The Social Determinants of Health

Looking Upstream

Author: Kathryn Strother Ratcliff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509504354

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9765

This timely book takes seriously the idea of understanding how our social world – and not individual responsibility or the healthcare system – is the primary determinant of our health. Kathryn Strother Ratcliff puts into practice the "upstream" imagery from public health discourse, which locates the causes (and solutions) of health problems within the social environment. Each chapter explains how the policies, politics, and power behind corporate and governmental decisions and actions produce unhealthy circumstances of living – such as poverty, pollution, dangerous working conditions, and unhealthy modes of food production – and demonstrates that putting profit and politics over people is unhealthy and unsustainable. While the book examines how these unhealthy conditions of life generate significant class and ethnic health disparities, the focus is on everyone's health. Arguing that none of us should be placed in health-threatening situations that could have been prevented, Ratcliff's provocative analysis uses social justice and human rights lenses to guide the discussion "upstream," toward possible changes that should produce a healthier world for us all. Using data and ideas from many disciplines, the book provides a synthesis of invaluable information for activists and policymakers, as well as for professionals and students in sociology, public health, and other fields related to health.
Posted in Social Science

Ethical Dimensions of Health Policy

Author: Larry R. Churchill

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195300833

Category: Medical

Page: 395

View: 3044

This book takes the conversation between bioethics and health policy to a new level. Moving beyond principles and normative frameworks, bioethicists writing in the volume consider the actual policy problems faced by health care systems, while policy-makers reflect on the moral values inherent in both the process and content of health policy. The result is a vigorous dialogue with some of the nation's leading experts at the interface of ethics and health policy. the book provides a history of the values implicit in U.S. health policy, a discussion of the federal and state roles in policy making, an ethical examination of the social goals expressed through various policies, an analysis of the role of public opinion in the creation of health policy, and an exploration of the value of the private sector in health policy. In addition, the authors examine some of the major ethical controversies in health policy, such as the challenge of balancing ethical concerns with economic realities, the need to allocate scarce health resources, the call for heightened accountability, and the impact of various policies on vulnerable populations. The book concludes with an examination of the ethical issues in health services research, including the threats to privacy that arise in such research. To a greater extent than any previous volume, it establishes a strong connection between the disciplines of medical ethics and health policy.
Posted in Medical

Laboratory Manual for Physical Examination and Health Assessment, Canadian Edition - E-Book

Author: Carolyn Jarvis, PhD Apn Cnp,Denise Tarlier, PhD Msn Np(f)

Publisher: Saunders Canada

ISBN: 1771721464

Category:

Page: 284

View: 406

Reinforce your understanding of essential examination and assessment skills! As both a comprehensive lab manual and a practical workbook the Laboratory Manual for Physical Examination and Health Assessment, 3rd Canadian Edition provides you with activities and resources to enhance hands-on learning. It features reading assignments corresponding to the text, terminology reviews, application activities, review questions, clinical learning objectives, regional write-up sheets, and narrative summary forms. In addition, this new version includes content on the Electronic Health Record to help you document your findings along with evidence-informed practice materials to further improve upon skills. Anatomy labelling exercises reinforces the identification of key anatomy and physiology. Reading assignments correspond to the text chapters to foster integration of the text and laboratory manual. A glossary promotes learning and understanding of essential terminology. Study guide activities reinforce the learning of key assessment information. Review questions--short answer, matching, multiple choice--provide learning activities in a variety of approaches. Clinical-learning objectives focus your study efforts on outcomes. Audio-visual assignments tie the visual video demonstrations of specific examination procedures to practical applications in the skills lab. Regional Write-up Sheets allow you to assess knowledge with forms used in the skills lab or clinical setting. Narrative Summary Forms reflect charting format used for narrative accounts of the history and physical examination findings. NEW! Coverage of the Electronic Health Record, charting, and narrative recording gives you examples of how to document assessment findings.
Posted in

Professionalism in Medicine

Critical Perspectives

Author: Delese Wear,Julie M. Aultman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387327274

Category: Education

Page: 275

View: 1474

In this collection of essays, the authors don’t argue with those attributes deemed to be the essence of professionalism in medicine. Instead, they ask questions of the discourse from which they arise, how the specialized language of academic medicine disciplines has defined, organized, contained, and made seemingly immutable a group of attitudes, values, and behaviors subsumed under the label "professional" or "professionalism." This collection aims to be a critical text, one that questions the profession’s beliefs about the nature of its work and how such beliefs are enacted (or not) in medical education, particularly as they fuel the professionalism discourse.
Posted in Education

Toward Equity in Health

A New Global Approach to Health Disparities

Author: Barbara C. Wallace, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103680

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 5003

This essential collection presents a state-of-the-art framework for how workers in public health and related disciplines should conceptualize health disparities and how they should be addressed worldwide. The contributors, who are leading public health professionals, educators, and practitioners in complimentary fields advance new evidence-based models designed to mobilize and educate the next generation of research and practice. The resulting chapters articulate new theory, procedures, and policies; the legacy of racism; community-based participatory research; new internet technology; training community workers and educators; closing the education and health gap; and addressing the needs of special populations. Toward Equity in Health is an essential book for all who are working toward global health equity-whether in health education, health promotion, disease prevention, public health, the health care delivery system, or patient- and population level health.
Posted in Medical

Greening Health Care

How Hospitals Can Heal the Planet

Author: Kathy Gerwig

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199385858

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 8755

The relationship between hospitals and the environment is defined by a glaring contradiction: as health care facilities deliver care at any cost, their environmental footprint -- pollution, waste production, unsustainable food services -- contributes to harming community health. Greening Health Care examines the intersections of health care and environmental health, both in terms of traditional failures and the revolution underway to fix them. Authored by one of the pioneers in health care's green movement, it presents practical solutions for health care organizations and clinicians to improve their environments and the health of their communities. Topics include: making food services sustainable, managing hospital waste, and relevant impacts/mitigating measures related to climate change. As environmental protection grows into an imperative for all aspects of society, Greening Health Care offers an historical and practical approach to sustainable health care delivery.
Posted in Medical

Habermas, Critical Theory and Health

Author: Graham Scambler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136285849

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 485

The contribution of the German sociologist and philosopher Jurgen Habermas has proved seminal for attempts to understand the nature of social change in the context of global capitalism. This book provides an accessible introduction to his work and shows how his theories can be fruitfully applied to a wide range of topics in the sociology of health and illness including: * lay health knowledge * doctor-patient interaction * health care decision-making * health inequalities * new social movements in health * health care rationing * the Foucault perspective. Habermas, Critical Theory and Health will open up both new issues and new lines of empirical enquiry which will be of special interest to teachers and students of social theory and the sociology of health and illness and offers healthcare professionals new perspectives on their practice.
Posted in Medical

Preventing Eating-Related and Weight-Related Disorders

Collaborative Research, Advocacy, and Policy Change

Author: Gail L. McVey,Michael P. Levine,Niva Piran,H. Bruce Ferguson

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554584248

Category: Psychology

Page: 298

View: 2294

This book presents a collection of writings by expert researchers from Canada, the United States, and Australia who are committed to finding common cause and common ground in the prevention of eating disorders and obesity. The ten chapters in this book seek to create a new public health approach to the prevention of weight-related disorders, one that counters the confusion and frustration from public policies, messages, and programs that recipients of prevention efforts often experience. The first section looks at prevention from a public health perspective, and the second section highlights theories from risk and resilience research that can inform the prevention of weight-related disorders. The contributions are varied in their theories and models, but woven throughout is the theme of collaboration in changing public institutions and social systems that promotes universal prevention and fosters mental health and resilience. Unique methods of linking systems and fostering partnerships across sectors and disciplines are highlighted, and readers are exposed to innovative ideas of how to move the field of prevention science forward to reduce the onset of negative body image, unhealthy weight management, eating disorders, and disordered eating. Preventing Eating-Related and Weight-Related Disorders is the second in a series of titles from The Community Health Systems Resource Group at The Hospital for Sick Children. This series will educate researchers, policy-makers, students, practitioners, and interested stakeholders on such topics as early intervention in psychosis, aggressive behaviour problems, eating-related disorders, and marginalized youth in educational contexts.
Posted in Psychology

Ethical Health Care

Author: Patricia Illingworth,Wendy E. Parmet

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 606

View: 2492

KEY BENEFIT: Ethical Health Care provides an interdisciplinary perspective to bioethics, relying heavily upon the teachings of economics, law, and public health. KEY TOPICS: The book explores with care and context the nature of the relationship between patients and clinicians, health care providers and the societies in which they live, and finally the relationship between the health care enterprise and the international community. MARKET: For clinicians and other health care providers.
Posted in Medical

The SAGE Handbook of Social Marketing

Author: Gerard Hastings,Kathryn Angus,Carol Bryant

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144625447X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 468

View: 6596

For the first time, this benchmark handbook brings together a systematic framework and state-of-the-art thinking to provide complete coverage of the social marketing discipline. It presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of social marketing, helping to define and shape its current and future developments by: - examining the defining elements of social marketing, their intellectual origins, evolution, current status and direction of travel; - discussing how these have been used in practice, emphasising emerging areas and recent innovations; and - setting the agenda for future research and development in the discipline. For academics, this book will fill the gap in comprehensive social marketing literature, while being of interest to policymakers and post-graduate marketing and health studies students alike as it explores the idea that tools used to market fast-moving consumer goods and financial services can also be applied to pressing social problems.
Posted in Business & Economics

What Works in Tackling Health Inequalities?

Pathways, Policies and Practice Through the Lifecourse

Author: Sheena Asthana,Dr. Joyce Halliday

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781861346742

Category: Medical

Page: 612

View: 6017

Establishing what works in health inequalities policy, how and why, this book gives evidence of key targets for intervention through a detailed exploration of lifetime pathways and processes that are found to give rise to health inequalities.
Posted in Medical

Unequal lives

health and socioeconomic inequalities

Author: Hilary Graham

Publisher: Open Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780335213696

Category: Medical

Page: 215

View: 9419

Unequal Lives focuses on the connections between people's unequal health and people's unequal lives, and between health and socioeconomic inequalities
Posted in Medical

Improving Food Access in South and West Berkeley

An Evaluation of the Farm Fresh Choice Farmers Market Program

Author: Matthew Thomas Messerschmidt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 340

View: 6556

Posted in

Medien und Kommunikation

Author: Paddy Scannell

Publisher: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften

ISBN: 9783531165943

Category: Social Science

Page: 361

View: 8911

Paddy Scannells Buch bietet eine faszinierende, erhellende und sehr gut verständliche Einführung in die Medien- und Kommunikationstheorie. Scannell entwickelt anhand der historischen Entwicklungen in Nordamerika und Europa eine sehr zugängliche, systematische und gleichzeitig differenzierte Analyse der verschiedenen Zugänge der Beschäftigung mit Medien- und Kommunikation. Immer wieder schöpft er aus verschiedenen Disziplinen und fordert so insgesamt die Leserinnen und Leser heraus, sich mit Kommunikation und Medien in ihren Gesamtzusammenhängen auseinander zu setzen. Das international vielfach beachtete Werk des bekannten britischen Wissenschaftlers und Professors für Kommunikationswissenschaft an der University of Michigan liegt nun endlich in deutscher Sprache vor.
Posted in Social Science

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310402247X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 608

View: 1335

Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«
Posted in Business & Economics

Food and Nutrition

Food and health systems in Australia and New Zealand

Author: Mark L Wahlqvist

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 9781742692425

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 808

View: 2772

Mark Wahlqvist's Food and Nutrition is widely regarded as the most authoritative introduction to nutrition and dietetics in the region. It provides a comprehensive overview of nutrition needs at different life stages, the biochemistry of foods, dietary disorders, and the social, political and environmental contexts of food production and consumption. This third edition has been completely revised and significantly expanded to encompass recent developments in nutritional science, technology and policy. It includes new material on genetics, regulation, food production, birth weight, lifestyle and cancer, and the implications of climate change for food production, safety and availability. Chapters are extensively illustrated with data and diagrams. The book is divided into the following sections: * Human nutrition * Food systems, security and policy * The biology of food components * Lifespan nutrition * Food and disease * Food and nutrition for individuals and society With chapters from leading nutritionists, Food andNutrition is an indispensable student text and a valuable professional reference.
Posted in Health & Fitness