The Principles of Learning and Behavior

Author: Michael P. Domjan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305142675

Category: Education

Page: 448

View: 2229

From habituation, classical conditioning, and instrumental conditioning to stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition, this learning and behavior textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the 20th century. Applications boxes help you understand how findings from animal research relate to human learning and behavior, while neuroscience boxes offer you insights into the brain activity underlying learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Education

Domjan and Burkhard's The Principles of Learning and Behavior

Author: Michael Domjan,Barbara Burkhard-Ebin

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534189129

Category: Psychology

Page: 459

View: 5430

This popular text gives students a comprehensive and readable introduction to contemporary issues in learning and behavior. The books balanced coverage, careful organization, and focus on animal learning have made it a favorite for years with professors and students alike. The book provides a systematic introduction to elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the twentieth century: habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition and to the alleviation of behavior problems. Biological constraints on learning are integrated throughout the text, as are applications boxes that relate animal research to human learning and behavior. The book is organized so that each chapter builds on the previous one, and simpler phenomena (habituation and sensitization) are described before more complicated ones. Within each chapter, information is also presented in increasing order of complexity. Throughout, analogies and examples help simplify and clarify concepts.
Posted in Psychology

Lernen und Verhalten

Author: James E. Mazur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827372185

Category: Behavior modification

Page: 659

View: 8204

Posted in Behavior modification

Learning & Behavior

Eighth Edition

Author: James E. Mazur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315450267

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 9447

This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition. Real-world examples and analogies make the concepts and theories more concrete and relevant to students. In addition, most chapters provide examples of how the principles covered have been applied in behavior modification and therapy. Thoroughly updated, each chapter features many new studies and references that reflect recent developments in the field. Learning objectives, bold-faced key terms, practice quizzes, a chapter summary, review questions, and a glossary are included. ? The volume is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in psychology of learning, (human) learning, introduction to learning, learning processes, animal behavior, (principles of) learning and behavior, conditioning and learning, learning and motivation, experimental analysis of behavior, behaviorism, and behavior analysis.? Highlights of the new edition include: -A new text design with more illustrations, photos, and tables. -In the Media, Spotlight on Research, and Applying the Research boxes that highlight recent applications of learning principles in psychology, education, sports, and the workplace. -Discussions of recent developments in the growing field of neuroscience. - Coverage of various theoretical perspectives to the study of learning—behavioral, cognitive, and physiological. - Expanded coverage of emerging topics such as the behavioral economics of addictions, disordered gambling, and impulsivity. -New examples, references, and research studies to ensure students are introduced to the latest developments in the field. - A website at www.routledge.com/9781138689947 where instructors will find a test bank, Powerpoint slides, and Internet links. Students will find practice questions, definitions of key terms, chapter outlines, and Internet sources for additional information.
Posted in Psychology

Introduction to Learning and Behavior

Author: Russell A. Powell,P. Lynne Honey,Diane G. Symbaluk

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305652940

Category: Education

Page: 640

View: 9323

Offering a variety of innovative teaching tools, INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 5th Edition provides a clear introduction to the principles of learning and behavior. Designed to strike a balance between basic principles and their practical application, it provides an engaging outline of the behavioral approach to psychology and its relevance for understanding and improving the world we live in. This edition includes a new emphasis on behavior self-management -- including an appendix on tactics of behavior self-management as well as Study Tip boxes advising students on a range of study behavior issues, from how to best read a textbook to the use of stimulus control procedures to increase concentration and reduce procrastination. Instructors who include self-management projects as a course assignment may particularly appreciate this material. As with past editions, numerous opportunities for review and self-testing help students maximize their understanding and retention. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Education

Animal Behavior: Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen. Easy Reading Edition

An Evolutionary Approach

Author: John Alcock

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827417831

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 5226

John Alcocks Standardwerk Animal Behavior - jetzt in Form eines völlig neuen Lehrbuchtyps, der speziell für die Studiensituation im deutschsprachigen Raum konzipiert wurde.* Das erfolgreiche Lehrbuch Animal Behavior stellt die verschiedenen Aspekte tierischen Verhaltens in einen evolutionsbiologischen Rahmen. Es behandelt die grundlegenden Mechanismen des Verhaltens ebenso wie seine stammesgeschichtlichen Ursachen und betont die Bedeutung der Evolutionstheorie als einigendes Element der unterschiedlichen Teildisziplinen der Verhaltensbiologie. Wichtige Konzepte werden sowohl an Wirbellosen wie an Wirbeltieren verdeutlicht. Alcocks klarer und engagierter Schreibstil macht es auch Anfängern trotz der stark konzeptionellen Ausrichtung des Werkes leicht, den Stoff zu verstehen. Die nun vorliegende achte Auflage des Standardwerkes wurde völlig neu geschrieben. Zahlreiche Erkenntnisse aus jüngster Zeit haben darin Eingang gefunden. Verständnisfragen direkt an den entsprechenden Textstellen regen dazu an, sich mit dem gerade gelesenen Stoff auseinanderzusetzen. Die beiden Kapitel über die Einflüsse von Vererbung und Umwelt auf die Entwicklung wurden vereint, um zu verdeutlichen, dass Entwicklungsprozesse sowohl von genetischen als auch von Umweltfaktoren abhängen. Der Autor führt dem Leser immer wieder vor Augen, welche Rolle der Überprüfung von Theorien und Hypothesen zukommt und dass wissenschaftliche Schlussfolgerungen immer nur vorübergehend gültig sind. So werden in diesem Buch auch kontrovers diskutierte und bisher ungelöste Probleme angesprochen. * Von Studierenden der Biowissenschaften wird heute erwartet, dass sie im Laufe ihres Studiums englische Literatur problemlos lesen und verstehen und schließlich auch Forschungsergebnisse auf Englisch kommunizieren können. Den Weg dorthin bereitet der neu entwickelte Lehrbuchtyp Easy Reading - Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen. So bietet die vorliegende Ausgabe von Animal Behavior in einem zusammen: den englischen Originaltext deutsche Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte deutschsprachige Verständnisfragen / Übungsaufgaben ein englisch-deutsches Glossar deutsch- und englischsprachige Kapitelzusammenfassungen und auf der Website www.elsevier.de/alcock: eine Übersicht über die im Buch erwähnten Arten (deutsch, englisch, lateinisch) Internetlinks für Deutschland, Österreich und die Schweiz Wesentlicher Zusatznutzen der "Easy Reading"-Ausgabe ist, das Lesen des englischen Grundtextes zu erleichtern und in die spezielle wissenschaftliche Terminologie einzuführen. Wer dieses Buch durcharbeitet, steigert somit seine fachliche und seine sprachliche Kompetenz zugleich. This new edition of Animal Behavior has been completely rewritten with coverage of much recent work in animal behavior, resulting in a thoroughly up-to-date text. Notable is the inclusion, for the first time, of discussion questions embedded in the text itself, rather than appended to the end of each chapter. This format is designed to encourage students to reflect on the material they have just digested while also making it easier for instructors to promote a problem-solving approach to the subject in their classes. Another key organizational improvement is the consolidation of what had been two separate chapters on the genetic and environmental influences on development. By combining this material, the new Chapter 3 makes a stronger, more tightly argued case for the view that development is a truly interactive process codependent on both genetic and environmental factors. Like previous editions, the book shows how evolutionary biologists analyze all aspects of behavior. It is distinguished by its balanced treatment of both the underlying mechanisms and evolutionary causes of behavior, and stresses the utility of evolutionary theory in unifying the different behavio
Posted in Science

The ABCs of Human Behavior

Behavioral Principles for the Practicing Clinician

Author: Jonas Ramnero,Niklas Torneke

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 1608824357

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 2545

When cognitive behavior therapy emerged in the 1950s, driven by the work of Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck, basic behavior principles were largely sidelined in clinical psychology curricula. Issues in cognition became the focus of case conceptualization and intervention planning for most therapists. But as the new third-wave behavior therapies begin to address weaknesses in the traditional cognitive behavioral models-principally the modest effectiveness of thought stopping and cognitive restructuring techniques-basic behavior principles are once again attracting the interest of front-line clinicians. Many of today's clinicians, though, received their training during the years in which classical behaviorism was not a major part of clinical education. In order to make the best use of the new contextual behaviorism, they need to revisit basic behavioral principles from a practical angle. This book addresses this need. The ABCs of Human Behavior offers practicing clinicians a pithy and practical introduction to the basics of modern behavioral psychology. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning as well as more recent developments that explain language and cognition in behavioral and contextual terms. These principles are not just discussed in the abstract-rather the book shows how the principles of learning apply in the clinical context. Practical and easy to read, the book walks clinicians through both common sense and clinical examples that help them learn to use behavioral principles to observe, explain, and influence behavior in a therapeutic setting.
Posted in Psychology

Behavior Management

Traditional and Expanded Approaches

Author: Norris M. Haynes

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761859616

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 2507

This book serves as a reference guide on the implementation of basic and more advanced behavior management strategies. It covers the principles and application of basic learning theories as well as those that integrate cognitions and emotions in treatment frameworks.
Posted in Education

Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes (Volume 3)

Approaches to Human Learning and Motivation

Author: William K. Estes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317672291

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 9505

Originally published in 1976, Volume 3 of this Handbook deals primarily with conditions of acquisition, retention and forgetting, and the manner in which acquired information and motivation combine to determine performance. The organization of this volume can be understood in terms of four principal categories. The first category deals with general problems of methodology, the second and third with basic concepts arising from research on human learning and performance and the fourth with applications. Volume 1 presented an overview of the field and introduced principal theoretical and methodological issues that persistently recurred in the expanded treatment of specific research areas which comprise the later volumes. The areas traditionally associated with conditioning, learning theory and the basic psychology of human learning are treated in Volumes 2 and 3. The last three volumes will range over active lines of research having to do with human cognitive processes, at the time: Volume 4, attention, memory storage and retrieval; Volumes 5 and 6, information processing, reading, semantic memory, and problem solving.
Posted in Psychology

Behavior Analysis and Learning

Sixth Edition

Author: W. David Pierce,Carl D. Cheney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351779796

Category: Psychology

Page: 638

View: 2118

Using a consistent Skinnerian perspective, Behavior Analysis and Learning: A Biobehavioral Approach, Sixth Edition provides an advanced introduction to the principles of behavior analysis and learned behaviors, covering a full range of principles from basic respondent and operant conditioning through applied behavior analysis into cultural design. The textbook uses Darwinian, neurophysiological, and biological theories and research to inform B. F. Skinner’s philosophy of radical behaviorism. The sixth edition expands focus on neurophysiological mechanisms and their relation to the experimental analysis of behavior, providing updated studies and references to reflect current expansions and changes in the field of behavior analysis. By bringing together ideas from behavior analysis, neuroscience, and epigenetics under a selectionist framework, this textbook facilitates understanding of behavior at environmental, genetic, and neurophysiological levels. This "grand synthesis" of behavior, neuroscience, and neurobiology roots behavior firmly in biology. The book includes special sections, "New Directions," "Focus On," "Note On," "On the Applied Side," and "Advanced Section," which enhance student learning and provide greater insight on specific topics. This book is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology or other behavior-based disciplines, especially behavioral neuroscience. For additional resources to use alongside the textbook, consult the Companion Website at www.routledge.com/cw/pierce.
Posted in Psychology

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5907

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“
Posted in Business & Economics

Entwicklungspsychologie des Kindes- und Jugendalters für Bachelor

Author: Arnold Lohaus,Marc Vierhaus

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662455293

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 3398

Dieses Lehrbuch beantwortet alle prüfungsrelevanten Fragen des psychologischen Grundlagenfachs "Entwicklungspsychologie", behandelt die zentralen Bereiche Motorik, Sensorik, Kognition, Intelligenz, Emotion, Sprache, Selbstkonzept, Moral, Eltern-Kind-Beziehung und gibt einen Überblick über entwicklungspsychologische Theorien, Methoden und Diagnostik. Es ist vollständig, durch zahlreiche Fallbeispiele, Definitionen, Lernziele, Kontrollfragen und vertiefende Literatur sehr lernfreundlich und gleichzeitig sehr kompakt: eine ausführliche Randspalte (fast-track) fasst das Wichtigste zusammen. Doch das Buch ist nur der halbe Spaß: Die begleitende Website enthält Lerntools für Studierende und komplette Foliensätze für Dozenten zum Download. Alle Kapitel werden als Hörbeiträge zum Download im mp3-Format angeboten. Und viele Themen werden durch kurze Videos unterhaltsam erklärt und können via QR-Codes im Buch auch auf dem Smartphone angeschaut werden. – Das Beste: All das ist kostenlos! Lesen, Hören, Sehen, Lehren und Lernen im Web - mehr kann ein Lehrbuch nicht bieten.
Posted in Psychology

Biologische Psychologie

ein Lehrbuch

Author: Rainer Schandry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621275903

Category:

Page: 665

View: 7216

Posted in

Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Author: Duane M. Rumbaugh,David A. Washburn

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300129359

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 6297

What is animal intelligence? In what ways is it similar to human intelligence? Many behavioral scientists have realized that animals can be rational, can think in abstract symbols, can understand and react to human speech, and can learn through observation as well as conditioning many of the more complicated skills of life. Now Duane Rumbaugh and David Washburn probe the mysteries of the animal mind even further, identifying an advanced level of animal behavior—emergents—that reflects animals’ natural and active inclination to make sense of the world. Rumbaugh and Washburn unify all behavior into a framework they call Rational Behaviorism and present it as a new way to understand learning, intelligence, and rational behavior in both animals and humans. Drawing on years of research on issues of complex learning and intelligence in primates (notably rhesus monkeys, chimpanzees, and bonobos), Rumbaugh and Washburn provide delightful examples of animal ingenuity and persistence, showing that animals are capable of very creative solutions to novel challenges. The authors analyze learning processes and research methods, discuss the meaningful differences across the primate order, and point the way to further advances, enlivening theoretical material about primates with stories about their behavior and achievements.
Posted in Psychology

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080453961

Category: Psychology

Page: 1816

View: 5461

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists
Posted in Psychology

GRIT - Die neue Formel zum Erfolg

Mit Begeisterung und Ausdauer ans Ziel

Author: Angela Duckworth

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641173558

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 3222

Die neue Formel zum Erfolg: Leidenschaft Ausdauer und Zuversicht Eine Mischung aus Ausdauer und Leidenschaft, nicht IQ, Startbedingungen oder Talent entscheidet über den Erfolg eines Menschen. Diese These hat die Neurowissenschaftlerin und Psychologin Angela Duckworth in dem Wort GRIT zusammengefasst, das im Englischen so viel wie Biss oder Mumm heißt, und hat damit weltweit Aufsehen erregt. Auf Basis ihrer eigenen Geschichte, von wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen und anhand ungewöhnlicher Leistungsbiografien ist sie dem Geheimnis von erfolgreichen Menschen auf den Grund gegangen, seien sie Sportler, Bankmanager oder Comiczeichner. Sie weist nach, dass nicht "Genie", sondern eine einzigartige Kombination aus Begeisterungsfähigkeit und langfristigem Durchhaltevermögen darüber entscheidet, ob man seine Ziele erreicht. Mit zahlreichen Beispielen, die jeder auf seine Situation anwenden kann, erläutert Angela Duckworth das Konzept der motivierten Beharrlichkeit. Und sie fordert dazu auf, im Wissen um GRIT Lernen und Bildung neu zu denken.
Posted in Business & Economics