The Physics of Microdroplets

Author: Jean Berthier,Kenneth A. Brakke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118401336

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 7616

The Physics of Microdroplets gives the reader the theoretical and numerical tools to understand, explain, calculate, and predict the often nonintuitive observed behavior of droplets in microsystems. Microdrops and interfaces are now a common feature in most fluidic microsystems, from biology, to biotechnology, materials science, 3D-microelectronics, optofluidics, and mechatronics. On the other hand, the behavior of droplets and interfaces in today's microsystems is complicated and involves complex 3D geometrical considerations. From a numerical standpoint, the treatment of interfaces separating different immiscible phases is difficult. After a chapter dedicated to the general theory of wetting, this practical book successively details: The theory of 3D liquid interfaces The formulas for volume and surface of sessile and pancake droplets The behavior of sessile droplets The behavior of droplets between tapered plates and in wedges The behavior of droplets in microchannels The effect of capillarity with the analysis of capillary rise The onset of spontaneous capillary flow in open microfluidic systems The interaction between droplets, like engulfment The theory and application of electrowetting The state of the art for the approach of 3D-microelectronics using capillary alignment
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Micro-Drops and Digital Microfluidics

Author: Jean Berthier

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1455728004

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 2608

In this 2nd edition of Micro-Drops and Digital Microfluidics, Jean Berthier explores the fundamentals and applications of digital microfluidics, enabling engineers and scientists to design this important enabling technology into devices and harness the considerable potential of digital microfluidics in testing and data collection. This book describes the most recent developments in digital microfluidics, with a specific focus on the computational, theoretical and experimental study of microdrops. Unique in its emphasis on digital microfluidics and with diverse applications ranging from drug delivery to point-of-care diagnostic chips, organic synthesis to microreactors, Micro-Drops and Digital Microfluidics meets the needs of audiences across the fields of bioengineering and biotechnology, and electrical and chemical engineering. Authoritative reporting on the latest changes in microfluidic science, where microscopic liquid volumes are handled as ""microdrops"" and separately from ""nanodrops." A methodical examination of how liquid microdrops behave in the complex geometries of modern miniaturized systems and interact with different morphological (micro-fabricated, textured) solid substrates A thorough explanation of how capillary forces act on liquid interfaces in contact with micro-fabricated surfaces Analysis of how droplets can be manipulated, handled, or transported using electric fields (electrowetting), acoustic actuation (surface acoustic waves), or by a carrier liquid (microflow) A fresh perspective on the future of microfluidics
Posted in Science

Open Microfluidics

Author: Jean Berthier,Kenneth A. Brakke,Erwin Berthier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118720865

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2135

Open microfluidics or open-surface is becoming fundamental in scientific domains such as biotechnology, biology and space. First, such systems and devices based on open microfluidics make use of capillary forces to move fluids, without any need for external energy. Second, the “openness” of the flow facilitates the accessibility to the liquid in biotechnology and biology, and reduces the weight in space applications. This book has been conceived to give the reader the fundamental basis of open microfluidics. It covers successively The theory of spontaneous capillary flow, with the general conditions for spontaneous capillary flow, and the dynamic aspects of such flows. The formation of capillary filaments which are associated to small contact angles and sharp grooves. The study of capillary flow in open rectangular, pseudo-rectangular and trapezoidal open microchannels. The dynamics of open capillary flows in grooves with a focus on capillary resistors. The case of very viscous liquids is analyzed. An analysis of suspended capillary flows: such flows move in suspended channels devoid of top cover and bottom plate. Their accessibility is reinforced, and such systems are becoming fundamental in biology. An analysis of “rails” microfluidics, which are flows that move in channels devoid of side walls. This geometry has the advantage to be compatible with capillary networks, which are now of great interest in biotechnology, for molecular detection for example. Paper-based microfluidics where liquids wick flat paper matrix. Applications concern bioassays such as point of care devices (POC). Thread-based microfluidics is a new domain of investigation. It is seeing presently many new developments in the domain of separation and filtration, and opens the way to smart bandages and tissue engineering. The book is intended to cover the theoretical aspects of open microfluidics, experimental approaches, and examples of application.
Posted in Science

The Physics of Ferroelectric and Antiferroelectric Liquid Crystals

Author: I Muševic,R Blinc,B Zekš

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814506745

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 8986

This book presents the basic physics of ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystals in a simple and transparent way. It treats both the basic and the applied aspects of ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystal research, starting from the discovery of ferroelectricity in liquid crystals in 1975 and ending with the resonant X-ray experiment in ferrielectric and antiferrielectric phases in 1998. Particular attention is paid to the optical properties, electrooptic effects, phase transitions and experimental methods used in liquid crystal research. Special chapters are devoted to dielectric spectroscopy, light scattering, NMR, STM and AFM in complex fluids. The more than 300 illustrations help to present the basic physics of liquid crystalline ferroelectrics and antiferroelectrics in a way that can be easily followed by students, engineers and scientists dealing with liquid crystal research. Contents:Symmetry, ferroelectricity and antiferroelectricity in liquid crystalsChiral phases of achiral moleculesBroken symmetry and elementary excitationsLandau theory of ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystalsOrder parameter dynamics, soft modes and gapless phasonsFerroelectric liquid crystals in external magnetic and DC electric fieldsPhase transitions in thin cellsSurface-induced polaritySoliton and plane wave dynamics in thin cellsFreely suspended filmsLinear optics of helical structuresBirefringence, optical rotation and quasielastic light scattering in ferroelectric and antiferrolectric phasesLinear electrooptic response of ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystalsMagnetic-field induced biaxialityDielectric dispersionSoft and phase mode dynamicsDielectric response of a multisoliton latticePolarization noiseDeuteron NMR in ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystalsAnisotropy of the critical magnetic fieldPolar and quadrupolar biasing of molecular rotation around the long molecular axis14N NQR and 13C NMR in tilted smectic phasesSynclinic versus anticlinic ordering in tilted smecticsOrder parameter dynamics and a doubling of a smectic unit cell in antiferroelectric liquid crystalsOptical properties of the antiferroelectric phaseDielectric, linear and nonlinear electrooptic response of the antiferroelectric phaseFerroelectricity, antiferroelectricity and intermediate phasesDiscrete models of intermediate phasesSTM and AFM in complex liquidsSurface stabilized ferroelectric liquid crystal displaysUltrafast electroclinic effectDeformed helix mode ferroelectric displaysChevrons in SSFC displaysIon-director coupling and depolarization field in SSFLCDLandau theory of second order phase transitionsSurvey of different experimental methodsNuts and bolts collection Readership: Graduate students, engineers and scientists dealing with liquid crystals and optical display. keywords:Liquid Crystals;Soft Matter;Ferroelectricity;Antiferroelectricity;Ferroelectric;Antiferroelectric;Phase Transitions;Optics;High Magnetic Fields;Solitons;Light Scattering;Displays “… this is an excellent and comprehensive book, especially for those who prefer a more formal treatment of the topics … Because many of the topics apply to nonferroelectric liquid crystals as well, I believe that this book has an important place on the shelf of anybody who deals with liquid crystals; it is also an absolute 'must' for anybody who works on FLCs and AFLCs.” Charles Rosenblatt Case Western Reserve University “The structure of the book is extremely logical and has been well thought out … The real strength of the book is in the clear and concise explanations the authors give of many aspects of underlying theory and the implications of various experimental results. Many of the discussions of conflicting data and ideas are also presented in an unbiased way. This makes the book eminently readable, not only as a resource for advanced researchers in the area, but also as a first introduction for new graduate students … This is an essential reference work and should occupy a place on all liquid-crystal bookcases.” Journal of Applied Crystallography
Posted in Science

Microdroplet Technology

Principles and Emerging Applications in Biology and Chemistry

Author: Philip Day,Andreas Manz,Yonghao Zhang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461432650

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 9943

Microdroplet technology has recently emerged to provide new and diverse applications via microfluidic functionality, especially in various areas of biology and chemistry. This book, then, gives an overview of the principle components and wide-ranging applications for state-of-the-art of droplet-based microfluidics. Chapter authors are internationally-leading researchers from chemistry, biology, physics and engineering that present various key aspects of micrdroplet technology -- fundamental flow physics, methodology and components for flow control, applications in biology and chemistry, and a discussion of future perspectives. This book acts as a reference for academics, post-graduate students, and researcher wishing to deepen their understand of microfluidics and introduce optimal design and operation of new droplet-based microfluidic devices for more comprehensive analyte assessments.
Posted in Science

Dynamics of Droplets

Author: Arnold Frohn,Norbert Roth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662040409

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 4468

The book deals with the dynamical behaviour of single droplets and regular droplet systems. It has been written mainly for experimental researchers. After a short description of the theoretical background, the different experimental facilities and methods necessary for the investigation of single droplets are described in detail. A summary of important applications is included.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Micromixers

Fundamentals, Design and Fabrication

Author: Nam-Trung Nguyen

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1437735215

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 2435

The ability to mix minute quantities of fluids is critical in a range of recent and emerging techniques in engineering, chemistry and life sciences, with applications as diverse as inkjet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, specialty and hazardous chemical manufacturing, DNA analysis and disease diagnosis. The multidisciplinary nature of this field – intersecting engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, microtechnology and biotechnology – means that the community of engineers and scientists now engaged in developing microfluidic devices has entered the field from a variety of different backgrounds. Micromixers is uniquely comprehensive, in that it deals not only with the problems that are directly related to fluidics as a discipline (aspects such as mass transport, molecular diffusion, electrokinetic phenomena, flow instabilities, etc.) but also with the practical issues of fabricating micomixers and building them into microsystems and lab-on-chip assemblies.With practical applications to the design of systems vital in modern communications, medicine and industry this book has already established itself as a key reference in an emerging and important field. The 2e includes coverage of a broader range of fabrication techniques, additional examples of fully realized devices for each type of micromixer and a substantially extended section on industrial applications, including recent and emerging applications. Introduces the design and applications of micromixers for a broad audience across chemical engineering, electronics and the life sciences, and applications as diverse as lab-on-a-chip, ink jet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing and DNA analysis Helps engineers and scientists to unlock the potential of micromixers by explaining both the scientific (microfluidics) aspects and the engineering involved in building and using successful microscale systems and devices with micromixers The author's applied approach combines experience-based discussion of the challenges and pitfalls of using micromixers, with proposals for how to overcome them
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Micro-Segmented Flow

Applications in Chemistry and Biology

Author: J. Michael Köhler,Brian P. Cahill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642387802

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 5385

The book is dedicated to the method and application potential of micro segmented flow. The recent state of development of this powerful technique is presented in 12 chapters by leading researchers from different countries. In the first section, the principles of generation and manipulation of micro-fluidic segments are explained. In the second section, the micro continuous-flow synthesis of different types of nanomaterials is shown as a typical example for the use of advantages of the technique in chemistry. In the third part, the particular importance of the technique in biotechnical applications is presented demonstrating the progress for miniaturized cell-free processes, for molecular biology and DNA-based diagnostics and sequencing as well as for the development of antibiotics and the evaluation of toxic effects in medicine and environment.
Posted in Science

Single-Molecule Optical Detection, Imaging and Spectroscopy

Author: W. E. Moerner,M. Orrit,U. P. Wild,Thomas Basché

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527614702

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 683

Single Molecule Spectroscopy is one of the hottest topics in today's chemistry. It brings us close to the the most exciting vision generations of chemists have been dreaming of: To observe and examine single molecules! While most of chemistry deals with myriads of molecules, this books presents the latest developments for the detection and investigation of single entities. Written by internationally renowned authors, it is a thorough and comprehensive survey of current methods and their applications.
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Soft Interfaces

The 1994 Dirac Memorial Lecture

Author: Pierre Gilles de Gennes,Sam Edwards

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521020350

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 4959

An impressionistic tour of the physics of soft interfaces by Nobel Laureate Pierre Gilles de Gennes.
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Laser Optofluidics in Fighting Multiple Drug Resistance

Author: Mihail Lucian Pascu

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1681084988

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 7671

This monograph is a collection of reviews that presents results obtained from new and somewhat unconventional methods used to fight multiple drug resistance (MDR) acquired by microorganisms and tumours. Two directions are considered: (i) the modification of non-antibiotic medicines by exposure to un-coherent, or laser optical radiation to obtain photoproducts that receive bactericidal or, possibly, tumouricidal properties and (ii) the development of new vectors (micrometric droplets of solutions containing medicinal agents) to transport medicines to targets based on optical and micro spectroscopic methods. Chapters shed light on pendant droplets used for antibiotic drug delivery, the science of lasers and their interactions with fluids in pendant droplets and spectroscopic analyses of droplets used to treat MDR infections. It therefore equips researchers and medical professionals with information about tools that enable them to respond to medical emergencies in challenging environments. The intended readership for this monograph includes graduate students, medical doctors, fluid physicists, biologists, photochemists, and experts in drug delivery methods employed in extreme conditions (such as those found in outer space and hypergravity conditions) who are learning about using techniques such as laser spectroscopy, biophotonics and optofluidics/microfluidics.
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Microfluidics for Biotechnology

Author: Jean Berthier,Pascal Silberzan

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1596934441

Category: Science

Page: 483

View: 3948

The application of microfluidics to biotechnology is an exciting new area that has already begun to revolutionize how researchers study and manipulate macromolecules like DNA, proteins and cells in vitro and within living organisms. Now in a newly revised and expanded second edition, the Artech House bestseller, Microfluidics for Biotechnology brings you to the cutting edge of this burgeoning field. Among the numerous updates, the second edition features three entirely new chapters on: non-dimensional numbers in microfluidics; interface, capillarity and microdrops; and digital, two-phase and droplet microfluidics.Presenting an enlightening balance of numerical approaches, theory, and experimental examples, this book provides a detailed look at the mechanical behavior of the different types of micro/nano particles and macromolecules that are used in biotechnology. You gain a solid understanding of microfluidics theory and the mechanics of microflows and microdrops. The book examines the diffusion of species and nanoparticles, including continuous flow and discrete Monte-Carlo methods.This unique volume describes the transport and dispersion of biochemical species and particles. You learn how to model biochemical reactions, including DNA hybridization and enzymatic reactions. Moreover, the book helps you master the theory, applications, and modeling of magnetic beads behavior and provides an overview of self-assembly and magnetic composite. Other key topics include the electric manipulation of micro/nanoparticles and macromolecules and the experimental aspects of biological macromolecule manipulation.
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Liquid Crystal Colloids

Author: Igor Muševič

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319549162

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 1795

This book brings together the many concepts and discoveries in liquid crystal colloids contributed over the last twenty years and scattered across numerous articles and book chapters. It provides both a historical overview of the development of the field and a clear perspective on the future applications in photonics. The book covers all phenomena observed in liquid crystal colloids with an emphasis on experimental tools and applications of topology in condensed matter, as well as practical micro-photonics applications. It includes a number of spectacular manifestations of new topological phenomena not found or difficult to observe in other systems. Starting from the early works on nematic colloids, it explains the basics of topological defects in ordered media, charge and winding, and the elastic forces between colloidal particles in nematics. Following a detailed description of experimental methods, such as optical tweezing and particle tracking, the book eases the reader into the theoretical part, which deals with elastic deformation of nematic liquid crystals due to inclusions and surface alignment. This is discussed in the context of basic mean field Landau-de Gennes Q-tensor theory, with a brief explanation of the free-energy minimization numerical methods. There then follows an excursion into the topology of complex nematic colloidal structures, colloidal entanglement, knotting and linking. Nematic droplets, shells, handlebodies and chiral topological structures are addressed in separate chapters. The book concludes with an extensive chapter on the photonic properties of nematic dispersions, presenting the concept of integrated soft matter photonics and discussing the concepts of nematic and chiral nematic microlasers, surface-sensitive photonic devices and smectic microfibers. The text is complemented by a large bibliography, explanatory sketches and beautiful micrographs.
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29 Summer School and International Symposium on the Physics of Ionized Gases

S P I G 2018 Contributed Papers & Abstracts of Invited Lectures, Topical Invited Lectures, Progress Reports and Workshop Lectures

Author: Bratislav Obradović,N. Konjević,L. Gavanski,Zoran Lj. Petrović,G. Malović,S. N. Stamenković,M. N. Stankov,Laurence Scally,Patrick J. Cullen,Luka Č. Popović,N. N. Bezuglov,A. N. Klyucharev,R. Plašil,J. Glosík,C. Nicolas,A. Giuliani,Jean-Christophe Poully,Thomas Schlathölter,D. Cocks,M. J. Brunger,J. Palaudoux,Vladimir A. Srećković,Ljubinko M. Ignjatović,Miloš Skočić,Dejan Dojić,Srdjan Bukvić,Nora Trklja,Gheorghe Dinescu,Xiaolong Deng,Christophe Leys,Anton Yu Nikiforov,Scott J. Doyle,Andrew R. Gibson,Jason Flatt,Teck S. Ho,Rod W. Boswell,,Christine Charles,Mark J. Kushner,James Dedrick,Lazar Gavanski,Nikola V. Ivanović,Vesna V. Kovačević,Ana Kramar,Dejan Maletić,Nevena Puač,,Gordana Malović,Biljana D. Stankov,M. Cvejić,D. Mikitchuk,R. Doron,E. Kroupp,C. Stollberg,Y. Maron,M. T. Belmonte,J. A. Aparicio,S. Mar,S. Djurovic,M. R. Gavrilović Božović,S. Jovićević,V. Stupakevich,M. Puzyrev,V. Goncharov,,S. S. Ivković,N. Cvetanović,B. M. Obradović,M. M. Kuraica,S. Djurović,R. Kobilarov,Z. Mijatović,M. S. Rabasovic,M. D. Rabasovic,D. Sevic,B. P. Marinkovic,I. Savić,T. Gajo,Ivan P. Dojčinović,Irinel Tapalaga,M. M. Vasiljević,G. Lj. Majstorović,Đ. Spasojević,A. Jelić,N. M. Šišović,M. Vinić,B. Stankov,M. Vlainić,M. Ivković,N. V. Ivanović,Aleksandar P. Jovanović,Marjan N. Stankov,Suzana N. Stamenković,Vidosav Lj. Marković,V. Lj. Marković,A. P. Jovanović,,N. V. Nedić,M. E. Pinchuk,O. M. Stepanova,A. V. Lazukin,A. M. Astafiev,Marija Puač,Dragana Marić,J. Sivoš,D. Marić,N. Škoro,Z. Lj. Petrović,V. Lj. Marković,,A. P. Jovanović,Milica Bajić,Nikola Škoro,I. I. Filatova,V. A. Lyushkevich,J. N. Kalatskaja,S. V. Goncharik,G. Pauzaite,V. Mildaziene,,Miroslav Gulan, Vladimir Milosavljević,Olivera Jovanović,,A. V. Kazak,O. A. Emeliyanova,L. V. Simonchik,N. V. Dudchick,James Lalor,,Sanja S. Pavlović,Snežana B. Stanković,Dušan M. Popović,Mark E. Koepke,Evgeny Stambulchik,Y. Takeiri,S. Capozziello,L. Campbell,H. Kasahara,Y. Yoshimura,,M. Tokitani,G. Motojima,Andjelka Kovačević,Dragana Ilić,P. Marziani,Edi Bon,Nataša Bon,A. del Olmo,M. D'Onofrio,D. Dultzin,M. L. Martínez-Aldama,,C. A. Negrete,Paola Marziani,Predrag Jovanović,Aleksandar Otašević,M. S. Dimitrijević,V. A. Srećković,Alaa Abo Zalam,,M. Koubiti,R. R. Sheeba,Maša Lakićević,Jelena Kovačević Dojčinović,Dušan Onić,D. Tzimeas,D. Stathopoulos,E. Danezis,E. Lyratzi,A. Antoniou,Milos Vlainic,Abhishek Chougule,Á. Kálosi,P. Dohnal,D. Shapko,Sladjana Marčeta-Mandić,Aleksandra Nina,Vladimir M. Čadež,Giovanni Nico,Nenad M. Sakan,Zoran J. Simić,Š. Roučka,Lj. M. Ignjatović,D. M. Šulić,A. B. Altukhov,V. I. Arkhipenko,A. D. Gurchenko,E. Z. Gusakov,,A. Y. Popov,,L. V. Simonchik,,P. Tretinnikov,M. S. Usachonak,Jacopo Chiarinelli,Gustavo A. García,Wen Li,Xin Wang,Wessel Douma,Klaas Bijlsma,Ronnie Hoekstra,Marwa Abdelmouleh,Michal Ryszka,Mathieu Lalande,Jimmy Rangama,Violaine Vizcaino,A. Martin-Somer,J. González-Vázquez,M. Alcamí,I. Corral,J.-M. Guigner,M.-A. Hervé du Penhoat,A. Touati,S. Nandi,A. R. Milosavljević,, , ,J.-P. Renault,L. Marichal,D. Ceolin, J. Bozek,J. Niskanen,S. Eckert,A. Föhlisch, M. Fondell, R. M. Jay,P. S. Miedema,B. Kennedy,W. Quevedo,M. Ianuzzi,Oksana Plekan,M. Radibratović,S. D. Tošić,M. C. Castrovilli,J. Chiarinelli,P. Bolognesi ,B. P. Marinković,L. Avaldi,R. Richter,M. Coreno,M. K. Milčić,M. Lj. Ranković,A. R. Milosavljević,K. Jänkälä,F. Canon,J. Bozek,I. Unger,G. Gopakumar,C. Richter, J. Werner, C. Caleman,O. Björneholm,R. Schürmann ,T. T. Meiling, S. Vogel,K. Ebel,I. Bald,Lucas Schwob,Simon Dörner,Kaja Schubert,Sadia Bari,Jovan Ciganović

Publisher: Institut za nuklearne nauke VINČA

ISBN: 8673061466

Category:

Page: 362

View: 2248

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Fundamentals of Nanoparticles

Classifications, Synthesis Methods, Properties and Characterization

Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0128135174

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 9922

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles: Classifications, Synthesis Methods, Properties and Characterization explores the nanoparticles and architecture of nanostructured materials being used today in a comprehensive, detailed manner. This book focuses primarily on the characterization, properties and synthesis of nanoscale materials, and is divided into three major parts. This is a valuable reference for materials scientists, and chemical and mechanical engineers working in R&D and academia, who want to learn more about how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are characterized and engineered. Part one covers nanoparticles formation, self-assembly in the architecture nanostructures, types and classifications of nanoparticles, and signature physical and chemical properties, toxicity and regulations. Part two presents different ways to form nanometer particles, including bottom-up and top-down approaches, the classical and non-classical theories of nanoparticles formation and self-assembly, surface functionalization and other surface treatments to allow practical use. Part three covers characterization of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials, including the determination of size and shape, in addition to atomic and electronic structures and other important properties. Includes new physical and chemical techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures Features an in-depth treatment of nanoparticles and nanostructures, including their characterization and chemical and physical properties Explores the unusual properties of materials that are developed by modifying their shape and composition and by manipulating the arrangement of atoms and molecules Explains important techniques for the synthesis, fabrication and the characterization of complex nano-architectures
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The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Author: Patrick Magee,Mark Tooley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199595151

Category: Medical

Page: 417

View: 790

Fully updated and revised, this second edition details the physics, clinical measurement and equipment of anaesthetic practice for anaesthesia and critical care trainees. This book clearly explains and discusses this difficult area of learning and practice.
Posted in Medical

Water in Biological and Chemical Processes

From Structure and Dynamics to Function

Author: Biman Bagchi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107037298

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 2827

A unified overview of the dynamical properties of water and its unique and diverse role in biological and chemical processes.
Posted in Science

Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds

Author: Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov,Judith A. Curry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107016037

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 6810

This book advances understanding of cloud microphysics and provides a unified theoretical foundation for modeling cloud processes, for researchers and advanced students.
Posted in Science

Microdroplet Technology

Principles and Emerging Applications in Biology and Chemistry

Author: Philip Day,Andreas Manz,Yonghao Zhang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461432650

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 4428

Microdroplet technology has recently emerged to provide new and diverse applications via microfluidic functionality, especially in various areas of biology and chemistry. This book, then, gives an overview of the principle components and wide-ranging applications for state-of-the-art of droplet-based microfluidics. Chapter authors are internationally-leading researchers from chemistry, biology, physics and engineering that present various key aspects of micrdroplet technology -- fundamental flow physics, methodology and components for flow control, applications in biology and chemistry, and a discussion of future perspectives. This book acts as a reference for academics, post-graduate students, and researcher wishing to deepen their understand of microfluidics and introduce optimal design and operation of new droplet-based microfluidic devices for more comprehensive analyte assessments.
Posted in Science

Micro-Drops and Digital Microfluidics

Author: Jean Berthier

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1455728004

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 5998

In this 2nd edition of Micro-Drops and Digital Microfluidics, Jean Berthier explores the fundamentals and applications of digital microfluidics, enabling engineers and scientists to design this important enabling technology into devices and harness the considerable potential of digital microfluidics in testing and data collection. This book describes the most recent developments in digital microfluidics, with a specific focus on the computational, theoretical and experimental study of microdrops. Unique in its emphasis on digital microfluidics and with diverse applications ranging from drug delivery to point-of-care diagnostic chips, organic synthesis to microreactors, Micro-Drops and Digital Microfluidics meets the needs of audiences across the fields of bioengineering and biotechnology, and electrical and chemical engineering. Authoritative reporting on the latest changes in microfluidic science, where microscopic liquid volumes are handled as ""microdrops"" and separately from ""nanodrops." A methodical examination of how liquid microdrops behave in the complex geometries of modern miniaturized systems and interact with different morphological (micro-fabricated, textured) solid substrates A thorough explanation of how capillary forces act on liquid interfaces in contact with micro-fabricated surfaces Analysis of how droplets can be manipulated, handled, or transported using electric fields (electrowetting), acoustic actuation (surface acoustic waves), or by a carrier liquid (microflow) A fresh perspective on the future of microfluidics
Posted in Science