The Principles of Learning and Behavior

Author: Michael P. Domjan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305142675

Category: Education

Page: 448

View: 4356

From habituation, classical conditioning, and instrumental conditioning to stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition, this learning and behavior textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the 20th century. Applications boxes help you understand how findings from animal research relate to human learning and behavior, while neuroscience boxes offer you insights into the brain activity underlying learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Education

The Principles of Learning and Behavior

Author: Michael P. Domjan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285088565

Category: Education

Page: 448

View: 8445

From habituation, classical conditioning, and instrumental conditioning to stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition, this learning and behavior textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the 20th century. Applications boxes help you understand how findings from animal research relate to human learning and behavior, while neuroscience boxes offer you insights into the brain activity underlying learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Education

The Principles of Learning and Behavior: Active Learning Edition

Author: Michael Domjan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495601993

Category: Psychology

Page: 696

View: 766

This active learning edition includes a new, built-in workbook that provides examples and exercises to help students practice and remember what they read in the text. In addition, students read graphs and make their own interpretations of what the information yields about behavior. Each exercise begins with a short lesson, and then has short assignments that range from 1 minute to 30 minutes worth of work -- some are short answer, some are projects, and some are more involved. The workbook also incorporates students exercises for SNIFFY THE VIRTUAL RAT, VERSION 2.0. Known for its currency and clear writing style, PRINCIPLES OF LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR provides a comprehensive and systematic introduction to elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the twentieth century. The book covers habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition and to the alleviation of behavior problems. Biological constraints on learning are integrated throughout the text, as are applications boxes that relate animal research to human learning and behavior. The book closely reflects the field of research it represents in terms of topics covered, theories discussed, and experimental paradigms described. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Psychology

Learning & Behavior

Eighth Edition

Author: James E. Mazur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315450267

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 5306

This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition. Real-world examples and analogies make the concepts and theories more concrete and relevant to students. In addition, most chapters provide examples of how the principles covered have been applied in behavior modification and therapy. Thoroughly updated, each chapter features many new studies and references that reflect recent developments in the field. Learning objectives, bold-faced key terms, practice quizzes, a chapter summary, review questions, and a glossary are included. ? The volume is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in psychology of learning, (human) learning, introduction to learning, learning processes, animal behavior, (principles of) learning and behavior, conditioning and learning, learning and motivation, experimental analysis of behavior, behaviorism, and behavior analysis.? Highlights of the new edition include: -A new text design with more illustrations, photos, and tables. -In the Media, Spotlight on Research, and Applying the Research boxes that highlight recent applications of learning principles in psychology, education, sports, and the workplace. -Discussions of recent developments in the growing field of neuroscience. - Coverage of various theoretical perspectives to the study of learning—behavioral, cognitive, and physiological. - Expanded coverage of emerging topics such as the behavioral economics of addictions, disordered gambling, and impulsivity. -New examples, references, and research studies to ensure students are introduced to the latest developments in the field. - A website at www.routledge.com/9781138689947 where instructors will find a test bank, Powerpoint slides, and Internet links. Students will find practice questions, definitions of key terms, chapter outlines, and Internet sources for additional information.
Posted in Psychology

Introduction to Learning and Behavior

Author: Russell A. Powell,P. Lynne Honey,Diane G. Symbaluk

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305652940

Category: Education

Page: 640

View: 4080

Offering a variety of innovative teaching tools, INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 5th Edition provides a clear introduction to the principles of learning and behavior. Designed to strike a balance between basic principles and their practical application, it provides an engaging outline of the behavioral approach to psychology and its relevance for understanding and improving the world we live in. This edition includes a new emphasis on behavior self-management -- including an appendix on tactics of behavior self-management as well as Study Tip boxes advising students on a range of study behavior issues, from how to best read a textbook to the use of stimulus control procedures to increase concentration and reduce procrastination. Instructors who include self-management projects as a course assignment may particularly appreciate this material. As with past editions, numerous opportunities for review and self-testing help students maximize their understanding and retention. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Education

Principles of Animal Behavior

Third International Student Edition

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393922332

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 7547

Principles of Animal Behavior has long been considered the most current and engaging introduction to animal behavior. The Third Edition is now also the most comprehensive and balanced in its approach to the theoretical framework behind how biologists study behavior.
Posted in Science

Learning and Behavior

Author: Paul Chance

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111832773

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 6776

LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, Seventh Edition, is stimulating and filled with high-interest queries and examples. Based on the theme that learning is a biological mechanism that aids survival, this book embraces a scientific approach to behavior but is written in clear, engaging, and easy-to-understand language. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Psychology

The Essentials of Conditioning and Learning

Author: Michael Domjan

Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)

ISBN: 9781433827785

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 6821

Revised edition of the author's The essentials of conditioning and learning, c2005.
Posted in Psychology

Comparative Psychology

Evolution and Development of Behavior, 2nd Edition

Author: Mauricio R. Papini

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136873198

Category: Psychology

Page: 800

View: 2151

This textbook introduces the student to evolutionary and developmental approaches to the study of animal behavior. It can be used as a core textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in Comparative Psychology, Animal Behavior, and Evolutionary Psychology.
Posted in Psychology

Principles of Behavioral Genetics

Author: Robert RH Anholt,Trudy F. C. Mackay

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919898

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 5884

Principles of Behavioral Genetics provides an introduction to the fascinating science that aims to understand how our genes determine what makes us tick. It presents a comprehensive overview of the relationship between genes, brain, and behavior. Introductory chapters give clear explanations of basic processes of the nervous system and fundamental principles of genetics of complex traits without excessive statistical jargon. Individual chapters describe the genetics of social interactions, olfaction and taste, memory and learning, circadian behavior, locomotion, sleep, and addiction, as well as the evolution of behavior. Whereas the focus is on genetics, neurobiological and ecological aspects are also included to provide intellectual breadth. The book uses examples that span the gamut from classical model organisms to non-model systems and human biology, and include both laboratory and field studies. Samples of historical information accentuate the text to provide the reader with an appreciation of the history of the field. This book will be a valuable resource for future generations of scientists who focus on the field of behavioral genetics. Defines the emerging science of behavioral genetics Engagingly written by two leading experts in behavioral genetics Clear explanations of basic quantitative genetic, neurogenetic and genomic applications to the study of behavior Numerous examples ranging from model organisms to non-model systems and humans Concise overviews and summaries for each chapter
Posted in Psychology

How to Motivate Reluctant Learners

Author: Robyn R. Jackson

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416610928

Category: Education

Page: 119

View: 1303

What we call "motivation" in school is really a decision students make to invest in our classrooms. It's our responsibility to show students the value of investment and guide them toward behaviors that will support learning. In this guide, Robyn R. Jackson takes you step by step through the process of motivating reluctant learners what great teachers do instead of relying on elaborate rewards systems or creative tricks to reach students who actively or passively resist investing themselves in the classroom. Here, you'll learn how to * Identify the classroom investments to ask for by considering the motivated behaviors you most want to see and ensuring that what you're asking for is specific, meaningful, observable, realistic, worth the effort, and small. * Create a classroom worth investing in by removing "demotivating" practice- and procedure-based barriers and giving students more opportunities for autonomy. * Understand and address students' resistance and respond with instructional strategies that minimize perceived risk and maximize immediate benefits. * Ask for and shape an investment by reaching out to students in a nonconfrontational way and providing a clear path toward motivated behavior. * Create a motivation plan that's tailored to the students you teach and designed to be effective in the long run. About the series Every teacher can become a master teacher with the right kind of practice and support. Each how-to guide in the Mastering the Principles of Great Teaching series focuses on one of the seven mastery principles introduced in Robyn R. Jackson's best-selling Never Work Harder Than Your Students . The guides' self-assessments, worksheets, planning templates, process outlines, checklists, links to online resources, suggested activities, and prompts for reflection help teachers of all experience levels apply the principles to address everyday classroom challenges and build their overall mastery mindset.
Posted in Education

Elementary Principles of Behavior

Author: Richard W. Malott,Maria E. Malott,Elizabeth A. Trojan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780130837066

Category: Psychology

Page: 500

View: 1127

B> A solid introduction to the principles of behavior using a clear, interesting, entertaining style with many case studies and everyday examples. This book maintains a high level of intellectual rigor addressing fundamental concepts at the beginning of each chapter with more advanced topics left for one of the two enrichment sections within each chapter. Bite sized research methods are covered throughout the chapters in the intermediate enrichment sections with a complete research methods chapter, Chapter 29, to refer to at any time. The Reinforcer, Reinforcement, Escape, Punishment, Penalty, Extinction and Recovery, Differential Reinforcement and Punishment, Shaping, Unlearned Reinforcers and Aversive Conditions, Special Establishing Operations, Learned Reinforcers and Aversive Conditions, Discrimination, Stimulus Generalization, Concept Training, and Stimulus Fading, Imitation, Avoidance, Punishment by Prevention Ratio Schedules, Time-Dependent Schedules, Concurrent Contingencies, Stimulus-Response Chains and Rate Contingencies, Respondent Conditioning, Analogs to Reinforcement, A Theory of Rule-Governed Behavior, Pay for Performance, Moral and Legal Control, Maintenance Transfer, Research Methods. For behavior analysts, psychologists and social workers, supervisors and managers.
Posted in Psychology

Principles of Behavior

Seventh Edition

Author: Richard Malott

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 131734510X

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 5403

Since the first edition of Principles of Behavior, the authors have sought to address the unique needs of students. This title has been written so that students of all levels will benefit from a solid introduction to the principles of behavior. The authors have laid the ground work for behavior analysis through an exploration of experimental, applied, and theoretical concepts. Case studies and everyday examples help readers apply principles of behavior to real life.
Posted in Psychology

Learning and Memory

Basic Principles, Processes, and Procedures, Fifth Edition

Author: W. Scott Terry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317224043

Category: Psychology

Page: 410

View: 2331

This thoroughly updated edition provides a balanced review of the core methods and the latest research on animal learning and human memory. The relevance of basic principles is highlighted throughout via everyday examples to ignite student interest, along with more traditional examples from human and animal laboratory studies. Individual differences in age, gender, learning style, cultural background, or special abilities (such as the math gifted) are highlighted within each chapter to help students see how the principles may be generalized to other subject populations. The basic processes of learning – such as classical and instrumental conditioning and encoding and storage in long-term memory in addition to implicit memory, spatial learning, and remembering in the world outside the laboratory – are reviewed. The general rules of learning are described along with the exceptions, limitations, and best applications of these rules. The relationship between the fields of neuropsychology and learning and memory is stressed throughout. The relevance of this research to other disciplines is reflected in the tone of the writing and is demonstrated through a variety of examples from education, neuropsychology, rehabilitation, psychiatry, nursing and medicine, I/O and consumer psychology, and animal behavior. Each chapter begins with an outline and concludes with a detailed summary. A website for instructors and students accompanies the book. Updated throughout with new research findings and examples the new edition features: A streamlined presentation for today’s busy students. As in the past, the author supports each concept with a research example and real-life application, but the duplicate example or application now appears on the website so instructors can use the additional material to illustrate the concepts in class. Expanded coverage of neuroscience that reflects the current research of the field including aversive conditioning (Ch. 5) and animal working memory (Ch. 8). More examples of research on student learning that use the same variables discussed in the chapter, but applies them in a classroom or student’s study environment. This includes research that applies encoding techniques to student learning, for example: studying: recommendations from experts (Ch. 1); the benefits of testing (Ch. 9); and Joshua Foer’s Moonwalking with Einstein, on his quest to become a memory expert (Ch. 6). More coverage of unconscious learning and knowledge (Ch. 11). Increased coverage of reinforcement and addiction (Ch. 4), causal and language learning (Ch. 6), working memory (WM) and the effects of training on WM, and the comparative evolution of WM in different species (Ch. 8), and genetics and learning (Ch. 12).
Posted in Psychology

How Learning Works

Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching

Author: Susan A. Ambrose,Michael W. Bridges,Michele DiPietro,Marsha C. Lovett,Marie K. Norman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470617601

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 6933

Praise for How Learning Works "How Learning Works is the perfect title for this excellent book. Drawing upon new research in psychology, education, and cognitive science, the authors have demystified a complex topic into clear explanations of seven powerful learning principles. Full of great ideas and practical suggestions, all based on solid research evidence, this book is essential reading for instructors at all levels who wish to improve their students' learning." —Barbara Gross Davis, assistant vice chancellor for educational development, University of California, Berkeley, and author, Tools for Teaching "This book is a must-read for every instructor, new or experienced. Although I have been teaching for almost thirty years, as I read this book I found myself resonating with many of its ideas, and I discovered new ways of thinking about teaching." —Eugenia T. Paulus, professor of chemistry, North Hennepin Community College, and 2008 U.S. Community Colleges Professor of the Year from The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education "Thank you Carnegie Mellon for making accessible what has previously been inaccessible to those of us who are not learning scientists. Your focus on the essence of learning combined with concrete examples of the daily challenges of teaching and clear tactical strategies for faculty to consider is a welcome work. I will recommend this book to all my colleagues." —Catherine M. Casserly, senior partner, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching "As you read about each of the seven basic learning principles in this book, you will find advice that is grounded in learning theory, based on research evidence, relevant to college teaching, and easy to understand. The authors have extensive knowledge and experience in applying the science of learning to college teaching, and they graciously share it with you in this organized and readable book." —From the Foreword by Richard E. Mayer, professor of psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara; coauthor, e-Learning and the Science of Instruction; and author, Multimedia Learning
Posted in Education

Never Work Harder Than Your Students and Other Principles of Great Teaching

Author: Robyn R. Jackson

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416612262

Category: Education

Page: 249

View: 8201

Is great teaching a gift that only a few of us are born with, or is it a skill that can be learned? In Never Work Harder Than Your Students, Robyn Jackson makes a radical assertion: Any teacher can become a master teacher by developing a master teacher mindset. The master teacher mindset can be achieved by rigorously applying seven principles to your teaching until they become your automatic response to students in the classroom. The more you practice these seven principles, the more you begin to think like a master teacher: 1. Start where your students are. 2. Know where your students are going. 3. Expect to get your students to their goal. 4. Support your students along the way. 5. Use feedback to help you and your students get better. 6. Focus on quality rather than quantity. 7. Never work harder than your students. Using these principles, Jackson shows you how to become a master teacher no matter where you are in your practice. Each chapter provides a detailed explanation of one of the mastery principles, the steps you need to take to apply them to your own practice, and suggestions for how you can begin practicing the principle in your classroom right away. Jackson offers stories from her own teaching practice, as well as from other teachers she has helped, to show you how each principle works. Teaching is a hard job, but using Jackson's principles will help you and your students reap the rich rewards of that hard work.
Posted in Education

The ABCs of Human Behavior

Behavioral Principles for the Practicing Clinician

Author: Jonas Ramnerö,Niklas Törneke

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 1572245387

Category: Psychology

Page: 214

View: 906

The ABCs of Human Behavior the first book to present modern behavioural psychology to practicing clinicians. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning, as well as the more recent developments that help explain language and cognition.When cognitive behaviour therapy emerged in 1950s, driven by the work of Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck, basic behaviour principles were largely sidelined in clinical psychology curricula. Issues in cognition became the focus of case conceptualization and intervention planning for most therapists. But as the new "third-wave" behaviour therapies begin to address weaknesses in the traditional cognitive behavioural models--principally the modest effectiveness of thought stopping and cognitive restructuring techniques--basic behaviour principles are once again attracting the interest of front-line clinicians. Many of today's clinicians, though, received their training during the years in which classical behaviourism was not a major part of clinical education. In order to make the best use of the new contextual behaviourism, they need to revisit basic behavioural principles from a practical angle. This book addresses this need. The ABCs of Human Behavior offers practicing clinicians a pithy and practical introduction to the basics of modern behavioural psychology. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning as well as more recent developments that explain language and cognition in behavioural and contextual terms. These principles are not just discussed in the abstract--rather the book shows how the principles of learning apply in the clinical context. Practical and easy to read, the book walks clinicians through both common sense and clinical examples that help them learn to use behavioural principles to observe, explain and influence behaviour in a therapeutic setting.
Posted in Psychology

Psychological Foundations of Education

Learning and Teaching

Author: B. Claude Mathis,John W. Cotton,Lee Sechrest

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483258165

Category: Education

Page: 796

View: 3420

Psychological Foundations of Education presents some of the principles of psychology that are relevant to learning and teaching. It presents an alternative answer to the problem of the bifurcation of general and educational psychology in the curriculum of teacher preparation. While the solution is provisional and has obvious imperfections, it is offered in the hope that it may stimulate discussion of the problem and other solutions and/or explicit justifications for past practice. Key concepts discussed include teachers’ attitudes and behavior, different types of learning, technology in education, forgetting and extinction, child development, and intelligence measurements. Also covered are the assessment of educational achievement, the social psychology of the classroom, and education in urban schools. This text should have a variety of uses in classes where students are preparing for teaching. It was written specifically for those situations in which the prospective teacher is introduced to psychology through a one- or two-semester integrated sequence.
Posted in Education