The Physiology and Biochemistry of Prokaryotes

Author: David White,James Thomas Drummond,Clay Fuqua

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195393040

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 8010

The Physiology and Biochemistry Prokaryotes is a textbook adopted for use in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate-level biology courses that focus on the physiology and biochemistry of microorganisms. The text covers the basic principles of prokaryotic physiology, biochemistry, andcell behavior. It presents microbial metabolism within the context of the chemical and physiological problems that cells must solve in order to grow. The text is adopted because of its authoritative presentation of basic principles, coverage of recent advances from the field, clear illustrations,relevant examples and real-world applications.Course Issues:Key challenges and course issues include keeping current with the latest developments from the field; presenting/learning so much information in a single semester; training students to think like scientists; revealing the relevance of the material.Message:White provides the most current, authoritative, and relevant presentation of prokaryotic physiology and biochemistry.
Posted in Science

The Physiology and Biochemistry of Prokaryotes

Author: David White,James Thomas Drummond,Clay Fuqua

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199841288

Category: Microbial metabolism

Page: 632

View: 1008

Describes a range of topics of interest to microbiologists, these include the structure, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, as well as cell-cell signaling, microbial development, and biofilm formation. The notes at the end of each chapter provide information on the topics discussed in the chapter.
Posted in Microbial metabolism

The Physiology and Biochemistry of Prokaryotes

Author: David White

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195125795

Category: Science

Page: 565

View: 9242

Ideal for graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses in microbial physiology and biochemistry, The Physiology and Biochemistry of Prokaryotes, 2/e, covers the basic principles of prokaryotic physiology, biochemistry, and cell behavior. Concise and detailed, it discusses a broad range of topics including intermediary metabolism, macromolecular synthesis, cell growth and division, and responses to changes in external growth conditions. Metabolic and behavioral activities of different bacteria and archaea are described and compared with each other. The text is organized by topic--as opposed to by organism--to help students comprehend the general principles of physiology and metabolism. It is extensively referenced and includes endnotes that provide students with additional information such as the experimental bases for several of the major conclusions. Each chapter concludes with a summary emphasizing the major points covered and a set of study questions. Revised and updated throughout, this second edition features new chapters on macromolecular synthesis and the response of bacteria to environmental stress. It also includes new material on cell division and extracellular polysaccharide synthesis and expands the chapter on signaling. ThePhysiology and Biochemistry of Prokaryotes, 2/e, provides more detail on the diversity of microbial systems and how they work than all similar texts. It can be used in conjunction with a laboratory manual, Microbial Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory: A Quantitative Approach, coauthored by David White and George D. Hegeman (OUP, 1997).
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Microbial Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory

A Quantitative Approach

Author: David White,George D. Hegeman

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195113136

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 6059

Microbial Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory illustrates the major features of growth and metabolism discussed in David White's The Physiology and Biochemistry of Prokaryotes (OUP, 1995). It serves as an ideal adjunct to this text and can also be used in conjunction with other books for the laboratory component of a microbial physiology course. All of the experiments described in this manual have been taught as part of a laboratory course for junior and senior biology and microbiology majors at Indiana University. In addition to reinforcing what students learn in lecture, the experiments guide students through a wide spectrum of analytical techniques including enzyme assays, macromolecular assays, column chromatography, gel electrophoresis, and gas chromatography. Along with enzyme assays and enzyme purification, students do experiments measuring oxygen uptake, chemotaxis, fermentation, and bacterial luminescence. The organisms studied include Escherichia, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Proteus, Rhodospirillum, Photobacterium, and Saccharomyces. The volume is enhanced by appendices which include sections on quantitative problems and their solutions, instructions on how to write a laboratory report, and independent projects that are extensions of the class experiments. The number of experiments exceeds the amount of material usually offered in one semester, giving instructors the option to choose those experiments that are most appropriate for their classes.
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Bacterial Physiology and Metabolism

Author: Byung Hong Kim,Geoffrey Michael Gadd

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139467629

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1734

Recent determination of genome sequences for a wide range of bacteria has made in-depth knowledge of prokaryotic metabolic function essential in order to give biochemical, physiological, and ecological meaning to the genomic information. Clearly describing the important metabolic processes that occur in prokaryotes under different conditions and in different environments, this advanced text provides an overview of the key cellular processes that determine bacterial roles in the environment, biotechnology, and human health. Prokaryotic structure is described as well as the means by which nutrients are transported into cells across membranes. Glucose metabolism through glycolysis and the TCA cycle are discussed, as well as other trophic variations found in prokaryotes, including the use of organic compounds, anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic respiratory processes, and photosynthesis. The regulation of metabolism through control of gene expression and control of the activity of enzymes is also covered, as well as survival mechanisms used under starvation conditions.
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Biology of Life

Biochemistry, Physiology and Philosophy

Author: Laurence A. Cole

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128096861

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 9364

Biology of Life: Biochemistry, Physiology and Philosophy provides foundational coverage of the field of biochemistry for a different angle to the traditional biochemistry text by focusing on human biochemistry and incorporating related elements of evolution to help further contextualize this dynamic space. This unique approach includes sections on early human development, what constitutes human life, and what makes it special. Additional coverage on the differences between the biochemistry of prokaryotes and eukaryotes is also included. The center of life in prokaryotes is considered to be photosynthesis and sugar generation, while the center of life in eukaryotes is sugar use and oxidative phosphorylation. This unique reference will inform specialized biochemistry courses and researchers in their understanding of the role biochemistry has in human life. Contextualizes the field of biochemistry and its role in human life Includes dedicated sections on human reproduction and human brain development Provides extensive coverage on biochemical energetics, oxidative phosphorylation, photosynthesis, and carbon monoxide-acetate pathways
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The Prokaryotes

Firmicutes and Tenericutes

Author: Edward F. DeLong,Stephen Lory,Erko Stackebrandt,Fabiano Thompson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642301193

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 5992

The Prokaryotes is a comprehensive, multi-authored, peer reviewed reference work on Bacteria and Achaea. This fourth edition of The Prokaryotes is organized to cover all taxonomic diversity, using the family level to delineate chapters. Different from other resources, this new Springer product includes not only taxonomy, but also prokaryotic biology and technology of taxa in a broad context. Technological aspects highlight the usefulness of prokaryotes in processes and products, including biocontrol agents and as genetics tools. The content of the expanded fourth edition is divided into two parts: Part 1 contains review chapters dealing with the most important general concepts in molecular, applied and general prokaryote biology; Part 2 describes the known properties of specific taxonomic groups. Two completely new sections have been added to Part 1: bacterial communities and human bacteriology. The bacterial communities section reflects the growing realization that studies on pure cultures of bacteria have led to an incomplete picture of the microbial world for two fundamental reasons: the vast majority of bacteria in soil, water and associated with biological tissues are currently not culturable, and that an understanding of microbial ecology requires knowledge on how different bacterial species interact with each other in their natural environment. The new section on human microbiology deals with bacteria associated with healthy humans and bacterial pathogenesis. Each of the major human diseases caused by bacteria is reviewed, from identifying the pathogens by classical clinical and non-culturing techniques to the biochemical mechanisms of the disease process. The 4th edition of The Prokaryotes is the most complete resource on the biology of prokaryotes. The following volumes are published consecutively within the 4th Edition: Prokaryotic Biology and Symbiotic Associations Prokaryotic Communities and Ecophysiology Prokaryotic Physiology and Biochemistry Applied Bacteriology and Biotechnology Human Microbiology Actinobacteria Firmicutes Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria Gammaproteobacteria Deltaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria Other Major Lineages of Bacteria and the Archaea
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Structural and Functional Relationships in Prokaryotes

Author: Larry Barton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387271255

Category: Science

Page: 818

View: 7122

For several decades, bacteria have served as model systems to describe the life p- cesses of growth and metabolism. In addition, it is well recognized that prokaryotes have contributed greatly to the many advances in the areas of ecology, evolution, and biotechnology. This understanding of microorganisms is based on studies of members from both theBacteria andArchaea domains. With each issue of the various scienti?c publications, new characteristics of prokaryotic cells are being reported and it is - portant to place these insights in the context of the appropriate physiological processes. Structural and Functional Relationships in Prokaryotes describes the fundamental physiological processes for members of the Archaea and Bacteria domains. The - ganization of the book re?ects the emphasis that I have used in my 30 years of teaching a course of bacterial physiology. The philosophy used in the preparation of this book is to focus on the fundamental features of prokaryotic physiology and to use these features as the basis for comparative physiology. Even though diverse phenotypes have evolved from myriad genetic possibilities, these prokaryotes display considerable functional similarity and support the premise that there is a unity of physiology in the prokaryotes. The variations observed in the chemical structures and biochemical p- cesses are important in contributing to the persistence of microbial strains in a speci?c environment.
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Bacterial Systematics

Author: N. A. Logan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444313932

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7649

This is the first book on bacterial systematics at the undergraduate level. The first part explains why bacteria are classified and how they are named. It also covers the practice of classification, including evolutionary studies and identification. The applications of these methods are illustrated in the second part of the book, which describes progress in the classification and identification of the spirochaetes, helical and curved bacteria, Gram-negative aerobic, facultative and strictly anaerobic bacteria, Gram-positive cocci, rods and endospore formers, mycoplasmas, and actinomycetes, and outlines the importance of these organisms. The first book on this topic at undergraduate level Includes evolutionary studies and the Archaea Covers theory and practice of bacterial classification and identification User-friendly style and profuse illustrations
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Microbial Physiology

Author: Albert G. Moat,John W. Foster,Michael P. Spector

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471461199

Category: Science

Page: 715

View: 9835

The Fourth Edition of Microbial Physiology retains the logical, easy-to-follow organization of the previous editions. An introduction to cell structure and synthesis of cell components is provided, followed by detailed discussions of genetics, metabolism, growth, and regulation for anyone wishing to understand the mechanisms underlying cell survival and growth. This comprehensive reference approaches the subject from a modern molecular genetic perspective, incorporating new insights gained from various genome projects.
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Advances in Microbial Physiology

Author: Robert K. Poole

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780120277490

Category: Medical

Page: 310

View: 8582

First published in 1967, Advances in Microbial Physiology is one of Elsevier's most renowned and acclaimed series. Now edited by Professor Robert Poole, University of Sheffield, Advances in Microbial Physiology continues to publish topical and important reviews, interpreting physiology in its broadest context, to include all material that contributes to our understanding of how microorganisms and their component parts work. Glutathione, Altruistic Metabolite in Fungi The Role of the Flavodiiron Proteins in Microbial Nitric Oxide Detoxification Stress Responsive Bacteria: Biosensors as Environmental Monitors Bacterial Na+ -or H+ - coupled ATP operating at low electrochemical potential Dissimiatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) Reduction
Posted in Medical

Respiration in Archaea and Bacteria

Diversity of Prokaryotic Respiratory Systems

Author: Davide Zannoni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402031637

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 3837

The book summarizes the achievements of the past decade in the biochemistry, bioenergetics, structural and molecular biology of respiratory processes in selected genera of the domain Bacteria along with an extensive coverage of the redox chains of extremophiles belonging to the Archaean domain. The volume is a unique piece of work since it contains a series of chapters dealing with metabolic features having important microbiological and ecological relevance such as the use of ammonium, iron, methane, sulfur and hydrogen as respiratory substrates or nitrous compounds in denitrification processes. Particular attention is also dedicated to peculiar groups of prokaryotes such as Gram positives, acetic acid bacteria, pathogens of the genera Helicobacter and Campylobacter, nitrogen fixing symbionts and free-living species, oxygenic phototrophs (Cyanobacteria) and anoxygenic (purple non-sulfur) phototrophs. The book is intended to be a long-term source of information for Ph.D. students, researchers and undergraduates from disciplines such as microbiology, biochemistry and ecology, studying basic and applied sciences, medicine and agriculture.
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Essential Bioinformatics

Author: Jin Xiong

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113945062X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7255

Essential Bioinformatics is a concise yet comprehensive textbook of bioinformatics, which provides a broad introduction to the entire field. Written specifically for a life science audience, the basics of bioinformatics are explained, followed by discussions of the state-of-the-art computational tools available to solve biological research problems. All key areas of bioinformatics are covered including biological databases, sequence alignment, genes and promoter prediction, molecular phylogenetics, structural bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics. The book emphasizes how computational methods work and compares the strengths and weaknesses of different methods. This balanced yet easily accessible text will be invaluable to students who do not have sophisticated computational backgrounds. Technical details of computational algorithms are explained with a minimum use of mathematical formulae; graphical illustrations are used in their place to aid understanding. The effective synthesis of existing literature as well as in-depth and up-to-date coverage of all key topics in bioinformatics make this an ideal textbook for all bioinformatics courses taken by life science students and for researchers wishing to develop their knowledge of bioinformatics to facilitate their own research.
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Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry

Author: Eldor A. Paul

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123914116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 5922

The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function
Posted in Technology & Engineering

General Techniques of Cell Culture

Author: Maureen A. Harrison,Ian F. Rae

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521574969

Category: Science

Page: 162

View: 5449

Concise introduction to a major technique of cell biology laboratories for those new to the field.
Posted in Science

Principles of Microbial Diversity

Author: James W. Brown

Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology

ISBN: 9781555814427

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 6002

Fills an empty niche in microbiology teaching materials, and provides a practical guide to microbial diversity from a phylogenetic perspective, from construction and interpretation of evolutionary trees to explorations of the current literature, basic methods, and future areas of real-world exploration."
Posted in Science

Physiology and Biochemistry of Extremophiles

Author: Charles Gerday,Nicolas Glansdorff

Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 429

View: 9339

Offers a critical and exhaustive review of extremophiles and the harsh environments in which they thrive. This new work also examines the molecular mechanisms which have enabled them to adapt to extreme conditions.
Posted in Medical

The Prokaryotes

Deltaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria

Author: Edward F. DeLong,Stephen Lory,Erko Stackebrandt,Fabiano Thompson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642390432

Category: Science

Page: 413

View: 8296

The Prokaryotes is a comprehensive, multi-authored, peer reviewed reference work on Bacteria and Achaea. This fourth edition of The Prokaryotes is organized to cover all taxonomic diversity, using the family level to delineate chapters. Different from other resources, this new Springer product includes not only taxonomy, but also prokaryotic biology and technology of taxa in a broad context. Technological aspects highlight the usefulness of prokaryotes in processes and products, including biocontrol agents and as genetics tools. The content of the expanded fourth edition is divided into two parts: Part 1 contains review chapters dealing with the most important general concepts in molecular, applied and general prokaryote biology; Part 2 describes the known properties of specific taxonomic groups. Two completely new sections have been added to Part 1: bacterial communities and human bacteriology. The bacterial communities section reflects the growing realization that studies on pure cultures of bacteria have led to an incomplete picture of the microbial world for two fundamental reasons: the vast majority of bacteria in soil, water and associated with biological tissues are currently not culturable, and that an understanding of microbial ecology requires knowledge on how different bacterial species interact with each other in their natural environment. The new section on human microbiology deals with bacteria associated with healthy humans and bacterial pathogenesis. Each of the major human diseases caused by bacteria is reviewed, from identifying the pathogens by classical clinical and non-culturing techniques to the biochemical mechanisms of the disease process. The 4th edition of The Prokaryotes is the most complete resource on the biology of prokaryotes. The following volumes are published consecutively within the 4th Edition: Prokaryotic Biology and Symbiotic Associations Prokaryotic Communities and Ecophysiology Prokaryotic Physiology and Biochemistry Applied Bacteriology and Biotechnology Human Microbiology Actinobacteria Firmicutes Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria Gammaproteobacteria Deltaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria Other Major Lineages of Bacteria and the Archaea
Posted in Science

Prokaryotes

Physiology, Biochemistry and Cell Behavior

Author: Marina Nisnevitch

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781633215924

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 5603

For thousands of years, mankind has both used bacteria and suffered from them without actually being aware of them, until 340 years ago when Anton van Leeuwenhoek observed bacteria for the first time. People then realized that they are surrounded by a wonderful and, at the same time frightening, micro-world. Only during the second half of the twentieth century did researchers begin to unravel secrets of bacterial cells, and today the amount of knowledge in the field is in an exponential growth stage. However, we are still far from an overall understanding of bacterial cell processes. This book is another step towards revealing principles and mechanisms of bacterial functioning and contains contemporary data and results in hot topics such as bacterial biofilm formation, multidrug transporter proteins, bacterial cells' adaptation to toxic compounds, bacterial gene regulation, cytotoxins and neurotoxins from Gram-negative and Gram-positive aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, bacterial sensitivity to photodynamic chemotherapy and kinetic analysis of bacterial growth. This book was written by researchers and lecturers from leading universities and research institutes in Europe, North America and Asia. It is addressed to the scientific community and may be interesting for researchers and students in the fields of microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, bioorganic chemistry and medicine.
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Methanogenesis

Ecology, Physiology, Biochemistry & Genetics

Author: James G. Ferry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461523915

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 979

Since the general recognition of the Archaebacteria, research into the evolution, metabolism, molecular biology and ecological roles of these fastidious anaerobes has proceeded at an ever-increasing pace. All possess a very novel biochemistry and many exploit unique ecological niches. Methanogens, which convert one-and-two carbon compounds into the important atmospheric gas methane, are the largest group among the Archaebacteria. Of all microbial groups, methanogens provide perhaps the best opportunity to study evolution because of their phyologenetic diversity and unique biochemistry. Today, the analysis of methanogens is at a threshold. Molecular-biological studies of these microorganisms are revealing more and more processes unique to this group, and in turn, studies of methanogens are providing new perspectives to the broader fields of biochemistry and molecular biology. This volume is the first book to be published on methanogenesis, and it will provide the reader with a comprehensive view of the field and point to future trends.
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