The Resurgence of the Latin American Left

Author: Steven Levitsky,Kenneth M. Roberts

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421401614

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 9026

Featuring a new typology of Left parties in Latin America, an original framework for identifying and categorizing variation among these governments, and contributions from prominent and influential scholars of Latin American politics, this historical-institutional approach to understanding the region’s left turn—and variation within it—is the most comprehensive explanation to date on the topic.
Posted in Political Science

Die Schock-Strategie

Der Aufstieg des Katastrophen-Kapitalismus

Author: Naomi Klein

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104907269

Category: History

Page: 768

View: 945

Erst Schock durch Krieg oder Katastrophe, dann der sogenannte Wiederaufbau: Es funktioniert immer nach den gleichen Mechanismen. Wo vor dem Tsunami Fischer ihren Lebensunterhalt verdienten, stehen heute luxuriöse Hotelresorts, im Irak wurden nach dem Krieg die Staatsbetriebe und die Ölwirtschaft neu verteilt - an westliche Konzerne. Existenzen werden vernichtet, es herrscht Wild-West-Kapitalismus der reinsten Sorte. Naomi Klein, Autorin des Welt-Bestsellers ›No Logo‹, weist in ihrem beeindruckenden Buch nach, wie der Siegeszug der neoliberalen Ideologie in den letzten dreißig Jahren auf extremer Gewalt, auf Katastrophen und sogar auf Folter beruht, um die ungezügelte Marktwirtschaft rund um die Welt von Lateinamerika über Osteuropa und Russland bis nach Südafrika und in den Irak durchzusetzen.
Posted in History

Leftovers

Tales of the Latin American Left

Author: Jorge G. Castañeda,Marco A. Morales

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135910235

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 3298

Over a decade ago, Jorge Castañeda wrote the classic Utopia Unarmed, which offered a penetrating and comprehensive account of the Latin American left’s fate at the end of the Cold War. Since then, the left across Latin America has travelled in paths no one could have predicted. Latin American nations from Mexico to Argentina wavered for years between leftism and American-supported neoliberalism, but in recent years the left has experienced a tremendous resurgence throughout the region. However, the left is not unified, and as Castañeda, Morales, and their contributors show, it has followed two distinct paths – a more cosmopolitan style leftism, exemplified by Brazil and Chile, and a left fuelled by populist nationalism that has clear debts to Perón or Cárdenas, and is most evident in Venezuela, Mexico’s PRD, Bolivia, and Argentina. Leftovers comprehensively updates this very important story, with country and area specialists contributing.
Posted in Political Science

The New Mole

Paths of the Latin American Left

Author: Emir Sader

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781844676927

Category: History

Page: 169

View: 5560

Seeks to explain the resurgence of radicalism in Latin America by placing it in historical context and exploring the theoretical resources on which it has drawn.
Posted in History

Gender and Populism in Latin America

Passionate Politics

Author: Karen Kampwirth

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271037105

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 5238

"Analyzes populist movements in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela from a gender perspective. Considers the role of masculinity and femininity in populist leadership, the impact of populism on democracy and feminism, and women's critical roles as followers of these leaders"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in History

The New Latin American Left

Cracks in the Empire

Author: Jeffery R. Webber,Barry Carr

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 074255757X

Category: Political Science

Page: 395

View: 812

"This anthology--bringing together political scientists, anthropologists, historians, sociologists, economists, and journalists--provides a serious and sophisticated theoretical and historical analysis of the state of the Latin American Left. The central thematic issues are addressed, followed by a number of case studies written by the most astute radical Left observers of the contemporary setting"--
Posted in Political Science

Piraten der Karibik

die Achse der Hoffnung

Author: Tariq Ali

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783453620261

Category:

Page: 350

View: 2323

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Changing Course in Latin America

Author: Kenneth M. Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521856876

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 356

View: 7923

This book explores the impact of economic crises and free-market reforms on party systems and political representation in contemporary Latin America. It explains why some patterns of market reform align and stabilize party systems, whereas other patterns of reform leave party systems vulnerable to widespread social protest and electoral instability. In contrast to other works on the topic, this book accounts for both the institutionalization and the breakdown of party systems, and it explains why Latin America turned to the Left politically in the aftermath of the market-reform process. Ultimately, it explains why this "left turn" was more radical in some countries than others and why it had such varied effects on national party systems.
Posted in POLITICAL SCIENCE

Challenges of Party-Building in Latin America

Author: Steven Levitsky,James Loxton,Brandon Van Dyck,Jorge I. Domínguez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107145945

Category: Political Science

Page: 554

View: 4924

Nearly four decades since the onset of the third wave, political parties remain weak in Latin America: parties have collapsed in much of the region, and most new party-building efforts have failed. Why do some new parties succeed while most fail? This book challenges the widespread belief that democracy and elections naturally give rise to strong parties and argues that successful party-building is more likely to occur under conditions of intense conflict than under routine democracy. Periods of revolution, civil war, populist mobilization, or authoritarian repression crystalize partisan attachments, create incentives for organization-building, and generate a 'higher cause' that attracts committed activists. Empirically rich chapters cover diverse cases from across Latin America, including both successful and failed cases.
Posted in Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 8198

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
Posted in Business & Economics

Political landscape

Author: Galerie der Stadt Sindelfingen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Landscapes

Page: 287

View: 8898

Posted in Landscapes

Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America

Author: Jorge I. Domínguez,Michael Shifter

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421409798

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 4891

After more than a century of assorted dictatorships and innumerable fiscal crises, the majority of Latin America's states are governed today by constitutional democratic regimes. Some analysts and scholars argue that Latin America weathered the 2008 fiscal crisis much better than the United States. How did this happen? Jorge I. Domínguez and Michael Shifter asked area specialists to examine the electoral and governance factors that shed light on this transformation and the region's prospects. They gather their findings in the fourth edition of Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America. This new edition is completely updated. Part I is thematic, covering issues of media, constitutionalism, the commodities boom, and fiscal management vis-à-vis governance. Part II focuses on eight important countries in the region—Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. Already widely used in courses, Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America will continue to interest students of Latin American politics, democratization studies, and comparative politics as well as policymakers.
Posted in History

Populist Seduction in Latin America, Second Edition

Author: Carlos De La Torre

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0896802795

Category: Political Science

Page: 259

View: 645

"In this substantially expanded edition, Carolos de la Torre extends his insightful analysis of Latin American populism in general, and Ecuadorian populism in particular, to the current government of Rafael Correa. He skillfully demonstrates the ambiguities of populist experience, which combine political mass involvement and top-down control, and hover between authoriatarianism and democracy. An excellent book!"---Kurt Weyland, author of the Politics of Market Reform in Fragile Democracies --
Posted in Political Science

Ökosozialismus

Die radikale Alternative zur ökologischen und kapitalistischen Katastrophe

Author: Michael Löwy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783944233635

Category:

Page: 192

View: 8769

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Democracy and the Left

Social Policy and Inequality in Latin America

Author: Evelyne Huber,John D. Stephens

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226356523

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 1770

Although inequality in Latin America ranks among the worst in the world, it has notably declined over the last decade, offset by improvements in health care and education, enhanced programs for social assistance, and increases in the minimum wage. In Democracy and the Left, Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens argue that the resurgence of democracy in Latin America is key to this change. In addition to directly affecting public policy, democratic institutions enable left-leaning political parties to emerge, significantly influencing the allocation of social spending on poverty and inequality. But while democracy is an important determinant of redistributive change, it is by no means the only factor. Drawing on a wealth of data, Huber and Stephens present quantitative analyses of eighteen countries and comparative historical analyses of the five most advanced social policy regimes in Latin America, showing how international power structures have influenced the direction of their social policy. They augment these analyses by comparing them to the development of social policy in democratic Portugal and Spain. The most ambitious examination of the development of social policy in Latin America to date, Democracy and the Left shows that inequality is far from intractable—a finding with crucial policy implications worldwide.
Posted in Political Science

Deepening Local Democracy in Latin America

Participation, Decentralization, and the Left

Author: Benjamin Goldfrank

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271037946

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 6436

"Addresses the question of why institutions meant to attract citizen participation succeed in strengthening civil society and improving state responsiveness and transparency in some places, but fail in others. Focuses on urban politics in Porto Alegre (Brazil), Montevideo (Uruguay), and Caracas (Venezuela)"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Political Science

Economic Development Strategies and the Evolution of Violence in Latin America

Author: W. Ascher,N. Mirovitskaya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137272694

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 4850

Economic Development Strategies and the Evolution of Violence in Latin America explores the links between Latin American governments' economic policies and the nature and dynamics of inter-group violence. Based on the patterns of ten countries, the contributions to this volume trace the remarkable transformation from open ideological conflict to the explosion of social (seemingly apolitical) violence, the upsurge of urban crime, and the confrontations over natural resources and drugs across the region spanning from Mexico to Argentina. The variations in economic success and in conflict prevention and transformation can guide policymakers, development professionals, and activists committed to conflict-sensitive development.
Posted in Social Science

Left Behind

Latin America and the False Promise of Populism

Author: Sebastian Edwards

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226184803

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 6222

The political and economic history of Latin America has been marked by great hopes and even greater disappointments. Despite abundant resources—and a history of productivity and wealth—in recent decades the region has fallen further and further behind developed nations, surpassed even by other developing economies in Southeast Asia and elsewhere. In Left Behind, Sebastian Edwards explains why the nations of Latin America have failed to share in the fruits of globalization and forcefully highlights the dangers of the recent turn to economic populism in the region. He begins by detailing the many ways Latin American governments have stifled economic development over the years through excessive regulation, currency manipulation, and thoroughgoing corruption. He then turns to the neoliberal reforms of the early 1990s, which called for the elimination of deficits, lowering of trade barriers, and privatization of inefficient public enterprises—and which, Edwards argues, held the promise of freeing Latin America from the burdens of the past. Flawed implementation, however, meant the promised gains of globalization were never felt by the mass of citizens, and growing frustration with stalled progress has led to a resurgence of populism throughout the region, exemplified by the economic policies of Venezuela’sHugo Chávez. But such measures, Edwards warns, are a recipe for disaster; instead, he argues, the way forward for Latin America lies in further market reforms, more honestly pursued and fairly implemented. As an example of the promise of that approach, Edwards points to Latin America's giant, Brazil, which under the successful administration of President Luis Inácio da Silva (Lula) has finally begun to show signs of reaching its true economic potential. As the global financial crisis has reminded us, the risks posed by failing economies extend far beyond their national borders. Putting Latin America back on a path toward sustained growth is crucial not just for the region but for the world, and Left Behind offers a clear, concise blueprint for the way forward.
Posted in Business & Economics

Latin American Political Yearbook

2002

Author: Jr. Breene

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351509675

Category: Political Science

Page: 421

View: 4626

In the fifth volume of this annual series, Robert G. Breene provides a comprehensive overview, analysis, and summary of the main political and economic trends and events in various portions of Latin America. Analyzing these developments within individual nations, their respective regions, and the world at large, the yearbook offers a timely look at the relevant background and information necessary to understand the changing nature of politics in Latin America today.A new and threatening development, the nexus of organized international Marxist-Leninist activity and Islamic terrorism, is treated at length throughout much of the volume. In the foreword, the editor notes how the rise of international terrorism associated with radical Muslim thought has formed a nexus with the resurgence of the Hemispheric Left, thus calling into question whether the international left has really been transformed into free-enterprise democrats, as many have simplistically argued. The volume discusses the roots of a left-Muslim connection in the close association between the Sandinistas in Nicaragua and the Qaddafi regime in Libya as well as the training provided by Arab terrorists to their Latin American allies. For larger, more powerful states, the picture is more ambiguous. While the present-day ideological attitudes of former Marxist states and political entities cannot be known with absolute certainty, the materials assembled here cast doubt on the validity of hopeful assumptions of democratic political behavior in the conduct of foreign affairs. One example is an important treaty between post-Soviet Russia and China. The volume also documents the rise in Castro's fortunes with the strengthening of leftist power in Venezuela and Mexico, and the neutralization of Brazil through Castro's long-standing support for the presidency of the Marxist Lula da Silva.This is a reference volume with a point of view. Compact yet comprehensive, it is essential reading for political scientists, Latin America area specialists, and historians.Robert G. Breene, Jr. has been a fighter pilot, an experimental test pilot, a newspaper correspondent in Central America, a professor of physics, and the owner and operator of a 600-head cattle ranch in Nevada. He is currently head of the Latin American News Service in San Antonio, Texas, from which much of this analysis was derived.
Posted in Political Science

Rechts und Links

Gründe und Bedeutungen einer politischen Unterscheidung

Author: Norberto Bobbio

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783803123114

Category:

Page: 93

View: 2762

Posted in