The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: 清华大学出版社有限公司

ISBN: 9780674006133

Category: Science

Page: 1433

View: 9581

Presents a critique of classical Darwinism, covering its core elements, history, and origins, and offers a new structure of evolutionary thought.
Posted in Science

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674417925

Category: Science

Page: 1464

View: 9082

The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.
Posted in Science

The Structure and Confirmation of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Elisabeth Anne Lloyd

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691000466

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 3574

Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.
Posted in Philosophy

Der Falsch Vermessene Mensch

Author: GOULD

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034867727

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 394

View: 7391

Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Der Daumen des Panda

Betrachtungen zur Naturgeschichte

Author: GOULD

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034865880

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 352

View: 2133

Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Ein Dinosaurier im Heuhaufen

Streifzüge durch die Naturgeschichte

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596155101

Category:

Page: 604

View: 2592

Posted in

Die Lügensteine von Marrakesch

vorletzte Erkundungen der Naturgeschichte ; Essays

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596157877

Category: Evolution

Page: 442

View: 4963

Posted in Evolution

Punctuated Equilibrium

Author: Stephen Jay GOULD,Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674037847

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 2623

In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould took the scientific world by storm with his paper on punctuated equilibrium. Challenging a core assumption of Darwin's theory of evolution, it launched the controversial idea that the majority of species originates in geological moments (punctuations) and persists in stasis. Now, thirty-five years later, Punctuated Equilibrium offers his only book-length testament on a theory he fiercely promoted, repeatedly refined, and tirelessly defended.
Posted in Science

Der falsch vermessene Mensch

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518281833

Category: Kraniometrie - Intelligenzdiagnostik - Bewertung

Page: 394

View: 8874

Posted in Kraniometrie - Intelligenzdiagnostik - Bewertung

Leon Battista Alberti

Baumeister der Renaissance

Author: Anthony Grafton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827001696

Category:

Page: 607

View: 9540

Posted in

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 3033

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
Posted in Science

The Structure of Biological Science

Author: Alexander Rosenberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521275613

Category: Philosophy

Page: 281

View: 5121

This book provides a comprehensive guide to the conceptual methodological, and epistemological problems of biology, and treats in depth the major developments in molecular biology and evolutionary theory that have transformed both biology and its philosophy in recent decades. At the same time the work is a sustained argument for a particular philosophy of biology that unifies disparate issues and offers a framework for expectations about the future directions of the life sciences. The argument explores differences between autonomist and anti-autonomist views of biology. The result is a vindication of reductionism, but one that is unexpectedly hollow. For it leaves the exponents of the autonomy of biology from physical science with as much as their view of biology really requires - and rather more than the reductionist might comfortably concede. Professor Rosenberg shows how the problems of the philosophy of biology are interconnected and how their solutions are interdependent, However, this book focuses more on the direct concerns of biologists, rather than the traditional agenda of philosophers' problems about biology. This departure from earlier books on the subject results both in greater understanding and relevance of the philosophy of science to biology as a whole.
Posted in Philosophy

Biosystematik

Author: Guillaume Lecointre,Hervé Le Guyader

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540299793

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 4263

Wussten Sie, dass Sie mit einem Röhrling näher verwandt sind als mit einem Gänseblümchen oder Vögel den Krokodilen näher sind als Eidechsen? In den letzten 30 Jahren sind die Methoden der Klassifikation des Lebens völlig neu überdacht worden. Das Resultat stellt die bisherige Einteilung der mehr als 2 Millionen bekannten Arten auf den Kopf. Das Buch hilft, die organismische Vielfalt zu bewältigen, indem wesentliche Einteilungs- und Ordnungskriterien vorgestellt und bedeutende stammesgeschichtliche Entwicklungslinien diskutiert werden.
Posted in Science

Das ist Evolution

Author: Ernst Mayr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442153497

Category: Evolution

Page: 377

View: 530

Posted in Evolution

The Structure of Biological Theories

Author: Paul Thompson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887069338

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 4088

The central thesis of this book is that the semantic conception is a logical methodologically and heuristically richer and more accurate account of scientific theorizing, and in particular of theorizing in evolutionary biology, than the more widely adhered to syntactic conception. In this book, the author outlines both the conceptions indicating the significant problems with the syntactic conception; explains and criticizes two influential syntactic-conception accounts of the structure of evolutionary theorizing. Thompson also argues that the semantic conception provides a richer and more accurate understanding than the syntactic conception of sociobiological explanation, of the testability of sociobiology, and of the role of culture and cognition in evolutionary explanations of human behavior.
Posted in Science

Der Jahrtausend-Zahlenzauber

durch die Scheinwelt numerischer Ordnungen

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Calendar

Page: 224

View: 5649

Posted in Calendar

Book of Life

An Illustrated History of the Evolution of the Life on Earth

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Turtleback Books

ISBN: 9780613914109

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7237

An illustrated natural history of the Earth and its denizens combines paintings, drawings, and computer-generated images with a chronicle of the world's variegated organisms and species.
Posted in Science

Das Königreich der Sprache

Author: Tom Wolfe

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641209234

Category: Art

Page: 224

View: 2965

In den vergangenen 150 Jahren wurden von der Entdeckung des Penizillins über die Entschlüsselung der menschlichen DNS bis zum Nachweis des Higgs-Bosons kolossale Fortschritte gemacht. Doch an einer der drängendsten Fragen der Menschheitsgeschichte - Wo liegt der Ursprung der menschlichen Sprache? - scheitert die Wissenschaft bis heute. Das hat, wie Tom Wolfe genüsslich darlegt, führende Forscher von Charles Darwin bis Noam Chomsky jedoch zu keiner Zeit davon abgehalten, grandiose Erfolge zu verkünden, die gar keine waren, Konkurrenten zu diffamieren, anstatt eigene Fehler einzugestehen, und generell des Kaisers neue Kleider in den schillerndsten Farben zu beschreiben. In Das Königreich der Sprache vertritt Wolfe die These, wonach die Sprache die erste kulturelle Leistung des Menschen und somit nicht mit der Evolutiontheorie oder wissenschaftlicher Systematik zu erklären ist.
Posted in Art