The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity

A Study in Sociological Semantics and the Sociology of Science

Author: Robert K. Merton,Elinor Barber

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841526

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6326

From the names of cruise lines and bookstores to an Australian ranch and a nudist camp outside of Atlanta, the word serendipity--that happy blend of wisdom and luck by which something is discovered not quite by accident--is today ubiquitous. This book traces the word's eventful history from its 1754 coinage into the twentieth century--chronicling along the way much of what we now call the natural and social sciences. The book charts where the term went, with whom it resided, and how it fared. We cross oceans and academic specialties and meet those people, both famous and now obscure, who have used and abused serendipity. We encounter a linguistic sage, walk down the illustrious halls of the Harvard Medical School, attend the (serendipitous) birth of penicillin, and meet someone who "manages serendipity" for the U.S. Navy. The story of serendipity is fascinating; that of The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity, equally so. Written in the 1950s by already-eminent sociologist Robert Merton and Elinor Barber, the book--though occasionally and most tantalizingly cited--was intentionally never published. This is all the more curious because it so remarkably anticipated subsequent battles over research and funding--many of which centered on the role of serendipity in science. Finally, shortly after his ninety-first birthday, following Barber's death and preceding his own by but a little, Merton agreed to expand and publish this major work. Beautifully written, the book is permeated by the prodigious intellectual curiosity and generosity that characterized Merton's influential On the Shoulders of Giants. Absolutely entertaining as the history of a word, the book is also tremendously important to all who value the miracle of intellectual discovery. It represents Merton's lifelong protest against that rhetoric of science that defines discovery as anything other than a messy blend of inspiration, perspiration, error, and happy chance--anything other than serendipity.
Posted in Social Science

The Sociology of Science

An Episodic Memoir

Author: Robert King Merton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780809309252

Category: Social Science

Page: 151

View: 7497

Posted in Social Science

Robert K. Merton

Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science

Author: Craig Calhoun

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231151128

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9094

Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index.
Posted in Social Science

On the Shoulders of Giants

The Post-Italianate Edition

Author: Robert K. Merton

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226520862

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 319

View: 1435

With playfulness and a large dose of wit, Robert Merton traces the origin of Newton's aphorism, "If I have seen farther, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants." Using as a model the discursive and digressive style of Sterne's Tristram Shandy, Merton presents a whimsical yet scholarly work which deals with the questions of creativity, tradition, plagiarism, the transmission of knowledge, and the concept of progress. "This book is the delightful apotheosis of donmanship: Merton parodies scholarliness while being faultlessly scholarly; he scourges pedantry while brandishing his own abstruse learning on every page. The most recondite and obscure scholarly squabbles are transmuted into the material of comedy as the ostensible subject is shouldered to one side by yet another hobby horse from Merton's densely populated stable. He has created a jeu d'esprit which is profoundly suggestive both in detail and as a whole."—Sean French, Times Literary Supplement
Posted in Literary Collections

Accidental Information Discovery

Cultivating Serendipity in the Digital Age

Author: Tammera M. Race,Stephann Makri

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1780634315

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 136

View: 5202

Accidental Information Discovery: Cultivating Serendipity in the Digital Age provides readers with an interesting discussion on the ways serendipity—defined as the accidental discovery of valued information—plays an important role in creative problem-solving. This insightful resource brings together discussions on serendipity and information discovery, research in computer and information science, and interesting thoughts on the creative process. Five thorough chapters explore the significance of serendipity in creativity and innovation, the characteristics of serendipity-friendly tools and minds, and how future discovery environments may encourage serendipity. Examines serendipity in a multidisciplinary context Bridges theory and practice Explores digital information landscapes of the future with essays from current researchers Brings the concept of accidental discovery and its value front and center
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Nobel Prizes and Life Sciences

Author: Erling Norrby

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814299367

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 5454

The Nobel Prizes m natural sciences have achieved the reputation of being the ultimate accolade for scientific achievements. This honk gives a unique insight into the selection of Nobel Prize recipients, in particular the life sciences. The evolving mechanisms of selection of prize recipients are illustrated by reference to archives, which have remained secret for 1) years. Many of the prizes subjected to particular evaluation concern awards given for discoveries in the field of infectious diseases and the interconnected field of genetics. The book illustrates the individuals and environments that are conducive to scientific creativity. Nowhere is this enigmatic activity'-- the mime mover in advancing the human condition highlighted as lucidly as by identification individuals worthy of Nobel Prizes. --Book Jacket.
Posted in Science

Mass Persuasion

The Social Psychology of a War Bond Drive

Author: Robert King Merton,Marjorie Fiske Lowenthal,Alberta Curtis

Publisher: Howard Fertig Pub

ISBN: 9780865274402

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 9766

"A pioneering study by the noted sociologist Robert K. Merton of the techniques of propaganda, through an enquiry into a day-long radio appeal for the sale of war bonds during the 2nd World War."
Posted in Social Science

Planning and Implementing Resource Discovery Tools in Academic Libraries

Author: Popp, Mary Pagliero

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466618221

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 754

View: 6421

"This book addresses the many new resource discovery tools and products in existence as well as their potential uses and applications"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Sociological Ambivalence and Other Essays

Author: Robert King Merton

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029211204

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 3705

Posted in Social Science

Robert K. Merton

Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science

Author: Craig Calhoun

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231151128

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 3504

Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index.
Posted in Social Science

Interpretation and Method

Empirical Research Methods and the Interpretive Turn

Author: Dvora Yanow,Peregrine Schwartz-Shea

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317467353

Category: Political Science

Page: 552

View: 8932

Exceptionally clear and well-written chapters provide engaging discussions of the methods of accessing, generating, and analyzing social science data, using methods ranging from reflexive historical analysis to critical ethnography. Reflecting on their own research experiences, the contributors offer an inside, applied perspective on how research topics, evidence, and methods intertwine to produce knowledge in the social sciences.
Posted in Political Science

The Sociology of Wilhelm Baldamus

Paradox and Inference

Author: Dr Charles Turner,Dr Mark Erickson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409492257

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 8033

Wilhelm 'Gi' Baldamus (1908–1991) was one of the most distinctive voices in British sociology in the second half of the twentieth century. He made major contributions to both industrial sociology and sociological theory, yet many of his central concerns remain under-explored. This volume is the first of its kind to engage with these questions and Baldamus’ responses, in combination with the publication of two of Baldamus's own later writings never before printed in English. A substantial biographical introduction by the editors situates this work within the context of Baldamus’s life both before and after his exile from Nazi Germany, adding background to the exploration of his concerns that research should be underpinned by meticulous theoretical and conceptual work. It will be of interest to sociologists, social theorists, intellectual historians, and those working in the field of social science research methods.'
Posted in Social Science

Invest Like the Best

Using Your Computer to Unlock the Secrets of the Top Money Managers

Author: James P. O'Shaughnessy

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: 9780079137548

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 9101

Provides advice on how to analyze and profit from investment information by using a computer program that imitates the investment strategies used by professional money managers
Posted in Business & Economics

Serendipity in Anthropological Research

The Nomadic Turn

Author: Dr Esther Hertzog,Professor Haim Hazan

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409495043

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 1719

Challenging the idea that fieldwork is the only way to gather data, and that standard methods are the sole route to fruitful analysis, Serendipity in Anthropological Research explores the role of fortune and happenstance in anthropology. It conceives of anthropological research as a lifelong nomadic journey of discovery in which the world yields an infinite number of unexplored issues and innumerable ways of studying them, each study producing its own questions and demanding its own methodologies. Drawing together the latest research from a team of senior scholars from around the world to reflect on the experience of research, Serendipity in Anthropological Research presents rich new case studies from Europe and the Middle East to examine both new and old questions in novel and enriching ways. An engaging examination of methodology and anthropological fieldwork, this book will appeal to all those concerned with writing ethnography.
Posted in Social Science

The Bourgeoisie in 18th-Century France

Author: Elinor Barber

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400874580

Category: History

Page: 178

View: 2000

By delving into the religious, economic, social, and political attitudes and practices of the French bourgeoisie in the 18th century, Mrs. Barber dispels the idea that they were a revolutionary class bent on the destruction of the ancien régime. Instead, she reveals that only slowly and partially did they become antagonistic to the established society. Her particular attention is given to bourgeois feelings about, and chances for, social mobility. The book provides fresh insights into a familiar period, both in the wealth of information about the bourgeois class and in the use of sociological methods in a historical study. As an excellent example of a new and increasingly fruitful approach to history, it will interest both the historian and the social scientist Originally published in 1955. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in History

Trust, Social Relations and Engagement

Understanding Customer Behaviour on the Web

Author: D. Padua

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230391257

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 7766

Explains how all institutions have to turn their relationship with stakeholders into a 'social' one, which involves designing new Trust and Engagement strategies. A specific indication on how to build and measure value out of these strategies is offered by the innovative 'Value for Engagement Model'.
Posted in Business & Economics

Social Theory and Social Structure

Author: Robert King Merton

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029211301

Category: Social Science

Page: 702

View: 838

Examines the interactions between sociological theory and research in various approaches to the study of social structure, evaluating the limitations and functions of each
Posted in Social Science

The Fate of Knowledge

Author: Helen E. Longino

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691187010

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 4821

Posted in Philosophy

What's the Use ?

Internet and Information Behavior in Everyday Life

Author: Anders Hektor

Publisher: Anders Hektor

ISBN: 9173731137

Category: Information studies

Page: 338

View: 2569

Posted in Information studies

On Social Structure and Science

Author: Robert K. Merton,Piotr Sztompka

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226520704

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 5500

Robert K. Merton is unarguably one of the most influential sociologists of his time. A figure whose wide-ranging theoretical and methodological contributions have become fundamental to the field, Merton is best known for introducing such concepts and procedures as unanticipated consequences, self-fulfilling prophecies, focused group interviews, middle-range theory, opportunity structure, and analytic paradigms. This definitive compilation encompasses the breadth and brilliance of his works, from the earliest to the most recent. Merton's foundational writings on social structure and process, on the sociology of science and knowledge, and on the discipline and trajectory of sociology itself are all powerfully represented, as are his autobiographical insights in a fascinating coda. Anchored by Piotr Sztompka's contextualizing introduction, Merton's vast oeuvre emerges as a dynamic and profoundly coherent system of thought, a constant source of vitality and renewal for present and future sociology.
Posted in Science