The Revenge of Geography

What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0679604839

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 7026

In this provocative, startling book, Robert D. Kaplan, the bestselling author of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, offers a revelatory new prism through which to view global upheavals and to understand what lies ahead for continents and countries around the world. In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds on the insights, discoveries, and theories of great geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the near and distant past to look back at critical pivots in history and then to look forward at the evolving global scene. Kaplan traces the history of the world’s hot spots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to other embattled lands. The Russian steppe’s pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction, for example, while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely, calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland. Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab Middle East. The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia. Remarkably, the future can be understood in the context of temperature, land allotment, and other physical certainties: China, able to feed only 23 percent of its people from land that is only 7 percent arable, has sought energy, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, putting it in moral conflict with the United States. Afghanistan’s porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India, and a vital rear base for Pakistan, India’s main enemy. Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy-producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. Finally, Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage. A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography, this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this century’s looming cataclysms. Praise for The Revenge of Geography “[An] ambitious and challenging new book . . . [The Revenge of Geography] displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planet’s geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present.”—Malise Ruthven, The New York Review of Books “Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . . . strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality: that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events.”—The National Interest “Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic.”—The New Yorker “[The Revenge of Geography] serves the facts straight up. . . . Kaplan’s realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought.”—The Daily Beast From the Hardcover edition.
Posted in Political Science

Die Macht der Geographie

Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt

Author: Tim Marshall

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423428562

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 4283

Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.
Posted in History

Monsoon

The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 1400067464

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 8123

The best-selling author of Imperial Grunts and Hog Pilots explores the international power shift to countries in the Indian Ocean region while explaining how and why America must focus its resources there in order to protect specific political and economic interests.
Posted in Political Science

The Geopolitics of Regional Power

Geography, Economics and Politics in Southern Africa

Author: Mr Sören Scholvin

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472430751

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 8334

In the last two decades, various states from the Global South have emerged as important players in international relations. Most popular among them is China. Brazil, India and South Africa have also taken essential roles in global and regional politics. Compared to traditional great powers, they can be labelled ‘regional great powers’ or ‘regional powers’ because their influence is - with the exception of China - concentrated on their neighbourhood. The impact of regions, meaning the impact of geography, on the economics and politics of regional powers is surprisingly understudied. This book analyses how geographical conditions influence the regional economics and politics of South Africa, allowing the author to delineate its region of influence.
Posted in Political Science

Ice Man

Bekenntnisse eines Mafia-Killers

Author: Philip Carlo

Publisher: Piper Spannungsvoll

ISBN: 3492983383

Category: True Crime

Page: 512

View: 1105

Er führte ein schockierendes Doppelleben: Hinter dem liebevollen Familienvater Richard Kuklinski verbirgt sich einer der grausamsten Auftragsmörder der USA. In über vierzig Jahren ermordet er mehr als 200 Menschen im Auftrag der Mafia. Seine eiskalten und sadistischen Taten verleihen ihm den Namen »Ice Man«. Und das Unglaubliche: Seine Familie ahnt nichts ... Bestsellerautor Philip Carlo erzählt seine Lebensgeschichte: spannend, packend, rasant.
Posted in True Crime

THE ENDS OF THE EARTH : A JOURNEY TO THE FRONTIERS OF ANARCHY

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0679751238

Category: Africa, West

Page: 476

View: 2668

Author of Balkan Ghosts, Robert D. Kaplan now travels from West Africa to Southeast Asia to report on a world of disintegrating nation-states, warring nationalities, metastasizing populations, and dwindling resources. He emerges with a gritty tour de force of travel writing and political journalism. Whether he is walking through a shantytown in the Ivory Coast or a death camp in Cambodia, talking with refugees, border guards, or Iranian revolutionaries, Kaplan travels under the most arduous conditions and purveys the most startling truths. Intimate and intrepid, erudite and visceral, The Ends of the Earth is an unflinching look at the places and peoples that will make tomorrow's headlines-and the history of the next millennium.
Posted in Africa, West

Soldiers of God

With Islamic Warriors in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9781400030255

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 278

View: 7771

The author relates his time spent with Afghanistan's mujahidin during their fight against Soviet invaders and provides insight into the circumstances that led to the rise of the Taliban.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Imperial Grunts

On the Ground with the American Military, from Mongolia to the Philippines to Iraq and Beyond

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 1400034574

Category: History

Page: 421

View: 3751

A veteran journalist and author of Balkan Ghosts offers a thought-provoking look at American imperialism from the perspective of the global war on terrorism and the role of America's elite military forces, in a study that reassesses the changing involvement of the United States in world affairs. Reprint. 40,000 first printing.
Posted in History

Was ist Populismus?

Ein Essay

Author: Jan-Werner Müller

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740857

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 4327

Wer wird heute nicht alles als Populist bezeichnet: Gegner der Eurorettung, Figuren wie Marine Le Pen, Politiker des Mainstream, die meinen, dem Volk aufs Maul schauen zu müssen. Vielleicht ist ein Populist aber auch einfach nur ein populärer Konkurrent, dessen Programm man nicht mag, wie Ralf Dahrendorf einmal anmerkte? Lässt sich das Phänomen schärfer umreißen und seine Ursachen erklären? Worin besteht der Unterschied zwischen Rechts- und Linkspopulismus? Jan-Werner Müller nimmt aktuelle Entwicklungen zum Ausgangspunkt, um eine Theorie des Populismus zu skizzieren und Populismus letztlich klar von der Demokratie abzugrenzen. Seine Thesen helfen zudem, neue Strategien in der Auseinandersetzung mit Populisten zu entwickeln.
Posted in Political Science

Okzidentalismus

Der Westen in den Augen seiner Feinde

Author: Ian Buruma,Avishai Margalit

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446249702

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 3083

Buruma und Margalit definieren "Okzidentalismus" als den blinden Hass gegen die Errungenschaften liberaler Gesellschaften, für dessen Motive manch westliche Intellektuelle bis heute Sympathie empfinden. Die Vorurteile gegen den Westen, der unter der Diktatur des Geldes steht und scheinbar jegliche verbindliche Moral seiner Diesseitigkeit geopfert hat, reichen bis nach Europa. Ian Buruma und Avishai Margalit finden hier ähnliche Denkweisen wie in der islamischen Welt, bei konservativen Kulturkritikern ebenso wie bei der radikalen Linken. Ein provokatives Buch, in bester aufklärerischer Tradition.
Posted in Political Science

Twentieth-Century Europe

A Brief History, 1900 to the Present

Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118651383

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 2425

Twentieth-Century Europe: A Brief History presents readers with a concise and accessible survey of the most significant themes and political events that shaped European history in the 20th and 21st centuries. Features updates that include a new chapter that reviews major political and economic trends since 1989 and an extensively revised chapter that emphasizes the intellectual and cultural history of Europe since World War II Organized into brief chapters that are suitable for traditional courses or for classes in non-traditional courses that allow for additional material selected by the professor Includes the addition of a variety of supplemental materials such as chronological timelines, maps, and illustrations
Posted in History

The Making of Modern Georgia, 1918-2012

The First Georgian Republic and its Successors

Author: Stephen F. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317815920

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 9704

When most of Eastern Europe was struggling with dictatorships of one kind or another, the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) established a constitution, a parliamentary system with national elections, an active opposition, and a free press. Like the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918, its successors emerged after 1991 from a bankrupt empire, and faced, yet again, the task of establishing a new economic, political and social system from scratch. In both 1918 and 1991, Georgia was confronted with a hostile Russia and followed a pro-Western and pro-democratic course. The top regional experts in this book explore the domestic and external parallels between the Georgian post-colonial governments of the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries. How did the inexperienced Georgian leaders in both eras deal with the challenge of secessionism, what were their state building strategies, and what did democracy mean to them? What did their electoral systems look like, why were their economic strategies so different, and how did they negotiate with the international community neighbouring threats. These are the central challenges of transitional governments around the world today. Georgia’s experience over one hundred years suggests that both history and contemporary political analysis offer the best (and most interesting) explanation of the often ambivalent outcomes.
Posted in Social Science

Warrior Politics

Why Leadership Demands a Pagan Ethos

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0375726276

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 8404

The author of Balkan Ghosts draws on the historical wisdom of Sun-Tzu, Thucydides, Hobbes, Machiavelli, and other great thinkers to provide valuable guidelines for modern-day world leaders--in both politics and business environments--confronted with the complex challenges of modern life. Reprint. 60,000 first printing.
Posted in Philosophy

Die Ordnung der Zeit

Author: Carlo Rovelli

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644000751

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 9562

Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".
Posted in Science

Naval War College Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International relations

Page: N.A

View: 7374

Posted in International relations

Asia's Cauldron

The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks

ISBN: 0812984803

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 5624

oEurope is a landscape; East Asia is a seascape.o Thus begins the first chapter of Asia's Cauldronand thus does renowned travel writer and foreign policy expert Robert D. Kaplan draw the line between European conflicts and the geopolitical struggles of the future. Kaplan explains Chinese dominance over the body of water that multiple countries claim and exposes the underreported military buildup in the region. As he describes the conflicting interests that are heating up in East Asia, Kaplan interprets America's interests and responsibilities to Asian allegiances in the context of a more dominant China. Asia's Cauldronis sure to become required reading for Asia watchers and general readers alike.
Posted in History

The Coming Anarchy

Shattering the Dreams of the Post Cold War

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 037570759X

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 756

Debunking overly optimistic theories of an idyllic post-Cold War world, the author of Balkan Ghosts predicts that war, ethnic conflict, random violence, and fear will be hallmarks of the next century. Reprint. 30,000 first printing.
Posted in Political Science