The Lustre of Our Country

The American Experience of Religious Freedom

Author: John Thomas Noonan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520209978

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 1511

Explores the relationship between religious freedom and the violence and prejudice that have accompanied its pursuit in the United States
Posted in Political Science

Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State

Author: Daniel Dreisbach

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814720846

Category: Law

Page: 283

View: 1424

No phrase in American letters has had a more profound influence on church-state law, policy, and discourse than Thomas Jefferson’s “wall of separation between church and state,” and few metaphors have provoked more passionate debate. Introduced in an 1802 letter to the Danbury, Connecticut Baptist Association, Jefferson’s “wall” is accepted by many Americans as a concise description of the U.S. Constitution’s church-state arrangement and conceived as a virtual rule of constitutional law. Despite the enormous influence of the “wall” metaphor, almost no scholarship has investigated the text of the Danbury letter, the context in which it was written, or Jefferson’s understanding of his famous phrase. Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State offers an in-depth examination of the origins, controversial uses, and competing interpretations of this powerful metaphor in law and public policy.
Posted in Law

The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States

Author: Derek H. Davis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190208783

Category: Religion

Page: 592

View: 3720

Study of church and state in the United States is incredibly complex. Scholars working in this area have backgrounds in law, religious studies, history, theology, and politics, among other fields. Historically, they have focused on particular angles or dimensions of the church-state relationship, because the field is so vast. The results have mostly been monographs that focus only on narrow cross-sections of the field, and the few works that do aim to give larger perspectives are reference works of factual compendia, which offer little or no analysis. The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States fills this gap, presenting an extensive, multidimensional overview of the field. Twenty-one essays offer a scholarly look at the intricacies and past and current debates that frame the American system of church and state, within five main areas: history, law, theology/philosophy, politics, and sociology. These essays provide factual accounts, but also address issues, problems, debates, controversies, and, where appropriate, suggest resolutions. They also offer analysis of the range of interpretations of the subject offered by various American scholars. This Handbook is an invaluable resource for the study of church-state relations in the United States.
Posted in Religion

The Founding Fathers and the Debate Over Religion in Revolutionary America

A History in Documents

Author: Matthew Harris,Thomas Kidd

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195326490

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 4069

Whether America was founded as a Christian nation or as a secular republic is one of the most fiercely debated questions in American history. Historians Matthew Harris and Thomas Kidd offer an authoritative examination of the essential documents needed to understand this debate. The texts included in this volume - writings and speeches from both well-known and obscure early American thinkers - show that religion played a prominent yet fractious role in the era of the American Revolution. In their personal beliefs, the Founders ranged from profound skeptics like Thomas Paine to traditional Christians like Patrick Henry. Nevertheless, most of the Founding Fathers rallied around certain crucial religious principles, including the idea that people were "created" equal, the belief that religious freedom required the disestablishment of state-backed denominations, the necessity of virtue in a republic, and the role of Providence in guiding the affairs of nations. Harris and Kidd show that through the struggles of war and the framing of the Constitution, Americans sought to reconcile their dedication to religious vitality with their commitment to religious freedom.
Posted in History

Religious Freedom

Rights and Liberties Under the Law

Author: Melvin I. Urofsky

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576073122

Category: History

Page: 411

View: 9664

This volume provides in a single source a thorough grounding in the origin, development, and current controversies surrounding the free practice of religion. * Four chapters discuss the development of religious freedom from its roots in tribal societies through key court decisions of the 1990s * A chronology outlines significant events and court decisions from 1776 to 2001, and a table lists all of the pertinent cases alphabetically
Posted in History

Legal Responses to Religious Practices in the United States

Accomodation and Its Limits

Author: Austin Sarat

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107023688

Category: Law

Page: 311

View: 9457

This book questions what practices constitute a "religious activity" such that it cannot be supported or funded by government. It examines the history of accommodating laws when there is tension between respecting religious freedom and maintaining First Amendment requirements that government be neutral.
Posted in Law

Getting Over Equality

A Critical Diagnosis of Religious Freedom in America

Author: Steven D. Smith

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814739946

Category: Law

Page: 225

View: 5141

Questions of religious freedom continue to excite passionate public debate. Proposals involving school prayer and the posting of the Ten Commandments in schools and courtrooms perennially spur controversy. But there is also a sense that the prevailing discourse is exhausted, that no one seems to know how to think about religious freedom in a way that moves beyond our stale, counterproductive thinking on this issue. In Getting over Equality, Steven D. Smith, one of the most important voices now writing about religious liberty, provocatively contends that we must get over our presumptionmistakenly believed to be rooted in the Constitutionthat all religions are equally true and virtuous and "authentically American." Smith puts forth an alternative view, that the courts should promote an ideal of tolerance rather than equality and neutrality. Examining such controversial examples as the animal sacrifice case, the peyote case, and the problem of aid to parochial schools, Smith delineates a way for us to tolerate and respect contrary creeds without sacrificing or diluting our own beliefsand without pretending to believe in a spurious "equality" among the variety of diverse faiths.
Posted in Law

The Ambivalence of the Sacred

Religion, Violence, and Reconciliation

Author: R. Scott Appleby,Scott R. Appleby

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847685554

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 3589

Terrorists and peacemakers may grow up in the same community and adhere to the same religious tradition. The killing carried out by one and the reconciliation fostered by the other indicate the range of dramatic and contradictory responses to human suffering by religious actors. This book explains what religious terrorists and religious peacemakers share in common, what causes them to take different paths in fighting injustice, and how a deeper understanding of religious extremism can and must be integrated more effectively into our thinking about tribal, regional, and international conflict.
Posted in Political Science

James Madison

A Son of Virginia and a Founder of the Nation

Author: Jeff Broadwater

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807869910

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 6471

James Madison is remembered primarily as a systematic political theorist, but this bookish and unassuming man was also a practical politician who strove for balance in an age of revolution. In this biography, Jeff Broadwater focuses on Madison's role in the battle for religious freedom in Virginia, his contributions to the adoption of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, his place in the evolution of the party system, his relationship with Dolley Madison, his performance as a wartime commander in chief, and his views on slavery. From Broadwater's perspective, no single figure can tell us more about the origins of the American republic than our fourth president. In these pages, Madison emerges as a remarkably resilient politician, an unlikely wartime leader who survived repeated setbacks in the War of 1812 with his popularity intact. Yet Broadwater shows that despite his keen intelligence, the more Madison thought about one issue, race, the more muddled his thinking became, and his conviction that white prejudices were intractable prevented him from fully grappling with the dilemma of American slavery.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Law and Religion in the 21st Century

Relations between States and Religious Communities

Author: Dr Rinaldo Cristofori,Professor Silvio Ferrari

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140949733X

Category: Religion

Page: 406

View: 9838

This book brings together leading international scholars of law and religion to provide an overview of current issues in State-religion relations. The first part of the collection offers a picture of recent developments in key countries and regions. The second part is focused on Europe and, in particular, on the Nordic States and the post-communist countries where State-religion systems have undergone most profound change. The third and final part is devoted to four issues that are currently debated all over the world: the relations between freedom of expression and freedom of religion; proselytism and the right to change religion; the religious symbols; and the legal status of Islam in Europe and Canada. The work will be a valuable resource for academics, students and policy-makers with an interest in the interaction between law and religion.
Posted in Religion

Law and Religion

A Critical Anthology

Author: Stephen M. Feldman

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814726785

Category: Law

Page: 483

View: 9242

Following landmark trade agreements between Japan and the United States in the 1850s, Tokyo began importing a unique American commodity: Western social activism. As Japan sought to secure its future as a commercial power and American women pursued avenues of political expression, Protestant church-women and, later, members of the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) traveled to the Asian coast to promote Christian teachings and women's social activism. Rumi Yasutake reveals in Transnational Women's Activism that the resulting American, Japanese, and first generation Japanese-American women's movements came to affect more than alcohol or even religion. While the WCTU employed the language of evangelism and Victorian family values, its members were tactfully expedient in accommodating their traditional causes to suffrage and other feminist goals, in addition to the various political currents flowing through Japan and the United States at the turn of the nineteenth century. Exploring such issues as gender struggles in the American Protestant church and bourgeois Japanese women's attitudes towards the "pleasure class" of geishas and prostitutes, Yasutake illuminates the motivations and experiences of American missionaries, U.S. WCTU workers, and their Japanese protégés. The diverse machinations of WCTU activism offer a compelling lesson in the complexities of cultural imperialism.
Posted in Law

Does God Belong in Public Schools?

Author: Kent Greenawalt

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400826276

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 6213

Controversial Supreme Court decisions have barred organized school prayer, but neither the Court nor public policy exclude religion from schools altogether. In this book, one of America's leading constitutional scholars asks what role religion ought to play in public schools. Kent Greenawalt explores many of the most divisive issues in educational debate, including teaching about the origins of life, sex education, and when--or whether--students can opt out of school activities for religious reasons. Using these and other case studies, Greenawalt considers how to balance the country's constitutional commitment to personal freedoms and to the separation of church and state with the vital role that religion has always played in American society. Do we risk distorting students' understanding of America's past and present by ignoring religion in public-school curricula? When does teaching about religion cross the line into the promotion of religion? Tracing the historical development of religion within public schools and considering every major Supreme Court case, Greenawalt concludes that the bans on school prayer and the teaching of creationism are justified, and that the court should more closely examine such activities as the singing of religious songs and student papers on religious topics. He also argues that students ought to be taught more about religion--both its contributions and shortcomings--especially in courses in history. To do otherwise, he writes, is to present a seriously distorted picture of society and indirectly to be other than neutral in presenting secularism and religion. Written with exemplary clarity and even-handedness, this is a major book about some of the most pressing and contentious issues in educational policy and constitutional law today.
Posted in Education

Contraception

A History of Its Treatment by the Catholic Theologians and Canonists, Enlarged Edition

Author: John T. Noonan, Jr.,John Thomas Noonan

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674070267

Category: Religion

Page: 592

View: 6156

Originally published in 1965, Contraception received unanimous acclaim from all quarters as the first thorough, scholarly, objective analysis of Catholic doctrine on birth control. More than ever this subject is of acute concern to a world facing serious population problems, and the author has written an important new appendix examining the development of and debates over the doctrine in the past twenty years.
Posted in Religion

Bribes

Author: John Thomas Noonan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520061545

Category: Bribery

Page: 839

View: 6722

Traces the history of bribery from ancient Egypt to ABSCAM, examines changing perceptions of bribery, and discusses the legal, ethical and religious injunctions against bribes
Posted in Bribery

New Oxford Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Theology

Page: N.A

View: 2521

Posted in Theology

Religious Freedom

History, Cases, and Other Materials on the Interaction of Religion and Government

Author: John Thomas Noonan,Edward McGlynn Gaffney

Publisher: Foundation Press

ISBN: 9781599412436

Category: Law

Page: 1482

View: 3300

Noonan's 1985 casebook situated the text of the First Amendment Religion Clause firmly within its larger historical context. In the eighteenth century American rebellion against monarchy, free exercise of religion was a rallying cry as familiar and as central as no taxation without representation. No coerced support of a distant crown nor an established church. Noonan and Gaffney enable students to read the Court's cases with the insight that the two provisions on religion in the First Amendment are not in conflict with one another, but are equally important ways of saying the same thing. In the second edition, which Foundation Press published under the title Religious Freedom: History, Cases, and Other Materials on the Interaction of Religion and Government in 2001, the principal changes were insertions of new cases decided by the Supreme Court into PART THREE of the book. Gaffney's Third Edition now includes biblical texts that form the predicate for themes explored later in the book. The most significant change is material about emperor worship that is directly relevant to the experience of sporadic persecution described in Chapter Two and to the core religious value of refusal to worship the State that recurs throughout all of the other chapters of this volume. Chapter Two fills in the prior gap between the New Testament (end of the first century of the common era) and St. Augustine (beginning of fifth century CE). In Chapter Three there is more contextualization of St. Augustine's approval of mild coercion of the Donatist heretics in North Africa by Roman imperial officials, and a new treatment of Augustine's strong rejection of efforts to convert Jews to Christianity or to coerce them in matters of faith, and
Posted in Law

Persons and Masks of the Law

Cardozo, Holmes, Jefferson, and Wythe as Makers of the Masks

Author: John T. Noonan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520235236

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 7687

"Noonan discusses how the concept of property, applied to a person, is a perfect mask since no trace of human identity remains. An auction of slaves in Virginia, the takeover of a banana plantation in Costa Rica, and an accident on the Long Island Railroad are the famous cases involving these four legal giants. The stories of the litigations at three different periods of our history provide a powerful analysis of American law. Breaking through the formalism in which jurisprudence is often enshrined, Noonan offers a compelling vision of law and a potent call for reform in the education and behavior of lawyers."--BOOK JACKET.
Posted in History

Historisches Jahrbuch

Author: Görres-Gesellschaft

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6563

Includes the section "Novitätenschau," v. 1-40; "Bücherschau", v.41-49.
Posted in History

The Antelope

The Ordeal of the Recaptured Africans in the Administrations of James Monroe and John Quincy Adams

Author: John Thomas Noonan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520069732

Category: Farne Islands

Page: 198

View: 7783

The slave ship Antelope, carrying 280 Africans in chains, was intercepted near St. Augustine in June, 1820, by a U.S. Treasury cutter and for eight years the American courts discussed the status and disposition of its "cargo." Championed on appeal by lawyer Francis Scott Key, the Africans were the object of a tortured decision by Chief Justice John Marshall, freeing some to become early settlers of Liberia and leaving others to become the slaves of a Georgia Congressman. John Noonan examines the eight-year dispute in his consideration of the relationship between law and moral obligation. Students of American and African-American history and legal history will welcome the close analysis of this nearly forgotten event and the light it sheds on attitudes towards slavery in the U.S. -- from back cover.
Posted in Farne Islands