The Theory Of Social And Economic Organization

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439188874

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4482

This book is an introduction to Max Weber’s ambitious comparative study of the sociological and institutional foundations of the modern economic and social order. In this work originally published in German in 1920, Weber discusses the analytical methods of sociology and, at the same time, presents a devastating critique of prevailing sociological theory and of its universalist, determinist underpinnings. None of Weber’s other writings offers the reader such a grasp of his theories; none displays so clearly his erudition, the scope of his interests, and his analytical powers.
Posted in Social Science

The Economic Organization

Author: Frank Hyneman Knight

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412851211

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 5565

When originally released, Frank Hyneman Knight’s The Economic Organization revitalized the teaching of economic theory in America during the 1930s, laying the foundation for the price theory revolution led by economists emerging from Knight’s circle at The University of Chicago. Knight shows that when societies choose to allow market organization, their economy simultaneously solves the fundamental functions of valuation and efficiency. It also organizes the production and distribution of resources, providing incentives for progress. The Economic Organization provides a short introduction to the basic principles of supply, demand, and distribution that emerge from neoclassical price theory. The central role of the price mechanism in market organization is illustrated neatly by Knight’s "wheel of wealth"—the circular flow diagram most often identified with macroeconomic flows, but introduced here for price theoretic reasons. This version also includes his essay on "Utility and Cost," which provides a seamlessly integrated alternative-cost interpretation of neoclassical theory. This expanded edition of The Economic Organization includes a new introduction by Ross B. Emmett, which expands upon the short note on capital theory inserted in the original. Knight wrote three versions of the note for student use, and all three are included in the second chapter. Few books have changed the landscape of American economics and economic education as much as Knight’s The Economic Organization. This book should be read by all economists, historians, and policy makers.
Posted in Business & Economics

Strategy, Economic Organization, and the Knowledge Economy

The Coordination of Firms and Resources

Author: Nicolai J. Foss

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199240647

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 281

View: 7355

The advent of the knowledge economy changes the ways in which firms organise their activities and how they strategize in the market place. This non-technical volume lays the foundations for an analysis of these phenomena. The discussion is both theoretical and empirical.
Posted in Business & Economics

Against Essentialism

A Theory of Culture and Society

Author: Stephan Fuchs

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674037410

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 6123

"Against Essentialism" presents a sociological theory of culture. This interdisciplinary and foundational work deals with basic issues common to current debates in social theory, including society, culture, meaning, truth, and communication. Stephan Fuchs argues that many mysteries about these concepts lose their mysteriousness when dynamic variations are introduced. Fuchs proposes a theory of culture and society that merges two core traditions--American network theory and European (Luhmannian) systems theory. His book distinguishes four major types of social "observers"--encounters, groups, organizations, and networks. Society takes place in these four modes of association. Each generates levels of observation linked with each other into a "culture"--the unity of these observations. "Against Essentialism" presents a groundbreaking new approach to the construction of society, culture, and personhood. The book invites both social scientists and philosophers to see what happens when essentialism is abandoned.
Posted in Social Science

General Economic History

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486147762

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 9019

DIVStarting with descriptions and analyses of the agrarian systems, the famed economist explores manorial system, guilds, and early capitalism, organization of industry and mining, development of commerce, the transporting of goods, and more. /div
Posted in Business & Economics

Specialization and Economic Organization

A New Classical Microeconomic Framework

Author: X. Yang,Y.-K. Ng

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483296822

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 517

View: 9415

As the subtitle indicates, this book presents a new classical microeconomic framework. It develops a new unifying analytical framework that covers topics concerning international trade, development economics, growth theory, transaction costs economics, comparative economics, management economics, urban economics, industrial organization, and macroeconomics. The new classical microeconomic framework is used to bring the analysis of economies of specialization, the division of labor, and the structure of economic organization into the central place of economics.
Posted in Business & Economics

The City

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5645

Posted in

The Sociology of Religion

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807042052

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 2717

Translated by Ephraim Fischoff With a new Foreword by Ann Swidler
Posted in Social Science

Handbook of Economic Organization

Integrating Economic and Organization Theory

Author: Anna Grandori

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178254822X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 640

View: 7673

ÔThis excellent volume brings together some of the most interesting writings on economic organization. It covers a vast range of topics that fall under the heading of economic organization, and most if not all aspects of a variety of organizational economics and organization theories are presented. Interestingly, this book also extends beyond the more traditional approaches informed by economics and organization theory as it broadens the horizon of the field by including relevant contributions from economic sociology, cognitive psychology, law, and strategic management. Given its breadth and depth, this volume will become one of the standard reference books that will inspire both theoretical and empirical research.Õ Ð John Hagedoorn, Maastricht University, The Netherlands ÔThis important new Handbook of Economic Organization is a highly successful attempt to integrate economic and organization theory. Anna Grandori, who is herself a leading scholar located at the boundaries of economics and organization theory, is to be congratulated on doing a superb job bringing together such a high profile group of internationally acknowledged scholars. Each of the essays in the book are original and contribute to demonstrating the valuable insights that economics can make to our understanding of organization and organizational design. Anna GrandoriÕs introductory and concluding chapters are not only excellent audits of the current state of our knowledge in this field but they also give a strong sense of direction for the possible futures of the discipline. Anna Grandori is not afraid to face head on some of the more philosophical issues relating to ÒorganizationÓ as an object of study and is to be commended for doing so. The economics of organization is a new, exciting and developing field and the essays in this book will help to shape the research agenda that will take this emergent discipline to its next stage.Õ Ð Peter M. Jackson, University of Leicester, UK ÔThis sweeping, comprehensive volume is a signal effort in building bridges between economics and organization theory. With a stellar cast of contributors, it will both inspire and provoke scholars with its grand amibitions, and generate considerable attention and debate. A remarkable effort by Anna Grandori.Õ Ð Walter W. Powell, Stanford University, US ÔAnna Grandori has astutely organized the commissioned chapters of an intellectually diverse set of scholars into an absolutely outstanding contribution that both defines the current state of organizational economics and points the perceptive reader toward an exciting intellectual future. From traditional research areas to the newest topics of interest, the chapters chart the current boundaries of the field. The chapters are filled with gems of insight across several distinct levels of analysis, whether it is a discussion of organizational design, or psychological economics or innovation or the organization as language, the discussions are contemporary, comprehensive and challenging. No serious scholar of organizational economics should be without this book.Õ Ð Richard N. Osborn, Wayne State University, US This comprehensive and groundbreaking Handbook integrates economic and organization theories to help elucidate the design and evolution of economic organization. Economic organization is regarded both as a subject of inquiry and as an emerging disciplinary field in its own right, integrating insights from economics, organization theory, strategy and management, economic sociology and cognitive psychology. The contributors, who share this integrated approach, are distinguished scholars at the productive peak in their fields. Each original, state-of-the art chapter not only addresses foundational issues, but also identifies key issues for future research. This original and wide-ranging Handbook will be a useful and thought-provoking read for academics, students and researchers in the fields of organization, management and economics.
Posted in Business & Economics

An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change

Author: Richard R. Nelson,Sidney G Winter

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674041431

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 454

View: 7844

This book contains the most sustained and serious attack on mainstream, neoclassical economics in more than forty years. Nelson and Winter focus their critique on the basic question of how firms and industries change overtime. They marshal significant objections to the fundamental neoclassical assumptions of profit maximization and market equilibrium, which they find ineffective in the analysis of technological innovation and the dynamics of competition among firms. To replace these assumptions, they borrow from biology the concept of natural selection to construct a precise and detailed evolutionary theory of business behavior. They grant that films are motivated by profit and engage in search for ways of improving profits, but they do not consider them to be profit maximizing. Likewise, they emphasize the tendency for the more profitable firms to drive the less profitable ones out of business, but they do not focus their analysis on hypothetical states of industry equilibrium. The results of their new paradigm and analytical framework are impressive. Not only have they been able to develop more coherent and powerful models of competitive firm dynamics under conditions of growth and technological change, but their approach is compatible with findings in psychology and other social sciences. Finally, their work has important implications for welfare economics and for government policy toward industry.
Posted in Business & Economics

Methodology of Social Sciences

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351505572

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6528

Max Weber wrote these methodological essays in the closest intimacy with actual research and against a background of constant and intensive meditation on substantive problems in the theory and strategy of the social sciences. They were written between 1903 and 1917, the most productive of Max Weber's life, when he was working on his studies in the sociology of religion and Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft.Weber had done important work in economic and legal history and had taught economic theory. On the basis of original investigations, he had acquired a specialist's knowledge of the details of German economic and social structure. His always vital concern for the political prosperity of Germany among the nations thrust him deeply into discussion of political ideals and programs.Weber's methodology still holds interest for us. Some of its shortcomings, from the contemporary viewpoint, may be attributed to the fact that some of the methodological problems that he treated could not be satisfactorily resolved prior to certain actual developments in research technique. These few qualifications aside, the work remains a pioneering work in large scale social research, from one of the field's masters.
Posted in Social Science

The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Author: John Frederick Padgett,Walter W. Powell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691148872

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 583

View: 6870

The social sciences have sophisticated models of choice and equilibrium but little understanding of the emergence of novelty. Where do new alternatives, new organizational forms, and new types of people come from? Combining biochemical insights about the origin of life with innovative and historically oriented social network analyses, John Padgett and Walter Powell develop a theory about the emergence of organizational, market, and biographical novelty from the coevolution of multiple social networks. They demonstrate that novelty arises from spillovers across intertwined networks in different domains. In the short run actors make relations, but in the long run relations make actors. This theory of novelty emerging from intersecting production and biographical flows is developed through formal deductive modeling and through a wide range of original historical case studies. Padgett and Powell build on the biochemical concept of autocatalysis--the chemical definition of life--and then extend this autocatalytic reasoning to social processes of production and communication. Padgett and Powell, along with other colleagues, analyze a very wide range of cases of emergence. They look at the emergence of organizational novelty in early capitalism and state formation; they examine the transformation of communism; and they analyze with detailed network data contemporary science-based capitalism: the biotechnology industry, regional high-tech clusters, and the open source community.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Handbook of Organizational Economics

Author: Robert Gibbons,John Roberts

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691132798

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1233

View: 9530

"This definitive, thoroughly researched book shows the relevance of economic logic in analyzing firms. At the same time, it makes the case for enriching traditional market analyses to include a more detailed treatment of firms and other forms of nonmarket organizations. It is a handbook that summarizes and significantly advances research at the frontiers of organizational economics, and will serve as an indispensable guide for future work in this area."--Bengt Holmstrom, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "No longer can economics be accused of treating the organization as a black box. Gibbons and Roberts, intellectual leaders in the area of organizational economics, have assembled a comprehensive survey of how economic tools can shine a light on the messy world of organizations. The volume demonstrates that organizational economics has arrived as a mature, vigorous field that others must engage with. Every serious student of organizations and management will find inspiration and insight in this handbook."--Jesper Sorensen, Stanford University "Gibbons and Roberts have gathered a superb lineup of contributors for this self-contained book. "The Handbook of Organizational Economics" is essential reading for all those interested in this field at the confluence of economics and management. It achieves an excellent balance between theory, empirical approaches, and more informal renderings of organization practices. We can safely bet that this wonderful handbook will encourage new research and doctoral courses."--Jean Tirole, Toulouse School of Economics "As Herbert Simon has noted, ours is an organizational economy at least as much as it is a market economy, and this handbook is an invaluable guide to the great strides that organizational economics is making in understanding it. The contributions are uniformly thoughtful and interesting, they cover an impressive range of topics, and are uniquely attentive to developments in related social sciences. I cannot recommend it more highly."--Ezra W. Zuckerman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "Over the past few decades, the economics of organizations has developed a body of work that has deep theoretical and empirical implications for just about every field of economics. This comprehensive overview provides lucid, readable, and often very entertaining summaries of what this relatively new field has to offer economists looking for a better understanding of, as the book puts it, 'the existence, nature, design, and performance of organizations.'"--Ray Fisman, coauthor of "The Org: The Underlying Logic of the Office" "This unique handbook provides a very comprehensive overview of organizational economics, with a list of contributors that reads like a who's who of top scholars in the economics profession. I can think of no other volume that even comes close. I predict that this book will be highly influential."--Wouter Dessein, Columbia University "
Posted in Business & Economics

Ancient Judaism

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439119181

Category: Religion

Page: 528

View: 3491

Weber’s classic study which deals specifically with: Types of Asceticism and the Significance of Ancient Judaism, History and Social Organization of Ancient Palestine, Political Organization and Religious Ideas in the Time of the Confederacy and the Early Kings, Political Decline, Religious Conflict and Biblical Prophecy.
Posted in Religion

Basic Concepts in Sociology

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Citadel Press

ISBN: 9780806503042

Category: Social Science

Page: 123

View: 5810

Posted in Social Science

F. A. Hayek and the Modern Economy

Economic Organization and Activity

Author: S. Peart,D. Levy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137354364

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 9956

What is the role of human agency in Friedrich Hayek's thought? This volume situates Hayek's writing as it relates to economic organization and activity, particularly to assess what role Hayek assigns to leaders in determining economic progress.
Posted in Business & Economics

A Theory of Fields

Author: Neil Fligstein,Doug McAdam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190241454

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 6016

Finding ways to understand the nature of social change and social order-from political movements to market meltdowns-is one of the enduring problems of social science.A Theory of Fields draws together far-ranging insights from social movement theory, organizational theory, and economic and political sociology to construct a general theory of social organization and strategic action. In a work of remarkable synthesis, imagination, and analysis, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam propose that social change and social order can be understood through what they call strategic action fields. They posit that these fields are the general building blocks of political and economic life, civil society, and the state, and the fundamental form of order in our world today. Similar to Russian dolls, they are nested and connected in a broader environment of almost countless proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are mutually dependent; change in one often triggers change in another. At the core of the theory is an account of how social actors fashion and maintain order in a given field. This sociological theory of action, what they call "social skill," helps explain what individuals do in strategic action fields to gain cooperation or engage in competition. To demonstrate the breadth of the theory, Fligstein and McAdam make its abstract principles concrete through extended case studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise and fall of the market for mortgages in the U.S. since the 1960s. The book also provides a "how-to" guide to help others implement the approach and discusses methodological issues. With a bold new approach, A Theory of Fields offers both a rigorous and practically applicable way of thinking through and making sense of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in modern, complex societies.
Posted in Social Science