The Origins of Autocracy

Ivan the Terrible in Russian History

Author: Alexander Yanov

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520042827

Category: History

Page: 339

View: 377

Traces the role of Ivan the Terrible in Russian history and the thinking of Russian historians, emphasizing the political actions and ideals of the sixteenth-century czar as they have shaped Russia's development through the present
Posted in History

The Promise of Power

The Origins of Democracy in India and Autocracy in Pakistan

Author: Maya Tudor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107032962

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5921

Under what conditions are some developing countries able to create stable democracies while others have slid into instability and authoritarianism? To address this classic question at the center of policy and academic debates, The Promise of Power investigates a striking puzzle: why, upon the 1947 Partition of British India, was India able to establish a stable democracy while Pakistan created an unstable autocracy? Drawing on interviews, colonial correspondence, and early government records to document the genesis of two of the twentieth century's most celebrated independence movements, Maya Tudor refutes the prevailing notion that a country's democratization prospects can be directly attributed to its levels of economic development or inequality. Instead, she demonstrates that the differential strengths of India's and Pakistan's independence movements directly account for their divergent democratization trajectories. She also establishes that these movements were initially constructed to pursue historically conditioned class interests. By illuminating the source of this enduring contrast, The Promise of Power offers a broad theory of democracy's origins that will interest scholars and students of comparative politics, democratization, state-building, and South Asian political history.
Posted in Political Science

The Origin of the Communist Autocracy

Political Opposition in the Soviet State First Phase · 1917–1922

Author: Leonard Schapiro

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349095095

Category: Political Science

Page: 397

View: 6401

Posted in Political Science

The origins of Muscovite autocracy

the age of Ivan III

Author: Gustave Alef

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 362

View: 2377

Posted in History

Origins of Stalinism: From Leninist Revolution to Stalinist Society

From Leninist Revolution to Stalinist Society

Author: Pavel Campeanu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315494809

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 9114

By adopting the ecological process as their major theme, the contributors of this volume show how the process of human interaction with the natural environment unfolded in the past, and offer perspective on the ecological crises in our world at the beginning of the 21st century.
Posted in Political Science

Failed States and the Origins of Violence

A Comparative Analysis of State Failure as a Root Cause of Terrorism and Political Violence

Author: Tiffiany Howard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131713687X

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 7451

What makes a terrorist? Is an individual inherently predisposed to be attracted to political violence or does exposure to a certain environment desensitize them in such a way that violence represents a viable mode for addressing political grievances? Identifying state failure as the impetus for political violence this book addresses these questions and focuses on why existing extremist groups find failed states so attractive. Utilizing global barometer data, Tiffiany Howard examines the underpinnings of individual support for political violence and argues that an insidious pattern of deprivation within failed states drives ordinary citizens to engage in and support extreme acts of political violence. A rigorous examination of four regions plagued by a combination of failed states and political violence-Sub Saharan Africa, The Middle East and North Africa, Southeast and South Asia, and Latin America-this text draws parallels to arrive at a single conclusion: that failed states are a natural breeding ground for terrorism and political violence.
Posted in Political Science

The Military Revolution and Political Change

Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe

Author: Brian Downing

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691024752

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 1920

To examine the long-run origins of democracy and dictatorship, Brian Downing focuses on the importance of medieval political configurations and of military modernization in the early modern period. He maintains that in late medieval times an array of constitutional arrangements distinguished Western Europe from other parts of the world and predisposed it toward liberal democracy. He then looks at how medieval constitutionalism was affected by the "military revolution" of the early modern era--the shift from small, decentralized feudal levies to large standing armies. Downing won the American Political Science Association's Gabriel Almond Award for the dissertation on which this book was based.
Posted in History

The United States and the Origins of the Cuban Revolution

An Empire of Liberty in an Age of National Liberation

Author: Jules R. Benjamin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691025360

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 425

Jules Benjamin argues convincingly that modern conflicts between Cuba and the United States stem from a long history of U.S. hegemony and Cuban resistance. He shows what difficulties the smaller country encountered because of U.S. efforts first to make it part of an "empire of liberty" and later to dominate it by economic methods, and he analyzes the kind of misreading of ardent nationalism that continues to plague U.S. policymaking. "An original and incisive study on the nature of hegemony, this book traces the history of relations between the United States and Cuba from 1898 to 1961, emphasizing the tension between U.S. efforts to "Americanize" and modernize the island and Cuban resentment of U.S. influence and interference."--Foreign Affairs "Benjamin has produced a superb study in the genre of American domination of a Caribbean nation."--Jack Lane, The Journal of American History "Benjamin does a fine job of explaining how Cuba and the United States came to their parting of the ways."--Ramcn Eduardo Ruiz, Pacific Historical Review
Posted in History

The Origins of the Russian Revolution, 1861–1917

Author: Alan Wood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134397992

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 5413

Alan Wood provides a concise introduction to the Russian Revolution and its origins dating back to the emancipation of the Russian peasant serfs in 1861. The third edition of this successful pamphlet brings the historiography up to date to include the multitude of research in the last ten years that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the opening up of the archives.
Posted in History

The Origins of the Lloyd George Coalition

The Politics of Social Imperialism, 1900-1918

Author: Robert James Scally

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400870984

Category: Political Science

Page: 430

View: 6361

This book examines the intrusion of imperialist modes of thought into the domestic politics of the Edwardian period and the war years. The author analyzes the fusion of social-imperialist ideology with the Lloyd George insurgency in the Liberal Party and reinforces the hypothesis that European imperialism in this era aligned itself with progressive Liberalism to form the chief defense against rising democratic and socialist forces. Major events of the war years such as the collapse of the Liberal Party and the dispute over war aims are shown to be the products of the continuing conflict between these forces rather than merely the result of the circumstances of war. The author describes the development of the body of social-imperialist ideas and strategies between the Boer War and the formation of the Lloyd George Coalition of 1916. The political course of the Coalition idea is traced past the crisis of 1910 into the war years and the debate over plans for reconstruction. Thus, the Coalition of 1916 is seen mainly as an outgrowth of the prewar political crisis—a device originally designed as a response to domestic issues and adapted only later to the pressures of war. This original interpretation of the Coalition and its origins establishes the historical significance of social imperialism and places Lloyd George and the British right in new perspective. Originally published in 1975. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Political Science

The Origins of Modern Polish Democracy

Author: M. B. B. Biskupski,James S. Pula,Piotr J. Wróbel

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0821443097

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 6905

The Origins of Modern Polish Democracy is a series of closely integrated essays that traces the idea of democracy in Polish thought and practice. It begins with the transformative events of the mid-nineteenth century, which witnessed revolutionary developments in the socioeconomic and demographic structure of Poland, and continues through changes that marked the postcommunist era of free Poland. The idea of democracy survived in Poland through long periods of foreign occupation, the trials of two world wars, and years of Communist subjugation. Whether in Poland itself or among exiles, Polish speculation about the creation of a liberal-democratic Poland has been central to modern Polish political thought. This volume is unique in that is traces the evolution of the idea of democracy, both during the periods when Poland was an independent country—1918-1939—and during the periods of foreign occupation before 1918 through World War II and the Communist era. For those periods when Poland was not free, the volume discusses how the idea of democracy evolved among exile and underground Polish circles. This important work is the only single-volume English-language history of modern Polish democratic thought and parliamentary systems and represents the latest scholarly research by leading specialists from Europe and North America.
Posted in History

The Image of Ivan the Terrible in Russian Folklore

Author: Maureen Perrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521891004

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 8009

A study of Ivan the Terrible's depiction in Russian folklore, and the controversies surrounding it.
Posted in History

The Origins of the Russo-Japanese War

Author: Ian Nish

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317872185

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3620

The Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5 has been seen as the turning point of the development of the modern world. Written by a specialist in Japanese diplomacy, this book has been described by the Times Higher Education Supplement as 'diplomatic history at its very best'.
Posted in History

Nineteenth-Century Russia

Opposition to Autocracy

Author: Derek Offord

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317879406

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 9817

This new Seminar Study provides students with a rewarding introduction to nineteenth-century Russia. This period of Russian history is, of course, characterised by the flowering of an enormously rich intellectual and cultural life, the origins of which lie in the intelligentsia¿s opposition to autocratic rule. Here, Professor Offord introduces the reader to the period while focusing particularly on the rise of radicalism. The book opens with two scene-setting chapters: one looking at the political and social structure peculiar to Russia, and the second looking at the cultural and intellectual background. Then, within a chronological framework, the author examines all the great 'events' in the history of Russian radicalism - from the Decembrist Revolt in 1825, to the 'going to the people' in 1874, and the assassination of Alexander II in 1881. However, throughout the text sustained attention is given to the intellectual dimension of nineteenth-century Russian history. Professor Offord examines all the major schools of thought and looks in detail at all the great thinkers of the day, including Chaadaev, Belinsky, Herzen, Chernyshevsky, Bakunin and Tolstoy. This new book will provide essential reading for anyone studying nineteenth-century Russia. Lucid, accessible and immensely readable, it is a formidable achievement.
Posted in History

Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats

Im Anschluß an Lewis H. Morgans Forschungen

Author: Friedrich Engels

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3842416288

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 184

View: 5595

Dieses Werk ist Teil der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS. Der Verlag tredition aus Hamburg veröffentlicht in der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS Werke aus mehr als zwei Jahrtausenden. Diese waren zu einem Großteil vergriffen oder nur noch antiquarisch erhältlich. Mit der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS verfolgt tredition das Ziel, tausende Klassiker der Weltliteratur verschiedener Sprachen wieder als gedruckte Bücher zu verlegen - und das weltweit! Die Buchreihe dient zur Bewahrung der Literatur und Förderung der Kultur. Sie trägt so dazu bei, dass viele tausend Werke nicht in Vergessenheit geraten.
Posted in Literary Collections