In this tragic and powerful story, the two Opium Wars of 1839 1842 and 1856 1860 between Britain and China are recounted for the first time through the eyes of the Chinese as well as the Imperial West. Opium entered China during the Middle Ages when Arab traders brought it into China for medicinal purposes. As it took hold as a recreational drug, opium wrought havoc on Chinese society. By the early nineteenth century, 90 percent of the Emperor's court and the majority of the army were opium addicts. Britain was also a nation addicted-to tea, grown in China, and paid for with profits made from the opium trade. When China tried to ban the use of the drug and bar its Western smugglers from it gates, England decided to fight to keep open China's ports for its importation. England, the superpower of its time, managed to do so in two wars, resulting in a drug-induced devastation of the Chinese people that would last 150 years. In this page-turning, dramatic and colorful history, The Opium Wars responds to past, biased Western accounts by representing the neglected Chinese version of the story and showing how the wars stand as one of the monumental clashes between the cultures of East and West. "A fine popular account."-Publishers Weekly "Their account of the causes, military campaigns and tragic effects of these wars is absorbing, frequently macabre and deeply unsettling."-Booklist
The Addiction of One Empire and the Corruption of Another
Author: W. Travis Hanes III,Frank Sanello
Publisher: Sourcebooks, Inc.
The events of the war are recounted from the Chinese viewpoint by means of contemporary diaries and other documents
Author: Arthur Waley
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Category: Literary Collections
An engaging, highly readable, character-driven account of the war that transformed China, and which continues to loom large over modern Chinese history. In October 1839, a Windsor cabinet meeting votes to begin the first Opium War against China. Bureaucratic fumbling, military missteps, and a healthy dose of political opportunism and collaboration followed. Rich in tragicomedy, The Opium War explores the disastrous British foreign-relations move that became a founding myth of modern Chinese nationalism, and depicts China’s heroic struggle against Western conspiracy. Julia Lovell examines the causes and consequences of the Opium War, interweaving tales of the opium pushers and dissidents. More importantly, she analyses how the Opium Wars shaped China's self-image and created an enduring model for its interactions with the West, plagued by delusion and prejudice.
Author: Julia Lovell
Publisher: The Overlook Press
This book tells the fascinating story of the war between England and China that delivered Hong Kong to the English, forced the imperial Chinese government to add four ports to Canton as places in which foreigners could live and trade, and rendered irreversible the process that for almost a century thereafter distinguished western relations with this quarter of the globe-- the process that is loosely termed the "opening of China." Originally published by UNC Press in 1975, Peter Ward Fay's study was the first to treat extensively the opium trade from the point of production in India to the point of consumption in China and the first to give both Protestant and Catholic missionaries their due; it remains the most comprehensive account of the first Opium War through western eyes. In a new preface, Fay reflects on the relationship between the events described in the book and Hong Kong's more recent history.
Barbarians in the Celestial Empire in the Early Part of the Nineteenth Century and the War by which They Forced Her Gates Ajar
Author: Peter Ward Fay
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
A Communist Chinese view of the Opium War of 1840-42, between Britain and China, compiled in 1976 by members of the history departments of Futan University and Shanghai Teachers' University.
Author: Compilation Group
Publisher: The Minerva Group, Inc.
As China reclaims its position as a world power, Imperial Twilight looks back to tell the story of the country’s last age of ascendance and how it came to an end in the nineteenth-century Opium War. As one of the most potent turning points in the country’s modern history, the Opium War has since come to stand for everything that today’s China seeks to put behind it. In this dramatic, epic story, award-winning historian Stephen Platt sheds new light on the early attempts by Western traders and missionaries to “open” China even as China’s imperial rulers were struggling to manage their country’s decline and Confucian scholars grappled with how to use foreign trade to China’s advantage. The book paints an enduring portrait of an immensely profitable—and mostly peaceful—meeting of civilizations that was destined to be shattered by one of the most shockingly unjust wars in the annals of imperial history. Brimming with a fascinating cast of British, Chinese, and American characters, this riveting narrative of relations between China and the West has important implications for today’s uncertain and ever-changing political climate.
The Opium War and the End of China's Last Golden Age
Author: Stephen R. Platt
The Opium War of 1839-43, the first military conflict to take place between China and the West, is a subject of enduring interest. Mao Haijian, one of the most distinguished and well-known historians working in China, presents the culmination of more than ten years of research in a revisionist reading of the conflict and its main Chinese protagonists. Mao examines the Qing participants in terms of the moral standards and intellectual norms of their own time, demonstrating that actions which have struck later observers as ridiculous can be understood as reasonable within these individuals' own context. This English-language translation of Mao's work offers a comprehensive response to the question of why the Qing Empire was so badly defeated by the British in the first Opium War - an answer that is distinctive and original within both Chinese and Western historiography, and supported by a wealth of hitherto unknown detail.
Author: Mao Haijian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Being Recollections of Service in China
Author: Sir Arthur Augustus Thurlow Cunynghame
"On the outside, [the foreigners] seem intractable, but inside they are cowardly... Although there have been a few ups-and-downs, the situation as a whole is under control."In October 1839, a few months after Chinese Imperial Commissioner, Lin Zexu, dispatched these confident words to his emperor, a Cabinet meeting in Windsor voted to fight Britain's first Opium War (1839-42) with China. The conflict turned out to be rich in tragicomedy: in bureaucratic fumblings, military missteps, political opportunism and collaboration. Yet over the past hundred and seventy years, this strange tale of misunderstanding, incompetence and compromise has become the founding myth of modern Chinese nationalism: the start of China's heroic struggle against a Western conspiracy to destroy the country with opium and gunboat diplomacy.The Opium War is both the story of modern China – starting from the first conflict with the west – and an analysis of the county's contemporary self-image. It explores how China's national myths mould its interactions with the outside world, how public memory is spun to serve the present; and how delusion and prejudice on both sides have bedevilled its relationship with the modern West.
Drugs, Dreams and the Making of China
Author: Julia Lovell
Extensively revised and updated, this popular text conveys the drama of China's struggle to modernize against the backdrop of a proud and difficult history. Spanning the years from China's humiliating defeat in the Opium Wars to its triumphant hosting of the 2008 summer Olympics, the authors narrate the major developments of that journey: the breakdown of imperial China in the face of Japanese and Western encroachments; Sun-Yatsen and the founding of the Chinese republic; the early struggles between the ideologies and armies of Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong; China's bitter and costly war with Japan; the final shootout that sent Chiang to Taiwan and Mao to Beijing; the turbulent first decades of the People's Republic; and the dramatic shift to a globalizing economic strategy. This edition features all new analysis of issues facing China's leaders today, including environmental challenges, rural economic developments, corruption, the current economic climate, China's relations with its neighbors and the United States, the latest Tibet crisis, and the reelection of Hu Jintao. The authors have also incorporated some of the latest scholarship on Chinese historical events, making this the best and most up-to-date brief text on modern China currently available.
From the Opium Wars to the Olympics
Author: June Grasso,Jay P. Corrin,Michael Kort
Category: Business & Economics
British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War
Author: Song-Chuan Chen
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
readings in the history of China from the Opium War to the present
Author: J. Mason Gentzler
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
Why did defeat in the Opium War not lead Ch'ing China to a more realistic appreciation of Western might and Chinese weakness? James Polachek's revisionist analysis exposes the behind-the-scenes political struggles that not only shaped foreign-policy decisions in the 1830s and 1840s but have continued to affect the history of Chinese nationalism in modern times. Polachek looks closely at the networks of literati and officials, self-consciously reminiscent of the late Ming era that sought and gained the ear of the emperor. Challenging the conventional view that Lin Tse-hsu and his supporters were selfless patriots who acted in China's best interests, Polachek agrues that, for reasons having more to do with their own domestic political agenda, these men advocated a futile policy of militant resistance to the West. Linking political intrigue, scholarly debates, and foreign affairs, local notables in Canton and literati lobbyists in Perking this book sets the Opium War for the first times in its "inner," domestic political context.
Author: James M. Polachek,James A. Polachek
Publisher: Harvard Univ Asia Center
Based upon selected anecdotal stories written by British observers, this text reconstructs the events of the illegal opium trade in Canton in the 1830s and the war between Britain and China that followed. The volume is illustrated with b&w maps, prints, and photographs. Irish-born Collis (1889-1975)
Being an Account of the Opium Imbroglio at Canton in the 1830's and the Anglo-Chinese War that Followed
Author: Maurice Collis
Publisher: New Directions Publishing
China gegen den Rest der Welt ; 1000 v. Chr. - 2000 n. Chr
Author: Julia Lovell
Category: Great Wall of China (China)
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 80. Chapters: First Opium War, Naval battles of the Opium Wars, Opium clippers, Second Opium War, Treaty of Nanking, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Xiamen, Fuzhou, Ningbo, Battle of Taku Forts, Second Battle of Chuenpee, Robert Bennet Forbes, Battle of the Bogue, Henry Pottinger, Battle of Kowloon, Gideon Nye, Battle of the Pearl River Forts, Battle of First Bar, Anglona, Second Battle of Canton, Sylph, HMS Himalaya, Convention of Peking, Ariel, China War Medal, Battle of Whampoa, Battle of the Barrier, Sea Witch, Second China War Medal, Battle of Amoy, Battle of Fatshan Creek, Battle of Chapoo, Capture of Chusan, Broadway expedition, HMS Hyacinth.
First Opium War, Naval Battles of the Opium Wars, Opium Clippers, Second Opium War, Treaty of Nanking, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Xiame
Author: Source Wikipedia
Author: Zhongguo jin dai shi cong shu bian xie zu