The Promise of Infrastructure

Author: Nikhil Anand,Akhil Gupta,Hannah Appel

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 1478002034

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 7000

From U.S.-Mexico border walls to Flint's poisoned pipes, there is a new urgency to the politics of infrastructure. Roads, electricity lines, water pipes, and oil installations promise to distribute the resources necessary for everyday life. Yet an attention to their ongoing processes also reveals how infrastructures are made with fragile and often violent relations among people, materials, and institutions. While infrastructures promise modernity and development, their breakdowns and absences reveal the underbelly of progress, liberal equality, and economic growth. This tension, between aspiration and failure, makes infrastructure a productive location for social theory. Contributing to the everyday lives of infrastructure across four continents, some of the leading anthropologists of infrastructure demonstrate in The Promise of Infrastructure how these more-than-human assemblages made over more-than-human lifetimes offer new opportunities to theorize time, politics, and promise in the contemporary moment. Contributors Nikhil Anand, Hannah Appel, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Dominic Boyer, Akhil Gupta, Penny Harvey, Brian Larkin, Christina Schwenkel, Antina von Schnitzler
Posted in Social Science

Das terrestrische Manifest

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518758047

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 8658

Eine Serie politischer Unwetter hat die Welt durcheinandergebracht. Die Instrumente, mit denen wir uns früher orientierten, funktionieren nicht mehr. Verstanden wir Politik lange als einen Zeitstrahl, der von einer lokalen Vergangenheit in eine globale Zukunft führen würde, realisieren wir nun, dass der Globus für unsere Globalisierungspläne zu klein ist. Der Weg in eine behütetere Vergangenheit erweist sich ebenfalls als Fiktion. Wir hängen in der Luft, der jähe Absturz droht. In dieser brisanten Situation gilt es zuallererst, wieder festen Boden unter den Füßen zu gewinnen und sich dann neu zu orientieren. Bruno Latour unternimmt den Versuch, die Landschaft des Politischen neu zu vermessen und unsere politischen Leidenschaften auf neue Gegenstände auszurichten. Jenseits überkommener Unterscheidungen wie links und rechts, fortschrittlich und reaktionär plädiert er für eine radikal materialistische Politik, die nicht nur den Produktionsprozess einbezieht, sondern auch die ökologischen Bedingungen unserer Existenz.
Posted in Political Science

The Promise and Perils of Infrastructure Privatization

The Macquarie Model

Author: L. Solomon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230101410

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 2414

This book focuses on the Macquarie Group Ltd. From its modest beginnings in Australia, Macquarie has achieved preeminence as the world's leading non-governmental operator of infrastructure assets. Its infrastructure fund model leases (or buys) staid assets ranging from toll roads to airports, piles on debt and reaps handsome rewards.
Posted in Political Science

The Promise and Perils of Infrastructure Privatization

The Macquarie Model

Author: Lewis D. Solomon

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230619302

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 3795

This book examines infrastructure privatization, worldwide and particularly in the United States, by investment banks as one way to promote economic growth and productivity. More specifically, it focuses on the Macquarie Group Ltd. From its modest beginnings is Australia some forty years ago Macquarie has achieved preeminence as the world’s leading non-governmental operator of infrastructure assets. The infrastructure fund model pioneered by Macquarie leases (or buys) staid assets ranging from toll roads to airports, piles on debt, and reaps handsome fees.
Posted in Business & Economics

Privatizing Africa's Infrastructure

Promise and Challenge

Author: Michel Kerf,Warrick Smith

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821337448

Category: Political Science

Page: 99

View: 3669

This paper examines the promise and challenge of infrastructure privatization in sub-Saharan Africa, with particular emphasis on power, telecommunications, water, rail, ports and airports. The paper places primary emphasis on mobilizing private investment in infrastructure. To realize the potential of infrastructure privatization in sub-Saharan Africa, four main challenges must be addressed: a) concerns over market size, affordability and payment risks; b) establishing adequate legal and regulatory frameworks; c) dealing with non commercial risks; and d) mobilizing local finance. The paper examines these four areas and gives elements of a future strategy for the World Bank Group.
Posted in Political Science

Private Solutions for Infrastructure in Lesotho

Author: Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility,World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821362051

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 91

View: 9564

Infrastructure in Lesotho is relatively undeveloped with poor coverage and low-quality services common to many African countries that have low per capita incomes and government fiscal limitations that constrain infrastructure investment. This report finds that private participation in infrastructure could offer Lesotho three key advantages: 1. augmenting budget resources in cases where the private sector undertakes to finance projects or services that would not otherwise be funded, 2. improving the quality and efficiency of service delivery, and 3. accelerating investments in infrastructure. By the same token, the report makes clear that private participation in infrastructure carries significant down-side risks that, despite the best of intentions, could lead to negative fiscal impacts, lower than expected service quality, disruptions to service, or more dire consequences. Accordingly, the need to establish private participation in infrastructure implementation and post-transaction oversight capacity is deemed to be of paramount importance if the Lesotho Government is to embrace an overall strategy for private participation in infrastructure.
Posted in Business & Economics

Delivering on the Promise of Pro-poor Growth

Insights and Lessons from Country Experiences

Author: Timothy Besley,Louise Cord

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821365169

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 253

View: 3563

Economic growth is the most important determinant of poverty reduction. But countries with similar rates of growth can experience different poverty reduction rates.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Promise of Prosperity

Visions of the Future in Timor-Leste

Author: Judith Bovensiepen

Publisher: ANU Press

ISBN: 1760462535

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 8512

For the people of Timor-Leste, independence promised a fundamental transformation from foreign occupation to self-rule, from brutality to respect for basic rights, and from poverty to prosperity. In the eyes of the country’s political leaders, revenue from the country’s oil and gas reserves is the means by which that transformation could be effected. Over the past decade, they have formulated ambitious plans for state-led development projects and rapid economic growth. Paradoxically, these modernist visions are simultaneously informed by and contradict ideas stemming from custom, religion, accountability and responsibility to future generations. This book explores how the promise of prosperity informs policy and how policy debates shape expectations about the future in one of the world’s newest and poorest nation-states.
Posted in Social Science

Messer, Gabel, Reissverschluss

Die Evolution der Gebrauchsgegenstände

Author: Henry Petroski

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034861893

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 342

View: 7171

Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Realizing the Promise of Corporate Portals

Author: Cindy Gordon,Jose Claudio Terra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136369805

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 3505

Thoughtful and provocative, 'Realizing the Promise of Corporate Portals' illustrates the vast potential of corporate portals and what your company can do to implement them for business success. Based on the authors' extensive backgrounds and consulting focused on implementing corporate portals this exciting new book extends IT theory into business strategy. Terra and Gordon explore the components and architecture of typical corporate portals and fundamental issues in knowledge management. Geared for decision makers at the executive level, this book provides a comprehensive view of the market landscape, powerful and detailed case studies, and collected best practices and lessons learned to help organizations successfully implement corporate portals. The book also includes detailed checklists necessary for selecting and implementing appropriate corporate portal technical solutions. Learn from their detailed case studies of hugely successful corporate portal implementations, including: * ADC Telecommunications Inc. * Bain & Company * Bank of Montreal * Context Integration * Eli Lilly * Hill & Knowlton * Nortel Networks * SERPRO * Siemens * Texaco * Xerox
Posted in Business & Economics

India Rural Infrastucture Report

Author: Ncaer,

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132101146

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 118

View: 9336

Based on primary data collected through a nationwide survey, the report aims to resolve some of the contradictions that have stymied the expansion of infrastructure in rural India with the aim of encouraging balanced regional growth of rural infrastructure. It proposes - Forming public-private partnerships - Greater decentralisation of regulation and ownership - Greater reliance on user fees to recover costs - Greater use of microfinance This is a definitive report on the state of rural infrastructure in the four major sectors of power, telecommunications, roads and transport, and water and sanitation. Given that the solutions to rural infrastructure problems are necessarily going to be unique in rural areas, where people are already underserved, this study focusing on rural infrastructure is valuable in that it advocates for new financing methods; attracting new players to provide services; adopting new policies to support privatisation and decentralisation of infrastructure services. In sum, it outlines a financially sustainable and inventive new approach.
Posted in Business & Economics

Die Geographie des Zorns

Author: Arjun Appadurai

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518125410

Category: Culture conflict

Page: 158

View: 9677

Posted in Culture conflict

Greener Homes for the Future?

An Environmental Analysis of the Government's House-building Plans; Twelfth Report of Session 2007-08; Report, Together with Formal Minutes, Oral and Written Evidence

Author: House of Commons

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215524317

Category: Law

Page: 255

View: 3194

This report examines three overarching issues: the impact of the growth of house-building targets; what sort of homes should be built; and where these homes should be built. The Committee on Climate Change should assess the impact of the Government's new house-building targets for three million new homes by 2020 on the UK's 2020 carbon reduction target. In light of the latest economic projections, fundamental changes in the mortgage market, and falling house prices, the Government should review the assumptions on which its target is based. And the target for 2 million new homes to be built before the zero carbon target comes into effect in 2016, with a further 1 million to be built afterwards, should change to increase significantly the proportion built afterwards. Zero carbon homes must source their heat and power from renewable sources. Ideally these will come from on-site renewable power generation; where this is impractical, off-site renewables should be built or funded. The Government should ensure that an excess of land is not made available to developers, something which is already leading to greenfield sites being developed in preference to brownfield sites. The Government should urgently reintroduce a clear sequential test in favour of brownfield development into planning policy. Greater emphasis ought to be placed on energy efficiency and sustainability within the building control regime that inspects new housing. The Government should consider introducing higher penalties for developers who fail to meet energy efficiency standards. The same environmental tests used for eco-towns should be applied to all major housing developments from 2016. The Government should re-examine eco-town proposals, to ensure they have good public transport links, and are located close to commercial centres and employment opportunities.
Posted in Law

Was ist ein Dispositiv?

Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037340424

Category:

Page: 41

View: 5191

Posted in

Die unterste Milliarde

Warum die ärmsten Länder scheitern und was man dagegen tun kann

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641204941

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 362

Der vielfach preisgekrönte Longseller jetzt in einer neuen Ausgabe Die unterste Milliarde – das sind die ärmsten Menschen der Erde, die am weltweit steigenden Wirtschaftswachstum keinen Anteil haben. Ihre Lebenserwartung ist auf fünfzig Jahre gesunken, jedes siebte Kind stirbt vor dem fünften Lebensjahr. Seit Jahrzehnten befinden sich die Ökonomien dieser Länder im freien Fall – ohne Aussicht auf Besserung. In seinem vielfach preisgekrönten Bestseller erklärt Paul Collier, wie es zu dieser krassen Armut gekommen ist und was man gegen sie tun kann.
Posted in Social Science

Das Sicherheitsdispositiv der Resilienz

Katastrophische Risiken und die Biopolitik vitaler Systeme

Author: Andreas Folkers

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593508796

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 484

In einer Welt, in der alte Gewissheiten prekär werden, ist Sicherheit zu einer zentralen Wertvorstellung geworden. Terroranschläge, Naturgefahren, Pandemien, Ausfälle vitaler Infrastrukturen und technische Störfälle führen immer wieder vor Augen, dass es "keine hundertprozentige Sicherheit" gibt. Als Alternative zum Versprechen von Sicherheit wird in jüngster Zeit verstärkt das Leitbild der Resilienz ins Spiel gebracht - die Fähigkeit, Risiken und Gefahren erfolgreich zu bewältigen. Dieses Buch untersucht die komplexe Sicherheitslandschaft der Gegenwart. Es befragt Praktiken der Sicherheit nach ihrer historischen Herkunft und ihren sozialen Effekten und versucht, unser Verständnis von "Sicherheit" zu verunsichern.
Posted in Social Science

Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution

Author: Klaus Schwab

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641203171

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 7771

Die größte Herausforderung unserer Zeit Ob selbstfahrende Autos, 3-D-Drucker oder Künstliche Intelligenz: Aktuelle technische Entwicklungen werden unsere Art zu leben und zu arbeiten grundlegend verändern. Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution hat bereits begonnen. Ihr Merkmal ist die ungeheuer schnelle und systematische Verschmelzung von Technologien, die die Grenzen zwischen der physischen, der digitalen und der biologischen Welt immer stärker durchbrechen. Wie kein anderer ist Klaus Schwab, der Vorsitzende des Weltwirtschaftsforums, in der Lage aufzuzeigen, welche politischen, wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und kulturellen Herausforderungen diese Revolution für uns alle mit sich bringt.
Posted in Business & Economics

Microservices

Konzeption und Design

Author: Sam Newman

Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG

ISBN: 3958450830

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 2424

Feingranulare Systeme mit Microservices aufbauen Design, Entwicklung, Deployment, Testen und Monitoring Sicherheitsaspekte, Authentifizierung und Autorisierung Verteilte Systeme haben sich in den letzten Jahren stark verändert: Große monolithische Architekturen werden zunehmend in viele kleine, eigenständige Microservices aufgespalten. Aber die Entwicklung solcher Systeme bringt Herausforderungen ganz eigener Art mit sich. Dieses Buch richtet sich an Softwareentwickler, die sich über die zielführenden Aspekte von Microservice-Systemen wie Design, Entwicklung, Testen, Deployment und Monitoring informieren möchten. Sam Newman veranschaulicht und konkretisiert seine ganzheitliche Betrachtung der grundlegenden Konzepte von Microservice-Architekturen anhand zahlreicher praktischer Beispiele und Ratschläge. Er geht auf die Themen ein, mit denen sich Systemarchitekten und Administratoren bei der Einrichtung, Verwaltung und Entwicklung dieser Architekturen in jedem Fall auseinandersetzen müssen. Aus dem Inhalt: Vorteile von Microservices Gestaltung von Services Ausrichtung der Systemarchitektur an der Organisationsstruktur Möglichkeiten zur Integration von Services Schrittweise Aufspaltung einer monolithischen Codebasis Deployment einzelner Microservices mittels Continuous Integration Testen und Monitoring verteilter Systeme Sicherheitsaspekte Authentifizierung und Autorisierung zwischen Benutzer und Service bzw. zwischen Services untereinander Skalierung von Microservice-Architekturen »Microservice-Architekturen besitzen viele interessante Eigenschaften, allerdings sind bei der Umstellung so einige Fallstricke zu beachten. Dieses Buch wird Ihnen helfen herauszufinden, ob Microservices für Ihre Zwecke geeignet sind und zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie die Fallstricke umgehen können.« Martin Fowler, Chief Scientist, ThoughtWorks
Posted in Computers

India rural infrastructure report

Author: National Council of Applied Economic Research

Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd

ISBN: 9780761935766

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 118

View: 7805

Based on primary data collected through a nationwide survey, the report aims to resolve some of the contradictions that have stymied the expansion of infrastructure in rural India with the aim of encouraging balanced regional growth of rural infrastructure. It proposes – Forming public-private partnerships – Greater decentralisation of regulation and ownership – Greater reliance on user fees to recover costs Greater use of microfinance This is a definitive report on the state of rural infrastructure in the four major sectors of power, telecommunications, roads and transport, and water and sanitation. Given that the solutions to rural infrastructure problems are necessarily going to be unique in rural areas, where people are already underserved, this study focusing on rural infrastructure is valuable in that it advocates for new financing methods; attracting new players to provide services; adopting new policies to support privatisation and decentralisation of infrastructure services. In sum, it outlines a financially sustainable and inventive new approach.
Posted in Business & Economics