The Law of Emergencies

Public Health and Disaster Management

Author: Nan D. Hunter

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128043229

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 434

View: 4715

The Law of Emergencies: Public Health and Disaster Management, Second Edition, introduces the American legal system as it interacts with disaster management, public health and civil unrest issues. Nan Hunter shows how the law in this area plays out in the context of real life emergencies where individuals often have to make split-second decisions. This book covers the major legal principles underlying emergency policy and operations and analyzes legal authority at the federal, state and local levels, placing the issues in historical context but concentrating on contemporary questions. The book includes primary texts, reader-friendly expository explanation and sample discussion questions in each chapter, as well as scenarios for each of the three major areas to put the concepts in to action. Prior knowledge of the law is not necessary in order to use and understand this book, and it satisfies the need of professionals in a wide array of fields related to emergency management to understand both what the law requires and how to analyze issues for which there is no clear legal answer. The book features materials on such critical issues as how to judge the extent of Constitutional authority for government to intervene in the lives and property of American citizens. At the same time, it also captures bread-and-butter issues such as responder liability and disaster relief methods. No other book brings these components together in a logically organized, step by step fashion. Updated with expanded coverage and several new chapters Re-organized to improve topic focus, with sections covering The President, Congress, and the Courts; Governance on the Ground; The Rights of Individuals; Disaster Management and Reconstruction; Health Emergencies; Preserving the Social Fabric; and Liability Includes a new disaster scenario (a dirty bomb explosion in Washington, DC) to illustrate the application of key concepts Features two new appendices that provide key excerpts from the U.S. Constitution and the Stafford Act Includes a new glossary of legal and legislative terms
Posted in Business & Economics

Emergency Public Health

Preparedness and Response

Author: Girish Bobby Kapur,Jeffrey P. Smith

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763758701

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 572

View: 4788

Health Sciences & Professions
Posted in Health & Fitness

GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management

Author: Ric Skinner, GISP

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439821313

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 2582

Although many books have been published on the application of GIS in emergency management and disaster response, this is the first one to bring together a comprehensive discussion of the critical role GIS plays in hospital and healthcare emergency management and disaster response. Illustrating a wide range of practical applications, GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management explores how GIS data is being used to assess need, determine surge capacity, and improve logistics in emergency or disaster scenarios. Leading experts in the field provide authoritative coverage of all areas of emergency management involving GIS and related technologies. Making this complex subject accessible for professionals who want to improve their preparedness and response capabilities, this complete resource provides numerous examples, case studies, and proven simulation and modeling tools to aid in the development of effective and efficient emergency response plans. It also includes a CD-ROM with a user interface that supplies access to helpful forms, exercises, color versions of the figures in the book, hundreds of valuable resources, as well as a composite bibliography of all references included in the text. In today’s technology driven environment, failure to plan is planning to fail. This accessible resource provides emergency planners, operations managers, and hospital and healthcare administrators with the understanding and the tools needed to create emergency management and disaster preparedness systems that will help hospitals save lives, time, and money when the next emergency strikes.
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Emergency Exercise Design and Evaluation

Author: Robert McCreight

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598888935

Category: Reference

Page: 175

View: 9677

In this practical handbook, author Robert McCreight explains the essential elements and core principles of exercise design and evaluation. This updated version seeks to identify and outline the major issues, steps and strategy for devising emergency exercises and conducting coherent evaluations of those exercises. An Introduction to Emergency Exercise Design and Evaluation describes all exercise options ranging from simple symposia and tabletops up to full-fledged deployed field exercises and is intended for academics, students and emergency planning officials in federal, state and local government along with private sector and non governmental organizations.
Posted in Reference

Principles of Emergency Management and Emergency Operations Centers (EOC)

Author: Michael J. Fagel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439838525

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 1519

Principles of Emergency Management and Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) provides a clear and up-to-date understanding of how an EOC should operate within the guidance of various federal and national programs. It discusses the processes and systems that must be considered in emergency planning and preparedness efforts. The culmination of more than four decades of experience, the text provides time-tested tips for those developing and revising emergency preparedness plans. The book details the requirements for appropriate training and planning, both validated by a well-designed exercise program. Stressing the importance of consistency with the various national preparedness initiatives, it includes the latest developments and best practices in the evolving field of emergency management.
Posted in Social Science

Ethics for Disaster

Author: Naomi Zack

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742564959

Category: Philosophy

Page: 143

View: 8750

Ethics for Disaster addresses the moral aspects of the aftermath of natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and tornadoes. The book explores how these catastrophes illuminate the existing inequalities in society, combining a unique philosophical approach with new moral thinking. Zack stresses the obligation of both individuals and government in preparing for and responding to dangerous times, forcefully arguing for the preservation of normal moral principles even in times of crisis and national emergency.
Posted in Philosophy

The Law of Emergencies, Public Health and Disaster Management

Law, Legal ethics

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490280200

Category: Education

Page: 31

View: 7651

Facts101 is your complete guide to The Law of Emergencies, Public Health and Disaster Management. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Emergency Planning for Nuclear Power Plants

Author: Paul Elkmann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315399121

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 9687

This book provides a history of emergency planning with respect to nuclear power plant accidents from the 1950’s to the 2000’s. ?It gives an overview of essential concepts that a working emergency planner should know, including brief overviews of the health physics and plant engineering that applies to emergency planning. ?Each chapter covers topics unique to radiological planning that distinguish it from planning for natural disasters.? Some of the topics include processes that damage fuel, reactor source terms, basic dispersion theory, protective measures for the public and emergency worker, environmental surveys, and the essential elements of a drill and exercise program. ? Emergency Planning for Nuclear Power Plants is not intended as a guide to meeting regulatory requirements but provides an understanding of the essential concepts and language of radiological planning, so the planner can apply those concepts to their particular situation.
Posted in Social Science

Medical Disaster Response

A Survival Guide for Hospitals in Mass Casualty Events

Author: David Goldschmitt,Robert Bonvino

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420061240

Category: Medical

Page: 864

View: 2528

While the job of a clinician in a disaster scenario is to save lives without regard for the cause or rationale for the injury, medical and emergency professionals who understand the diverse aspects of a disaster are better equipped to respond effectively. Giving emergency personnel the tools they need to perform in catastrophic situations, Medical Disaster Response: A Survival Guide for Hospitals in Mass Casualty Events addresses the critical planning and response issues surrounding a mass casualty disaster before, during, and after the event. The book presents the fundamental components of a comprehensive medical disaster management plan that provides readers with a framework for developing individual policies to suit their particular institution. It examines natural, man-made, and terrorist disasters, and offers insight into the different strategies required for distinct scenarios, as well as the need to be prepared for the cascade effect of secondary events resulting from the original disaster. Real case studies examining medical disaster response This volume provides a powerful and unique case example through a chronology of the events of September 11th, offering a firsthand account and insight into the quintessential test case for disaster response effectiveness. It also profiles other notorious events—including Hurricane Katrina, the Madrid bombings, the SARS outbreak in 2004, and the sarin gas attack in Tokyo in 2005—as seen through the eyes of the expert contributors who witnessed and responded to these tragedies. The book presents the lessons learned from these events by the contributing authors who acted on the front lines of the medical disaster response. It is a valuable reference manual for emergency planning, response, and healthcare professionals to confront future disasters and help prevent and mitigate destruction and unnecessary casualties.
Posted in Medical

Principles of Emergency Management

Hazard Specific Issues and Mitigation Strategies

Author: Michael J. Fagel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466516690

Category: Social Science

Page: 585

View: 4528

Principles of Emergency Management: Hazard Specific Issues and Mitigation offers preparedness and mitigation recommendations for advanced emergency planning. Because disasters are so unpredictable, advance planning is needed to effectively respond to and mitigate against the potential effects of such events. Whether a disaster is natural or man-made, accidental or deliberate, the best way to protect the public is by implementing an integrated emergency management system incorporating all potential stakeholders through all phases of the event. As such, the book suggests best practices for drills, exercises, and pre-event team building and communication. More than a dozen contributors offer their professional expertise on a wide variety of topics, including: Emergency operations center management Continuity planning of vital services in the aftermath of a disaster The role of the public health official Developing public-private partnerships Specific types of disasters, including terrorism, agroterrorism, pandemics, and active shooter incidents Mass care, sheltering, and human services The special needs of children in disasters Traditional and social media and their impact on emergency management The book is a valuable planning resource for those tasked with managing operations to prepare for, mitigate, and respond to disasters.
Posted in Social Science

Improving Disaster Management:

The Role of IT in Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Author: Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309103967

Category: Computers

Page: 192

View: 9798

Information technology (IT) has the potential to play a critical role in managing natural and human-made disasters. Damage to communications infrastructure, along with other communications problems exacerbated the difficulties in carrying out response and recovery efforts following Hurricane Katrina. To assist government planning in this area, the Congress, in the E-government Act of 2002, directed the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to request the NRC to conduct a study on the application of IT to disaster management. This report characterizes disaster management providing a framework for considering the range and nature of information and communication needs; presents a vision of the potential for IT to improve disaster management; provides an analysis of structural, organizational, and other non-technical barriers to the acquisition, adoption, and effective use of IT in disaster; and offers an outline of a research program aimed at strengthening IT-enabled capabilities for disaster management.
Posted in Computers

Disasters and Public Health

Planning and Response

Author: Bruce W. Clements,Julie Casani

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128019891

Category: Social Science

Page: 538

View: 728

Disasters and Public Health: Planning and Response, Second Edition, examines the critical intersection between emergency management and public health. It provides a succinct overview of the actions that may be taken before, during, and after a major public health emergency or disaster to reduce morbidity and mortality. Five all-new chapters at the beginning of the book describe how policy and law drive program structures and strategies leading to the establishment and maintenance of preparedness capabilities. New topics covered in this edition include disaster behavioral health, which is often the most expensive and longest-term recovery challenge in a public health emergency, and community resilience, a valuable resource upon which most emergency programs and responses depend. The balance of the book provides an in-depth review of preparedness, response, and recovery challenges for 15 public health threats. These chapters also provide lessons learned from responses to each threat, giving users a well-rounded introduction to public health preparedness and response that is rooted in experience and practice. Contains seven new chapters that cover law, vulnerable populations, behavioral health, community resilience, preparedness capabilities, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, and foodborne threats Provides clinical updates by new MD co-author Includes innovative preparedness approaches and lessons learned from current and historic public health and medical responses that enhance clarity and provide valuable examples to readers Presents increased international content and case studies for a global perspective on public health
Posted in Social Science

The Future of Disaster Management in the U.S.

Rethinking Legislation, Policy, and Finance

Author: Amy LePore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315310759

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 5698

U.S. congressional debates over the last few years have highlighted a paradox: although research demonstrates that emergencies are most effectively managed at the local level, fiscal support and programmatic management in response to disasters has shifted to the federal level. While the growing complexity of catastrophes may overwhelm local capacities and would seem to necessitate more federal engagement, can a federal approach be sustainable, and can it contribute to local capacity-building? This timely book examines local capacity-building as well as the current legal, policy and fiscal framework for disaster management, questioning some of the fundamentals of the current system, exploring whether accountability and responsibilities are correctly placed, offering alternative models, and taking stock of the current practices that reflect an effective use of resources in a complex emergency management system. The Future of Disaster Management in the U.S. will be of interest to disaster and emergency managers as well as public servants and policy-makers at all levels tasked with responding to increasingly complex catastrophes of all kinds.
Posted in Political Science

Preparedness and Response for Catastrophic Disasters

Author: Rick Bissell,Steven Jensen,Shirley Feldman-Jensen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466511915

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 3740

Based on a popular course for the FEMA Higher Education project, Preparedness and Response for Catastrophic Disasters provides important insight into plans to mitigate and respond to the devastation caused by large-scale catastrophic events. Hurricane Katrina provided clear evidence that these occurrences are both qualitatively and quantitatively different from other disasters. Recent tragedies, like the 2004 South Asia tsunami, the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, and the 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and resulting nuclear plant meltdown in Japan further illustrate that we are not prepared for such events. Written by top disaster scholars and practitioners, the book defines what constitutes a catastrophic event, outlining both the factors that can lead to catastrophes and the unique logistical, planning, and response challenges posed by them. Distinct from general disasters, these events are termed "catastrophic" due to the regional impact, impacts to logistics and infrastructure, the devastating effects on large-scale populations, and the ripple effects on regional and global economies. Preparedness and Response for Catastrophic Disasters examines why catastrophes must be approached differently. If governments, public administrators, and emergency management professionals are to succeed in protecting our populations, there must be consensus, decisiveness, and leadership in both the coordination and response. In addition, there must be a fundamental recognition that catastrophic events compromise the very infrastructure—public utilities, delivery of goods and service, schools, business functions, and government—that supports communities and upon which modern society is based. As such, the book explores how catastrophes can dramatically affect populations and addresses new, innovative, and fundamentally unique strategies communities can institute to better prepare populations for catastrophic events and their aftermath.
Posted in Political Science

The International Law of Disaster Relief

Author: David D. Caron,Michael J. Kelly,Anastasia Telesetsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107061318

Category: Law

Page: 412

View: 563

This edited volume brings together experts, emerging scholars, and practitioners in the field of international disaster law from North America, Japan, New Zealand, and Australia to analyze the evolution of international disaster law as a field that encompasses new ideas about human rights, sovereignty, and technology.
Posted in Law

Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management

Author: Tanveer Islam,Jeffrey Ryan

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128004355

Category: Social Science

Page: 458

View: 2967

Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management introduces readers to mitigation, one of the four foundational phases of emergency management, and to the hazard mitigation planning process. Authors Islam and Ryan review the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation, as well as risk assessment processes and strategies, and tools and techniques that can prevent, or lessen, the impact of disasters. The book specifically addresses hazards posed by human activity, including cyber threats and nuclear accidents, as well as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. Readers will learn about the framework for the mitigation process, hazard identification, risk assessment, and the tools and techniques available for mitigation. Coverage includes both GIS and HAZUS, with tutorials on these technologies, as well as case studies of best practices in the United States and around the world. The text is ideal for students, instructors, and practitioners interested in reducing, or eliminating, the effects of disasters. Takes an all-hazards approach, covering terror attacks and accidents, as well as natural disasters Reviews the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation Provides a step-by-step process for creating a Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP) Addresses the needs of local, state, and federal emergency management agencies and of the private sector, including IT mitigation
Posted in Social Science

Social Media, Crisis Communication, and Emergency Management

Leveraging Web 2.0 Technologies

Author: Connie M. White

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439853509

Category: Computers

Page: 329

View: 5791

Although recent global disasters have clearly demonstrated the power of social media to communicate critical information in real-time, its true potential has yet to be unleashed. Social Media, Crisis Communication, and Emergency Management: Leveraging Web 2.0 Technologies teaches emergency management professionals how to use social media to improve emergency planning, preparedness, and response capabilities. It provides a set of guidelines and safe practices for using social media effectively across a range of emergency management applications. Explaining how emergency management agencies can take advantage of the extended reach these technologies offer, the book supplies cutting-edge methods for leveraging these technologies to manage information more efficiently, reduce information overload, inform the public, and ultimately save lives. Filled with real-world examples and case studies, it is an ideal self-study resource. Its easy-to-navigate structure and numerous exercises also make it suitable for courses at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. From crowdsourcing and digital volunteers to mapping and collective intelligence, Social Media, Crisis Communication, and Emergency Management: Leveraging Web 2.0 Technologies facilitates a clear understanding of the essential principles of social media. Each chapter includes an example of a local-level practitioner, organization, or agency using social media that demonstrates the transformative power of social media in the real world. The book also includes numerous exercises that supply readers with models for building their own social media sites and groups—making it a must-read for anyone who wants to learn more about the communication and information structures supported by social media. Visit the author’s homepage: http://sites.google.com/site/conniemwhite/Home
Posted in Computers

Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations:

A Letter Report

Author: Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309144302

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 5133

The influenza pandemic caused by the 2009 H1N1 virus underscores the immediate and critical need to prepare for a public health emergency in which thousands, tens of thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of people suddenly seek and require medical care in communities across the United States. Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations draws from a broad spectrum of expertise--including state and local public health, emergency medicine and response, primary care, nursing, palliative care, ethics, the law, behavioral health, and risk communication--to offer guidance toward establishing standards of care that should apply to disaster situations, both naturally occurring and man-made, under conditions in which resources are scarce. This book explores two case studies that illustrate the application of the guidance and principles laid out in the report. One scenario focuses on a gradual-onset pandemic flu. The other scenario focuses on an earthquake and the particular issues that would arise during a no-notice event. Outlining current concepts and offering guidance, this book will prove an asset to state and local public health officials, health care facilities, and professionals in the development of systematic and comprehensive policies and protocols for standards of care in disasters when resources are scarce. In addition, the extensive operations section of the book provides guidance to clinicians, health care institutions, and state and local public health officials for how crisis standards of care should be implemented in a disaster situation.
Posted in Medical

Crisis Standards of Care:

A Systems Framework for Catastrophic Disaster Response

Author: Committee on Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309253462

Category: Medical

Page: 516

View: 6688

Catastrophic disasters occurring in 2011 in the United States and worldwide--from the tornado in Joplin, Missouri, to the earthquake and tsunami in Japan, to the earthquake in New Zealand--have demonstrated that even prepared communities can be overwhelmed. In 2009, at the height of the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic, the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response at the Department of Health and Human Services, along with the Department of Veterans Affairs and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a committee of experts to develop national guidance for use by state and local public health officials and health-sector agencies and institutions in establishing and implementing standards of care that should apply in disaster situations-both naturally occurring and man-made-under conditions of scarce resources. Building on the work of phase one (which is described in IOM's 2009 letter report, Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations), the committee developed detailed templates enumerating the functions and tasks of the key stakeholder groups involved in crisis standards of care (CSC) planning, implementation, and public engagement-state and local governments, emergency medical services (EMS), hospitals and acute care facilities, and out-of-hospital and alternate care systems. Crisis Standards of Care provides a framework for a systems approach to the development and implementation of CSC plans, and addresses the legal issues and the ethical, palliative care, and mental health issues that agencies and organizations at each level of a disaster response should address. Please note: this report is not intended to be a detailed guide to emergency preparedness or disaster response. What is described in this report is an extrapolation of existing incident management practices and principles. Crisis Standards of Care is a seven-volume set: Volume 1 provides an overview; Volume 2 pertains to state and local governments; Volume 3 pertains to emergency medical services; Volume 4 pertains to hospitals and acute care facilities; Volume 5 pertains to out-of-hospital care and alternate care systems; Volume 6 contains a public engagement toolkit; and Volume 7 contains appendixes with additional resources.
Posted in Medical

Disasters and the American State

How Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Public Prepare for the Unexpected

Author: Patrick S. Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107244854

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8579

Disasters and the American State offers a thesis about the trajectory of federal government involvement in preparing for disaster shaped by contingent events. Politicians and bureaucrats claim credit for the government's successes in preparing for and responding to disaster, and they are also blamed for failures outside of government's control. New interventions have created precedents and established organizations and administrative cultures that accumulated over time and produced a general trend in which citizens, politicians and bureaucrats expect the government to provide more security from more kinds of disasters. The trend reached its peak when the Federal Emergency Management Agency adopted the idea of preparing for 'all hazards' as its mantra. Despite the rhetoric, however, the federal government's increasingly bold claims and heightened public expectations are disproportionate to the ability of the federal government to prevent or reduce the damage caused by disaster.
Posted in Political Science