The Literature of Animal Science and Health

Author: Wallace C. Olsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 404

View: 1735

The third of a seven-volume series, The Literature of the Agricultural Sciences, this book analyzes the trends in published literature of animal science and health during the past century with emphasis on the past forty years. It uses citation analysis and other bibliometric techniques to identify the most important journals, report series, and monographs for the developed countries as well as those in the Third World.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Libraries without Limits: Changing Needs — Changing Roles

Changing Needs--Changing Roles : Proceedings of the 6th European Conference of Medical and Health Libraries, Utrecht, 22-27 June 1998

Author: Suzanne Bakker,European Association for Health Information and Libraries

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792356264

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 305

View: 1003

The slogan 'Information professionals make the difference' was chosen to highlight the 10th anniversary of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries (EAHIL) in 1997. To what effect, under which circumstances, and how medical librarians in Europe play an active role in medical information management and education is reflected in the collection of papers presented during the 6th European Conference of Medical and Health Libraries in Utrecht, The Netherlands, June 22-27, 1998, entitled: Libraries without Limits: Changing Needs -- Changing Roles. Medical libraries are confronted with the international aspects of copyright and licence agreements, and cope with a fast-growing demand for high quality medical information in order to bring evidence-based medicine into practice. Medical librarians also serve the public, especially in those countries where consumer health information is in the forefront of health care policy.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Organic Meat and Milk from Ruminants

Proceedings of a Joint International Conference Organised by the Hellenic Society of Animal Production and the British Society of Animal Science, Athens, Greece, 4-6 October 2001

Author: I. Kyriazakis,George Zervas,Hellenic Society of Animal Production,British Society of Animal Science

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9076998086

Category: Medical

Page: 253

View: 6075

Posted in Medical

The Regulation of Animal Health and Welfare

Science, Law and Policy

Author: John McEldowney,Wyn Grant,Graham Medley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134068468

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 4293

The Regulation of Animal Health and Welfare draws on the research of scientists, lawyers, economists and political scientists to address the current and future regulatory problems posed by the issues of animal health and disease. Recent events such as the outbreak of mad cow disease, epidemics of foot and mouth disease, concerns about bluetongue in sheep, and the entry into the food chain of the offspring of cloned cattle, have heightened awareness of the issues of regulation in animal disease and welfare. This book critically appraises the existing regulatory institutions and guiding principles of how best to maintain animal health in the context of social change and a developing global economy. Addressing considerations of sound science, the role of risk management, and the allocation of responsibilities, it also takes up the theoretical and practical challenges which here – and elsewhere – attend the co-operation of scientists, social scientists, lawyers and policy makers. Indeed, the collaboration of scientists and social scientists in determined and regulatory contexts such as that of animal disease is an issue of ever-increasing importance. This book will be of considerable value to those with interests in this issue, as well as those concerned with the law and policy relating to animal health and welfare.
Posted in Law

Using the Agricultural, Environmental, and Food Literature

Author: Barbara S. Hutchinson,Antoinette Paris-Greider

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824743768

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 6565

This text discusses a wide range of print and electronic media to locate hard-to-find documents, navigate poorly indexed subjects and investigate specific research topics and subcategories. It includes a chapter on grey and extension literature covering technical reports and international issues.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Zoonoses, Public Health and the Exotic Animal Practitioner, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice - E-Book

Author: Marcy J. Souza

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455712086

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 1446

A comprehensive review of zoonoses and public health for the exotic animal practitioner! The issue will cover: zoonoses and preventive medicine practices, rabies, followed by specific, individual chapters on zoonoses associated with invertebrates, fish, reptiles and amphibians, common pet birds, backyard flocks, wild birds, rabbits and rodents, pocket pets, felids & procyonids, and primates and monkeys.
Posted in Medical

One Health: The Human-Animal-Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases

Food Safety and Security, and International and National Plans for Implementation of One Health Activities

Author: John S. Mackenzie,Martyn Jeggo,Peter Daszak,Jürgen A. Richt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642358462

Category: Medical

Page: 235

View: 4845

One Health is an emerging concept that aims to bring together human, animal, and environmental health. Achieving harmonized approaches for disease detection and prevention is difficult because traditional boundaries of medical and veterinary practice must be crossed. In the 19th and early 20th centuries this was not the case—then researchers like Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch and physicians like William Osler and Rudolph Virchow crossed the boundaries between animal and human health. More recently Calvin Schwabe revised the concept of One Medicine. This was critical for the advancement of the field of epidemiology, especially as applied to zoonotic diseases. The future of One Health is at a crossroads with a need to more clearly define its boundaries and demonstrate its benefits. Interestingly the greatest acceptance of One Health is seen in the developing world where it is having significant impacts on control of infectious diseases.
Posted in Medical

Organic Agriculture

A Global Perspective

Author: Acram Taji,John Reganold

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643099395

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 5050

With global revenue surpassing twenty-five billion dollars annually, organic agriculture is a highly visible and rapidly growing component of agricultural production. In Organic Agriculture: A Global Perspective, Paul Kristiansen, Acram Taji, and John Reganold, and their international group of contributors scientifically review key aspects of organic agriculture. At the intersection of research, education, and practice, the contributors look at the organic agricultural movement’s successes and limitations. The first half of this book critically evaluates the agricultural production of both plants and livestock in organic farming systems. All major aspects of organic agriculture are explored, including historical background and underlying principles, soil-fertility management, crop and animal production, breeding strategies, and crop protection. This global and comprehensive overview also addresses the economic, social, and political aspects of organic farming. These include economics and marketing; standards and certification; environmental impacts and social responsibility; and research, education, and extension. The book is a unique and timely science-based international work documenting current practices in organic agriculture and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses. For more than two decades, research into organic methods by mainstream scientists has generated a large body of information that can now be integrated and used for assessing the actual impacts of organic farming in a wide range of disciplines. The knowledge of selected international experts has been combined in one volume, providing a comprehensive review of organic farming globally. Researchers, teachers, extensionists, students, primary producers and others around the world who are interested in sustainable agriculture will find this book to be a valuable and reliable resource.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Livestock Handling and Transport

Author: Temple Grandin

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 184593220X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 386

View: 1093

Great changes in the livestock industry have been brought about by the introduction of different international standards for meat suppliers. This work presents the research on transport systems, restraint methods and facilities for farms and slaughterhouses, and a contribution on animal welfare in developing countries.
Posted in Business & Economics

Animal Husbandry Regained

The Place of Farm Animals in Sustainable Agriculture

Author: John Webster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1849714207

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 243

View: 5398

The farming of animals for meat and milk confronts a stark dilemma. While world demand from a growing and more affluent human population is increasing rapidly, there are strong counter-arguments that we should eat less meat and pay more attention to environmental protection, animal welfare and human health and well-being. The aim of this book is to identify and explain the causes and contributors to current problems in animal husbandry, especially those related to 'factory farming', and advance arguments that may contribute to its successful re-orientation. Husbandry is considered in its broadest sense, namely the productive and sustainable use of the land for the good of all (plants, humans and other animals). The first part of the book outlines principles and arguments necessary to engage with current problems: depletion of natural resources and destruction of environment, animal welfare, food and health, fair trade and sharing resources. These arguments are illustrated by examples and sufficient evidence to justify the argument without obscuring the message. The second part presents a series of constructive proposals for change and development in animal husbandry, both in the developed world and subsistence agriculture. These include more integrated crop and livestock farming systems, the ethics of animal welfare and environmental management, and the evolution of a new social contract whereby the rights of the people to a fair share of good, safe food and a green and pleasant land are matched by a shared responsibility to preserve these things.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Food and Health: Science and Technology

Author: G. G. Birch,K. J. Parker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400987188

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 5641

The Control and Standardisation of National Food Quality. There must be very many different opinions as to what this title means. To some people it will mean the control by legislation of additive and contaminant levels in food, to others it may mean the laying down of compositional standards for different food commodities, yet again some may consider that it covers the nutritional quality of the food and the maintenance of an adequate satisfactory diet for the population of the country. I think certainly that it could be all of these things and a glance at the variety of titles of papers which other speakers will be giving later in this symposium illustrates the very wide area which is covered by food quality in its many aspects. I will try only to present to you some of those aspects which are the concern of government in the control of food quality. I will not concern myself with those aspects which are the concern only of the manufacturer and his customer, and here I am thinking of flavour, appearance and physical state, such as whether canned, fresh or frozen. These aspects, which affect the type of products to be marketed, and also the aspects of quality control which set out to maintain the standard that the manufacturer has set himself, are I think outside my province.
Posted in Science

Science and Social Context

The Regulation of Recombinant Bovine Growth Hormone in North America

Author: Lisa Nicole Mills

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773523753

Category: Political Science

Page: 207

View: 347

A critical analysis of the intensely controversial recombinant bovine growth hormone. Lisa Mills considers how regulatory scientists arrive at conclusions about product safety, given the constraints of the environment in which they work.
Posted in Political Science

Welfare of Production Animals

Assessment and Management of Risks

Author: Frans J. M. Smulders,Bo Algers

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861229

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 588

View: 9940

This book, the fifth in the series 'Food Safety Assurance and Veterinary Public Health', has been conceived by a total of 33 internationally recognised experts from 11 different countries in Europe and from the USA, Canada and Australia, with backgrounds ranging from veterinary medicine, animal science, biology and microbiology to psychology, philosophy and ethics. It provides an up-to-date overview of the science of animal welfare and its assessment, of options for the assessment and management of risks for the welfare of production animals, and of the ramifications these may have for the safety of foods of animal origin.This Volume is targeted at veterinary practitioners, official veterinarians in a control function, animal and food scientists, welfare scientists, students in animal welfare, auditing and inspection officials and risk managers at all levels of animal production.Other publications in the Food Safety Assurance and Veterinary Public Health series are: * Volume 1. Food safety assurance in the pre-harvest phase * Volume 2. Safety assurance during food processing * Volume 3. Risk management strategies: monitoring and surveillance * Volume 4. Towards a risk-based chain control
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Genetics Primer for Exercise Science and Health

Author: Stephen M. Roth

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736063432

Category: Medical

Page: 177

View: 1275

Genetics Primer for Exercise Science and Healthis the first text dedicated to the basic concepts of genetics in relation to the broad range of topics in exercise science and health. Author Stephen M. Roth, PhD, makes the content comprehensible for readers who are unfamiliar with genetics without sacrificing the foundational and critical understanding necessary for interpreting research findings and incorporating genetics into research programs. Genetics Primer for Exercise Science and Healthmaintains a practical focus and addresses common concerns when preparing to study genetics, such as how to use online search tools to identify existing research literature and how to identify and select candidate genes using genome databases. Through this text, readers will discover these concepts: -The basics of DNA and genetics as they relate to health, physical activity, and sport -Specific skills and strategies for interpreting and applying genetics findings in research -How genetics research may affect sport performance training and clinical practice -The ethical issues raised by genetics in society and sport Special focus sections are incorporated throughout the text, providing expanded discussions of interesting topics in each chapter. Students see examples of how the principles described in the book have played out in real-life research, and they receive explicit instructions on planning and interpreting genetics research. Pedagogical aids such as summaries, key terms, and review questions also make this text ideal for efficient learning. Part Ipresents readers with the basic biology and genetics information they need in order to understand and apply the information to exercise science. Part IIexplores the research and design methods that will help readers interpret and apply their findings. Part IIIaddresses some of the current research findings in the area of genetics in exercise and health and discusses current issues in the field, including the potential for misuse of new genetic technologies and the ethics involved in gene doping. Genetics Primer for Exercise Science and Healthis the second volume in Human Kinetics' Primers in Exercise Science Series, which provides students and professionals with a nonintimidating basic understanding of the science behind its topic and, where appropriate, how that science is applied. These books are written by leading researchers and teachers in their respective areas of expertise. The authors present in an easy-to-understand manner the essential concepts in dynamic, complex areas of scientific knowledge. The books in the series are ideal for researchers and professionals who need some background in an unfamiliar scientific area. The books also function as accessible basic references for those who will be returning to the material often. This particular book adds a health dimension to the exercise science focus of the series, with discussions on disease- and health-related information. Genetic research will play an important role in the future practice of exercise science and health, requiring students and professionals to have this basic knowledge for success in their careers. Through its practical presentation of current and basic topics, Genetics Primer for Exercise Science and Healthmakes the case for more universities to introduce genetics courses to their curricula. Having the essential topics of genetics in a single, practical introductory text will facilitate the work of instructors, students, and professionals.
Posted in Medical

Relation of Sci-tech Information to Environmental Studies

Author: Ellis Mount

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780866569880

Category: Science

Page: 155

View: 6797

Here is an extremely important book that illustrates the nature and use of sci-tech information in relation to the enviroment. Sci-tech librarians, government researchers, and compilers and editors of noted indexing/abstracting services describe the efforts of their organizations to compile, maintain, and disseminate the large body of sci-tech information devoted to environmental concerns. Relation of Sci-Tech Information to Environmental Studies includes informative chapters on: a description of the Environmental Protection Agency's network of 25 libraries throughout the country, including details of the services offered by the network and the collections of the ten regional libraries and 15 specialized or scientific libraries a review of the growth of the non-profit, non-advocacy Center for Environmental Information, Inc., with a look at its library and its programs such as the Acid Rain Information Clearinghouse an examination of the American Chemical Society's journals, books, newsletters, meeting abstracts, and other publications devoted to environmental matters a look at the Adirondack Research Center and its contributions to furthering the efforts of researchers who study conservation topics as they relate to this important area an acknowledgement of the important role played by commercial bibliographies and databases in the quest to rapidly disseminate new information on environmental issues
Posted in Science

Review of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Response to Petitions to Reclassify the Light Brown Apple Moth as a Non-Actionable Pest

A Letter Report

Author: Committee for the Review of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health and Inspection Service Response to Petitions to Reclassify the Light Brown Apple Moth as a Non-Actionable Pest,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309144647

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 9

View: 8395

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has classified the Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM)--originally from Australia and confirmed in California in 2007--as an "actionable quarantine significant pest" and has applied its authority to implement a program of quarantine restrictions and eradication, which has been met with some public resistance. Some have petitioned for the LBAM to be reclassified as a "non-actionable pest" based on the argument that the moth is not a significant pest economically and can be controlled by means other than eradication. APHIS asked the Research Council to evaluate the scientific justification of the draft response APHIS wrote to answer the petitions. This report from the National Research Council concludes that APHIS is within its broad regulatory authority to classify the LBAM as an "actionable" pest. However, APHIS would benefit greatly from referencing more robust science to support its position, as its draft response did not adequately explain the moth's most likely future geographic distribution in the United States or the level of economic harm it could cause.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Udder Health and Communication

Author: H. Hogeveen,T.J.G.M. Lam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867421

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 9931

In dairy industries throughout the world there is a desire to optimize udder health. An improved udder health will lead to improved animal welfare, improved production efficiency and a reduction of the use of antibiotics. To improve udder health, first of all, technical knowledge on issues such as treatment, milking, infectious pressure and host resistance is important. However, over the years we learned that knowledge alone is not enough: knowledge has to be used. And for knowledge to be used, farmers have to be motivated. This requires knowledge about motivation and communication. In this book, recent knowledge on technical udder health issues is combined with knowledge on motivation and communication. A large number of descriptions of mastitis control programs that are being carried out worldwide is combined with more specific studies. These are aimed at effective advising, motivation and communication strategies, economics, and technical studies on mastitis control and prevention. Therefore, this book provides an applied source of information for all that are willing to improve udder health.
Posted in Science