The Post-Secular in Question

Religion in Contemporary Society

Author: Philip Gorski,David Kyuman Kim,John Torpey,Jonathan VanAntwerpen

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814738745

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 1615

The Post-Secular in Question considers whether there has in fact been a religious resurgence of global dimensions in recent decades. This collection of original essays by leading academics represents an interdisciplinary intervention in the continuing and ever-transforming discussion of the role of religion and secularism in today’s world. Foregrounding the most urgent and compelling questions raised by the place of religion in the social sciences, past and present, The Post-Secular in Question restores religion to a more central place in social scientific thinking about the world, helping to move scholarship “beyond unbelief.” Contributors: Courtney Bender, Craig Calhoun, Michele Dillon, Philip S. Gorski, Richard Madsen, Kathleen Mahoney, Tomoko Masuzawa, Eduardo Mendieta, John Schmalzbauer, James K. A. Smith, John Torpey, Bryan S. Turner, Hent de Vries.
Posted in Social Science

The Customization of Science

The Impact of Religious and Political Worldviews on Contemporary Science

Author: S. Fuller,M. Stenmark,U. Zackariasson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137379618

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 4978

This collection explores whether and how religious and secular worldviews and political ideologies held by scientists, citizens, decision-makers and politicians influence science as practiced and understood today. Contributors explore the social and scientific repercussions of 'customizing' science to fit the needs and interests of various groups.
Posted in Social Science

The Making of a Postsecular Society

A Durkheimian Approach to Memory, Pluralism and Religion in Turkey

Author: Massimo Rosati

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317024915

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 9501

Drawing on the thought of Durkheim, this volume focuses on societal changes at the symbolic level to develop a new conceptualisation of the emergence of postsecular societies. Neo-Durkheimian categories are applied to the case of Turkey, which in recent years has shifted from a strong Republican and Kemalist view of secularism to a more Anglo-Saxon perspective. Turkish society thus constitutes an interesting case that blurs modernist distinctions between the secular and the religious and which could be described as ’postsecular’. Presenting three symbolic case studies - the enduring image of the founder of the Republic Atatürk, the contested site of Ayasofia, and the remembering and commemoration of the murdered journalist Hrant Dink - The Making of a Postsecular Society analyses the cultural relationship that the modern Republic has always had with Europe, considering the possible implications of the Turkish model of secularism for a specifically European self-understanding of modernity. Based on a rigorous construction of theoretical categories and on a close scrutiny of the common challenges confronting Europe and its Turkish neighbour long considered ’other’ with regard to the accommodation of religious difference, this book sheds light on the possibilities for Europe to find new ways of arranging the relationship between the secular and the religious. As such, it will appeal to scholars of social theory, the sociology of religion, secularisation and religious difference, and social change.
Posted in Social Science

Ein säkulares Zeitalter

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1297

View: 2457

Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.
Posted in Philosophy

Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference

Author: Linell E. Cady,Tracy Fessenden

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536046

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 2217

Global struggles over women's roles, rights, and dress increasingly cast the secular and the religious in tense if not violent opposition. When advocates for equality speak in terms of rights and modern progress, or reactionaries ground their authority in religious and scriptural appeals, both tend to presume women's emancipation is ineluctably tied to secularization. Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference upsets this certainty by drawing on diverse voices and traditions in studies that historicize, question, and test the implicit links between secularism and expanded freedoms for women. Rather than position secularism as the answer to conflicts over gender and sexuality, this volume shows both religion and the secular collaborate in creating the conditions that generate them.
Posted in Religion

Religion und Öffentlichkeit

Author: Eduardo Mendieta,Jonathan VanAntwerpen

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518763407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 5879

Lange Zeit hatte es den Anschein, als sei die Säkularisierung, also die schwindende Bedeutung des Religiösen, ein ebenso stabiler gesellschaftlicher Trend wie die Individualisierung und die Globalisierung. Doch spätestens seit dem 11. September erleben wir eine Renaissance der Religionen: Die Debatten um Kruzifixe in Schulen, die mediale Hysterie nach der Wahl Papst Benedikts XVI. und den Islam in Europa zwingen uns nun, die Bedeutung von Begriffen wie religiös und säkular und die öffentliche Rolle der Religion zu überdenken. Zu diesem Zweck fand im Oktober 2009 in New York eine Art Gipfeltreffen der Philosophie statt, an dem mit Judith Butler, Craig Calhoun, Jürgen Habermas, Charles Taylor und Cornel West fünf der wichtigsten Denkerinnen und Denker der Gegenwart teilnahmen. Dieser Band dokumentiert die Beiträge des Symposiums sowie die anschließende Diskussion.
Posted in Philosophy

Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age

Author: Michael Warner,Jonathan VanAntwerpen,Craig J. Calhoun

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674048577

Category: Philosophy

Page: 337

View: 3005

âeoeWhat does it mean to say that we live in a secular age?âe This apparently simple question opens into the massive, provocative, and complex A Secular Age, where Charles Taylor positions secularism as a defining feature of the modern world, not the mere absence of religion, and casts light on the experience of transcendence that scientistic explanations of the world tend to neglect. In Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age, a prominent and varied group of scholars chart the conversations in which A Secular Age intervenes and address wider questions of secularism and secularity. The distinguished contributors include Robert Bellah, José Casanova, Nilüfer Göle, William E. Connolly, Wendy Brown, Simon During, Colin Jager, Jon Butler, Jonathan Sheehan, Akeel Bilgrami, John Milbank, and Saba Mahmood. Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age succeeds in conveying to readers the complexity of secularism while serving as an invaluable guide to a landmark book.
Posted in Philosophy

Religion and the State

A Comparative Sociology

Author: J. M. Barbalet,Adam Possamai,Bryan S. Turner

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 0857287982

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 2759

This volume addresses a central problem of contemporary states, namely how to manage the eruption of public religions. While the liberal framework formerly regarded religion as simply a matter of private practice and conscience, in modern states religion has often come to challenge the so-called Westphalian model of church-state relations, and has brought into question many liberal notions of secularism and tolerance. There is much discussion about post-secular society in which religion has to be taken seriously in public affairs. This collection of case studies – looking at Turkey, Singapore, India, China, Britain, Europe and the United States – explores a number of examples in which the state exercises some degree of management of religion, thereby bringing into question the traditional separation of religion and state. This study also attempts to refine the notion of secularization by examining this process in terms of political arrangements (church-state relations) and the role of religion in everyday life. Ultimately, this study reveals that there is no uniform or standard pattern of secularization in modern societies.
Posted in Social Science

Laizität und Gewissensfreiheit

Author: Charles Taylor,Jocelyn Maclure

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518758403

Category: Political Science

Page: 146

View: 3374

Der Kopftuchstreit in Deutschland und Frankreich, der Mord an Theo van Gogh in den Niederlanden, der Karikaturenstreit in Dänemark: die politische Dimension religiöser Haltungen ist in den letzten Jahren allgegenwärtig. Der Philosoph Charles Taylor gilt als einer der besten Kenner der modernen Religionsgeschichte und als Experte in Sachen Multikulturalismus. Zusammen mit seinem kanadischen Kollegen Jocelyn Maclure versucht er, eine Antwort auf die Frage zu finden, wie sich eine politische Gemeinschaft gegenüber religiösen Mehrheiten und Minderheiten verhalten sollte. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung steht die Frage der religiösen Neutralität des Staates, die in der Moderne unter dem Begriff des Laizismus diskutiert wird. Mit ihr ist das Problem der individuellen Religions- und Gewissensfreiheit aufs engste verbunden. Taylor und Maclure zeigen eindrucksvoll, daß alleine eine »liberal-pluralistische Politik«, die Religion nicht prinzipiell aus der öffentlichen Sphäre ausschließt, unter den Bedingungen heutiger multikultureller Gesellschaften geeignet ist, ein friedliches Zusammenleben und das fundamentale Recht der freien Religionsausübung und Gewissensfreiheit zu gewährleisten.
Posted in Political Science

Habermas and Religion

Author: Craig Calhoun,Eduardo Mendieta,Jonathan VanAntwerpen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745674267

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 4248

To the surprise of many readers, Jürgen Habermas has recentlymade religion a major theme of his work. Emphasizing bothreligion's prominence in the contemporary public sphere and itspotential contributions to critical thought, Habermas's engagementwith religion has been controversial and exciting, putting much ofhis own work in fresh perspective and engaging key themes inphilosophy, politics and social theory. Habermas argues that the once widely accepted hypothesis ofprogressive secularization fails to account for the multipletrajectories of modernization in the contemporary world. He callsattention to the contemporary significance of "postmetaphysical"thought and "postsecular" consciousness - even in Western societiesthat have embraced a rationalistic understanding of publicreason. Habermas and Religion presents a series of original andsustained engagements with Habermas's writing on religion in thepublic sphere, featuring new work and critical reflections fromleading philosophers, social and political theorists, andanthropologists. Contributors to the volume respond both toHabermas's ambitious and well-developed philosophical project andto his most recent work on religion. The book closes with anextended response from Habermas - itself a major statement from oneof today's most important thinkers.
Posted in Philosophy

Religion, Gender and Sexuality in Everyday Life

Author: Peter Nynäs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317067274

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 8435

Exploring the intersection between religion, gender and sexuality within the context of everyday life, this volume examines contested identities, experiences, bodies and desires on the individual and collective levels. With rich case studies from the UK, USA, Europe, and Asia, Religion, Gender and Sexuality in Everyday Life sheds light on the manner in which individuals appropriate, negotiate, transgress, invert and challenge the norms and models of various religions in relation to gender and sexuality, and vice versa. Drawing on fascinating research from around the world, this book charts central features of the complexities involved in everyday life, examining the messiness, limits, transformations and possibilities that occur when subjectivities, religious and cultural traditions, and politics meet within the local as well as transnational contexts. As such, it will be of interest to scholars of sociology, anthropology, geography and cultural studies examining questions of religion and spirituality, gender and sexuality, and individual and collective identities in contemporary society.
Posted in Social Science

Dialektik der Säkularisierung

über Vernunft und Religion

Author: Jürgen Habermas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783451324871

Category:

Page: 64

View: 680

Posted in

The Oxford Handbook of Secularism

Author: Phil Zuckerman,John R. Shook

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199988455

Category: Secularism

Page: 760

View: 3879

As recent headlines reveal, conflicts and debates around the world more and more frequently involve secularism. National borders and traditional religions can no longer keep people in tidy boxes anymore as political struggles, doctrinal divergences, and demographic trends sweep across regionsand entire continents. Secularity is increasing in society, with a growing number of people in many regions having no religious affiliation or lacking interest in religion. Simultaneously, there is a resurgence of religious participation in the politics of many countries. How might these diversephenomena be interrelated, and better understood? The Oxford Handbook of Secularism offers a wide-ranging examination of secularism on a global scale, bringing together an international collection of views from prominent experts in a variety of fields. This volume reflects the impressive level of academic attention now given to secularism acrossthe humanities, social sciences, law and public policy, and international relations. Long-reigning theories about the pace of secularization, and ideal church-state relations, are here scrutinized by a new generation of scholars studying secularism with new questions, better data, and freshperspectives.This is the essential volume for comprehending the core issues and methodological approaches to the demographics and sociology of secularity; the history and variety of political secularisms; the comparison of constitutional secularisms across countries spanning from America to Asia; the keyproblems now convulsing church-state relations; the intersections of liberalism, multiculturalism, and religion; the latest psychological research into secular lives and lifestyles; and the naturalistic and humanistic worldviews available to nonreligious people. The Oxford Handbook of Secularismaddresses a wide breadth of interrelated issues and problems from multi-disciplinary stances, covering scholarly territory not addressed previously.
Posted in Secularism

The Future of Religion

Toward a Reconciled Society

Author: Michael R. Ott

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004160140

Category: Social Science

Page: 490

View: 1776

This book contains the work of international scholars who address the contemporary globalizing antagonism between religion and secularity, in the theoretical and practical pursuit for this antagonism's reconciliation in a more just, humane and peaceful future society and world.
Posted in Social Science

Edward Said's Rhetoric of the Secular

Author: Mathieu E. Courville

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441115951

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 3691

Edward Said's Rhetoric of the Secular provides an important new reading of Edward W. Said's work, emphasizing not only the distinction but also the fuzzy borders between representations of ‘the religious' and ‘the secular' found within and throughout his oeuvre and at the core of some of his most customary rhetorical strategies. Mathieu Courville begins by examining Said's own reflections on his life, before moving on to key debates about Said's work within Religious Studies and Middle Eastern Studies, and his relationship to French critical theorists. Through close attention to Said's use of the literal and the figurative when dealing with religious, national and cultural matters, Courville discerns a pattern that illuminates what Said means by secular. Said's work shows that the secular is not the utter opposite of religion in the modern globalized world, but may exist in a productive tension with it.
Posted in Religion

Religion, Politics, and Law

Author: Peter Lodberg

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 186

View: 1300

The relationship between religion, politics, and law represents, one of the most important issues in contemporary discussions on the world's future. While global changes and political conflicts in many parts of the world demand serious reflection about the role of religion in politics and in public discourse, the study of religion in post-secular societies calls for reflections about the normative role of religion in politics and law. Through the contributions of scholars in the disciplines of theology, the science of religion, and political science, this volume presents an absorbing analysis of democracy, politics, and law, drawing upon the works of John Rawls, Jfirgen Haberman, Max Horkheimer, Michel Foucault and Theodor W Adorno. Such topics as Islam and democracy are addressed, in addition to the report by the European Council on Fatwa and Research and specific issues in which churches have been involved in political conflicts. Case studies on communism, nazism, and apartheid, for example, are also presented, and finally the question is addressed of how inter-religious dialogue can function in secular societies in relation to the Danish cartoon crisis.
Posted in History

Secularism in Question

Jews and Judaism in Modern Times

Author: Ari Joskowicz,Ethan B. Katz

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812247272

Category: Religion

Page: 424

View: 8871

Recent decades have seen the strengthening of Orthodox movements in the US and in Israel; religious Zionism has grown and radically changed since the 1960s, and new and vibrant nondenominational Jewish movements have emerged. This volume examines the ways these contemporary revivals of religion prompt a reconsideration of many issues concerning Jews and Judaism from the early modern era to the present. Bringing together scholars from several disciplines, it illustrates how the categories of religious and secular have frequently proven far more permeable than fixed; challenges problematic assumptions about the development of secularism that emerge from Protestant European and American perspectives; and demonstrates that global Jewish experiences necessitate a reappraisal of conventional narratives of secularism.
Posted in Religion

Items - Social Science Research Council

Author: Social Science Research Council (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 2590

Posted in Social sciences

Search Inside Yourself

Das etwas andere Glücks-Coaching

Author: Chade-Meng Tan

Publisher: Arkana

ISBN: 3641095492

Category: Self-Help

Page: 352

View: 2721

Die beste Suchmaschine ist unser Geist Seit 2007 bietet Google seinen Mitarbeitern ein Programm für persönliches Wachstum an: »Search inside yourself«. Den Anstoß dazu gab Chade-Meng Tan, ein Google-Ingenieur, der diesen Acht-Wochen-Kurs zusammen mit renommierten Wissenschaftlern wie Jon Kabat-Zinn und Daniel Goleman entwickelte. »Search inside yourself« bietet ein Achtsamkeitstraining, um emotionale Intelligenz zu erlernen, mit dem Ziel, zufriedener, gelassener, kreativer und schließlich auch erfolgreicher zu werden. Es umfasst Übungen und Meditationen, um die Konzentration zu verbessern, die Selbstwahrnehmung zu erhöhen und nützliche mentale Gewohnheiten zu entwickeln. Bei Google ist dieses Trainingsprogramm äußerst beliebt und nachgefragt. Chade-Meng Tan macht es nun erstmals öffentlich zugänglich. Mit Leichtigkeit und Witz, und dabei stets wissenschaftlich fundiert (er ist ja Ingenieur!) zeigt er einen etwas anderen, jedoch sehr vielversprechenden Weg zu Kreativität und Lebensglück. Und wenn das bei Google funktioniert – warum nicht auch bei uns?
Posted in Self-Help

Governance of Diversity

Zum Umgang mit kultureller und religiöser Pluralität in säkularen Gesellschaften

Author: Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359350801X

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 5921

Moderne Gesellschaften sind durch einen hohen Grad kultureller und religiöser Pluralität gekennzeichnet. Globalisierung und transnationale Migration steigern diese Vielfalt noch. Man kann daher heute den Umgang mit kulturellen und religiösen Minderheiten als das zentrale Governance-Problem säkularer Gesellschaften bezeichnen. Dieses Buch zeigt auf, welche Strategien für einen säkularen Verfassungsstaat dafür in Betracht kommen und welche Teile der Religionsverfassung einer pluralistischen Gesellschaft unverzichtbar sind.
Posted in Political Science