The Legacy of Indian Indenture

Historical and Contemporary Aspects of Migration and Diaspora

Author: Maurits S. Hassankhan,Lomarsh Roopnarine,Hans Ramsoedh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135198683X

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 7727

This book is the second publication originating from the conference Legacy of Slavery and Indentured Labour: Past, present and future, which was organised in June 2013, by the Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR), Anton de Kom University of Suriname. The articles are grouped in four sections. Section one concentrates on indenture in the Caribbean and the IndianOcean and includes four diverse, but inter-related chapters and contributions. These reveal some newly- emerging, impressive trends in the study of indenture, essentially departing from the over used neo-slave scholarship. Not only are new concepts explored and analysed, but this section also raises unavoidable questions on previously published studies on indenture. Section two shows that there are many areas that need to be re-examined and explored in the study of indenture. The chapters in this section re-examine personal narratives of indentured labourers, the continuous connection between the Caribbean and India as well as education and Christianization of Indians in Trinidad. The result is impressive. The analysis of personal accounts or voices of indentured servants themselves certainly provides an alternative perception to archival information written mostly by the organizers of indenture. Section three in this volume focuses on ethnicity and politics. In segmented societies like Suriname, Guyana and Trinidad & Tobago institutional politics and political mobilization are mainly ethnically based. In Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago and Guyana this has led to ethnic and political tensions. These themes are explored in these three articles. Section four addresses health, medicine and spirituality – themes which, until recently, have received little attention. The first article examines the historical impact of colonialism through indentureship, on the health, health alternatives and health preferences of Indo-Trinidadians, from the period between 1845 to the present. The second examines the use of protective talismans by Indian indentured labourers and their descendants. Little or no psychological research has been done on the spiritual world of Indian immigrants, enslaved Africans and their respective descendants, with special reference to the use of talismans.
Posted in History

The Legacy of Indian Indenture

150 Years of Indians in Trinidad

Author: Mahin Gosine,Noor Kumar Mahabir,Dipak Malik

Publisher: N.A


Category: East Indians

Page: 267

View: 6426

Posted in East Indians

Legacy of Slavery and Indentured Labour

Historical and Contemporary Issues in Suriname and the Caribbean

Author: Maurits S. Hassankhan,Lomarsh Roopnarine,Cheryl White,Radica Mahase

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351986724

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 9003

This book is the first publication originating from the conference Legacy of Slavery and Indentured Labour: Past, Present and Future, which was organised in June 2013, by the Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR), Anton de Kom University of Suriname.
Posted in Social Science

Social and Cultural Dimensions of Indian Indentured Labour and its Diaspora

Past and Present

Author: Maurits S. Hassankhan,Lomarsh Roopnarine,Radica Mahase

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351985892

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 6626

This book is the third publication originating from the conference Legacy of Slavery and Indentured Labour: Past, present and future, which was organised in June 2013 by the Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR), Anton de Kom University of Suriname.
Posted in History

Indian Indenture in the Danish West Indies, 1863-1873

Author: Lomarsh Roopnarine

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331930710X

Category: History

Page: 111

View: 3411

This book is the first comprehensive analysis of Denmark’s solitary experiment with Indian indentured labor on St. Croix during the second half of the nineteenth century. The book focuses on the recruitment, transportation, plantation labor, re-indenture, repatriation, remittances and abolition of Indian indentured experience on the island. In doing so, Roopnarine has produced a compelling narrative on Indian indenture. The laborers challenged and responded accordingly to their daily indentured existence using their cultural strengths to cohere and co-exist in a planter-dominated environment. Laborers had to create opportunities for themselves using their homeland customs without losing the focus that someday they would return home. Indentured Indians understood that the plantation system would not be flexible to them but rather they had to be flexible to plantation system. Roopnarine’s concise analysis has moved Indian indenture from the margin to mainstream not only in the historiography of the Danish West Indies, but also in the wider Caribbean where Indians were indentured.
Posted in History

The Subaltern Indian Woman

Domination and Social Degradation

Author: Prem Misir

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811051666

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 693

This book focuses on subjugated indentured Indian women, who are constantly faced with race, gender, caste, and class oppression and inequality on overseas European-owned plantations, but who are also armed with latent links to the women’s abolition movements in the homeland. Also examining their post-indenture life, it employs a paradigm of male-dominated Indian women in India at the margins of an enduringly patriarchal society, a persisting backdrop to the huge 19th century post-slavery movement of the agricultural indentured workforce drawn largely from India. This book depicts the antithetical and contradictory explanations for the indentured Indian women’s cries, degradation and dehumanization and how the politics of change and control impacted their social organization and its legacy. The book owes its origins to the 2017 centennial commemorative event celebrating 100 years of the abolition of the indenture system of Indian labor that victimized and dehumanized Indians from 1834 through 1917.
Posted in Social Science

Coolie Woman

The Odyssey of Indenture

Author: Gaiutra Bahadur

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022604338X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 2542

In 1903, a young woman sailed from India to Guiana as a “coolie”—the British name for indentured laborers who replaced the newly emancipated slaves on sugar plantations all around the world. Pregnant and traveling alone, this woman, like so many coolies, disappeared into history. In Coolie Woman—shortlisted for the 2014 Orwell Prize—her great-granddaughter Gaiutra Bahadur embarks on a journey into the past to find her. Traversing three continents and trawling through countless colonial archives, Bahadur excavates not only her great-grandmother’s story but also the repressed history of some quarter of a million other coolie women, shining a light on their complex lives. Shunned by society, and sometimes in mortal danger, many coolie women were either runaways, widows, or outcasts. Many of them left husbands and families behind to migrate alone in epic sea voyages—traumatic “middle passages”—only to face a life of hard labor, dismal living conditions, and, especially, sexual exploitation. As Bahadur explains, however, it is precisely their sexuality that makes coolie women stand out as figures in history. Greatly outnumbered by men, they were able to use sex with their overseers to gain various advantages, an act that often incited fatal retaliations from coolie men and sometimes larger uprisings of laborers against their overlords. Complex and unpredictable, sex was nevertheless a powerful tool. Examining this and many other facets of these remarkable women’s lives, Coolie Woman is a meditation on survival, a gripping story of a double diaspora—from India to the West Indies in one century, Guyana to the United States in the next—that is at once a search for one’s roots and an exploration of gender and power, peril and opportunity.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Indentured Muslims in the Diaspora

Identity and Belonging of Minority Groups in Plural Societies

Author: Maurits S. Hassankhan,Goolam Vahed,Lomarsh Roopnarine

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351986872


Page: 348

View: 6130

This is the fourth publication originating from the conference Legacy of Slavery and Indentured Labour: Past, Present and Future, which was organised in June 2013 by the Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR), Anton de Kom University of Suriname. The core of the book is based on a conference panel which focused specifically on the experience of Muslim with indentured migrants and their descendants. This is a significant contribution since the focus of most studies on Indian indenture has been almost exclusively on Hindu religion and culture, even though an estimated seventeen percent of migrants were Muslims. This book thus fills an important gap in the indentured historiography, both to understand that past as well as to make sense of the present, when Muslim identities are undergoing rapid changes in response to both local and global realities. The book includes a chapter on the experiences of Muslim indentured immigrants of Indonesian descent who settled in Suriname. The core questions in the study are as follows: What role did Islam play in the lives of (Indian) Muslim migrants in their new settings during indenture and in the post-indenture period? How did Islam help migrants adapt and acculturate to their new environment? What have been the similarities and differences in practices, traditions and beliefs between Muslim communities in the different countries and between them and the country of origin? How have Islamic practices and Muslim identities transformed over time? What role does Islam play in the Muslims’ lives in these countries in the contemporary period? In order to respond to these questions, this book examines the historic place of Islam in migrants’ place of origin and provides a series of case studies that focus on the various countries to which the indentured Indians migrated, such as Mauritius, South Africa, Guyana, Trinidad, Suriname and Fiji, to understand the institutionalisation of Islam in these settings and the actual lived experience of Muslims which is culturally and historically specific, bound by the circumstances of individuals’ location in time and space. The chapters in this volume also provide a snapshot of the diversity and similarity of lived Muslim experiences.

Slaves, Freedmen and Indentured Laborers in Colonial Mauritius

Author: Richard B. Allen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521641258

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 1492

A social and economic history of Mauritius of interest to scholars of slavery and plantation systems, first published in 1999.
Posted in History

Those That Be in Bondage

A Tale of Indian Indentures and Sunlit Western Waters

Author: Albert Raymond Forbes Webber

Publisher: N.A


Category: Trinidad and Tobago

Page: 236

View: 9755

Posted in Trinidad and Tobago

Gender Negotiations among Indians in Trinidad 1917–1947

Author: P. Mohammed

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403914168

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 3258

This book is about the struggles of female and male descendants of Indian indentured migrants in Trinidad in the first half of the twentieth century, each desiring to preserve some aspects of the gender system brought from India between 1845 and 1917, which were important to their continued definition of ethnic identity and community in Trinidad. At the same time the situation of migration allows for challenges to the caste system of Hinduism and, for women and some men, new opportunities to confront the more restricting aspect of Indian patriarchy which followed them across the seas from India.
Posted in Social Science

Chalo Jahaji

On a Journey Through Indenture in Fiji

Author: Brij V. Lal

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1922144614

Category: Political Science

Page: 420

View: 7770

“It is a milestone in subaltern studies, a biographical journey penned by a living relic of the indentured experience and a scholar whose thoroughly interdisciplinary approach is a good example for the anthropologist, the sociologist or the economist who wish to see the proper integration of their disciplines in a major historical work.” Brinsley Samaroo, University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad
Posted in Political Science

Senses and Citizenships

Embodying Political Life

Author: Susanna Trnka,Christine Dureau,Julie Park

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136690522

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 625

What does disgust have to do with citizenship? How might pain and pleasure, movement, taste, sound and smell be configured as aspects of national belonging? Senses and Citizenships: Embodying Political Life examines the intersections between sensory phenomena and national and supra-national forms of belonging, introducing the new concept of sensory citizenship. Expanding upon contemporary understandings of the rights and duties of citizens, the volume presents anthropological investigations of the sensory aspects of participation in collectivities such as face-to-face communities, ethnic groups, nations and transnational entities. Rethinking relationships between ideology, aesthetics, affect and bodily experience, the authors reveal the multiple political effects of the senses. The book demonstrates how various elements of political life, including some of the most fundamental aspects of citizenship, rest not only upon our senses, but on their perceived naturalization. Vivid ethnographic examples of sensory citizenship in Europe, the United States, the Pacific, Asia and the Middle East explore themes such as sight in political constructions; smell and ethnic conflict; pain in the constitution of communities; national soundscapes; taste in national identities; movement, memory and emplacement.
Posted in Social Science

Tears in Paradise

Unveiled : Suffering and Struggles of Indians in Fiji 1879 - 2004

Author: Rajendra Prasad

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780473114565

Category: East Indians

Page: 296

View: 1571

Revised Edition. TEARS IN PARADISE, extensively researched and eloquently written, is the history of our forefathers who were brought under the infamous indentured labour system to Fiji by the British Colonial authorities from 1879 to 1916. The saga of these young, mostly illiterate, simple rural folks, lured by false promises of an ever-elusive 'Paradise', needs to be read and remembered. The author has done a remarkable task of compiling the story of this Indian Diaspora, people defenceless under an alien and systematically inhumane system, yet preserving their culture while creating the wealth and beauty of the land they made their home.
Posted in East Indians

In the Eye of the Storm

Jai Ram Reddy and the Politics of Postcolonial Fiji

Author: Brij V. Lal

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921666536

Category: Political Science

Page: 735

View: 2594

To read this evocative book is to be thrust into a Fiji that has, for the moment, been snuffed out by military might: a Fiji of political parties, parliamentary politics, elections, manifestoes, campaigns, democractic defence of interests, party manoeuvres, and constitutional protection of rights and freedoms. It is a comprehensive and eloquent re-telling of the story of Fiji politics from independence in 1970 to 1999 through the perspective of Fiji's greatest living statesman, Jai Ram Reddy, by one of the world's most distinguished scholars of its history and politics.
Posted in Political Science

Caribbean Religious History

An Introduction

Author: Ennis B. Edmonds,Michelle A. Gonzalez

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814722503

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 3350

The colonial history of the Caribbean created a context in which many religions, from indigenous to African-based to Christian, intermingled with one another, creating a rich diversity of religious life. Caribbean Religious History offers the first comprehensive religious history of the region. Ennis B. Edmonds and Michelle A. Gonzalez begin their exploration with the religious traditions of the Amerindians who flourished prior to contact with European colonizers, then detail the transplantation of Catholic and Protestant Christianity and their centuries of struggles to become integral to the Caribbean’s religious ethos, and trace the twentieth century penetration of American Evangelical Christianity, particularly in its Pentecostal and Holiness iterations. Caribbean Religious History also illuminates the influence of Africans and their descendants on the shaping of such religious traditions as Vodou, Santeria, Revival Zion, Spiritual Baptists, and Rastafari, and the success of Indian indentured laborers and their descendants in reconstituting Hindu and Islamic practices in their new environment. Paying careful attention to the region’s social and political history, Edmonds and Gonzalez present a one-volume panoramic introduction to this religiously vibrant part of the world.
Posted in Religion

The Literature of the Indian Diaspora

Theorizing the Diasporic Imaginary

Author: Vijay Mishra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134096925

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 312

View: 1949

The Literature of the Indian Diaspora constitutes a major study of the literature and other cultural texts of the Indian diaspora. It is also an important contribution to diaspora theory in general. Examining both the ‘old’ Indian diaspora of early capitalism, following the abolition of slavery, and the ‘new’ diaspora linked to movements of late capital, Mishra argues that a full understanding of the Indian diaspora can only be achieved if attention is paid to the particular locations of both the ‘old’ and the ‘new’ in nation states. Applying a theoretical framework based on trauma, mourning/impossible mourning, spectres, identity, travel, translation, and recognition, Mishra uses the term ‘imaginary’ to refer to any ethnic enclave in a nation-state that defines itself, consciously or unconsciously, as a group in displacement. He examines the works of key writers, many now based across the globe in Canada, Australia, America and the UK, – V.S. Naipaul, Salman Rushdie, M.G. Vassanji, Shani Mootoo, Bharati Mukherjee, David Dabydeen, Rohinton Mistry and Hanif Kureishi, among them – to show how they exemplify both the diasporic imaginary and the respective traumas of the ‘old’ and ‘new’ Indian diasporas.
Posted in Literary Criticism