The Influence of Transnational Organizations on National Education Systems

Author: Marcelo Parreira do Amaral

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9783631556337

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 3843

The national state, international organizations and globalization are crucial elements in the discussions on educational policy. This work looks into the mechanics of reciprocal influence exertion in educational policy-making. The neoinstitutionalist isomorphism theory and the externalization thesis offer significant theoretical insights into the influence of international organizations on state education systems. While the majority of works in this field presuppose the challenges to education which spring from this process to be real and pre-exist the discursive process, the study steps back in the debate and takes closer look at its constellations. For this purpose the OECD has been selected as a topical example of the new quality of educational work beyond the level of the nation-state.
Posted in Education

The PISA Effect on Global Educational Governance

Author: Louis Volante

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315440504

Category: Education

Page: 244

View: 2343

The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international achievement measure that assesses 15-year-old student performance in the areas of reading, mathematics, and science literacy in over 70 countries and economies triennially. By presenting an in-depth examination of PISA’s role in education governance and policy discourses, this book provides the reader with a critical analysis of the educational change process within our increasingly global educational policy environment. Exploring the prominent socio-political drivers of large-scale educational reform across the globe, chapter authors examine PISA’s national and global implications from a diverse range of regional contexts. Through the presentation of cross-disciplinary viewpoints and topical issues related to the PISA international survey, this volume explains the degree to which PISA-focused research is linked to national educational policy discourses and international education agendas.
Posted in Education

International Educational Governance

Author: S. Karin Amos

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857243039

Category: Education

Page: 253

View: 4861

This volume pursues two central objectives. On the one hand, it is necessary to sharpen our analytical tools in order to better appreciate the term governance in the educational field. To this end the five different paradigmatic approaches on governance as well as different topics and sectors shall be confronted/contrasted and related to each other. In the course of this process, the particularly critical educational issue of the relation between academic analyses of governance and the so called governmentality studies will be discussed. On the other hand, the so far marginally studied issue of change in the 'educational science order' will be addressed. The transformations mentioned affect the nucleus of the pedagogical understanding of education. The promise of a greater adequacy to the needs and interests of those addressed by education, because more flexible, more user-oriented, more precise control of effects presents a challenge to educational science and pedagogy. This marks the interface of 'governance' and 'performance' on a systems or organization level (Soguel/Jaccard, 2008; Simons, 2007) with the individual as the subject of education.
Posted in Education

Effects of Globalization on Education Systems and Development

Debates and Issues

Author: Macleans A. Geo-JaJa,Suzanne Majhanovich

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9463007296

Category: Education

Page: 148

View: 3171

With its comprehensive coverage and quality this provocative book is concerned with the future of developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. By providing in-depth analysis of the economic, social and educational challenges of emerging states it offers an alternative roadmap to development. The authors in this collection substantiate the notion that emerging states often do not participate in policy choices related to their development when faced with universalization of curriculum and internationalization of education. The authors make explicit the direct and indirect effects of globalization on educational systems, social equity, and the path of development. In demonstrating the impact of neoliberalism or market-based reforms on the developing world, the authors show that education without human rights is vulnerable to negative forces of globalization and internationalization. The message of the book is quite pessimistic about possibilities to widen the economic space or increase freedom, unless development cooperation is made possible by “Helping People Help Themselves” as suggested by David Ellerman. The authors note that in the past, the issue of emerging states as an appendage to the world economy was a fundamental question related to colonialism, but now has become a question of imperialism which needs to be examined when considering the current patterns of development.
Posted in Education

The Impact of International Achievement Studies on National Education Policymaking

Author: Alexander W. Wiseman

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857244507

Category: Education

Page: 379

View: 3276

Discusses the uses of international achievement study results as a tool for national progress as well as an obstacle. This title provides recommendations for ways that international achievement data can be used in real-world policymaking situations. It also discusses what the future of international achievement studies holds.
Posted in Education

Perspectives in Transnational Higher Education

Author: Emmanuel Jean Francois,Mejai B. M. Avoseh,Wendy Griswold

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9463004203

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 1316

This volume brought together scholars from various parts of the world to provide the readers with the latest research in transnational higher education and transcultural learning and teaching theories, as well as findings, best practices, and emerging trends. Practitioners will find best practice cases that they can cross-culturally adapt to develop, implement, and assess their own courses and programs. This book can serve as a good companion for faculty, administrators, and leaders in postsecondary institutions to plan, develop, implement, and evaluate programs and courses related to transnational higher education and learning. The book includes conceptual and theoretical frameworks that can inform studies to provide leaders and administrators in colleges and universities with research-based support to make decisions related to transnational education in a systemic way. Topics include, but are not limited to: • Definitions of transnational higher education• Theories on transnational higher education• Delivery models• Transcultural learning• Critical pedagogy for transnational education and learning• Transcultural consciousness in transnational education• Inter-institutional/joint degree curriculum experiences• Issues and topics in transnational higher education requiring further research
Posted in Education

Handbook of Global Education Policy

Author: Karen Mundy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118468058

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 3648

This innovative new handbook offers a comprehensive overview of the ways in which domestic education policy is framed and influenced by global institutions and actors. Surveys current debates about the role of education in a global polity, highlights key transnational policy actors, accessibly introduces research methodologies, and outlines global agendas for education reform Includes contributions from an international cast of established and emerging scholars at the forefront of the field thoughtfully edited and organized by a team of world-renowned global education policy experts Each section features a thorough introduction designed to facilitate readers’ understanding of the subsequent material and highlight links to interdisciplinary global policy scholarship Written in an accessible and engaging style that will appeal to domestic and international policy practitioners, social scientists, and education scholars alike
Posted in Political Science

Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education

Author: Roger King,Simon Marginson,Rajani Naidoo

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936239

Category: Education

Page: 560

View: 8481

Ô. . . the Handbook constitutes an essential reference source for everyone interested in studying the current meaning, scope and implications of globalization. Strongly recommended.Õ Ð Higher Education Review Higher education has entered centre-stage in the context of the knowledge economy and has been deployed in the search for economic competitiveness and social development. Against this backdrop, this highly illuminating Handbook explores worldwide convergences and divergences in national higher education systems resulting from increased global co-operation and competition. The expert contributors reveal the strategies, practices and governance mechanisms developed by international and regional organizations, national governments and by higher education institutions themselves. They analyse local responses to dominant global templates of higher education and the consequences for knowledge generation, social equity, economic development and the public good. This comprehensive and accessible Handbook will prove an invaluable reference tool for researchers, academics and students with an interest in higher education from economics, international studies and public policy perspectives, as well as for higher education policymakers, and funding and governance bodies.
Posted in Education

Public Rights, Public Rules

Constituting Citizens in the World Polity and National Policy

Author: Connie L. McNeely

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135598223

Category: Social Science

Page: 420

View: 4399

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Posted in Social Science

Teacher Education in a Transnational World

Author: Rosa Bruno-Jofre,James Scott Johnston

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442620005

Category: Education

Page: 480

View: 7492

Teacher Education in a Transnational World brings together specialists from various disciplines and scholars with policy-making and high-level government and administrative experience to discuss the historical, sociological, and philosophical issues associated with teacher education in a global context. Edited by Rosa Bruno-Jofré and James Scott Johnston, two leading scholars of the history and philosophy of education, this collection offers both analytical and practical insights into the present and future state of teacher education. Among the topics examined are paradigmatic changes in teacher education, the impact of the Bologna process in Europe, Indigenous education, and state policies in a transnational context. With contributors from nine countries on four continents, Teacher Education in a Transnational World offers a genuinely international interdisciplinary examination of the challenges and opportunities associated with teacher education in the twenty-first century.
Posted in Education

Globalizing Education Policy

Author: Fazal Rizvi,Bob Lingard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135270503

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 9321

Rizvi and Lingard's account of the global politics of education is thoughtful, complex and compelling. It is the first really comprehensive discussion and analysis of global trends in education policy, their effects - structural and individual - and resistance to them. In the enormous body of writing on globalisation this book stands out and will become a basic text in education policy courses around the world. - Stephen J Ball, Karl Mannheim Professor of Sociology of Education, Institute of Education, University of London, UK In what ways have the processes of globalization reshaped the educational policy terrain? How might we analyse education policies located within this new terrain, which is at once local, national, regional and global? In Globalizing Education Policy, the authors explore the key global drivers of policy change in education, and suggest that these do not operate in the same way in all nation-states. They examine the transformative effects of globalization on the discursive terrain within which educational policies are developed and enacted, arguing that this terrain is increasingly informed by a range of neo-liberal precepts which have fundamentally changed the ways in which we think about educational governance. They also suggest that whilst in some countries these precepts are resisted, to some extent, they have nonetheless become hegemonic, and provide an overview of some critical issues in educational policy to which this hegemonic view of globalization has given rise, including: devolution and decentralization new forms of governance the balance between public and private funding of education access and equity and the education of girls curriculum particularly with respect to the teaching of English language and technology pedagogies and high stakes testing and the global trade in education. These issues are explored within the context of major shifts in global processes and ideological discourses currently being experienced, and negotiated by all countries. The book also provides an approach to education policy analysis in an age of globalization and will be of interest to those studying globalization and education policy across the social sciences.
Posted in Education

Reforming Higher Education

Public Policy Design and Implementation

Author: Christine Musselin,Pedro N. Teixeira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400770286

Category: Education

Page: 233

View: 6496

This book analyzes the reforms that led to a differentiated landscape of higher education systems after university practices and governance were considered poorly adapted to contemporary settings and to their new missions. This has led to a growing institutional differentiation in many higher education systems. This differentiation has certainly contributed to making the institutional landscape more diverse across and within higher education systems. This book covers this diversity. Each part corresponds to a different but complementary way of looking at reforms and highlights what can be learnt on specific cases by adopting a specific perspective. The first part analyzes the ongoing reforms and their evolution, identifies their internal contradictions, as well as the redefinitions and reorientations they experience, and reveals the ideas, representations, ideologies and theories on which they are built. The second part includes comparison between countries but also other comparative perspectives such as how one reform is developed in different regions of the same country, as well as how comparable reforms are declined to different sectors. The last part addresses the impact of the reforms. What is known about the effectiveness of such instruments on higher education systems? This part shows that reforms provoke new power games and reconfigure power relations.
Posted in Education

Transnational Influences on Values and Practices in Nordic Educational Leadership

Is there a Nordic Model?

Author: Lejf Moos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400762267

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 2752

This book explores to what extent transnational influences change national/local values and practices in the Nordic educational systems. It provides country cases and thematic chapters that give nuanced insights into the influence of transnational agencies on national governance and discourses. It describes how national discourses and regulation influences school leadership values, culture and practice, in competition with traditional values. The transnational and global discourse on educational leadership is mostly formed according to Anglo-American thinking and tradition. Pivotal foundations of this discourse are strong hierarchical societies/class societies with liberal democracies, and clearly streamed education systems. The Nordic discourse, however, builds on a more equal society and flat hierarchies with participatory democracy, and on comprehensive schooling with strong local community roots. Leadership thinking and practices are formed by the culture and context they are part of: they are primarily shaped by the national/local values, traditions and practices, and only partially shaped by politics, discourses and literature. Due to the fact that a great deal of the literature that is being used in the Nordic contexts is of Anglo-American origin and many of the research projects have Anglo-American foundations, it is difficult to distinguish the sources for leadership thinking and practice. This book distinguishes the Nordic from the Anglo-American thinking and presents important findings and arguments for leadership practitioners inside as well as outside the Nordic countries.​
Posted in Education

The Impact of Comparative Education Research on Institutional Theory

Author: David Baker,Alexander W. Wiseman

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0762313080

Category: Education

Page: 402

View: 4296

This volume of International Perspectives on Education and Society explores how educational research from a comparative perspective has been instrumental in broadening and testing hypotheses from institutional theory. Institutional theory has also played an increasingly influential role in developing an understanding of education in society. This symbiotic relationship has proven intellectually productive. In light of the impact that comparative education research has had on institutional theory, the chapters in this volume ask where the comparative and international study of education as an institution is heading in the 21st century. Chapters range from theoretical discussions of the impact that comparative research has had on institutional theory to highly empirical comparative scholarship that tests basic institutional assumptions and trends. Two pioneers in the field, John W. Meyer and Francisco O. Ramirez, contribute the Forward and the concluding chapter. In addition to the editors, other contributors to this volume include M. Fernanda Astiz, Janice Aurini, Jason Beech, Edward F. Bodine, Karen Bradley, Claudia Buchmann, Scott Davies, Gili S. Drori, David H. Kamens, Jong-Seon Kim, Hyeyoung Moon, Hyunjoon Park, Emilio A. Parrado, Lauren Rauscher, John G. Richardson, David F. Suarez, and Regina E. Werum.
Posted in Education

Campaigning for “Education for all”

Histories, Strategies and Outcomes of Transnational Advocacy Coalitions in Education

Author: Antoni Verger,Mario Novelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9460918794

Category: Education

Page: 185

View: 5083

Civil society organizations have risen up the global education agenda since the international community adhered to the 'Education For All' Action Framework in the 'World Education Forum' that was held in Dakar in 2000. With the foundation of the Global Campaign for Education (GCE) civil society advocacy has sought to ensure that national governments, donors and international organisations make the necessary efforts to guarantee quality education for all children in the world. This book explores the strategies and actions, as well as the challenges and impact of civil society organizations in the achievement of the 'Education For All' international commitments. It does so by specifically focusing on seven national coalitions affiliated to the GCE. From Africa, to Asia to Latin America the book shows how these coalitions work and manage the differences between their different types of constituencies, explores their varied tactics and strategies, and explains their successes and failures after more than a decade of coordinated action. The book also provides a concise and comprehensive synthesis of findings from the distinct case studies and offers a series of lessons learned that are vital for education practitioners, academics, activists and policy-makers committed to more equitable and relevant education systems around the world.
Posted in Education

Governing Universities Globally

Organizations, Regulation and Rankings

Author: Roger King

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848449240

Category: Education

Page: 242

View: 2557

Governing Universities Globally provides a comprehensive account of higher education in the world today and successfully demonstrates how the study of universities now needs to acknowledge to the global environment. Andrew Steven Gunn, Political Studies Roger King examines how universities, as increasingly autonomous organizations, are subject to forms of global governance that rely particularly on private and peer-processes rather than legal command and compliance. The book explores the growing influence of global regulatory governance governmental and private on universities and national higher education systems. It considers processes of purposeful standardization, normative internalization and markets as solutions for coordination and collective action problems, as well as hierarchical command. A range of university systems, world models and organizations, particularly those associated with Europe and the OECD are examined, with particular emphasis on the growth of national and global league tables and similar rankings of higher education institutions as a form of regulation. Governance globally is found to operate through steerage , networks, deliberation and communities of the knowledgeable and the expert. The comprehensive coverage of global university governance includes conceptual, theoretical and empirical analyses that will be invaluable to higher education researchers and students, and to public policy academics, students and practitioners. Global governance analysts, global business and management postgraduates, as well as regulation theorists and practitioners will also find this book to be of great interest.
Posted in Education

Modernizing schools

people, learning and organizations

Author: Graham Butt,Helen Gunter

Publisher: Continuum Intl Pub Group

ISBN: 9780826490377

Category: Education

Page: 276

View: 9590

This book draws together research which looks at the challenge of the modernisation of education and considers underpinning concepts and policies.
Posted in Education

Teaching in Transnational Higher Education

Enhancing Learning for Offshore International Students

Author: Michelle Wallace,Lee Dunn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134104472

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 9033

Teaching in Transnational Higher Education examines current trends and challenges that face students, teachers and institutions of higher education around the globe. This book comes at a pivotal moment where many universities are offering their courses in offshore locations. Students who could once not access an international qualification can now do so without leaving their home country. The book clearly defines and takes an in-depth look at the various types of transnational education, including: institutions that have campuses abroad, teach specific courses abroad, and form partnerships with diverse schools to teach jointly. Teaching in Transnational Higher Education serves as a forum for debate on such insightful topics as: the modification of teaching to adapt to the needs of diverse students the use of technology in the classroom the view of higher education as a marketable service the importance of cultural awareness and understanding in a transnational classroom the complexities of assuring quality education across borders The authors choose to highlight a broad sampling of transnational programs including those in: Zambia, China, and the United Arab Emirates among others. Interviews with students and teachers participating in these programs of study make this an enjoyable and unique portrait of higher education that is invaluable to those who teach and learn around the world. Lee Dunn is a lecturer and academic developer in the Teaching and Learning Centre at Southern Cross University. Michelle Wallace is an Associate Professor in the Graduate College of Management at Southern Cross University.
Posted in Education

Resources in Education

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 8527

Posted in Education