The Map That Changed the World

A Tale of Rocks, Ruin and Redemption

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141941642

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 8482

The extraordinary tale of the father of modern geology. Hidden behind velvet curtains above a stairway in a house in London's Piccadilly is an enormous and beautiful hand-coloured map - the first geological map of anywhere in the world. Its maker was a farmer's son named William Smith. Born in 1769 his life was beset by troubles: he was imprisoned for debt, turned out of his home, his work was plagiarised, his wife went insane and the scientific establishment shunned him. It was not until 1829, when a Yorkshire aristocrat recognised his genius, that he was returned to London in triumph: The Map That Changed the World is his story.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Map That Changed the World

A Tale of Rocks, Ruin and Redemption

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0140280391

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 338

View: 2982

The first geological map was made by an Oxfordshire farmer's son called William Smith. His life was beset with troubles: his work was plagiarized, he was imprisoned for debt, his wife went insane and the scientific establishment shunned him. This is the tale of his life and work in modern geology.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Map That Changed the World

William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061978272

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 1212

In 1793, a canal digger named William Smith made a startling discovery. He found that by tracing the placement of fossils, which he uncovered in his excavations, one could follow layers of rocks as they dipped and rose and fell—clear across England and, indeed, clear across the world—making it possible, for the first time ever, to draw a chart of the hidden underside of the earth. Smith spent twenty-two years piecing together the fragments of this unseen universe to create an epochal and remarkably beautiful hand-painted map. But instead of receiving accolades and honors, he ended up in debtors' prison, the victim of plagiarism, and virtually homeless for ten years more. The Map That Changed the World is a very human tale of endurance and achievement, of one man's dedication in the face of ruin. With a keen eye and thoughtful detail, Simon Winchester unfolds the poignant sacrifice behind this world-changing discovery.
Posted in Science

Krakatoa

The Day the World Exploded

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141926236

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 6074

Simon Winchester's brilliant chronicle of the destruction of the Indonesian island of Krakatoa in 1883 charts the birth of our modern world. He tells the story of the unrecognized genius who beat Darwin to the discovery of evolution; of Samuel Morse, his code and how rubber allowed the world to talk; of Alfred Wegener, the crack-pot German explorer and father of geology. In breathtaking detail he describes how one island and its inhabitants were blasted out of existence and how colonial society was turned upside-down in a cataclysm whose echoes are still felt to this day.
Posted in History

A History of the World in 12 Maps

Author: Jerry Brotton

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143126024

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 8225

An engaging survey of 12 maps from Ancient Greece to Google Earth examines how they have had a profound influence on how the world is seen, revealing how historical geographical depictions were subject to deliberate manipulations to promote a range of special interests. 30,000 first printing.
Posted in History

The Rise of Conservation in South Africa

Settlers, Livestock, and the Environment 1770-1950

Author: William Beinart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199541221

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 2531

This book traces debates about environmental degradation in successive eras of South African history. It offers a reinterpretation of South Africa's economic development, and of aspects of the Cape colonial and South African states. It expands the understanding of English-speaking South Africans and their role both as farmers and as protagonists of conservationist ideas. It paints an evocative picture of the post-conquest Karoo, analysing the impact ofself-consciously progressive farmers and officials in their attempts to secure private property, curtail transhumance and kraaling, control animal diseases, enhance water supplies, eradicate jackals, destroy alien weeds such as the prickly pear, and combat drought. It concludes by analysing conservationistinterventions in the African areas, and di
Posted in Business & Economics

Outposts

Journeys to the Surviving Relics of the British Empire

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061978326

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 6628

Simon Winchester, struck by a sudden need to discover exactly what was left of the British Empire, set out across the globe to visit the far-flung islands that are all that remain of what once made Britain great. He traveled 100,000 miles back and forth, from Antarctica to the Caribbean, from the Mediterranean to the Far East, to capture a last glint of imperial glory. His adventures in these distant and forgotten ends of the earth make compelling, often funny reading and tell a story most of us had thought was over: a tale of the last outposts in Britain's imperial career and those who keep the flag flying. With a new introduction, this updated edition tells us what has happened to these extraordinary places while the author's been away.
Posted in History

Facets of Knowledge Organization

Proceedings of the ISKO UK Second Biennial Conference, 4th-5th July, 2011, London

Author: Alan Gilchrist,Judi Vernau

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780526148

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

View: 8171

The ISKO UK Biennial Conference, 4th - 5th July, 2011, London honoured the life and achievements of Brian C. Vickery. His influence on the development of the information profession is celebrated in this book, with contributions from over 50 authors to address research and developments in knowledge organization, ranging from the theoretical basis of information retrieval to the practical application of ontologies in driving news and sport presentation on the BBC website. ISKO UK is a not-for-profit scientific/professional association with the objective of promoting research and communication in the domain of knowledge organization, within the broad field of information science and related disciplines - www.iskouk.org
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Flaubert's Tentation

Remapping Nineteenth-Century French Histories of Religion and Science

Author: Mary Orr

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199258589

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 8661

This is the first comprehensive study in English of Flaubert's least well-known masterpiece, the final version of his Temptation of Saint Anthony (1874). By presuming no prior knowledge, only the intellectual curiosity of its readers, this monograph offers new readings of the seven tableaux which comprise Temptation, and new ways of interpreting the work as a whole. By arguing that Flaubert was imagining his own epoch through the eyes of avisionary saint in the fourth-century AD, the dialogues between religion and science that are the dynamic of the work are elucidated for the first time. By also arguing for the meticulous accuracy of the science of the work, this book proposes in the 'remapping' analogy of its title that Flaubert's Tentation is a paradigmof nineteenth-century French, and indeed European, 'literary science'.
Posted in History

Mr Barry's War

Rebuilding the Houses of Parliament after the Great Fire of 1834

Author: Caroline Shenton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191016985

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 3035

When the brilliant classical architect Charles Barry won the competition to build a new, Gothic, Houses of Parliament in London he thought it was the chance of a lifetime. It swiftly turned into the most nightmarish building programme of the century. From the beginning, its design, construction and decoration were a battlefield. The practical and political forces ranged against him were immense. The new Palace of Westminster had to be built on acres of unstable quicksand, while the Lords and Commons carried on their work as usual. Its river frontage, a quarter of a mile long, needed to be constructed in the treacherous currents of the Thames. Its towers were so gigantic they required feats of civil engineering and building technology never used before. And the interior demanded spectacular new Gothic features not seen since the middle ages. Rallying the genius of his collaborator Pugin; flanking the mad schemes of a host of crackpot inventors, ignorant busybodies and hostile politicians; attacking strikes, sewage and cholera; charging forward three times over budget and massively behind schedule, it took twenty-five years for Barry to achieve victory with his 'Great Work' in the face of overwhelming odds, and at great personal cost. Mr Barry's War takes up where its prize-winning prequel The Day Parliament Burned Down left off, telling the story of how the greatest building programme in Britain for centuries produced the world's most famous secular cathedral to democracy.
Posted in History

Geofusion

Mapping of the 21st Century

Author: Norbert Csizmadia

Publisher: Norbert Csizmadia via PublishDrive

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 674

We live in a unique “geo” ages, in the first decade of the 21st century, a geoeconomic era where geography is appreciated again. The 21st century encompasses political and economic games where the multi-polar world, a new world order and a new value system develop new actors and new industries, in a boundless world, where technology an innovation generates new boundaries. The location of the countries is key in taking over the new economic power centers, countries, cities and city-states. It is a knowledge & creativity era (technology + knowledge + geography = “technknowledgeography” or Geofusion) where education and innovation are the most important investment. The explorers of the 21st century rely on their inner compass in an age where information is the raw material of the future. Knowledge is the currency of this future involving individual ideas and creativity. This is a fusion of age, which is also the age of networks. The universe of geoeconomy is the main issue in how this “Geofusion” is special to our moment and opportunity, which can give lasting value to the world. Drawn with knowledge, the 21st century map of the new breed of compasses is utilized to discover and conform this new world! “This special geopolitical “guidebook” illustrated richly, with 100 maps, infographics and facts, gives an answer how to foresight the global processes on the basis of the latest geographic-economic and urban research results.
Posted in Science

The River at the Center of the World

A Journey Up the Yangtze, and Back in Chinese Time

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 1466867493

Category: Travel

Page: 432

View: 6372

Rising in the mountains of the Tibetan border, the Yangtze River, the symbolic heart of China, pierces 3,900 miles of rugged country before debouching into the oily swells of the East China Sea. Connecting China's heartland cities with the volatile coastal giant, Shanghai, it has also historically connected China to the outside world through its nearly one thousand miles of navigable waters. To travel those waters is to travel back in history, to sense the soul of China, and Simon Winchester takes us along with him as he encounters the essence of China--its history and politics, its geography and climate as well as engage in its culture, and its people in remote and almost inaccessible places. The River at the Center of the World is travel writing at its best: lively, informative, and thoroughly enchanting. A stunning tour of China, its people, and its history. Chosen as one of the best travel books of 1996 by the New York Times Book Review.
Posted in Travel

Principles of Geology

Author: Charles Lyell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 426

View: 5611

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Atlantic

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0007341393

Category: Atlantic Ocean

Page: 498

View: 1152

This book is enhanced with content such as audio or video, resulting in a large file that may take longer to download than expected. The enhanced e-book contains:15 videos with the author throughout the enhanced e-book, taking readers into his home and where he writes as he describes his travels around the Atlantic *A Personal Photo Album of Simon's travels not included in the print book or e-book *A Video Glossary with definitions of over 60 words*31 Footnotes unique to the enhanced e-book *8 Inserts throughout the book found only in the enhanced version, including the history of Vikings, the evolution of humans, and more.
Posted in Atlantic Ocean

Maps That Changed The World

Author: John O. E. Clark

Publisher: Batsford

ISBN: 9781849942973

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 4370

An ancient Chinese proverb suggests, “They are wise parents who give their children roots and wings – and a map.” Maps That Changed the World features some of the world's most famous maps, stretching back to a time when cartography was in its infancy and the 'edge of the world' was a barrier to exploration. The book includes details of how the Lewis and Clark Expedition helped map the American West, and how the British mapped India and Australia. Included are the beautifully engraved Dutch maps of the 16th century; the sinister Utopian maps of the Nazis; the maps that presaged brilliant military campaigns; charted the geology of a nation; and the ones that divided a continent up between its European conquerors. Organised by theme, the book shows the evolution of map-making from all corners of the globe, from ancient clay maps, to cartographic breakthroughs such as Harry Beck’s map of the London underground. There are also famous fictional maps, including the maps of the lost continent of Atlantis and Tolkien’s Middle Earth. With an introduction written by acclaimed cartographic historian Jeremy Black.
Posted in History

The Professor and the Madman

A Tale of Murder, Insanity, and the Making of the Oxford English Dictionary

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061807602

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 6824

New York Times Bestseller Simon Winchester’s classic about the making of the Oxford English Dictionary—soon to be a major motion picture starring Sean Penn and Mel Gibson. The making of the Oxford English Dictionary was one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken. As definitions were collected, the overseeing committee, led by Professor James Murray, was stunned to discover that one man, Dr. W. C. Minor, had submitted more than ten thousand. But their surprise would pale in comparison to what they were about to discover when the committee insisted on honoring him. For Dr. Minor, an American Civil War veteran, was also an inmate at an asylum for the criminally insane. Masterfully researched and eloquently written, The Professor and the Madman is an extraordinary tale of madness, genius, and the incredible obsessions of two remarkable men that led to the making of the Oxford English Dictionary—and literary history. “The linguistic detective story of the decade.... Winchester does a superb job of historical research.”—William Safire, New York Times Magazine
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Atlantic

Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms,and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780062020109

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3017

"Variably genial, cautionary, lyrical, admonitory, terrifying, horrifying and inspiring…A lifetime of thought, travel, reading, imagination and memory inform this affecting account." —Kirkus Reviews (starred review) Blending history and anecdote, geography and reminiscence, science and exposition, New York Times bestselling author Simon Winchester tells the breathtaking saga of the Atlantic Ocean. A gifted storyteller and consummate historian, Winchester sets the great blue sea's epic narrative against the backdrop of mankind's intellectual evolution, telling not only the story of an ocean, but the story of civilization. Fans of Winchester's Krakatoa, The Man Who Loved China, and The Professor and the Madman will love this masterful, penetrating, and resonant tale of humanity finding its way across the ocean of history.
Posted in History

Pacific

The Ocean of the Future

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: William Collins

ISBN: 9780007550777

Category:

Page: 512

View: 2295

Travelling the circumference of the truly gigantic Pacific, Simon Winchester tells the story of the worldâe(tm)s largest body of water, and âe" in matters economic, political and military âe" the ocean of the future. The Pacific is a world of tsunamis and Magellan, of the Bounty mutiny and the Boeing Company. It is the stuff of the towering Captain Cook and his wide-ranging network of exploring voyages, Robert Louis Stevenson and Admiral Halsey. It is the place of Paul Gauguin and the explosion of the largest-ever American atomic bomb, on Bikini atoll, in 1951. It has an astonishing recent past, an uncertain present and a hugely important future. The ocean and its peoples are the new lifeblood, fizz and thrill of America âe" which draws so many of its minds and so much of its manners from the sea âe" while the inexorable rise of the ancient center of the world, China, is a fixating fascination. The presence of rogue states âe" North Korea most notoriously today âe" suggest that the focus of the responsible world is shifting away from the conventional post-war obsessions with Europe and the Middle East, and towards a new set of urgencies. Navigating the newly evolving patterns of commerce and trade, the worldâe(tm)s most violent weather and the fascinating histories, problems and potentials of the many Pacific states, Simon Winchesterâe(tm)s thrilling journey is a grand depiction of the future ocean.
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The Perfectionists

How Precision Engineers Created the Modern World

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062652575

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 7983

The revered New York Times bestselling author traces the development of technology from the Industrial Age to the Digital Age to explore the single component crucial to advancement—precision—in a superb history that is both an homage and a warning for our future. The rise of manufacturing could not have happened without an attention to precision. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution in eighteenth-century England, standards of measurement were established, giving way to the development of machine tools—machines that make machines. Eventually, the application of precision tools and methods resulted in the creation and mass production of items from guns and glass to mirrors, lenses, and cameras—and eventually gave way to further breakthroughs, including gene splicing, microchips, and the Hadron Collider. Simon Winchester takes us back to origins of the Industrial Age, to England where he introduces the scientific minds that helped usher in modern production: John Wilkinson, Henry Maudslay, Joseph Bramah, Jesse Ramsden, and Joseph Whitworth. It was Thomas Jefferson who later exported their discoveries to the fledgling United States, setting the nation on its course to become a manufacturing titan. Winchester moves forward through time, to today’s cutting-edge developments occurring around the world, from America to Western Europe to Asia. As he introduces the minds and methods that have changed the modern world, Winchester explores fundamental questions. Why is precision important? What are the different tools we use to measure it? Who has invented and perfected it? Has the pursuit of the ultra-precise in so many facets of human life blinded us to other things of equal value, such as an appreciation for the age-old traditions of craftsmanship, art, and high culture? Are we missing something that reflects the world as it is, rather than the world as we think we would wish it to be? And can the precise and the natural co-exist in society?
Posted in History

The Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes

How a Stone-Age Comet Changed the Course of World Culture

Author: Richard Firestone,Allen West,Simon Warwick-Smith

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1591439647

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 416

View: 3883

Newly discovered scientific proof validating the legends and myths of ancient floods, fires, and weather extremes • Presents new scientific evidence revealing the cause of the end of the last ice age and the cycles of geological events and species extinctions that followed • Connects physical data to the dramatic earth changes recounted in oral traditions around the world • Describes the impending danger from a continuing cycle of catastrophes and extinctions There are a number of puzzling mysteries in the history of Earth that have yet to be satisfactorily explained by mainstream science: the extinction of the dinosaurs, the vanishing of ancient Indian tribes, the formation of the mysterious Carolina Bays, the disappearance of the mammoths, the sudden ending of the last Ice Age, and the cause of huge underwater landslides that sent massive tsunamis racing across the oceans millennia ago. Eyewitness accounts of these events are chronicled in rich oral traditions handed down through generations of native peoples. The authors’ recent scientific discoveries link all these events to a single cause. In The Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes Richard Firestone, Allen West, and Simon Warwick-Smith present new scientific evidence about a series of prehistoric cosmic events that explains why the last Ice Age ended so abruptly. Their findings validate the ubiquitous legends and myths of floods, fires, and weather extremes passed down by our ancestors and show how these legendary events relate to each other. Their findings also support the idea that we are entering a thousand-year cycle of increasing danger and possibly a new cycle of extinctions.
Posted in Body, Mind & Spirit