This book covers the familiar themes in medical anthropology, but places them in a unique perspective. Using a "fabric" metaphor, The Social Fabric of Health weaves together relationships, bodies, feelings, narratives, idea, material support, and institutions in the human experience of health, illness, and healing. In addition to the unique "fabric" perspective the book brings to the subject of medical anthropology, it also brings another unique perspective to thissubject: Using signs-an approach commonly known as semiotics-the text formulates the nuances between the subjective realm of individual experience and the more objective, public world of symbols, codes, and laws.
An Introduction to Medical Anthropology
Author: John M. Janzen
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Category: Social Science
This is the initial volume in a new series entitled Ars medicinae: The Science of Medicine and Human Salvation. The name of the association behind the series is Initiative Gesundheit (Health Initiative), which is made up of physicians, researchers, and university teachers working in the sciences and the humanities. This first publication is designed to reflect the broad range of subjects to be addressed in the volumes to come, the immense variety of which has prompted the editors to opt for a format that will do justice to this multiplicity. The leitmotif for the first installment is "health," a concept that both delineates the boundaries of the topics envisaged and provides an introduction to the issues and problems involved. In line with the interdisciplinary approach adopted by Initiative Gesundheit, the essays assembled in this volume approach the subject from the perspectives of medicine, medical history, philosophy, theology, and philology. Historically, the purview extends from antiquity to the present day.
Author: Dietrich H.W. Grönemeyer,Theo Kobusch,Heinz Schott
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Health & Fitness
People throughout time and place, no matter their belief system, have sought to discover causes and cures for illness and disease. Among Westerners is a groundswell to augment biomedicine with holistic practices inherent in ethnomedicines of non-Western traditions. Yet missing are awareness and knowledge of the foundations and outgrowth of these alternative concepts. Erickson fills this gap by clearly explaining the basic organizing principles that underlie all medical systems, the full range of theories of disease causation, the geographical distribution of medical practices, and the historical trends that led to biomedical dominance. Her efficient, balanced approach highlights commonalities among the worlds vast and diverse medical systems, making ethnomedicine easier to internalize and to apply in clinical settings.
Author: Pamela I. Erickson
Publisher: Waveland Press
Category: Social Science
This work deals with the medical knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Egyptian, and Tibetan medicine, the book includes essays on comparing Chinese and western medicine and religion and medicine. Each essay is well illustrated and contains an extensive bibliography.
History and Practice of Medicine in Non-Western Cultures
Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Alternative medicine is not a fashionable new trend but an established cultural strategy, as well as a dynamic feature of mainstream contemporary medicine, in which elements of folk traditions are often blended with western scientific approaches. The Anthropology of Alternative Medicine is a concise yet wide-ranging exploration of non-biomedical healing. The book addresses a broad range of practices including: substance, energy and information flows (e.g. helminthic therapy); spirit, consciousness and trance (e.g. shamanism); body, movement and the senses (e.g. reiki and aromatherapy); as well as classical medical traditions as complements or alternatives to Western biomedicine (e.g. Ayurveda). Exploring the cultural underpinnings of contemporary healing methods, while assessing current ideas, topics and resources for further study, this book will be invaluable to undergraduate and graduate students in anthropology, sociology, psychology, and health related professions such as nursing, physical and occupational therapy, and biomedicine.
Author: Anamaria Iosif Ross
Category: Health & Fitness
"By convincingly articulating critical medical anthropology and social studies of science, analyzing questions emerging from the most recent technologies in medicine and reflecting on public health issues in developing countries, this book will become a reference for social scientists and more broadly for all those interested in contemporary changes and challenges." Didier Fassin, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and Ecole des Hautes Eludes en Sciences Sociales, Paris "An Anthropology of Biomedicine is a magisterial review of the knowledge claims of biomedicine that establishes the salience of local biologies in the field of global health. Original and compelling - it is a stunning achievement." Veena Das, Johns Hoplcins University "Because Lock and Nguyen take seriously the ongoing co-constitution of diverse biological and social bodies-human, microbial, and more-they have written a timely, densely ethnographic, theoretically astute, and necessary book. This book proposes an anthropology of biomedicine as technology that can better contribute to actually realizing health as a basic human right globally." Donna Haraway, University of California, Santa cruz "An Anthropology of Biomedicine introduces biomedicine from an anthropological perspective, exploring the entanglement of material bodies with history, environment, culture, and politics. Focusing on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies bring about radical changes to societies at large, medical anthropologist Margaret Lock and physician and medical anthropologist Vinh-Kim Nguyen advance the theory that the human body in health and illness is not an ontological given but a moveable, malleable entity that is the elusive product of nature and culture. Tracking the historic global application of biomedical technologies, the authors reveal the intended and unintended local consequences and the exacerbation of global inequalities and health disparities that such technologies bring about.
Author: Margaret Lock,Vinh-Kim Nguyen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This is the first international and inter-disciplinary social science Handbook on health and medicine. Five years in the making, and building on the insights and advice of an international editorial board, the book brings together world-class figures to provide an indispensable, comprehensive resource book on social science, health and medicine. Pinpointing the focal issues of research and debate in one volume, the material is organized into three sections: social and cultural frameworks of analysis; the experience of health and illness; and health care systems and practices. Each section consists of specially commissioned chapters designed to examine the vital conceptual and methodological practice and policy issues. Readers recei
Author: Gary L Albrecht,Ray Fitzpatrick,Susan C Scrimshaw
Category: Social Science
In a cemetery on the southern outskirts of Paris lie the bodies of nearly a hundred of what some have called the first casualties of global climate change. They were the so-called abandoned victims of the worst natural disaster in French history, the devastating heat wave that struck in August 2003, leaving 15,000 dead. They died alone in Paris and its suburbs, and were then buried at public expense, their bodies unclaimed. They died, and to a great extent lived, unnoticed by their neighbors--their bodies undiscovered in some cases until weeks after their deaths. Fatal Isolation tells the stories of these victims and the catastrophe that took their lives. It explores the multiple narratives of disaster--the official story of the crisis and its aftermath, as presented by the media and the state; the life stories of the individual victims, which both illuminate and challenge the ways we typically perceive natural disasters; and the scientific understandings of disaster and its management. Fatal Isolation is both a social history of risk and vulnerability in the urban landscape and a story of how a city copes with emerging threats and sudden, dramatic change.
The Devastating Paris Heat Wave of 2003
Author: Richard C. Keller
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Although the use of new health technologies in healthcare and medicine is generally seen as beneficial, there has been little analysis of the impact of such technologies on people’s lives and understandings of health and illness. This ground-breaking book explores how new technologies not only provide hope for cure and well-being, but also introduce new ethical dilemmas and raise questions about the 'natural' body. Focusing on the ways new health technologies intervene into our lives and affect our ideas about normalcy, the body and identity, Medical Technologies and the Life World explores: how new health technologies are understood by lay people and patients how the outcomes of these technologies are communicated in various clinical settings how these technologies can alter our notions of health and illness and create ‘new illness’. Written by authors with differing backgrounds in phenomenology, social psychology, social anthropology, communication studies and the nursing sciences, this sensational text is essential reading for students and academics of medical sociology, health and allied studies, and anyone with an interest in new health technologies.
The social construction of normality
Author: Sonia Olin Lauritzen,Lars-Christer Hyden
Category: Social Science
VIKTOR VON WEIZSÄCKER (1886-1957) gilt heute als einer der Begründer der psychosomatischen Medizin. Sein ursprüngliches Anliegen reichte weiter, es ging ihm um eine Reform der Medizin von ihren Grundlagen her. Durch Psychoanalyse und Gestaltkreislehre, die Weizsäckers Arbeitskreis an der Neurologischen Klinik in Heidelberg aufnahm bzw. entwickelte, sollte eine "anthropologische" Wende in der Inneren Medizin in Gang gebracht wer den. Darin war eine Kritik des einseitig mechanistischen Denkens in den Naturwissenschaften ebenso enthalten wie eine Abkehr von entleerten Formen der Arzt-Patient-Beziehung. Weizsäckers bekannte Redewendung vom Objekt der Wissenschaft, in die das Subjekt wiedereingeführt werden müsse, umgreift beides. In dieser Hinsicht erscheint sein Werk heute nach wie vor aktuell, aber auch als Fragment im Sinne einer Denkaufgabe zum Weiterdenken. Die Voraus setzungen für diesen Prozeß sind günstig. Durch die eben begonnene Neu auflage der "Gesammelten Schriften" im Suhrkamp-Verlag wird die ins Stocken geratene Rezeption wieder belebt, der 100. Geburtstag bietet darüber hinaus Anlaß, sich die Biographie und Entwicklung des Weizsäk kerschen Werkes zu vergegenwärtigen.
Materialien zu Leben und Werk
"Drawing on over a decade of field experiences in Latin America as well as a burgeoning literature about the psychological and social effects of war and disasters, Martín Beristain developed this volume at the interface of theory and practice as one response to these complex social and political realities. Humanitarian Aid Work offers an excellent introduction to those seeking to respond to the complex social, political, cultural, and linguistic diversities within any humanitarian crisis."—from the Foreword Throughout the world, there is a rising need for humanitarian aid. Enormous resources are being devoted to it; more organizations carry out cooperative projects; and emergency actions have grown to unprecedented levels. However, such expansion has not always meant that relief has been more adequately provided to victims, nor has it always had positive effects in reconstructing the social fabric. This book helps us to understand how people respond to traumatic experiences in extraordinary circumstances and to appreciate the social and cultural context in which these responses occur. Carlos Martín Beristain offers a psychosocial approach that advocates a cultural sensitivity for humanitarian action and the work of collaboration, assistance, and accompaniment. He suggests alternative ideas for social reconstruction in such areas as prevention, care of victims, collective memory, respect for human rights, and help to the helpers. Humanitarian Aid Work offers a constructive approach to the problems of groups affected by violence, catastrophe, or emergency situations. It is intended as a critical manual for aid workers. Academic research in psychology and the social sciences—as well as the author's experience in Central and South America—has been summarized to yield clear, action-oriented guidance. Research results from Europe, Africa, and Asia are also incorporated.
A Critical Approach
Author: Carlos Martin Beristain,M. Brinton Lykes
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.
Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes
Author: Franziskus (Papst),
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
An invaluable resource for students, scholars, and general readers, this highly regarded and widely used social history of medicine and public health in the United States is now available in a third edition. Extensively revised and updated, it includes twenty-one new essays; graphs illustrating the rise in deaths caused by HIV, homicide, and suicide; and a greatly expanded Guide to Further Reading. Entirely new sections on Sickness and Health, Early American Medicine, Therapeutics, the Art of Medicine, and Public Health and Personal Hygiene have been added, supplementing updated sections on the Science of Medicine, Education, the Allied Health Professions, Image and Income, Institutions, Race and Medicine, Epidemics, Public Health Reform, and Public Health and Medical Theory. An introductory essay and a series of historical photographs complement the articles.
Readings in the History of Medicine and Public Health
Author: Judith Walzer Leavitt,Ronald L. Numbers
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
Category: Health & Fitness
Wie gestalten sich medizinisches Wissen und medizinische Praktiken in einer global vernetzten Welt? Welchen Herausforderungen steht die Medizinethnologie angesichts der transnationalen Bewegungen von Menschen, sowie medizinbezogener Ideen und Praktiken gegenuber? Dieser Band verweist auf die Bedeutung eines sozial- und kulturanthropologischen Analyseansatzes, wenn Gesundheit und Krankheit im globalen Kontext adaquat verstanden werden sollen. Er pladiert fur eine differenzierte Berucksichtigung der sozialen und kulturellen Dynamiken, die die Politiken des heterogenen und machtbeladenen Felds -Medizin- kennzeichnen. Fallstudien uber Europa, Afrika, Asien und Lateinamerika beleuchten folgende Bereiche: Neue Technologien und medizinische Praxis, Migration und Medizin in transnationalen Verflechtungen, -Traditionelle Medizin- als strategische Ressource, Soziale Sicherung und Gesundheitsfinanzierung sowie Urbanisierung - eine Gefahr fur die Gesundheit?"
Krankheit und Gesundheit in einer vernetzten Welt
Author: Hansjörg Dilger,Bernhard Hadolt
Publisher: Peter Lang
Robert Koch und die medizinische Bakteriologie
Author: Christoph Gradmann
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
Category: Medical bacteriology
Author: Arnold Van Gennep
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Category: Rites and ceremonies
1. MEDICINE Illness, disease and disability plague man in every culture. But the form they take is not the same everywhere. Neither is man's reaction. Coping strategies, and the experience and knowledge backing them, depend very much on cultural setting. So medicine, the fabric of strategy and know ledge, can only be understood in the context of culture. In western society today, severe judgements are passed on medicine. Its store of knowledge and experience, and its repertory of strategies, have grown immensely during the last few decades. But it hardly alleviates dominant ailments, especially chronic diseases, diseases of old age and disturbances of social and mental functioning. We know that these ailments have come to the fore as the incidence of more "primitive" diseases declined in industrial societies. Infant deaths, and malnutrition and infections striking at young age, have dwindled to marginal significance in Western Europe and life expectancy at birth is twice that of some 150 years ago. Thus our new troubles are connected with past successes.
A Philosophical Study
Author: W.J. van der Steen,P.J. Thung
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Janice M. Roper,Jill Shapira