The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity

A Study in Sociological Semantics and the Sociology of Science

Author: Robert K. Merton,Elinor Barber

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841526

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 9319

From the names of cruise lines and bookstores to an Australian ranch and a nudist camp outside of Atlanta, the word serendipity--that happy blend of wisdom and luck by which something is discovered not quite by accident--is today ubiquitous. This book traces the word's eventful history from its 1754 coinage into the twentieth century--chronicling along the way much of what we now call the natural and social sciences. The book charts where the term went, with whom it resided, and how it fared. We cross oceans and academic specialties and meet those people, both famous and now obscure, who have used and abused serendipity. We encounter a linguistic sage, walk down the illustrious halls of the Harvard Medical School, attend the (serendipitous) birth of penicillin, and meet someone who "manages serendipity" for the U.S. Navy. The story of serendipity is fascinating; that of The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity, equally so. Written in the 1950s by already-eminent sociologist Robert Merton and Elinor Barber, the book--though occasionally and most tantalizingly cited--was intentionally never published. This is all the more curious because it so remarkably anticipated subsequent battles over research and funding--many of which centered on the role of serendipity in science. Finally, shortly after his ninety-first birthday, following Barber's death and preceding his own by but a little, Merton agreed to expand and publish this major work. Beautifully written, the book is permeated by the prodigious intellectual curiosity and generosity that characterized Merton's influential On the Shoulders of Giants. Absolutely entertaining as the history of a word, the book is also tremendously important to all who value the miracle of intellectual discovery. It represents Merton's lifelong protest against that rhetoric of science that defines discovery as anything other than a messy blend of inspiration, perspiration, error, and happy chance--anything other than serendipity.
Posted in Social Science

Robert K. Merton

Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science

Author: Craig Calhoun

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231151128

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2160

Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index.
Posted in Social Science

Akten des XI. Internationalen Germanistenkongresses Paris 2005: Ansprachen, Plenavorträge, Podiumsdiskussionen, Berichte

Author: Internationale Vereinigung für Germanistik

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039107902

Category: Culture conflict

Page: 232

View: 1264

50 Jahre nach dem ersten Treffen 1955 in Rom tagte die Internationale Vereinigung für Germanistik vom 26. August bis 3. September 2005 in Paris (Sorbonne). Das von Präsidium und Ausschuss vorgeschlagene Gesamtthema - «Germanistik im Konflikt der Kulturen» - war und ist hochaktuell. Es beansprucht eine über die traditionellen Grenzen der fachlichen Spezialgebiete hinausgehende Transversalität und verbindet Literatur- und Sprachwissenschaft mit historisch bedingten und gegenstandsbezogenen Fragestellungen der Kulturwissenschaften. Der grosse Anteil von jüngeren Germanistinnen und Germanisten aus Südostasien, Indien, Mittel- und Osteuropa - aber auch aus Afrika und Lateinamerika - spricht auf überzeugende Weise für die Attraktivität und Modernität der in Frage stehenden Problematik. Die in diesem Band gesammelten Texte - Ansprachen, Plenarvorträge, Podiumsdiskussionen und Berichte - dokumentieren die reichhaltigen Perspektiven des Kongresses. Als Einstieg in die elf weiteren Aktenbände bekunden sie auch eine sich deutlich manifestierende und durchsetzende Internationalisierung des Faches.
Posted in Culture conflict

Pressebilder in der Weimarer Republik

Entgrenzung der Information

Author: Konrad Dussel

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643117914

Category: German newspapers

Page: 414

View: 4958

Auf dem Weg zur visuellen Medienkultur der Gegenwart bildet die Weimarer Republik eine wichtige Etappe. Als die Tageszeitungen begannen, nicht nur Texte, sondern auch Bilder zu drucken, hatte dies tief greifende Folgen: Die politische Information wurde zunehmend von Bildend-Belehrendem, vor allem aber Unterhaltendem ergänzt, das breitere Leserschichten ansprach und traditionelle Milieugrenzen abzuschleifen begann. - Die empirische Basis der Studie bildet die Untersuchung des komplexen Wechselspiels im Bildangebot von Tageszeitungen, illustrierten Zeitungsbeilagen und Illustrierten am Beispiel Karlsruhes. Um 1930 konkurrierten in der damaligen, rund 150.000 Einwohner zählenden Landeshauptstadt Badens zehn Tageszeitungen um Aufmerksamkeit. - Dem Thema angemessen wird der Text nicht nur von Tabellen und Diagrammen, sondern auch von fast hundert Abbildungen ergänzt.
Posted in German newspapers

Interpretation and Method

Empirical Research Methods and the Interpretive Turn

Author: Dvora Yanow,Peregrine Schwartz-Shea

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317467353

Category: Political Science

Page: 552

View: 547

Exceptionally clear and well-written chapters provide engaging discussions of the methods of accessing, generating, and analyzing social science data, using methods ranging from reflexive historical analysis to critical ethnography. Reflecting on their own research experiences, the contributors offer an inside, applied perspective on how research topics, evidence, and methods intertwine to produce knowledge in the social sciences.
Posted in Political Science

The Sociology of Wilhelm Baldamus

Paradox and Inference

Author: Dr Charles Turner,Dr Mark Erickson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409492257

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 2908

Wilhelm 'Gi' Baldamus (1908–1991) was one of the most distinctive voices in British sociology in the second half of the twentieth century. He made major contributions to both industrial sociology and sociological theory, yet many of his central concerns remain under-explored. This volume is the first of its kind to engage with these questions and Baldamus’ responses, in combination with the publication of two of Baldamus's own later writings never before printed in English. A substantial biographical introduction by the editors situates this work within the context of Baldamus’s life both before and after his exile from Nazi Germany, adding background to the exploration of his concerns that research should be underpinned by meticulous theoretical and conceptual work. It will be of interest to sociologists, social theorists, intellectual historians, and those working in the field of social science research methods.'
Posted in Social Science

Trust, Social Relations and Engagement

Understanding Customer Behaviour on the Web

Author: D. Padua

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230391257

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 8027

Explains how all institutions have to turn their relationship with stakeholders into a 'social' one, which involves designing new Trust and Engagement strategies. A specific indication on how to build and measure value out of these strategies is offered by the innovative 'Value for Engagement Model'.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Science of Wealth

Adam Smith and the framing of political economy

Author: Tony Aspromourgos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134041128

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 5679

This study clarifies the character of 'political economy' as a distinct and separable intellectual discipline in the generic sense, in the texts of Adam Smith. It focuses upon the scope and fundamental conceptualizations of the new science. Smith's conceptualization of economic analysis is shown to constitute a unified intellectual piece for understanding economic society and its dynamics. Smith's fundamental economic language is exhaustively examined, in all his texts, with a view to clarifying the meaning of the basic concepts of his system. As well, the 'prehistories' of those concepts, in literature prior to Smith, back to the earliest times, are quite comprehensively treated, thereby placing his political economy in its larger historical context and conveying a rich sense of the history of these ideas over the whole course of our civilization. A quite complete account of Smith's economics as a whole is also entailed by this undertaking: his key substantive economic doctrines are thoroughly considered as well, and all the elements of his economic theory receive attention. To that extent, notwithstanding the focus on concepts, an interpretation of the substance of Smith's political economy is also provided. This focus is partly motivated by the view that Smith's intellectual triumph in the history of social science is not so much about the success of specific doctrines. His more considerable theoretical success is at a deeper level: gaining a wide and long-lasting acquiescence in the conceptual universe framed by the fundamental structures of his system, for a newly emerging discipline. Those who subsequently contested Smithian doctrine did so within Smith's framework; they did so 'on his terms'. While the book's primary purpose is to reconstruct the character of Smith's political economy as a distinct intellectual enterprise, it also addresses its relevance to modern economics, and to policy and practice in contemporary liberal society.
Posted in Business & Economics

Science & Public Policy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3377

Posted in Science

Ästhetische Grundbegriffe (ÄGB)

historisches Wörterbuch in sieben Bänden

Author: Martin Fontius

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aesthetics, Modern

Page: 810

View: 6150

Posted in Aesthetics, Modern

Twenty Years of the Journal of Historical Sociology

Volume 1: Essays on the British State

Author: Yoke-Sum Wong,Derek Sayer

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405179331

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1936

Over the last twenty years the Journal of Historical Sociology has redefined what historical sociology can be. These essays by internationally distinguished historians, sociologists, anthropologists and geographers bring together the very best of the JHS. Volume 1 focuses on the British state, Volume 2 on the journal’s wider interdisciplinary challenges. The first in a two-volume anthology representing the best articles published in The Journal of Historical Sociology over the last twenty years. Includes essays, debates and responses written by internationally distinguished historians, sociologists, anthropologists and geographers as well as by pioneering newer scholars have been influential in challenging and redefining the field of historical sociology. Spans a range of issues and topics that combine rich empirical scholarship with sophisticated theoretical engagement, bringing together the very best of the JHS. A collection of essays on state formation from medieval times to the present, focussing mainly on the British state.
Posted in Social Science

Die Welt, an der ich schreibe

ein offenes Arbeitsjournal

Author: Kurt Neumann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Austrian literature

Page: 295

View: 7334

Posted in Austrian literature

Schlumberger Oilfield Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Oil well drilling

Page: N.A

View: 9639

Posted in Oil well drilling

Paideuma

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civilization

Page: N.A

View: 8509

Posted in Civilization

Jahrbuch für internationale Germanistik

Kongressberichte

Author: Jean Marie Valentin,Jean-François Candoni

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: German philology

Page: N.A

View: 5086

Posted in German philology