The Insanity Defense: Multidisciplinary Views on its History, Trends, and Controversies

Author: Mark D. White

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440831815

Category: Law

Page: 441

View: 7643

How often is the defense of insanity or temporary insanity for accused criminals valid—or is it ever legitimate? This unique work presents multidisciplinary viewpoints that explain, support, and critique the insanity defense as it stands. • Presents multidisciplinary coverage of this important topic—one that is typically polarizing for members of the general public • Includes discussions of new advances in neuroscience that have revived debates regarding free will, culpability, and punishment • Illustrates points with widely publicized and televised trials that have recently increased public awareness of the insanity defense as well as heated debates over its justification
Posted in Law

The Criminal Law Handbook

Know Your Rights, Survive the System

Author: Paul Bergman,Sara J. Berman

Publisher: Nolo

ISBN: 1413324711

Category: Law

Page: 672

View: 635

The criminal justice system is complicated, understand it and your rights Criminal law is full of complex rules and procedures, but this book demystifies them. It explains how the system works, why police, lawyers, and judges do what they do, and—most important—the options for suspects, defendants, and victims. It also provides critical information on working with a lawyer. In plain English, The Criminal Law Handbook covers: search and seizure arrest, booking, and bail Miranda arraignment plea bargains trials sentencing working with defense attorneys common defenses constitutional rights juvenile court preliminary hearings appeals, and public defenders This edition is completely updated, covering the latest changes in criminal and U.S Supreme Court cases. Written by the authors of Represent Yourself in Court, Paul Bergman, J.D. and Sara Berman, J.D.
Posted in Law

Philosophical Foundations of Neurolaw

Author: Martin Roth

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 149853967X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 2643

The central philosophical issue confronting neurolaw is whether we can reconcile the conception of ourselves as free, responsible agents with the conception of ourselves as complex physical machines. This book develops and defends an account of free and responsible agency that shows how such reconciliation is possible.
Posted in Philosophy

Insanity

Murder, Madness, and the Law

Author: Charles Patrick Ewing

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198043690

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 9392

The insanity defense is one of the oldest fixtures of the Anglo-American legal tradition. Though it is available to people charged with virtually any crime, and is often employed without controversy, homicide defendants who raise the insanity defense are often viewed by the public and even the legal system as trying to get away with murder. Often it seems that legal result of an insanity defense is unpredictable, and is determined not by the defendants mental state, but by their lawyers and psychologists influence. From the thousands of murder cases in which defendants have claimed insanity, Doctor Ewing has chosen ten of the most influential and widely varied. Some were successful in their insanity plea, while others were rejected. Some of the defendants remain household names years after the fact, like Jack Ruby, while others were never nationally publicized. Regardless of the circumstances, each case considered here was extremely controversial, hotly contested, and relied heavily on lengthy testimony by expert psychologists and psychiatrists. Several of them played a major role in shaping the criminal justice system as we know it today. In this book, Ewing skillfully conveys the psychological and legal drama of each case, while providing important and fresh professional insights. For the legal or psychological professional, as well as the interested reader, Insanity will take you into the minds of some of the most incomprehensible murderers of our age.
Posted in Psychology

Legal Insanity and the Brain

Science, Law and European Courts

Author: Sofia Moratti,Dennis Patterson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509902325

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 6788

This landmark publication offers a unique comparative and interdisciplinary study of criminal insanity and neuroscience. Criminal law theories and ideologies which underpin the regulation of criminal insanity have always been the subject of controversy. The history of criminal insanity is characterised by conceptual and empirical tension between two disciplinary realms: the law and the mind sciences. The authors in this anthology explore in depth the state of the art of legal insanity and the numerous intricate, fascinating, pioneering and sophisticated questions raised by the integration of different criminal law and behaviour theories, diverse disciplines and methodologies, in a genuinely interdisciplinary perspective. This volume will serve as a practical guide for the comparative legal scholar and the judge, as well as stimulating scholarly reading for the neuroscientist, the social scientist and the philosopher with interdisciplinary scientific interests.
Posted in Law

Legal Insanity: Explorations in Psychiatry, Law, and Ethics

Author: Gerben Meynen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319447211

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 9090

This book examines core issues related to legal insanity, integrating perspectives from psychiatry, law, and ethics. Various criteria for insanity are analyzed and recommendations for forensic psychiatric and legal practice are offered. Many legal systems have an insanity defense, in one form or another. Still, it remains unclear exactly when and why mental disorders affect a person’s moral or criminal responsibility. Questions addressed in this book include: Why should insanity be a component of our legal system? What should be the criteria for an insanity defense? What would be the reasons for abolishing it? Who should bear the burden of proof? Furthermore, the book discusses the impact neurosciences may have on psychiatric and psychological evaluations of defendants as well as on legal decisions about insanity.
Posted in Philosophy

Starship Troopers

Author: Robert A. Heinlein

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101500422

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 899

In Robert A. Heinlein’s controversial Hugo Award-winning bestseller, a recruit of the future goes through the toughest boot camp in the Universe—and into battle against mankind’s most alarming enemy... Johnnie Rico never really intended to join up—and definitely not the infantry. But now that he’s in the thick of it, trying to get through combat training harder than anything he could have imagined, he knows everyone in his unit is one bad move away from buying the farm in the interstellar war the Terran Federation is waging against the Arachnids. Because everyone in the Mobile Infantry fights. And if the training doesn’t kill you, the Bugs are more than ready to finish the job... “A classic…If you want a great military adventure, this one is for you.”—All SciFi
Posted in Fiction

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

Author: Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309165488

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 1142

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research examines current interdisciplinary research efforts and recommends ways to stimulate and support such research. Advances in science and engineering increasingly require the collaboration of scholars from various fields. This shift is driven by the need to address complex problems that cut across traditional disciplines, and the capacity of new technologies to both transform existing disciplines and generate new ones. At the same time, however, interdisciplinary research can be impeded by policies on hiring, promotion, tenure, proposal review, and resource allocation that favor traditional disciplines. This report identifies steps that researchers, teachers, students, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies can take to more effectively conduct, facilitate, and evaluate interdisciplinary research programs and projects. Throughout the report key concepts are illustrated with case studies and results of the committee’s surveys of individual researchers and university provosts.
Posted in Science

Doctor Strange and Philosophy

The Other Book of Forbidden Knowledge

Author: Mark D. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119437911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 1159

Explore the mind and world of the brilliant neurosurgeon-turned-Sorcerer Supreme Doctor Stephen Strange in time for release of The Avengers: Infinity War Essays from two-dozen philosophers illuminate how essential philosophical concepts, including existentialism, epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics, combine to make Doctor Strange one of the most complex characters in the Marvel Universe, and a welcome addition to the Blackwell Philosophy and Pop Culture stable of superheroes.
Posted in Philosophy

Mental disability law

cases and materials

Author: Michael L. Perlin

Publisher: Carolina Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1107

View: 6224

This casebook covers all of constitutional civil mental health law, including involuntary civil commitment, the right to refuse treatment, and the rights of persons with mental disabilities in community settings. Perlin also addresses federal statutory rights, including, but not limited to, the Americans with Disabilities Act; other civil mental health issues, including tort law; and the criminal trial process, including all aspects of competency, the insanity defense, self-incrimination, confessions, the death penalty, and sentencing and post-sentencing issues. Important Supreme Court decisions that have been handed down since the first edition (Olmstead v. L.C., Tennessee v. Lane, Kansas v. Crane, Sell v. United States, and Atkins v. Virginia) are all given extensive attention.Mental Disability Law not only teach students the relevant doctrine and theory, but also give them an understanding of why the cases were decided as they were. Questions after all major sections encourage the teacher to direct students to think about the social, political, and behavioral forces that led to many of the decisions in question.
Posted in Law

Kantian Ethics and Economics

Autonomy, Dignity, and Character

Author: Mark White

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804768943

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 270

View: 3005

This book integrates the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant—particularly the concepts of autonomy, dignity, and character—into economic theory, enriching models of individual choice and policymaking, while contributing to our understanding of how the economic individual fits into society.
Posted in Business & Economics

Reducing Gun Violence in America

Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis

Author: Daniel W. Webster,Jon S. Vernick

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421411113

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 8599

The staggering toll of gun violence—which claims 31,000 U.S. lives each year—is an urgent public health issue that demands an effective evidence-based policy response. The Johns Hopkins University convened more than 20 of the world’s leading experts on gun violence and policy to summarize relevant research and recommend policies that are both constitutional and have broad public support. Collected for the first time in one volume, this reliable, empirical research and legal analysis will help lawmakers, opinion leaders, and concerned citizens identify policy changes to address mass shootings, along with the less-publicized gun violence that takes an average of 80 lives every day. Selected recommendations include: • Background checks: Establish a universal background check system for all persons purchasing a firearm from any seller. • High-risk individuals: Expand the set of conditions that disqualify an individual from legally purchasing a firearm. • Mental health: Focus federal restrictions on gun purchases by persons with serious mental illness on the dangerousness of the individual.• Trafficking and dealer licensing: Appoint a permanent director to ATF and provide the agency with the authority to develop a range of sanctions for gun dealers who violate gun sales or other laws. • Personalized guns: Provide financial incentives to states to mandate childproof or personalized guns. • Assault weapons and high-capacity magazines: Ban the future sale of assault weapons and the future sale and possession of large-capacity ammunition magazines.• Research funds: Provide adequate federal funds to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, and National Institute of Justice for research into the causes and solutions of gun violence. The book includes an analysis of the constitutionality of many recommended policies and data from a national public opinion poll that reflects support among the majority of Americans—including gun owners—for stronger gun policies. -- Martin O'Malley, Governor of Maryland
Posted in Medical

The Wire and Philosophy

Author: David Bzdak,Joanna Crosby,Seth Vannatta

Publisher: Open Court Publishing

ISBN: 0812698231

Category: Philosophy

Page: 314

View: 6837

By many accounts, HBO'sThe Wire was and remains the greatest and most important television drama of all time. Conceived by writers David Simon and ex-Baltimore homicide detective Ed Burns, this five-season, sixty-episodetour de force has raised the bar for compelling, intelligent television production. With each season addressing a different arena of life in the city of Baltimore, and each season's narratives tapping into those from previous seasons,The Wire was able to reveal the overlapping, criss-crossing, and colliding realities that shape--if not control--the people, institutions, and culture of the modern American city. The Wire and Philosophy celebrates this show's realism as well as its intellectual and philosophical clarity. Selected philosophers who are fans ofThe Wire tap into these conflicts and interconnections to expose the underlying philosophical issues and assumptions and pursue questions, such as, can cops really tell whether they are smarter than their perps? Or do they fall victim to intellectual vanity? Do individuals really have free will to resist the temptations--of gangs, of drugs, or corruption--that surround them? Is David Simon a modern-day Marx who sees capitalism leading ultimately to its own collapse, or is Baltimore's story uniquely its own?
Posted in Philosophy

A Case Study in the Insanity Defense

The Trial of John W. Hinckley, Jr

Author: Richard J. Bonnie,John Calvin Jeffries,Peter W. Low

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 167

View: 1558

This casebook first presents a background introduction and provides the history behind the insanity defense. Text features extensive coverage of the John W. Hinckley, Jr., trial. Reviews the reactions to the verdict, comments and questions from the trial, and insanity defense reform after the trial. Also includes coverage of Hinckley's hospitalization and treatment.
Posted in Law

Plant Medicines, Healing and Psychedelic Science

Cultural Perspectives

Author: Beatriz Caiuby Labate,Clancy Cavnar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319767208

Category: Medical

Page: 227

View: 7103

This is a book about the intersections of three dimensions. The first is the way social scientists and historians treat the history of psychiatry and healing, especially as it intersects with psychedelics. The second encompasses a reflection on the substances themselves and their effects on bodies. The third addresses traditional healing, as it circles back to our understanding of drugs and psychiatry. The chapters explore how these dimensions are distinct, but deeply intertwined, themes that offer important insights into contemporary healing practices. The intended audience of the volume is large and diverse: neuroscientists, biologists, medical doctors, psychiatrists, psychologists; mental health professionals interested in the therapeutic application of psychedelic substances, or who work with substance abuse, depression, anxiety, and PTSD; patients and practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine; ethnobotanists and ethnopharmacologists; lawyers, criminologists, and other specialists in international law working on matters related to drug policy and human rights, as well as scholars of religious studies, anthropologists, sociologists, and historians; social scientists concerned both with the history of science, medicine, and technology, and concepts of health, illness, and healing. It has a potentially large international audience, especially considering the increasing interest in “psychedelic science” and the growing spread of the use of traditional psychoactives in the West.
Posted in Medical

Retributivism

Essays on Theory and Policy

Author: Mark D. White

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199752230

Category: Law

Page: 253

View: 3031

The contributors offer analysis and explanations of new developments in retributivism, the philosophical account of punishment that holds that wrongdoers must be punished as a matter of right, duty, or justice, rather than deterrence, rehabilitation, or vengeance.
Posted in Law

The Decline of the Individual

Reconciling Autonomy with Community

Author: Mark D. White

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319617508

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 154

View: 7759

This book explores the steady decline in the status of the individual in recent years and addresses common misunderstandings about the concept of individuality. Drawing from psychology, neuroscience, technology, economics, philosophy, politics, and law, White explains how and why the individual has been devalued in the eyes of scholars, government leaders, and the public. He notes that developments in science have led to doubts about our cognitive competence, while assumptions made in the humanities have led to questions about our moral competence. In this book, White goes on to argue that both of these views are mistaken and that they stem from overly simplistic ideas about how individuals make choices, however imperfectly, in their interests, which are multifaceted and complex. In response, he proposes a new way to look at individuals that preserves their essential autonomy while emphasizing their responsibility to others, inspired by the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant and the legal and political philosophy reflected in the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution. This book explains how individuality combines both rights and responsibilities, reconciles the popular yet false dichotomy between individual and society, and provides the basis for a humane and respectful civil society and government. This book is part of White's trilogy on the individual and society, which includes The Manipulation of Choice and The Illusion of Well-Being.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Manipulation of Choice

Ethics and Libertarian Paternalism

Author: M. White

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137313579

Category: Political Science

Page: 185

View: 4569

This timely book makes a forceful argument that the analyses from behavioral economists are incomplete, the policies advocated by libertarian paternalists are misguided and unethical, and both actually reinforce the cognitive biases and dysfunctions that motivate 'nudges' in the first place. In a lighthearted manner, the author points out critical flaws in the way economists model decision-making, how behavioral economics failed to correct them, and how they led to the problems with libertarian paternalism and nudges. Sprinkled throughout with anecdotes, examples, and references to a wide range of scholarly literature, this new volume argues against the use of paternalistic nudges by the government and makes a positive case for individual choice and autonomy. This book is part of White's triptych on individualism and society, which includes The Illusion of Well-Being and The Decline of the Individual.
Posted in Political Science