The Japanese Way of Justice

Prosecuting Crime in Japan

Author: David Ted Johnson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019511986X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 327

View: 4228

The major achievements of Japanese criminal justice are thus inextricably intertwined with its most notable defects, and efforts to fix the defects threaten to undermine the accomplishments."--BOOK JACKET.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Punishment and Incarceration

A Global Perspective

Author: Mathieu Deflem

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1783509074

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 5335

This volume in the series Sociology of Crime, Law, and Deviance deals with aspects of punishment, including sentencing, incarceration, and prison conditions, in a variety of settings at local, national, and/or regional levels.
Posted in Social Science

IBSS: Political Science: 2002

Author: Compiled by the British Library of Political and Economic Science

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134339968

Category: Political Science

Page: 660

View: 9766

First published in 1952, the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology) is well established as a major bibliographic reference for students, researchers and librarians in the social sciences worldwide. Key features * Authority : rigorous standards are applied to make the IBSS the most authoritative selective bibliography ever produced. Articles and books are selected on merit by some of the world's most expert librarians and academics. * Breadth : today the IBSS covers over 2000 journals - more than any other comparable resource. The latest monograph publications are also included. * International Coverage : the IBSS reviews scholarship published in over 30 languages, including publications from Eastern Europe and the developing world. * User friendly organization : all non-English titles are word sections. Extensive author, subject and place name indexes are provided in both English and French. Place your standing order now for the 2002 volumes of the the IBSS Anthropology : 2002 Vol.48 December 2002: 234x156: 0-415-32634-6: u195.00 Economics : 2002 Vol.51 December 2002: 234x156: 0-415-32635-4: u195.0 0 Political Science : 2002 Vol.51 December 2002: 234x156: 0-415-32636-2: u195.00 Sociology : 2002 Vol.52 December 2002: 234x156: 0-415-32637-0: u195.00
Posted in Political Science

Policing in Japan

A Study on Making Crime

Author: Setsuo Miyazawa,Frank G. Bennett

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791408919

Category: Social Science

Page: 267

View: 6378

An observational study of the Japanese detective.
Posted in Social Science

The Next Frontier

National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia

Author: David T Johnson,Franklin E Zimring

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199714029

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 2151

Today, two-thirds of the world's nations have abolished the death penalty, either officially or in practice, due mainly to the campaign to end state executions led by Western European nations. Will this success spread to Asia, where over 95 percent of executions now occur? Do Asian values and traditions support capital punishment, or will development and democratization end executions in the world's most rapidly developing region? David T. Johnson, an expert on law and society in Asia, and Franklin E. Zimring, a senior authority on capital punishment, combine detailed case studies of the death penalty in Asian nations with cross-national comparisons to identify the critical factors for the future of Asian death penalty policy. The clear trend is away from reliance on state execution and many nations with death penalties in their criminal codes rarely use it. Only the hard-line authoritarian regimes of China, Vietnam, Singapore, and North Korea execute with any frequency, and when authoritarian states experience democratic reforms, the rate of executions drops sharply, as in Taiwan and South Korea. Debunking the myth of "Asian values," Johnson and Zimring demonstrate that politics, rather than culture or tradition, is the major obstacle to the end of executions. Carefully researched and full of valuable lessons, The Next Frontier is the authoritative resource on the death penalty in Asia for scholars, policymakers, and advocates around the world.
Posted in Political Science

The Japanese Mafia

Yakuza, Law, and the State

Author: Peter B. E. Hill

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199257523

Category: Political Science

Page: 323

View: 9747

The Japanese mafia - known collectively as yakuza - has had an extensive influence on Japanese society over the past fifty years. Based on extensive interviews with criminals, police officers, lawyers, journalists, and academics, this is the first academic analysis in English of Japan's criminal syndicates. Peter Hill argues that the essential characteristic of Japan's criminal syndicates is their provision of protection to consumers in Japan's under- and upper-worlds. In this respect they are analogous to the Sicilian Mafia, and the mafias of Russia, Hong Kong and the United States. Although the yakuza's protective mafia role has existed at least since the end of the Second World War, and arguably longer, their sources of income have not remained constant. The yakuza have undergone considerable change in their business activities over the last half-century. The two key factors driving this evolution have been the changes in the legal, and law-enforcement environment within which these groups must operate, and the economic opportunities available to them. This first factor demonstrates that the complex and ambiguous relationship between the yakuza and the state has always been more than purely symbiotic. With the introduction of the boryokudan (yakuza) countermeasures law in 1992, the relationship between the yakuza and the state has become more unambiguously antagonistic. Assessing the impact of this law is, however, problematic; the contemporaneous bursting of Japan's economic bubble at the beginning of the 1990s also profoundly and adversely influenced yakuza sources of income. It is impossible to completely disentangle the effects of these two events. By the end of the twentieth century, the outlook for the yakuza was bleak and offered no short-term prospect of amelioration. More profoundly, state-expropriation of protection markets formerly dominated by the yakuza suggests that the longer-term prospects for these groups are bleaker still: no longer, therefore, need the yakuza be seen as an inevitable and necessary evil.
Posted in Political Science

Sexual Violence and the Law in Japan

Author: Catherine Burns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134327641

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 9585

This book provides a detailed examination of judicial decision-making in Japanese cases involving sexual violence. It describes the culture of 'eroticised violence' in Japan, which sees the feminine body as culpable and the legal system which encourages homogeneity and conformity in decision-making and shows how the legal constraints confronting women claiming sexual assaults are enormous. It includes analysis of specific case studies and a discussion of recent moves to address the problem.
Posted in History

Judgment at Tokyo

The Japanese War Crimes Trials

Author: Timothy P. Maga

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813128986

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4354

Posted in History

Authority Without Power

Law and the Japanese Paradox

Author: John Owen Haley

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195092570

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 5191

This treatise argues that the weakness of legal controls throughout Japanese history has assured the development and strength of informal community controls to maintain order - an order characterized by stability and a significant degree of autonomy for in
Posted in Law

The Rule of Law in Japan

A Comparative Analysis

Author: Carl F. Goodman

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 904112750X

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 9100

Since publication of the first edition, practitioners who deal with Japanese law have put great store in this major work, which systematically compares U.S. law and Japanese law across all the major fields of legal practice. Japan's legal system has changed dramatically since the publication of the Second Revised Edition as a consequence of Legislation and Supreme Court decisions in such diverse areas as public law (including administrative, election, constitutional and criminal law) as well as private law (including custody, assisted reproduction technology, labor law, discrimination, corporate governance, civil litigation, etc.). This new edition follows the same comparative structure as formerly, but fully updates the coverage with the many changes currently in place or in process in Japanese law today while adding new chapters on Freedom of Expression and Conflict of Laws. Author Carl Goodman--an internationally known authority with extensive experience in international practice, university teaching in both Japan and the U.S., and U.S. government service--takes expert stock of these new developments, including the following: the ongoing liberalization of corporation law; the changes in criminal law brought about as a consequence of the system of lay/professional judges; the codification and clarification of rules dealing with transnational jurisdiction; protection of corporate whistleblowers; an evaluation of the revamping of the education system for lawyers; the new law governing choice of law questions in international cases; the protections extended to the growing temporary work force; freedom of religion--shrines on public lands--and freedom of conscience--teachers and the National Anthem; modified criminal law procedural protections and new rules for judicial evaluation of circumstantial evidence cases; communitarianism and Japanese law; continuing growth in judicial review including constitutional and administrative cases; and family law--surrogacy, adoption, ART, international custody and the Hague Convention, Gender Identity disorder, brain death, organ transplantation etc. Although the alteration of the legal landscape in Japan is highly visible, the author does not hesitate to raise questions as to how far-reaching the changes really are. In almost every branch of the new Japanese legal practice he uncovers ways in which laws and judicial rulings are closely qualified and are likely to present challenges in any given case. He reminds the reader in each chapter that 'what you see may not be what you get.' For this reason, and for its comprehensive coverage, this third edition is sure to gain new adherents as the best-informed practical guide for lawyers with dealings in Japan.
Posted in Law

Global Edge

Using the Opacity Index to Manage the Risks of Cross-border Business

Author: Joel Kurtzman,Glenn Yago

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 3513

With globalization a reality, companies no longer have a choice about whether to do business across borders. But it contains hidden risks—and firms need strategies and tactics for recognizing and managing those risks. In Global Edge, Joel Kurtzman and Glenn Yago offer two breakthrough tools for better managing the hard-to-see perils of going global. Their CLEAR framework explains the specific—and potentially expensive—challenges businesses face overseas: corruption, the legal system, enforcement policy, accounting standards and governance, and regulatory developments. And the Opacity Index (a proprietary tool updated online for readers) measures how countries are ranked relative to each CLEAR factor, so companies can balance their exposure. Drawing on a decade of fieldwork with companies and governments, the authors present a new way to anticipate, analyze, and manage hidden global business risks. In an age when a systematic understanding of global risks is still in its infancy, this insightful and practical guide takes the subject from the realm of academic interest and plants it squarely in management circles.
Posted in Business & Economics

Yamashita's Ghost

War Crimes, MacArthur's Justice, and Command Accountability

Author: Allan A. Ryan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780700620142

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 1139

The dramatic story of the 1945 war crimes trial of General Tomoyuki Yamashita, who was charged with atrocities he neither committed nor ordered and of which he likely had no knowledge. Even so, he was convicted and, following a Supreme Court review, executed for having failed to control his troops."
Posted in History

Gender and Law in the Japanese Imperium

Author: Susan L. Burns,Barbara J. Brooks

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780824837150

Category: History

Page: 301

View: 7310

Beginning in the 19th century, law as practice, discourse and ideology became a powerful means of reordering gender relations in modern nation-states and their colonies around the world. This volume puts developments in Japan and its empire in dialogue with this global phenomenon.
Posted in History

Book review digest

Author: H.W. Wilson Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Books

Page: N.A

View: 5456

Posted in Books

Crime and Punishment in America

Author: Elliott Currie

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1250024218

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1061

An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.
Posted in Political Science

Crime and Justice in India

Author: N. Prabha Unnithan

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132113357

Category: Social Science

Page: 476

View: 7219

Criminology and criminal justice is in its infancy in India. This book attempts to examine India's crime problem in detail and document if and how its criminal justice system has responded to emerging challenges and opportunities. The objective is to move beyond mere observations and thoughtful opinions, and make contributions that are the next steps in the development of an empirical (or evidence-based) criminology and criminal justice on this vast and diverse country-by focusing on research that is both balanced and precise. This book brings together a diverse set of 32 academics from India, the US, and the UK who have authored 19 chapters on many aspects of crime and justice in India. The organizational components or sectors of the criminal justice system are the police, the courts, and corrections. The studies collected here provide balanced coverage of the entire criminal justice system and not just one component of it. The first section of this book consists of overviews of several major issues that affect the entire criminal justice system. Section Two considers topics related to the gateway of the criminal justice system, policing. Section Three takes up the operational problems of criminal law and courts and Section Four deals with the difficult question of punishment and correction, the last part of the criminal justice system.
Posted in Social Science

Measuring Judicial Independence

The Political Economy of Judging in Japan

Author: J. Mark Ramseyer,Eric B. Rasmusen

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226703879

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 7886

The role of the U.S. Supreme Court in the aftermath of the 2000 presidential election raised questions in the minds of many Americans about the relationships between judges and political influence; the following years saw equally heated debates over the appropriate role of political ideology in selecting federal judges. Legal scholars have always debated these questions—asking, in effect, how much judicial systems operate on merit and principle and how much they are shaped by politics. The Japanese Constitution, like many others, requires that all judges be "independent in the exercise of their conscience and bound only by this Constitution and its laws." Consistent with this requirement, Japanese courts have long enjoyed a reputation for vigilant independence—an idea challenged only occasionally, and most often anecdotally. But in this book, J. Mark Ramseyer and Eric B. Rasmusen use the latest statistical techniques to examine whether that reputation always holds up to scrutiny—whether, and to what extent, the careers of lower court judges can be manipulated to political advantage. On the basis of careful econometric analysis of career data for hundreds of judges, Ramseyer and Rasmusen find that Japanese politics do influence judicial careers, discreetly and indirectly: judges who decide politically charged cases in ways favored by the ruling party enjoy better careers after their decisions than might otherwise be expected, while dissenting judges are more likely to find their careers hampered by assignments to less desirable positions. Ramseyer and Rasmusen's sophisticated yet accessible analysis has much to offer anyone interested in either judicial independence or the application of econometric techniques in the social sciences.
Posted in Law

Court Reform on Trial

Why Simple Solutions Fail

Author: Malcolm M. Feeley

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 161027203X

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 1983

COURT REFORM ON TRIAL is a recognized study of innovation in the process of criminal justice, and why it so often fails--despite the best intentions of judges, administrators, and reformers. The arc of innovation and disappointment is analyzed through such programs as bail reform, pretrial diversion, speedy trials, and determinate sentencing. The much-maligned system of plea bargaining shifts power to prosecutors away from judges, and formal trials recede in importance--but is that really the problem? Perhaps failure lies in unrealistic expectations, splintered systems and decisionmaking, waning political will, unempowered constituencies, and reformers' hubris. Feeley analyzes the persistent failure and proposes insightful pathways out of the cycle. First commissioned as a study in the influential Twentieth Century Fund series, the book is accessible for today's readers as part of the Classics of Law & Society series of Quid Pro Books. It adds a reflective preface by the author and a new foreword by Greg Berman, Executive Director of the Center for Court Innovation. Calling it an "intellectual touchstone" that's "brimming with energy not resignation," Berman writes that the book "has all of the hallmarks of Feeley's best work. Lucid prose. Idiosyncratic analysis. A willingness to speak truth to vested interests. And a commitment to describing the way the world actually works from a ground-level perspective--as opposed to the official versions of how systems theoretically should function." New ebook edition features active TOC, linked Notes, and proper formatting in a modern digital presentation.
Posted in Law