The Ugly Laws

Disability in Public

Author: Susan M. Schweik

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814783619

Category: History

Page: 429

View: 3196

In the culture of the modern West, we see ourselves as thinking subjects, defined by our conscious thought, autonomous and separate from each other and the world we survey. Current research in neurology and cognitive science shows that this picture is false. We think with our bodies, and in interaction with others, and our thought is never completed. The Fiction of a Thinkable World is a wide-ranging exploration of the meaning of this insight for our understanding of history, ethics, and politics Ambitious but never overwhelming, carrying its immense learning lightly, The Fiction of a Thinkable World shows how the Western conception of the human subject came to be formed historically, how it contrasts with that of Eastern thought, and how it provides the basic justification for the institutions of liberal capitalism. The fiction of a world separated from each of us as we are separated from each other, from which we make our choices in solitary thought, is enacted by the voter in the voting booth and the consumer at the supermarket shelf. The structure of daily experience in capitalist society reinforces the fictions of the Western intellectual tradition, stunt human creativity, and create the illusion that the capitalist order is natural and unsurpassable. Steinberg’s critique of the intellectual world of Western capitalism at the same time illuminates the paths that have been closed off in that world. It draws on Chinese ethics to show how our actions can be brought in accord with the world as it is, in its ever-changing interaction and mutual transformation, and sketches a radical political perspective that sheds the illusions of the Western model. Beautifully conceived and written, The Fiction of a Thinkable World provides new ways of thinking and opens new horizons.
Posted in History

The Idea of Disability in the Eighteenth Century

Author: Chris Mounsey

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1611485606

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 344

View: 8630

The Idea of Disability in the Eighteenth Century is a wide-ranging collection of essays that explores philosophy, biography, and texts about and by disabled people living in the eighteenth century. The book, which introduces and affirms the notion that disability studies predates most United States and United Kingdom findings by more than a hundred years, will be of interest to philosophers, historians, sociologists, and literary scholars.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Active Citizenship and Disability

Implementing the Personalisation of Support

Author: Andrew Power,Janet E. Lord,Allison S. DeFranco

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107029910

Category: Law

Page: 503

View: 4168

This book provides an international comparative study of the implementation of disability rights law and policy focused on the emerging principles of self-determination and personalisation. It explores how these principles have been enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and how different jurisdictions have implemented them to enable meaningful engagement and participation by persons with disabilities in society. The philosophy of 'active citizenship' underpinning the Convention - that all citizens should (be able to) actively participate in the community - provides the core focal point of this book, which grounds its analysis in exploring how this goal has been imagined and implemented across a range of countries. The case studies examine how different jurisdictions have reformed disability law and policy and reconfigured how support is administered and funded to ensure maximum choice and independence is accorded to people with disabilities.
Posted in Law

Psychosocial Aspects of Disability

Insider Perspectives and Strategies for Counselors

Author: Noreen M. Glover-Graf, RhD, CRC,Michael J. Millington, PhD, CRC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610603X

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 1512

"What a marvelous and amazing textbook. Drs. Marini, Glover-Graf and Millington have done a remarkable job in the design of this highly unique book, that comprehensively and very thoughtfully addresses the psychosocial aspects of the disability experience. These highly respected scholars have produced a major work that will be a central text in rehabilitation education for years to come." From the Foreword by Michael J. Leahy, Ph.D., LPC, CRC Office of Rehabilitation and Disability Studies Michigan State University "This is an excellent book, but the best parts are the stories of the disabled, which give readers insights into their struggles and triumphs." Score: 94, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews What are the differences between individuals with disabilities who flourish as opposed to those who never really adjust after a trauma? How are those born with a disability different from individuals who acquire one later in life? This is the first textbook about the psychosocial aspects of disability to provide students and practitioners of rehabilitation counseling with vivid insight into the experience of living with a disability. It features the first-person narratives of 16 people living with a variety of disabling conditions, which are integrated with sociological and societal perspectives toward disability, and strategies for counseling persons with disabilities. Using a minority model perspective to address disability, the book focuses on historical perspectives, cultural variants regarding disability, myths and misconceptions, the attitudes of special interest and occupational groups, the psychology of disability with a focus on positive psychology, and adjustments to disability by the individual and family. A wealth of counseling guidelines and useful strategies are geared specifically to individual disabilities. Key Features: Contains narratives of people living with blindness, hearing impairments, spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, polio, mental illness, and other disabilities Provides counseling guidelines and strategies specifically geared toward specific disabilities, including "dos and don'ts" Includes psychological and sociological research relating to individual disabilities Discusses ongoing treatment issues and ethical dilemmas for rehabilitation counselors Presents thought-provoking discussion questions in each chapter Authored by prominent professor and researcher who became disabled as a young adult
Posted in Psychology

The Safety-Net Health Care System

Health Care at the Margins

Author: Gunnar Almgren, MSW, PhD,Taryn Lindhorst, MSW, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826105726

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1802

"This is the only book currently available that fully addresses all aspects of the safety net for healthcare." Score: 96, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews "[T]his complex treatment of a complex topic represents a valuable contribution to the health services literature."--INQUIRY "The Safety-Net Health Care System offers a road map to help safety-net providers overcome personal prejudices, understand why certain patients become ìdifficultî or fail to adhere to treatment, and deal with the stress of working in safety-net environments."--Health Affairs A unique and authoritative guide to the US safety-net health care system, this book addresses how various populations and their difficult health and socio-economic issues are dealt with and impacted by the system. Drs. Gunnar Almgren and Taryn Lindhorst, experts in the fields of social work and public health, provide critical, much-needed insight into the safety-net system and how the recession, unemployment, and reform have accelerated its growth. Ideal for graduate students and early professionals in the health professions, this textbook: Includes narratives from patients and caregivers that help readers understand and empathize with the poor, homeless, and other vulnerable populations affected by the safety-net system Discusses various health issues, including: violence, chronic diseases, mental illness, victimization, and substance abuse/addiction Examines overlaps in US public health, social work, nursing, and medical education Analyzes the differences between the populations that depend on safety-net system providers and more advantaged populations that have access to the mainstream health care system
Posted in Medical

Hideous Progeny

Disability, Eugenics, and Classic Horror Cinema

Author: Angela Smith

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527853

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 384

View: 954

Twisted bodies, deformed faces, aberrant behavior, and abnormal desires characterized the hideous creatures of classic Hollywood horror, which thrilled audiences with their sheer grotesqueness. Most critics have interpreted these traits as symptoms of sexual repression or as metaphors for other kinds of marginalized identities, yet Angela M. Smith conducts a richer investigation into the period's social and cultural preoccupations. She finds instead a fascination with eugenics and physical and cognitive debility in the narrative and spectacle of classic 1930s horror, heightened by the viewer's desire for visions of vulnerability and transformation. Reading such films as Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (1931), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), Freaks (1932), and Mad Love (1935) against early-twentieth-century disability discourse and propaganda on racial and biological purity, Smith showcases classic horror's dependence on the narratives of eugenics and physiognomics. She also notes the genre's conflicted and often contradictory visualizations. Smith ultimately locates an indictment of biological determinism in filmmakers' visceral treatments, which take the impossibility of racial improvement and bodily perfection to sensationalistic heights. Playing up the artifice and conventions of disabled monsters, filmmakers exploited the fears and yearnings of their audience, accentuating both the perversity of the medical and scientific gaze and the debilitating experience of watching horror. Classic horror films therefore encourage empathy with the disabled monster, offering captive viewers an unsettling encounter with their own impairment. Smith's work profoundly advances cinema and disability studies, in addition to general histories concerning the construction of social and political attitudes toward the Other.
Posted in Performing Arts

Disability History

Konstruktionen von Behinderung in der Geschichte. Eine Einführung

Author: Elsbeth Bösl,Anne Klein,Anne Waldschmidt

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839413613

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 999

Hat Behinderung eine Geschichte? Die internationale Disability History füllt die Leerstelle zwischen Historiografie und Disability Studies; sie geht davon aus, dass Phänomene verkörperter Differenz kontingent sind. Dieses Buch führt in den deutschsprachigen Diskurs der neuen geschichtswissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin ein. Erörtert werden konzeptionelle Grundlagen und methodische Fragen der Disability History. Exemplarische Fallstudien umreißen das Forschungsfeld und befassen sich mit wissenschaftlichen Konstruktionen und subjektiven Erfahrungen, Institutionen und Politiken, Körper, Kunst und Kultur. Eine grundlegende Einführung für Bachelor- und Master-Studiengänge sowie die am Thema interessierte Öffentlichkeit.
Posted in Social Science

Disability in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

History, policy and everyday life

Author: Michael Rasell,Elena Iarskaia-Smirnova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317962206

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2712

There are over thirty million disabled people in Russia and Eastern Europe, yet their voices are rarely heard in scholarly studies of life and well-being in the region. This book brings together new research by internationally recognised local and non-native scholars in a range of countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. It covers, historically, the origins of legacies that continue to affect well-being and policy in the region today. Discussions of disability in culture and society highlight the broader conditions in which disabled people must build their identities and well-being whilst in-depth biographical profiles outline what living with disabilities in the region is like. Chapters on policy interventions, including international influences, examine recent reforms and the difficulties of implementing inclusive, community-based care. The book will be of interest both to regional specialists, for whom well-being, equality and human rights are crucial concerns, and to scholars of disability and social policy internationally.
Posted in Social Science

Disability in Eighteenth-Century England

Imagining Physical Impairment

Author: David M. Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136304231

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 8644

This is the first book-length study of physical disability in eighteenth-century England. It assesses the ways in which meanings of physical difference were formed within different cultural contexts, and examines how disabled men and women used, appropriated, or rejected these representations in making sense of their own experiences. In the process, it asks a series of related questions: what constituted ‘disability’ in eighteenth-century culture and society? How was impairment perceived? How did people with disabilities see themselves and relate to others? What do their stories tell us about the social and cultural contexts of disability, and in what ways were these narratives and experiences shaped by class and gender? In order to answer these questions, the book explores the languages of disability, the relationship between religious and medical discourses of disability, and analyzes depictions of people with disabilities in popular culture, art, and the media. It also uncovers the ‘hidden histories’ of disabled men and women themselves drawing on elite letters and autobiographies, Poor Law documents and criminal court records.
Posted in History

Difference and Disability in the Medieval Islamic World

Author: Kristina Richardson

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748664912

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 8997

A revealing portrait of Medieval Arab notions of physical difference, this book uses close analysis of primary sources to bring to light cultural views and lived experiences of disability and difference.
Posted in History

Fantasies of Identification

Disability, Gender, Race

Author: Ellen Samuels

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479821373

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 2007

In the mid-nineteenth-century United States, as it became increasingly difficult to distinguish between bodies understood as black, white, or Indian; able-bodied or disabled; and male or female, intense efforts emerged to define these identities as biologically distinct and scientifically verifiable in a literally marked body. Combining literary analysis, legal history, and visual culture, Ellen Samuels traces the evolution of the “fantasy of identification”—the powerful belief that embodied social identities are fixed, verifiable, and visible through modern science. From birthmarks and fingerprints to blood quantum and DNA, she examines how this fantasy has circulated between cultural representations, law, science, and policy to become one of the most powerfully institutionalized ideologies of modern society. Yet, as Samuels demonstrates, in every case, the fantasy distorts its claimed scientific basis, substituting subjective language for claimed objective fact. From its early emergence in discourses about disability fakery and fugitive slaves in the nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation in the question of sex testing at the 2012 Olympic Games, Fantasies of Identification explores the roots of modern understandings of bodily identity.
Posted in Social Science

Digital Anthropology

Author: Heather A. Horst,Daniel Miller

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0857852930

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 823

Anthropology has two main tasks: to understand what it is to be human and to examine how humanity is manifested differently in the diversity of culture. These tasks have gained new impetus from the extraordinary rise of the digital. This book brings together several key anthropologists working with digital culture to demonstrate just how productive an anthropological approach to the digital has already become. Through a range of case studies from Facebook to Second Life to Google Earth, Digital Anthropology explores how human and digital can be defined in relation to one another, from avatars and disability; cultural differences in how we use social networking sites or practise religion; the practical consequences of the digital for politics, museums, design, space and development to new online world and gaming communities. The book also explores the moral universe of the digital, from new anxieties to open-source ideals. Digital Anthropology reveals how only the intense scrutiny of ethnography can overturn assumptions about the impact of digital culture and reveal its profound consequences for everyday life. Combining the clarity of a textbook with an engaging style which conveys a passion for these new frontiers of enquiry, this book is essential reading for students and scholars of anthropology, media studies, communication studies, cultural studies and sociology.
Posted in Social Science

The Psychological and Social Impact of Illness and Disability, 6th Edition

Author: Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LCP, DCMHS, CRC, CCM,Irmo Marini, PhD, DSc, CRC, CLCP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106560

Category: Psychology

Page: 568

View: 2227

"This edition...adds an important international perspective on illness and disability. The personal narratives help bring the real world of people who are suffering to the forefront of the scientific discourse."--Doody's Medical Reviews Now in its sixth edition, this best-selling textbook continues to be the most comprehensive and diverse text available on the psychosocial aspects of disability. It examines current thought and treatment approaches to working with individuals with disabilities through the contributions of expert thinkers and practitioners in the disability field. Abundant and insightful narratives by disabled individuals offer a bridge between theory and practice for students in rehabilitation psychology and counseling courses. In addition to completely updated and reorganized material, this edition contains insightful new section introductions, empirically based research articles, and the contributions of international researchers presenting a more global and richer perspective on the psychosocial aspects of disability and illness. It also contains an increased focus on the negative impact of societal attitudes and treatment of disabled individuals on their psychological adjustment to disability. The addition of objectives at the beginning of each chapter and review questions and personal perspectives at the end of each chapter further facilitate in-depth learning. Key Features: Presents the most comprehensive and diverse coverage of psychosocial aspects of disability topics of any textbook available Examines contemporary thinking and treatment approaches in working with individuals with disabilities Provides a bridge between theory and practice through the narratives of individuals with disabilities Establishes a historical understanding of societal attitudes toward disability and treatment past and present of persons with disabilities Analyzes barriers to enabling persons with disabilities and improving social consciousness and quality of life for this population Facilitates course planning through inclusion of objectives and review questions/personal perspectives in each chapter
Posted in Psychology

Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference

Author: Linell E. Cady,Tracy Fessenden

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536046

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 9165

Global struggles over women's roles, rights, and dress increasingly cast the secular and the religious in tense if not violent opposition. When advocates for equality speak in terms of rights and modern progress, or reactionaries ground their authority in religious and scriptural appeals, both tend to presume women's emancipation is ineluctably tied to secularization. Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference upsets this certainty by drawing on diverse voices and traditions in studies that historicize, question, and test the implicit links between secularism and expanded freedoms for women. Rather than position secularism as the answer to conflicts over gender and sexuality, this volume shows both religion and the secular collaborate in creating the conditions that generate them.
Posted in Religion

Der Klang von fallendem Schnee

Leben ohne zu hören

Author: Bonnie Poitras Tucker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310562211X

Category: Fiction

Page: 318

View: 3093

Die Welt ist voller Rätsel für Bonnie Tucker. Immer wenn ihre Mutter die Tür öffnet, steht ein Besucher davor. Wenn sie aber selbst die Tür aufmacht, ist niemand da. Hat ihre Mutter Zauberkräfte? Nein, ihre Mutter hört nur die Türglocke – Bonnie dagegen ist taub. Eine beeindruckende Lebensgeschichte, durch die wir die Welt des Hörens mit neuen Augen – und Ohren – wahrnehmen. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)
Posted in Fiction

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4592

Posted in Academic libraries

The Politics of Neurodiversity

Why Public Policy Matters

Author: Dana Lee Baker

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588267542

Category: Medical

Page: 239

View: 5317

How can society best respond to people with atypical neurological development? Should we concentrate on providing medical care, or on ensuring civil rights? Addressing these questions, Dana Lee Baker offers a provocative analysis of the ways that intersecting agendas¿prevention, civil rights, providing specialized care, and celebrating disability culture¿compete to make disability rights policy. The result is a thoughtful and timely consideration of the tensions shaping all quarters of disability advocacy.
Posted in Medical

Encyclopedia of Disability

Author: Gary L Albrecht

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780761925651

Category: Medical

Page: 2936

View: 7524

SAGE Reference is proud to announce the five-volume Encyclopedia of Disability. This encyclopedia represents the first attempt to bring an authoritative reference resource to the many faces of disability. More than 500 world-renowned scholars have written over 1,000 entries —in a clear, accessible style—with the desire to bring all students, researchers, and interested readers closer to the daily experience of disability. Volumes 1 - 4 cover disability A to Z, including a reader's guide, comprehensive bibliography, and index. Volume 5 contains a wealth of primary source documents in the field of disability. The Encyclopedia of Disability is a must-have reference for all academic libraries, large public libraries, and any social science, medical, legal, or governmental reference collections. Non-governmental organizations, charitable foundations, and law firms will also want to add this set to their collections.
Posted in Medical

Braille Books

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Blind

Page: N.A

View: 2899

Posted in Blind