The Quantum Beat

The Physical Principles of Atomic Clocks

Author: Fouad G. Major

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475729235

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 439

This work reviews the principles underlying quantum-based atomic clocks, with introductory chapters placing them in context with the development of mechanical clocks and electronic quartz-controlled clocks. The book details design principles of the rubidium, cesium, hydrogen maser, and mercury ion standards; changes enabled by the advent of the laser; and the time-based global navigation systems, Loran-C and the Global Positioning System. The new edition includes such recent developments as clocks based on quantum resonance at optical frequency in individual ions confined in miniature electromagnetic traps. The Quantum Beat explores the subject with a minimum of mathematical formalism.
Posted in Science

The Present Status of the Quantum Theory of Light

Proceedings of a Symposium in Honour of Jean-Pierre Vigier

Author: Stanley Jeffers,S. Roy,J.P. Vigier,G. Hunter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401156824

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 6768

THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE QUANTUM THEORY OF LIGHT In August of 1995, a group of over 70 physicists met at York University for a three-day symposium in honour of Professor Jean-Pierre Vigier. The attendance included theoretical and experimental physicists, mathematicians, astronomers and colleagues concerned with issues in the philosophy of science. The symposium was entitled "The Present Status of the Quantum Theory of Light" in accordance with Professor Vigier's wishes but in fact encompassed many of the areas to which Professor Vigier has contributed over his long and distinguished career. These include stochastic interpretations of quantum mechanics, particle physics, and electromagnetic theory. The papers presented at the symposium have been arranged in this proceedings in the following approximate order: ideas about the nature of light and photons, electrodynamiCS, the formulation and interpretation of quantum mechanics, and aspects of relativity theory. Some of the papers presented deal with alternate interpretations of quantum phenomena in the tradition of Vigier, Bohm et al. These interpretations reject the account given in purely probabilistic terms and which deems individual quantum events to be acausal and not amenable to any analysis in space-time terms. As is well known, Einstein and others also rejected the purely statistical account of quantum mechanics. As stressed by Professor Vigier at the symposium, the current experimental situation now allows for the first time for individual quantum events to be studied, e. g.
Posted in Science

The Quantum Challenge

Modern Research on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Author: George Greenstein,Arthur Zajonc

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763724702

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 436

The Quantum Challenge, Second Edition, is an engaging and thorough treatment of the extraordinary phenomena of quantum mechanics and of the enormous challenge they present to our conception of the physical world. Traditionally, the thrill of grappling with such issues is reserved for practicing scientists, while physical science, mathematics, and engineering students are often isolated from these inspiring questions. This book was written to remove this isolation.
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Quantum Optics

Author: Marlan O. Scully,M. Suhail Zubairy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521435956

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 6943

An in-depth and wide-ranging introduction to the field of quantum optics.
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Atomic Coherence and Its Potential Applications

Author: Jin-Yue Gao,Min Xiao,Yifu Zhu

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608050858

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 163

View: 7373

This comprehensive text describes the phenomenon of atomic coherence and the applications in several processes. Various sections have been written by eminent authors who have made extensive contributions in the field of quantum interference. Discussions are on microscopic nano-resolution techniques, lithography, photonic band gap control and much more. the Ebook is unique in its approach with experimental demonstrations and it should be a particularly useful reference for aspiring theoretical physicists, looking for a comprehensive review of applications in this active research field within a single book.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Advances in Spectroscopy for Lasers and Sensing

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo,Ottavio Forte

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402047894

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 4937

This volume presents the Proceedings of "New Development in Optics and Related Fields," held in Italy in June, 2005. This meeting was organized by the International School of Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy of the "Ettore Majorana" Center for Scientific Culture. The purpose of this Institute was to provide a comprehensive and coherent treatment of the new techniques and contemporary developments in optics and related fields.
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Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Nanostructures

Author: Jagdeep Shah

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540642268

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 9186

This subject is currently one of the most exciting areas of research in condensed-matter physics. Direct investigation of fundamental dynamical processes in semiconductors, exploiting the remarkable recent development of pulses with pulse widths less than 5fs, has led to new insights into fundamental physics and ultra-high-speed electronic and opto-electronic devices. This new edition presents the recent developments: femtosecond dynamics demonstrating quantum kinetics and higher-order correlations, measurement of the amplitude and phase of ultrafast nonlinear and linear signals, femtosecond coherent emission dynamics, and ultrafast dynamics of microcavities and lower-dimensional structures such as quantum wires and dots.
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Advances in Chemical Physics

Author: Stuart A. Rice,Aaron R. Dinner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118949722

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 2751

Advances in Chemical Physics is the only series of volumes available that explores the cutting edge of research in chemical physics. This is the only series of volumes available that presents the cutting edge of research in chemical physics. Includes contributions from experts in this field of research. Contains a representative cross-section of research that questions established thinking on chemical solutions. Structured with an editorial framework that makes the book an excellent supplement to an advanced graduate class in physical chemistry or chemical physics.
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High resolution quantum beat spectroscopy using pulsed tunable dye lasers

Author: Jeffrey A. Paisner,Stanford University. Microwave Laboratory,National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fluorescence spectroscopy

Page: 143

View: 654

Posted in Fluorescence spectroscopy

Optical Characterization of Solids

Author: D. Dragoman,M. Dragoman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540418030

Category: Mathematics

Page: 451

View: 8754

One of the first books to give a comprehensive and coherent account of the basic methods to characterize a solid through its interaction with an electromagnetic field. The basic theory is focused on the determination of the main parameters of a solid (energy bands, energy levels, effective mass of electrons and holes etc.) from absorption coefficients, scattering data, magneto-optical results etc. The discussion is at an intermediate level and all the formulas are carefully deduced and explained. All types of solid (semiconductors, crystals, metals, etc.) are discussed. The latest experimental results are also presented.
Posted in Mathematics

Multi-Wave Mixing Processes

From Ultrafast Polarization Beats to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency

Author: Yanpeng Zhang,Min Xiao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540895282

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 2335

"Multi-Wave Mixing Processes - From Ultrafast Polarization Beats to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency" discusses the interactions of efficient multi-wave mixing (MWM) processes enhanced by atomic coherence in multilevel atomic systems. It covers topics in five major areas: attosecond and femtosecond polarization beats of four-wave mixing (FWM) processes; heterodyne detection of FWM, six-wave mixing (SWM) and eight-wave mixing (EWM) processes; Raman and Rayleigh enhanced polarization beats; coexistence and interactions of MWM processes via electromagnetically induced transparency(EIT); multi-dressing MWM processes. The book is intended for researchers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Nonlinear Optics. Dr. Yanpeng Zhang is a professor at the Key Laboratory for Physical Electronics and Devices of the Ministry of Education, Xi'an Jiaotong University. Dr. Min Xiao is a professor of Physics at University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, U.S.A.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Coherent Semiconductor Optics

From Basic Concepts to Nanostructure Applications

Author: Torsten Meier,Peter Thomas,Stephan W. Koch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540325549

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 6678

This book introduces the basic theoretical concepts required for the analysis of the optical response of semiconductor systems in the coherent regime. It is the most instructive textbook on the theory and optical effects of semiconductors. The entire presentation is based on a one-dimensional tight-binding model. Starting with discrete-level systems, increasing complexity is added gradually to the model by including band-structure and many-particle interaction. Various linear and nonlinear optical spectra and temporal phenomena are studied. The analysis of many-body effects in nonlinear optical phenomena covers a major part of the book.
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Jet Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics

Author: J.M. Hollas,D. Phillips

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780751400359

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 7670

Recent years have seen an explosion in the volume of work carried out using supersonic jets of molecules following the discovery that the technique could provide information on structure and dynamics of a very high quality otherwise impossible to obtain. Written and edited by a first class team of authors, acknowledged world leaders in their subjects, this book describes applications in detail along with analysis of data recorded and background theory. Physical chemists and chemical physicists will find this unique book an essential concentrated source of information and reference.
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Quantum Control of Molecular Processes

Author: Moshe Shapiro,Paul Brumer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527639713

Category: Science

Page: 562

View: 9073

Written by two of the world's leading researchers in the field, this is a systematic introduction to the fundamental principles of coherent control, and to the underlying physics and chemistry. This fully updated second edition is enhanced by 80% and covers the latest techniques and applications, including nanostructures, attosecond processes, optical control of chirality, and weak and strong field quantum control. Developments and challenges in decoherence-sensitive condensed phase control as well as in bimolecular control are clearly described. Indispensable for atomic, molecular and chemical physicists, physical chemists, materials scientists and nanotechnologists.
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Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Basic Aspects and Practical Applications

Author: Sune Svanberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540203827

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 6360

A wide-ranging review of modern spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray, photoelectron, optical and laser spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. On the fundamental side the book focuses on physical principles and the impact of spectroscopy on our understanding of the building blocks of matter, while in the area of applications particular attention is given to those in chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophyscis. The Fourth Edition also provides the reader with an update on laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation, ultra-fast spectroscopy, high-power laser/matter interaction, satellite-based astronomy and spectroscopic aspects of laser medicine.
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Quantum Superposition

Counterintuitive Consequences of Coherence, Entanglement, and Interference

Author: Mark P. Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540718840

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 2717

A clear and engaging discussion Written by a highly respected quantum physicist Puzzling phenomena made comprehensible Describes solutions to challenging quandries in physics
Posted in Science