibility of racial improvement and bodily perfection to sensationalistic heights. Playing up the artifice and conventions of disabled monsters, filmmakers exploited the fears and yearnings of their audience, accentuating both the perversity of the medical and scientific gaze and the debilitating experience of watching horror. Classic horror films therefore encourage empathy with the disabled monster, offering captive viewers an unsettling encounter with their own impairment. Smith's work profoundly advances cinema and disability studies, in addition to general histories concerning the construction of social and political attitudes toward the Other.
Posted in Performing Arts

Digital Anthropology

Author: Heather A. Horst,Daniel Miller

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0857852930

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 5908

Anthropology has two main tasks: to understand what it is to be human and to examine how humanity is manifested differently in the diversity of culture. These tasks have gained new impetus from the extraordinary rise of the digital. This book brings together several key anthropologists working with digital culture to demonstrate just how productive an anthropological approach to the digital has already become. Through a range of case studies from Facebook to Second Life to Google Earth, Digital Anthropology explores how human and digital can be defined in relation to one another, from avatars and disability; cultural differences in how we use social networking sites or practise religion; the practical consequences of the digital for politics, museums, design, space and development to new online world and gaming communities. The book also explores the moral universe of the digital, from new anxieties to open-source ideals. Digital Anthropology reveals how only the intense scrutiny of ethnography can overturn assumptions about the impact of digital culture and reveal its profound consequences for everyday life. Combining the clarity of a textbook with an engaging style which conveys a passion for these new frontiers of enquiry, this book is essential reading for students and scholars of anthropology, media studies, communication studies, cultural studies and sociology.
Posted in Social Science

Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik

Author: Carlo Rovelli

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644052212

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 2895

Hundert schmale Seiten reichen, um die Physik der Moderne zu erklären Wo kommen wir her? Was können wir wissen? Seit ihren umwälzenden Entdeckungen im zwanzigsten Jahrhundert spüren Physiker den Kräften und Teilchen nach, die die Welt im Innersten und Äußersten zusammenhalten. Für jedermann verständlich, hat Carlo Rovelli dieses zauberhafte Buch darüber geschrieben. Es stürmte in wenigen Wochen an die Spitze der italienischen Bestsellerliste und wird derzeit in fast zwanzig Sprachen übersetzt. In eleganten, klaren Sätzen erklärt Rovelli die Physik der Moderne: Einstein und die Relativitätstheorie, Max Planck und die Quantenmechanik, die Entstehung des Universums, Schwarze Löcher, die Elementarteilchen, die Beschaffenheit von Raum und Zeit – und die Loop-Theorie, sein ureigenstes Arbeitsfeld. Ein Buch, das jeder verstehen kann – ein Lesevergnügen zum Staunen, Genießen und Mitreden können. «Von Natur aus wollen wir immer mehr wissen und immer weiter lernen. Unser Wissen über die Welt wächst. Uns treibt der Drang nach Erkenntnis und lernend stoßen wir an Grenzen. In den tiefsten Tiefen des Raumgewebes, im Ursprung des Kosmos, im Wesen der Zeit, im Schicksal der Schwarzen Löcher und im Funktionieren unseres eigenen Denkens. Hier, an den Grenzen unseres Wissens, wo sich das Meer unseres Nichtwissens vor uns auftut, leuchten das Geheimnis der Welt, die Schönheit der Welt, und es verschlägt uns den Atem.», schreibt Carlo Rovelli.
Posted in Science

Civil Disabilities

Citizenship, Membership, and Belonging

Author: Nancy J. Hirschmann,Beth Linker

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812246675

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 2841

An estimated one billion people around the globe live with a disability; this number grows exponentially when family members, friends, and care providers are included. Various countries and international organizations have attempted to guard against discrimination and secure basic human rights for those whose lives are affected by disability. Yet despite such attempts many disabled persons in the United States and throughout the world still face exclusion from full citizenship and membership in their respective societies. They are regularly denied employment, housing, health care, access to buildings, and the right to move freely in public spaces. At base, such discrimination reflects a tacit yet pervasive assumption that disabled persons do not belong in society. Civil Disabilities challenges such norms and practices, urging a reconceptualization of disability and citizenship to secure a rightful place for disabled persons in society. Essays from leading scholars in a diversity of fields offer critical perspectives on current citizenship studies, which still largely assume an ableist world. Placing historians in conversation with anthropologists, sociologists with literary critics, and musicologists with political scientists, this interdisciplinary volume presents a compelling case for reimagining citizenship that is more consistent, inclusive, and just, in both theory and practice. By placing disability front and center in academic and civic discourse, Civil Disabilities tests the very notion of citizenship and transforms our understanding of disability and belonging. Contributors: Emily Abel, Douglas C. Baynton, Susan Burch, Allison C. Carey, Faye Ginsburg, Nancy J. Hirschmann, Hannah Joyner, Catherine Kudlick, Beth Linker, Alex Lubet, Rayna Rapp, Susan Schweik, Tobin Siebers, Lorella Terzi.
Posted in Political Science

Psychosocial Aspects of Disability

Insider Perspectives and Strategies for Counselors

Author: Noreen M. Glover-Graf, RhD, CRC,Michael J. Millington, PhD, CRC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610603X

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 9270

"What a marvelous and amazing textbook. Drs. Marini, Glover-Graf and Millington have done a remarkable job in the design of this highly unique book, that comprehensively and very thoughtfully addresses the psychosocial aspects of the disability experience. These highly respected scholars have produced a major work that will be a central text in rehabilitation education for years to come." From the Foreword by Michael J. Leahy, Ph.D., LPC, CRC Office of Rehabilitation and Disability Studies Michigan State University "This is an excellent book, but the best parts are the stories of the disabled, which give readers insights into their struggles and triumphs." Score: 94, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews What are the differences between individuals with disabilities who flourish as opposed to those who never really adjust after a trauma? How are those born with a disability different from individuals who acquire one later in life? This is the first textbook about the psychosocial aspects of disability to provide students and practitioners of rehabilitation counseling with vivid insight into the experience of living with a disability. It features the first-person narratives of 16 people living with a variety of disabling conditions, which are integrated with sociological and societal perspectives toward disability, and strategies for counseling persons with disabilities. Using a minority model perspective to address disability, the book focuses on historical perspectives, cultural variants regarding disability, myths and misconceptions, the attitudes of special interest and occupational groups, the psychology of disability with a focus on positive psychology, and adjustments to disability by the individual and family. A wealth of counseling guidelines and useful strategies are geared specifically to individual disabilities. Key Features: Contains narratives of people living with blindness, hearing impairments, spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, polio, mental illness, and other disabilities Provides counseling guidelines and strategies specifically geared toward specific disabilities, including "dos and don'ts" Includes psychological and sociological research relating to individual disabilities Discusses ongoing treatment issues and ethical dilemmas for rehabilitation counselors Presents thought-provoking discussion questions in each chapter Authored by prominent professor and researcher who became disabled as a young adult
Posted in Psychology

Absoluter Gegenstoß

Versuch einer Neubegründung des dialektischen Materialismus

Author: Slavoj Žižek

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104034133

Category: Fiction

Page: 656

View: 1074

Der bekannte Philosoph und Kulturkritiker Slavoj Žižek schließt mit seinem neuen Buch ›Absoluter Gegenstoß. Versuch einer Neubegründung des dialektischen Materialismus‹ an seine umfangreiche Hegel-Neudeutung ›Weniger als Nichts‹ aus dem Jahr 2014 an. Ausgehend von Hegel unternimmt er nichts weniger als eine Neubestimmung des philosophischen Materialismus: In drei Teilen entfaltet er sein Vorhaben, Hegels Begriff des absoluten Gegenstoßes zu einem allgemeinen ontologischen Prinzip zu erheben. Ausgehend von einer kritischen Lektüre Badious und Althussers über eine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Hegel’schen Absoluten skizziert Žižek die Grundzüge einer Ontologie des »den«, des »Weniger-als-nichts«, um eine neue Grundlegung des dialektischen Materialismus zu formulieren. Ein so aufregender wie zentraler Beitrag zur zeitgenössischen Philosophie, mit Witz und Verve vorgetragen.
Posted in Fiction