The Perils of Global Legalism

Author: Eric A. Posner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226675920

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 1982

The first months of the Obama administration have led to expectations, both in the United States and abroad, that in the coming years America will increasingly promote the international rule of law—a position that many believe is both ethically necessary and in the nation’s best interests. With The Perils of Global Legalism, Eric A. Posner explains that such views demonstrate a dangerously naive tendency toward legalism—an idealistic belief that law can be effective even in the absence of legitimate institutions of governance. After tracing the historical roots of the concept, Posner carefully lays out the many illusions—such as universalism, sovereign equality, and the possibility of disinterested judgment by politically unaccountable officials—on which the legalistic view is founded. Drawing on such examples as NATO’s invasion of Serbia, attempts to ban the use of land mines, and the free-trade provisions of the WTO, Posner demonstrates throughout that the weaknesses of international law confound legalist ambitions—and that whatever their professed commitments, all nations stand ready to dispense with international agreements when it suits their short- or long-term interests. Provocative and sure to be controversial, The Perils of Global Legalism will serve as a wake-up call for those who view global legalism as a panacea—and a reminder that international relations in a brutal world allow no room for illusions.
Posted in Political Science

Gespräche

Author: Konfuzius

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781535100205

Category:

Page: 234

View: 9798

»Lernen und nicht denken ist nichtig. Denken und nicht lernen ist ermüdend.«... "Lunyu" heißt das bedeutende Werk über die Lehre des Konfuzius...
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Die Verdammten dieser Erde

Author: Frantz Fanon,Jean-Paul Sartre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518371688

Category: Afrika - Entkolonialisierung

Page: 266

View: 4462

Posted in Afrika - Entkolonialisierung

Starship Troopers

der Roman zum Film von Paul Verhoeven

Author: Robert A. Heinlein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783404141593

Category: Science fiction

Page: 334

View: 2726

Die Menschheit befindet sich ein einem unerbittlichen Krieg mit den Bugs, Insektenwesen aus den Tiefen des Weltalls, einem Krieg, der alle Lebensbereiche durchdringt. Die Bürgerrechte werden auf der Erde nur jenem zugesprochen, der seinen Militärdienst geleistet hat. Auch die Soldaten an Bord der Rodger Young müssen in den Kampf zeihen. Sie sind Starship Troopers, die Infanteristen in diesem galaktischen Konflikt, und sie trifft der Schrecken, die Einsamkeit und die Angst am härtesten ... 1959 erhielt Robert Heinlein für diesen Roman den Hugo Award, einen der international bedeutendsten Preise der Science Fiction. Seit seinem Erscheinen löst er immer wieder heftige Diskussionen aus. Eines ist jedoch sicher: Er ist einer der spannendsten Romane des Autors und zählt zu seinen Schlüsselwerken. Aufwendig fürs Kino verfilmt wurde das Buch Ende der 90er Jahre von Paul Verhoeven.
Posted in Science fiction

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517

Category:

Page: 415

View: 7570

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.
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Crashed

Wie zehn Jahre Finanzkrise die Welt verändert haben

Author: Adam Tooze

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641192773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 800

View: 2108

Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Culture of Judicial Independence

Conceptual Foundations and Practical Challenges

Author: Shimon Shetreet,Christopher Forsyth

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004215859

Category: Law

Page: 692

View: 623

This volume analyzes the development of a culture of Judicial Independence in comparative perspectives, to offer an examination of the conceptual foundations of the principle of judicial independence and to discuss in detail the practical challenges facing judiciaries in different jurisdictions.
Posted in Law

Die entfesselte Exekutive

Die Krise des liberalen Legalismus. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Karl Heinz Siber. Mit einem Geleitwort von Christian Lammert und einer Einführung von Ellen Kennedy

Author: Eric A. Posner,Adrian Vermeule

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428138500

Category:

Page: 287

View: 7219

Posted in

Beyond Global Crisis

Remedies and Road Maps by Daisaku Ikeda and His Contemporaries

Author: Terrence Edward Paupp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351313940

Category: Political Science

Page: 455

View: 8074

In this volume, Terrence Paupp critically describes the various dimensions of today's global crisis. Among other things, this volume analyzes nuclear weapons proliferation climate change, and international lawlessness in the form of wars of aggression. Paupp argues that much human conflict and environmental degradation is the direct consequence of poverty and inequality. Until these issues are addressed, many of the world's problems will remain. Paupp asserts that around the world, peoples and nations are becoming more open to a strategy and culture of peace that evolves through discovering a commonality of interests, the value of mutual cooperation, and the desirability of forging consensus. By using various road maps and remedies supplied by noted Japanese peace activist Daisaku Ikeda and his contemporaries, viable solutions will emerge. In this new endeavor, equipped with some of the proposed solutions and strategies that this book provides, humanity will collectively become engaged in remaking the character of global governance in order to build a global culture of peace.
Posted in Political Science

The Executive Unbound

After the Madisonian Republic

Author: Eric A. Posner,Adrian Vermeule

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199831753

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 8637

Ever since Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. used "imperial presidency" as a book title, the term has become central to the debate about the balance of power in the U.S. government. Since the presidency of George W. Bush, when advocates of executive power such as Dick Cheney gained ascendancy, the argument has blazed hotter than ever. Many argue the Constitution itself is in grave danger. What is to be done? The answer, according to legal scholars Eric Posner and Adrian Vermeule, is nothing. In The Executive Unbound, they provide a bracing challenge to conventional wisdom, arguing that a strong presidency is inevitable in the modern world. Most scholars, they note, object to today's level of executive power because it varies so dramatically from the vision of the framers. But there is nothing in our system of checks and balances that intrinsically generates order or promotes positive arrangements. In fact, the greater complexity of the modern world produces a concentration of power, particularly in the White House. The authors chart the rise of executive authority straight through to the Obama presidency. Political, cultural and social restraints, they argue, have been more effective in preventing dictatorship than any law. The executive-centered state tends to generate political checks that substitute for the legal checks of the Madisonian constitution.
Posted in Law

Selecting Europe's Judges

A Critical Review of the Appointment Procedures to the European Courts

Author: Michal Bobek

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019872778X

Category: EU-länderna

Page: 323

View: 8588

The past decade has witnessed change in the ways judges for the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights are selected. The leitmotif has been securing greater professional quality of the judicial candidates, and, for this purpose, both European systems have put in place various advisory panels or selection committees that are called to evaluate the aptitude of the candidates put forward by the national governments. Are these institutional reforms successful in guaranteeing greater quality of the judicial candidates? Do they increase the legitimacy of the European courts? Has the creation of these advisory panels in any way altered the institutional balance, either horizontally within the international organizations, or vertically, between the respective organization and its Member States? Above all, has the spree of 'judicial comitology' as currently practiced a good way for selecting Europe's judges? These and a number of other questions are addressed in this topical volume in a comparative and interdisciplinary prospective. The book is structured into two elements: first, how the operation of the new selection mechanisms is captured and analyzed from different vantage points, and secondly, having mapped the ground, the book critically and comparatively engages with selected common themes, examining the new mechanisms with respect to values and principles such as democracy, judicial independence, transparency, representativeness, and legitimacy.
Posted in EU-länderna

In Whose Name?

A Public Law Theory of International Adjudication

Author: Armin von Bogdandy,Ingo Venzke

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191026956

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 3918

The vast majority of all international judicial decisions have been issued since 1990. This increasing activity of international courts over the past two decades is one of the most significant developments within the international law. It has repercussions on all levels of governance and has challenged received understandings of the nature and legitimacy of international courts. It was previously held that international courts are simply instruments of dispute settlement, whose activities are justified by the consent of the states that created them, and in whose name they decide. However, this understanding ignores other important judicial functions, underrates problems of legitimacy, and prevents a full assessment of how international adjudication functions, and the impact that it has demonstrably had. This book proposes a public law theory of international adjudication, which argues that international courts are multifunctional actors who exercise public authority and therefore require democratic legitimacy. It establishes this theory on the basis of three main building blocks: multifunctionality, the notion of an international public authority, and democracy. The book aims to answer the core question of the legitimacy of international adjudication: in whose name do international courts decide? It lays out the specific problem of the legitimacy of international adjudication, and reconstructs the common critiques of international courts. It develops a concept of democracy for international courts that makes it possible to constructively show how their legitimacy is derived. It argues that ultimately international courts make their decisions, even if they do not know it, in the name of the peoples and the citizens of the international community.
Posted in Law

Russian Approaches to International Law

Author: Lauri Mälksoo

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019103469X

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 6538

This book addresses a simple question: how do Russians understand international law? Is it the same understanding as in the West or is it in some ways different and if so, why? It answers these questions by drawing on from three different yet closely interconnected perspectives: history, theory, and recent state practice. The work uses comparative international law as starting point and argues that in order to understand post-Soviet Russia's state and scholarly approaches to international law, one should take into account the history of ideas in Russia. To an extent, Russian understandings of international law differ from what is considered the mainstream in the West. One specific feature of this book is that it goes inside the language of international law as it is spoken and discussed in post-Soviet Russia, especially the scholarly literature in the Russian language, and relates this literature to the history of international law as discipline in Russia. Recent state practice such as the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia's record in the UN Security Council, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, prominent cases in investor-state arbitration, and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union are laid out and discussed in the context of increasingly popular 'civilizational' ideas, the claim that Russia is a unique civilization and therefore not part of the West. The implications of this claim for the future of international law, its universality, and regionalism are discussed.
Posted in Law

Gerechtigkeit für Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518780204

Category: Philosophy

Page: 813

View: 5628

»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.
Posted in Philosophy

Ordnung und Regieren in der Weltgesellschaft

Author: Mathias Albert,Nicole Deitelhoff,Gunther Hellmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658197803

Category: Political Science

Page: 405

View: 1145

Der Band setzt sich mit den Bedingungen und Möglichkeiten internationalen oder globalen Regierens in einer sozialen Umwelt (Weltgesellschaft) unter drei Perspektiven auseinander: der Perspektive von Theorien globaler Ordnung, der Perspektive spezifischer Formen globaler Ordnungsbildung und der Perspektive die Normativität globaler Ordnung. Die Beiträge des Bandes besetzen Schnittstellen in einer Reihe von Diskussionen, die in den Internationalen Beziehungen zu Ordnung und Ordnungsbildung in der internationalen Politik, zum Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates, sowie zur Stellung internationaler Politik in der Weltgesellschaft geführt werden.
Posted in Political Science

Der Skandal der Vielfalt

Geschichte und Konzepte des Multikulturalismus

Author: Volker Heins

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593399695

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 9798

Der Bau von Moscheen, das Tragen von Kopftüchern in Schulen, das jüdische und muslimische Beschneidungsritual - in den Debatten, die erregt über diese Praktiken geführt werden, erscheinen "fremde" Kulturen und Religionen oft als bedrohend, ja skandalös. Dieser Haltung steht das politische Konzept des Multikulturalismus gegenüber, das für Schutz und Anerkennung kultureller Unterschiede durch Staat und Gesellschaft eintritt. In der politischen Theorie wie in der breiten Öffentlichkeit löst dieser Ansatz heute aber vielfach Unbehagen aus. Der Sozialwissenschaftler Volker M. Heins, der viele Jahre in Kanada, den USA, Israel und Indien gelebt hat, fragt nach den Ursachen dieses Unbehagens. In seinem gut lesbaren Überblick über die internationale Multikulturalismusdebatte zeichnet er die Fortschritte und Rückschläge bei der Auseinandersetzung nach, die in den letzten Jahrzehnten über kulturelle Vielfalt geführt wurde. Seine These lautet, dass der Streit um den Multikulturalismus - um religiöse Symbole, Sprachkompetenz von Migranten, Import internationaler Konflikte, Chancen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt - grundlegende Fragen von Identität, Differenz und Solidarität berührt, die weder im Nationalstaat noch im vereinten Europa gelöst worden sind.
Posted in Social Science

Law and Happiness

Author: Eric A. Posner,Cass R. Sunstein

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226676021

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 9150

Since the earliest days of philosophy, thinkers have debated the meaning of the term happiness and the nature of the good life. But it is only in recent years that the study of happiness—or “hedonics”—has developed into a formal field of inquiry, cutting across a broad range of disciplines and offering insights into a variety of crucial questions of law and public policy. Law and Happinessbrings together the best and most influential thinkers in the field to explore the question of what makes up happiness—and what factors can be demonstrated to increase or decrease it. Martha Nussbaum offers an account of the way that hedonics can productively be applied to psychology, Cass R. Sunstein considers the unexpected relationship between happiness and health problems, Matthew Adler and Eric A. Posner view hedonics through the lens of cost-benefit analysis, David A. Weisbach considers the relationship between happiness and taxation, and Mark A. Cohen examines the role crime—and fear of crime—can play in people’s assessment of their happiness, and much more. The result is a kaleidoscopic overview of this increasingly prominent field, offering surprising new perspectives and incisive analyses that will have profound implications on public policy.
Posted in Law

Verfassungspatriotismus

Author: Jan-Werner Müller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518126127

Category: Citizenship

Page: 155

View: 7693

Posted in Citizenship