The Nuremberg Medical Trial

The Holocaust and the Origin of the Nuremberg Medical Code

Author: Horst H. Freyhofer

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820467979

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 783

Freyhofer gives the reader the opportunity to follow the exchange between prosecutors and defendants as well as the final reasoning of the court."--BOOK JACKET.
Posted in History

God's Solution

Why Religion Not Science Answers Life's Deepest Questions

Author: Declan Hayes

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595461190

Category: Religion

Page: 372

View: 8529

God's Solution demolishes the anti religious arguments of Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Daniel Dennett, Peter Singer and atheism's other polemicists who have scurried aboard this lucrative bandwagon. God's Solution begins by showing us that science, not religion, has always been war's harlot. God's Solution then proceeds to show how and why sacred scripture makes sense and how the secular ideologies raged against it have always brought out the worst in people. God's Solution then demolishes Darwinism as a scientific theory and denounces Darwin as the racist bigot that he was. God's Solution uses a wide array of examples to show that Mother Nature is much too varied to be shoehorned into a simplistic theory like evolution. God's Solution then uses the charity industry to show that religion, not atheism holds the moral high ground. In using the arguments of the secular jihadists to show how life without religion is meaningless, God's Solution will prove a valuable resource to all readers who honestly seek the scientifically grounded metaphysical truths of their own inherited faith and who wish to imbue their children and grandchildren with those same beliefs.
Posted in Religion

Human Subjects Research after the Holocaust

Author: Sheldon Rubenfeld,Susan Benedict

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319057022

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 6228

“An engaging, compelling and disturbing confrontation with evil ...a book that will be transformative in its call for individual and collective moral responsibility." – Michael A. Grodin, M.D., Professor and Director, Project on Medicine and the Holocaust, Elie Wiesel Center for Judaic Studies, Boston University Human Subjects Research after the Holocaust challenges you to confront the misguided medical ethics of the Third Reich personally, and to apply the lessons learned to contemporary human subjects research. While it is comforting to believe that Nazi physicians, nurses, and bioscientists were either incompetent, mad, or few in number, they were, in fact, the best in the world at the time, and the vast majority participated in the government program of “applied biology.” They were not coerced to behave as they did—they enthusiastically exploited widely accepted eugenic theories to design horrendous medical experiments, gas chambers and euthanasia programs, which ultimately led to mass murder in the concentration camps. Americans provided financial support for their research, modeled their medical education and research after the Germans, and continued to perform unethical human subjects research even after the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial. The German Medical Association apologized in 2012 for the behavior of its physicians during the Third Reich. By examining the medical crimes of human subjects researchers during the Third Reich, you will naturally examine your own behavior and that of your colleagues, and perhaps ask yourself "If the best physicians and bioscientists of the early 20th century could do evil while believing they were doing good, can I be certain that I will never do the same?"
Posted in Medical

Justice at Nuremberg

Leo Alexander and the Nazi Doctors' Trial

Author: U. Schmidt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230505244

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 1948

This book traces the history of the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial of 1946-47, through the eyes of the Austrian émigré psychiatrist Leo Alexander, whose investigations helped the US prosecution. Schmidt provides a detailed insight into the origins of human rights in medical science and into the changing role of international law, ethics and politics.
Posted in History

Genocide and Fascism

The Eliminationist Drive in Fascist Europe

Author: Aristotle Kallis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134300344

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 6593

This book investigates how fascism – as an ideology and political praxis – reconfigured the ideological, political, and moral landscape of interwar Europe, generating an atmosphere of extreme ‘license’ that facilitated the leap into eliminationist violence. It demonstrates how fascist ideology linked the prospect of violent ‘cleansing’ to utopias of national/racial regeneration, thus encouraging and legitimizing targeted hatred against particular ‘others’. It also shows how the diffusion and internationalization of fascism in the 1930s produced a sense of a revolutionary new beginning and created a transnational fascist ‘new order’ in which Nazi Germany came to occupy a potent position of authority. The book analyzes how the eliminationist initiative and precedent of Nazi Germany became a second ‘license’ that empowered fascist regimes across Europe to embark on their own eliminationist projects with diminished accountability. Finally, it examines how this ‘license’ – enhanced by the actions of fascists and the collapse of order caused by World War Two – released individuals and communities from the burden of legal and moral accountability, turning them into accomplishes in the most wide, brutal, and devastating genocidal campaign that the continent had ever experienced.
Posted in History

The Law and Ethics of Medical Research

International Bioethics and Human Rights

Author: Aurora Plomer,Reader in Law and Bioethics Aurora Plomer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135338337

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 158

View: 4782

The growing globalization of medical research and the application of new biotechnologies in morally contested areas has forced a revision of international ethical guidelines. This book examines the controversies surrounding biomedical research in the twenty-first century from a human rights perspective, analyzing the evolution and changes in form and content of international instruments regulating the conduct of biomedical research. The approach adopted is comparative and includes an evaluation of human rights and UK and US law on embryonic stem cell research, the HIV/AIDS trials in the developing world, the Alder Hey Inquiry and the human radiation and nerve gas experiments on human subjects in the US and the UK. This is the first book to analyze some of the major issues in biomedical research today from an international, comparative human rights perspective.
Posted in BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

History and Theory of Human Experimentation

The Declaration of Helsinki and Modern Medical Ethics

Author: Ulf Schmidt,Andreas Frewer

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 9062

Despite having been revised and criticised over the years, the Declaration of Helsinki remains one of the most important and internationally known ethics codes worldwide. Yet we know relatively little about its historical origins or about the prolonged revision process which accompanied this ôliving documentö. The chapters presented in this volume look at the history and theory of human experimentation, assess the role of the Helsinki Declaration in an international context, and illustrate specific issues about the history and practice of research ethics through a number of case studies in the United States, Asia and Europe. To this day, the Declaration is one of the most important landmarks in human subject research which is aimed at protecting experimental subjects in society. The current volume offers a better and historically-informed understanding of the Declaration to ensure that the existing safeguards are not only preserved but developed and improved in the future. Die 1964 veröffentlichte Deklaration zu Helsinki ist einer der wichtigsten und international bekanntesten Kodizes zur Forschungsethik, dessen Entstehungsgeschichte von steter Kritik und zahlreichen Ã_berarbeitungen begleitet wurde. Dennoch weiá man relativ wenig ber die historischen Wurzeln und Novellierungsprozesse dieses ägewachsenen Dokumentsô der Medizingeschichte. Bis zum heutigen Tag ist die Deklaration einer der bedeutendsten Wegweiser f r die Forschung am Menschen, deren grundsätzliches Ziel es ist, Versuchspersonen in medizinischen Experimenten zu sch tzen. Der Band beleuchtet Geschichte und Theorie der Experimente am Menschen, untersucht die Rolle der Deklaration im internationalen Kontext und illustriert spezifische Themen zur Geschichte und Praxis der Forschungsethik anhand von Fallstudien zu den USA, Asien und Europa. Auáerdem geben die Studien Einblick in die Entstehungsgeschichte der Deklaration - nicht nur um die bestehenden Standards zum Schutz von Versuchspersonen zu bewahren, sondern auch um diese zuk nftig weiterzuentwickeln und zu verbessern. Aus dem Inhalt Ulf Schmidt / Andreas Frewer: History and Ehtics of Human Experimentation: the Twisted Road to Helsinki. An Introduction History and Theory of Medical Research Ethics Ulrich Tröhler: The Long Road of Moral Concern: Doctors' Ethos and Statute Law Relating to Human Research in Europe Dietrich von Engelhardt: The Historical and Philosophical Background of Ethics in Clinical Research Ulf Schmidt: The Nuremberg Doctors' Trial and the Nuremberg Code Till Bärnighausen: Communicating ôTainted Scienceö: The Japanese Biological Warfare Experiments on Human Subjects in China The Helsinki Declaration in an International Context Susan E. Lederer: Research Without Borders: The Origins of the Declaration of Helsinki Povl Riis: Forty Years of the Declaration of Helsinki: Progress in Medical Ethics? Kati Myllymäki: Revising the Declaration of Helsinki: An Insiders' View Robert Carlson / Kenneth Boyd / David Webb: The Interpretation of Codes of Medical Ethics: Some Lessons from the Fifth Revision of the Declaration of Helsinki David Willcox: Medical Ethics and Public Perception: The Declaration of Helsinki and its Revisions in 2000 Dominique Sprumont / Sara Girardin / Trudo Lemmens: The Helsinki Declaration and the Law: An International and Comparative Analysis History and Ethics of Research - International Perspectives Andreas Frewer: History of Medicine and Ethics in Conflict: Research on National Socialism as Moral Problem Ulf Schmidt: Medical Ethics and Human Experiments at Porton Down: Informed Consent in Britain's Biological and Chemical Warfare Experiments John Williams: The Declaration of Helsinki. The Importance of Context Jonathan D. Moreno: Helsinki into the Future. An Epilogue Key Documents on the History of Research Ethics Circular of the Reich Minister of the Interior Concerning Guidelines for New Therapy and Human Experimentation (Berlin, 1931) ù The Nuremberg Code (1947) ù World Medical Association: Declaration of Helsinki I (1964) ù World Medical Association: Declaration of Helsinki II (Tokyo, 1975) ù Council of Europe: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (Oviedo, 1997) ù World Medical Association: Declaration of Helsinki (2004).
Posted in History

Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

Author: Carl Mitcham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Online databases

Page: 2378

View: 4718

This encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the social, ethical, and political issues raised by science and technology.
Posted in Online databases

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 843

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

IBM und der Holocaust

die Verstrickung des Weltkonzerns in die Verbrechen der Nazis

Author: Edwin Black

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548750873

Category:

Page: 752

View: 4409

Posted in

Mein Kampf

Author: Adolf Hitler

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781983638206

Category:

Page: 822

View: 3040

Published in the German language, this is the infamous Main Kampf, by Adolf Hitler.
Posted in

Genozid im Völkerrecht

Author: William A. Schabas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783930908882

Category: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Page: 792

View: 5596

Posted in Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Ich war Doktor Mengeles Assistent

Author: Miklós Nyiszli

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Page: 213

View: 4105

Posted in Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Law books, 1876-1981

books and serials on law and its related subjects

Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 5039

View: 778

Posted in Law

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen

Author: Rebecca Skloot

Publisher: Irisiana

ISBN: 3641051754

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 512

View: 7494

Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Die Nürnberger Prozesse

Author: Annette Weinke

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406623816

Category: Law

Page: 128

View: 8233

Dieses Buch bietet einen Überblick über den Prozess gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher des „Dritten Reiches“, der vom Internationalen Militärtribunal in Nürnberg auf Veranlassung der Alliierten eingeleitet worden war. Angeklagt war ein verbrecherisches Regime, das die Welt in einen Krieg von bis dahin nicht gekannter Grausamkeit und Brutalität gestürzt hatte. Die Autorin beschreibt die Vorgeschichte, den Verlauf und die Urteile dieses bis heute im Bewußtsein der Deutschen umstrittenen Prozesses.
Posted in Law