Author: Andrew W. Russell,Society for the Social History of Medicine
This study systematically explores the interconnections between medicine and politics in the early modern era. With the medicalization of governance, the figure of the doctor came into focus, and the doctor's diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic procedures became a model for governmental action, one that helped shape the discourse of political crises, uprisings, and epidemics.
Die Figur des Arztes in Italien und England im frühen 17. Jahrhundert
Author: Sabine Kalff
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
This volume in the highly respected Cambridge History of Science series is devoted to the history of science in the Middle Ages from the North Atlantic to the Indus Valley. Medieval science was once universally dismissed as non-existent - and sometimes it still is. This volume reveals the diversity of goals, contexts and accomplishments in the study of nature during the Middle Ages. Organized by topic and culture, its essays by distinguished scholars offer the most comprehensive and up-to-date history of medieval science currently available. Intended to provide a balanced and inclusive treatment of the medieval world, contributors consider scientific learning and advancement in the cultures associated with the Arabic, Greek, Latin and Hebrew languages. Scientists, historians and other curious readers will all gain a new appreciation for the study of nature during an era that is often misunderstood.
Author: David C. Lindberg,Michael H. Shank
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
"Carole Rawcliffe continues with her mission to clean up the Middle Ages. In earlier work she has already given us scholarly yet sympathetic portrayals of English medicine, hospitals, and welfare for lepers. Now she widens her scope to public health. Her argument is clear, simple and convincing. Through the efforts of crown and civic authorities, mercantile �lites and "popular" interests, English towns and cities aspired to a far healthier, less polluted environment than previously supposed. All major sources of possible infection were regulated, from sounds and smells to corrupt matter - and to immorality. Once again Professor Rawcliffe has overturned a well-established orthodoxy in the history of pre-modern health and healing. Her book is a magnificent achievement." Peregrine Horden, Royal Holloway University of London. This first full-length study of public health in pre-Reformation England challenges a number of entrenched assumptions about the insanitary nature of urban life during "the golden age of bacteria". Adopting an interdisciplinary approach that draws on material remains as well as archives, it examines the medical, cultural and religious contexts in which ideas about the welfare of the communal body developed. Far from demonstrating indifference, ignorance or mute acceptance in the face of repeated onslaughts of epidemic disease, the rulers and residents of English towns devised sophisticated and coherent strategies for the creation of a more salubrious environment; among the plethora of initiatives whose origins often predated the Black Death can also be found measures for the improvement of the water supply, for better food standards and for the care of the sick, both rich and poor. Carole Rawcliffe is Professor of Medieval History, University of East Anglia.
Communal Health in Late Medieval English Towns and Cities
Author: Carole Rawcliffe
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
This encyclopedia provides 300 interdisciplinary, cross-referenced entries that document the effect of the plague on Western society across the four centuries of the second plague pandemic, balancing medical history and technical matters with historical, cultural, social, and political factors. • 300 A–Z interdisciplinary entries on medical matters and historical issues • Each entry includes up-to-date resources for further research
Author: Joseph P. Byrne Ph.D.
This Encyclopedia gathers together the most recent scholarship on Medieval Italy, while offering a sweeping view of all aspects of life in Italy during the Middle Ages. This two volume, illustrated, A-Z reference is a cross-disciplinary resource for information on literature, history, the arts, science, philosophy, and religion in Italy between A.D. 450 and 1375. For more information including the introduction, a full list of entries and contributors, a generous selection of sample pages, and more, visit the Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia website.
Author: Christopher Kleinhenz
The Encyclopedia of Ancient Natural Scientists is the first comprehensive English language work to provide a survey of all ancient natural science, from its beginnings through the end of Late Antiquity. A team of over 100 of the world’s experts in the field have compiled this Encyclopedia, including entries which are not mentioned in any other reference work – resulting in a unique and hugely ambitious resource which will prove indispensable for anyone seeking the details of the history of ancient science. Additional features include a Glossary, Gazetteer, and Time-Line. The Glossary explains many Greek (or Latin) terms difficult to translate, whilst the Gazetteer describes the many locales from which scientists came. The Time-Line shows the rapid rise in the practice of science in the 5th century BCE and rapid decline after Hadrian, due to the centralization of Roman power, with consequent loss of a context within which science could flourish.
The Greek Tradition and its Many Heirs
Author: Paul T. Keyser,Georgia L. Irby-Massie
The first book of its kind, Forensic Medicine in Western Society: A History draws on the most recent developments in the historiography, to provide an overview of the history of forensic medicine in the West from the medieval period to the present day. Taking an international, comparative perspective on the changing nature of the relationship between medicine, law and society, it examines the growth of medico-legal ideas, institutions and practices in Britain, Europe (principally France, Italy and Germany) and the United States. Following a thematic structure within a broad chronological framework, the book focuses on practitioners, the development of notions of ‘expertise’ and the rise of the expert, the main areas of the criminal law to which forensic medicine contributed, medical attitudes towards the victims and perpetrators of crime, and the wider influences such attitudes had. It thus develops an understanding of how medicine has played an active part in shaping legal, political and social change. Including case studies which provide a narrative context to tie forensic medicine to the societies in which it was practiced, and a further reading section at the end of each chapter, Katherine D. Watson creates a vivid portrait of a topic of relevance to social historians and students of the history of medicine, law and crime.
Author: Katherine D. Watson
Ängste, Deutungen, und Reaktionen im Angesicht einer tödlichen Seuche
Author: Michael Stolberg
Verfassungs- und institutionengeschichtliche Studien zu Schulpolitik und Bildungsförderung.
Author: Martin Kintzinger
Category: Education, Medieval
das Beispiel Lippe 1750-1830
Author: Bettina Wischhöfer
Category: Public health
Most of the European countries are confronted with health care system reforms. In Central and Eastern Europe, however, the countries face specific challenges. Whereas "socialist" governments traditionally have been deeply involved in all facets of health care, the general process of initiated market-oriented reforms has also affected the nature and scope of government intervention in health care. Stimulated by the successes of concepts such as decentralisation, deregulation, and privatisation in order to create a more flexible market economy, policy-makers also began to apply such notions to the health care sector. The experiences in the early 1990s however, revealed certain devastating effects of transposing the general concept of market competition to the field of health care. One valuable lesson of those developments was that liberalising relations in health care necessitates a certain degree of government intervention. Furthermore, the nature and scope of Central and Eastem European health care reforms differed from country to country with no uniform "blueprint" for reform, derived from emulating Western European experiences, being readily available. Nevertheless, previous experiences in reforming health care may provide us with valuable lessons. Their significanee needs, nonetheless, to be reviewed in accordance with specific national setting.
Review of a Legal-theoretical Model
Author: André Pieter den Exter,André den Exter
Publisher: Intersentia nv
"Medikalisierung" und medizinische Vergesellschaftung am Beispiel Badens 1750-1850
Author: Francisca Loetz
This award-winning social history of death and funeral rites during the early decades of Brazil's independence from Portugal focuses on the Cemiterada movement in Salvador, capital of the province of Bahia. The book opens with a lively account of the popular riot that ensued when, in 1836, the government condemned the traditional burial of bodies inside Catholic church buildings and granted a private company a monopoly over burials. This episode is used by Reis to examine the customs of death and burial in Bahian society, explore the economic and religious conflicts behind the move for funerary reforms and the maintenance of traditional rituals of dying, and understand how people dealt with new concerns sparked by modernization and science. Viewing culture within its social context, he illuminates the commonalities and differences that shaped death and its rituals for rich and poor, men and women, slaves and masters, adults and children, foreigners and Brazilians. This translation makes the book, originally published in Brazil in 1993, available in English for the first time.
Funeral Rites and Rebellion in Nineteenth-Century Brazil
Author: João José Reis
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
"Identity is analysed by showing how European nations define sport in their own way; Germany including naturalism, Spain - bullfighting, England - cricket and croquet, and so on. The editors' approach refuses to confine 'sport' or 'gymnastics' to a single, culture-specific definition. The globalisation of sport is acknowledged to be constantly giving sport new meanings and activities." "The contributors are eleven sports historians whose intention is both to provide an insight into the unique development of sport in European society and to reveal the related historical processes that have shaped European sport over the last two hundred years."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Examining the Nations and Regions
Author: James Riordan
Publisher: Intellect Books
Category: Health & Fitness
An examination of how bodies and sexualities have been constructed, categorised, represented, diagnosed, experienced and subverted from the fifteenth to the early twenty-first century. It draws attention to continuities in thinking about bodies and sex: concept may have changed, but hey nevertheless draw on older ideas and language.
Author: Kate Fisher,Sarah Toulalan
Author: Teck Ghee Lim
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
Category: Asia, Southeastern