The Human Rights Paradox

Universality and Its Discontents

Author: Steve J. Stern,Scott Straus

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299299732

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 6520

Human rights are paradoxical. Advocates across the world invoke the idea that such rights belong to all people, no matter who or where they are. But since humans can only realize their rights in particular places, human rights are both always and never universal. The Human Rights Paradox is the first book to fully embrace this contradiction and reframe human rights as history, contemporary social advocacy, and future prospect. In case studies that span Africa, Latin America, South and Southeast Asia, and the United States, contributors carefully illuminate how social actors create the imperative of human rights through relationships whose entanglements of the global and the local are so profound that one cannot exist apart from the other. These chapters provocatively analyze emerging twenty-first-century horizons of human rights—on one hand, the simultaneous promise and peril of global rights activism through social media, and on the other, the force of intergenerational rights linked to environmental concerns that are both local and global. Taken together, they demonstrate how local struggles and realities transform classic human rights concepts, including “victim,” “truth,” and “justice.” Edited by Steve J. Stern and Scott Straus, The Human Rights Paradox enables us to consider the consequences—for history, social analysis, politics, and advocacy—of understanding that human rights belong both to “humanity” as abstraction as well as to specific people rooted in particular locales.
Posted in History

Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Anthony Tirado Chase

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317613767

Category: Social Science

Page: 522

View: 1981

Recent events such as ‘Iran’s Green Revolution’ and the ‘Arab Uprisings’ have exploded notions that human rights are irrelevant to Middle Eastern and North African politics. Increasingly seen as a global concern, human rights are at the fulcrum of the region’s on-the-ground politics, transnational intellectual debates, and global political intersections. The Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa: emphasises the need to consider human rights in all their dimensions, rather than solely focusing on the political dimension, in order to understand the structural reasons behind the persistence of human rights violations; explores the various frameworks in which to consider human rights—conceptual, political and transnational/international; discusses issue areas subject to particularly intense debate—gender, religion, sexuality, transitions and accountability; contains contributions from perspectives that span from global theory to grassroots reflections, emphasising the need for academic work on human rights to seriously engage with the thoughts and practices of those working on the ground. A multidisciplinary approach from scholars with a wide range of expertise allows the book to capture the complex dynamics by which human rights have had, or could have, an impact on Middle Eastern and North African politics. This book will therefore be a key resource for students and scholars of Middle Eastern and North African politics and society, as well as anyone with a concern for Human Rights across the globe.
Posted in Social Science

Conflicted Memory

Military Cultural Interventions and the Human Rights Era in Peru

Author: Cynthia E. Milton

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299315002

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 5755

Reveals and analyzes how Peru's military elite have engaged in a cultural campaign--via memoirs, novels, films, museums--to shift public memory and debate about the nation's recent violent conflict and their part in it.
Posted in History

Human Rights, Transitional Justice, and the Reconstruction of Political Order in Latin America

Author: Michelle Frances Carmody

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319783939

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 8322

In Argentina and elsewhere in Latin America, decades after the fall of authoritarian regimes in the 1970s, transitional justice has proven to be anything but transitional—it has become a cornerstone of state policy and a powerful tool of state formation. Contextualizing cultural and political shifts in Argentina after the 1976 military coup with comparisons to other countries in the Southern Cone, Michelle Frances Carmody argues that incorporating human rights practices into official policy became a way for state actors to both build the authority of the state and manage social conflict, a key aim of post-Cold War democracies. By examining the relationship between transitional justice and the Latin American political order, this book illuminates overlooked dimensions of state formation in the age of human rights.
Posted in History

Bread, Justice, and Liberty

Grassroots Activism and Human Rights in Pinochet's Chile

Author: Alison Bruey

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299316106

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 7872

In Santiago's urban shantytowns, a searing history of poverty and Chilean state violence have prompted grassroots resistance movements among the poor and working class from the 1940s to the present. Underscoring this complex continuity, Alison J. Bruey offers a compelling history of the struggle for social justice and democracy during the Pinochet dictatorship and its aftermath. As Bruey shows, crucial to the popular movement built in the 1970s were the activism of both men and women and the coalition forged by liberation-theology Catholics and Marxist-Left militants. These alliances made possible the mass protests of the 1980s that paved the way for Chile's return to democracy, but the changes fell short of many activists' hopes. Their grassroots demands for human rights encompassed not just an end to state terror but an embrace of economic opportunity and participatory democracy for all. Deeply grounded by both extensive oral history interviews and archival research, Bread, Justice, and Liberty offers innovative contributions to scholarship on Chilean history, social movements, popular protest and democratization, neoliberal economics, and the Cold War in Latin America.
Posted in History

Making and Unmaking Nations

The Origins and Dynamics of Genocide in Contemporary Africa

Author: Scott Straus

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455677

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 902

In Making and Unmaking Nations, Scott Straus seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. To solve that puzzle, he examines postcolonial Africa, analyzing countries in which genocide occurred and where it could have but did not. Why have there not been other Rwandas? Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide. Other critical factors include the dynamics of war, the role of restraint, and the interaction between national and local actors in the staging of campaigns of large-scale violence. Grounded in Straus's extensive fieldwork in contemporary Africa, the study of major twentieth-century cases of genocide, and the literature on genocide and political violence, Making and Unmaking Nations centers on cogent analyses of three nongenocide cases (Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal) and two in which genocide took place (Rwanda and Sudan). Straus’s empirical analysis is based in part on an original database of presidential speeches from 1960 to 2005. The book also includes a broad-gauge analysis of all major cases of large-scale violence in Africa since decolonization. Straus’s insights into the causes of genocide will inform the study of political violence as well as giving policymakers and nongovernmental organizations valuable tools for the future.
Posted in Political Science

Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies

Author: Nader Hashemi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199886520

Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 4512

Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.
Posted in Religion

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3768

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Habermas

Introduction and Analysis

Author: David Ingram

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801476013

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 6879

"This is a marvelous resource for anyone interested in better understanding the difficult and voluminous work of jurgen Habermas. It is clearly written, comprehensive, and fair-minded in its exegesis; moreover, it provides at the same time a highly intelligent, critical analysis of central themes in the writings of Habermas."---Stephen K. White, James Hart Professor of Politics, University of Virginia "This is a marvelously comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of Habermas's intellectual contribution to contemporary philosophy."---Simone Chambers, University of Toronto The work of Jurgen Habermas (b. 1929) has been highly influential both in philosophy and across many disciplines in the social sciences. David Ingram here provides an accessible introduction to Habermas's complex thought as it has evolved from 1953 to the present, spanning philosophy, religion, political science, social science, and law. One of today's most intriguing thinkers, Habermas is also notably prolific; for students and other readers who wish to navigate the philosopher's more than thirty books, the lucid and precise Habermas: Introduction And Analysis is a Welcome Starting point rich in insights Ingram's book addresses the entire range of Habermas's social theory, including his most recent and widely discussed contributions to religion, freedom and determinism, global democracy, and the consolidation of the European Union. Recognizing Habermas's Position as a highly public intellectual, lngram discusses how Habermas applies his own theory to pressing problems such as abortion, terrorism, genetic engineering, immigration, multiculturalism, separation of religion and state, technology and mass media, feminism, and human rights. He also presents a detailed critical analysis of Habermas's Key claims and arguments
Posted in Philosophy

Die Globalisierte Frau

Berichte Aus Der Zukunft Der Ungleichheit

Author: Christa Wichterich

Publisher: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 9783499222603

Category: Competition, International

Page: 268

View: 6272

Posted in Competition, International

Die Ambivalenz des Guten

Menschenrechte in der internationalen Politik seit den 1940ern

Author: Jan Eckel

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525300697

Category: History

Page: 936

View: 4693

Schutz und Verteidigung der Menschenrechte – eine leere Floskel oder ein fundamentales Prinzip verantwortungsvoller Politik?
Posted in History

Anleitung zur Unzufriedenheit

warum weniger glücklicher macht

Author: Barry Schwartz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548368672

Category:

Page: 284

View: 1957

Posted in

Bosnien

Author: Joe Sacco

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037310694

Category:

Page: 227

View: 7431

Posted in

Taxation, State, and Civil Society in Germany and the United States from the 18th to the 20th Century

Author: Alexander Nützenadel,Christoph Strupp

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 5079

Taxes are a fundamental element of modern industrial societies and affect every citizen. Today's tax regimes are historical constructions that reflect a nation's political traditions, but they are also shaped by political, intellectual, and economic trends that transcend national boundaries. From a comparative and interdisciplinary perspective, this collection of essays addresses the relationship between taxes, citizenship, and state-building in Germany and the United States from the 18th to the early 20th century. Leading scholars of history and economics from both sides of the Atlantic provide insight into the development of the modern fiscal state and the relationship between taxation, tax protests, and political representation. Methodologically, the book will be regarded as a first approach towards a transnational history of modern taxation. The collection will be of interest to those who deal with questions of state-building, the development of the civil society, the relationship between the individual and the state, and the historical dimensions of taxation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Das Recht auf Rechtfertigung

Elemente einer konstruktivistischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518293621

Category: Constructivism (Philosophy)

Page: 413

View: 1941

Kann es im Zeitalter des Pluralismus noch gelingen, eine hinreichend komplexe Theorie politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit mit Hilfe eines einzigen normativen Grundsatzes zu begründen? Dieses Buch unternimmt einen solchen Versuch, indem es die wesentlichen Elemente einer 'autonomen' Konstruktion der Gerechtigkeit zusammenträgt. Grundlegend ist dabei ein individuelles, moralisches Grund-Recht auf Rechtfertigung, das in den Kapiteln des ersten Teils in moralphilosophischer Perspektive expliziert wird. Im zweiten Teil werden dann die zentralen Bestandteile politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit - hinsichtlich der Grundbegriffe von Freiheit, Demokratie, Gleichheit und Toleranz - analysiert und verknüpft. Sie fügen sich zu einer kritischen, politischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit, in der die Frage der 'Rechtfertigungsmacht' zentral ist. Dies gilt auch, wie die Beiträge im dritten Teil zeigen, für die Gerechtigkeit auf transnationaler Ebene.
Posted in Constructivism (Philosophy)

Der Staat (illustriert)

Author: Platon

Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 1635372755

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2887

„Der Staat“ ist ein Werk des griechischen Philosophen Platon, in dem über die Gerechtigkeit und ihre mögliche Verwirklichung in einem idealen Staat diskutiert wird. An dem fiktiven, literarisch gestalteten Dialog beteiligen sich sieben Personen, darunter Platons Brüder Glaukon und Adeimantos und der Redner Thrasymachos. Platons Lehrer Sokrates ist die Hauptfigur. Weitere Anwesende hören lediglich zu.
Posted in

Whither China?

intellectual politics in contemporary China

Author: Xudong Zhang,John David Kadvany

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 378

View: 4674

Chinese cultural and intellectual politics waned after the Tiananmen Square incident. This volume explores their revitalization in the 1990s.
Posted in History

Das Jahr der gefährlichen Träume

Author: Slavoj Žižek

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104025657

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 224

View: 8012

Über den Arabischen Frühling, Occupy Wall Street – und den Massenmord von Breivik 2011 – das Jahr des Arabischen Frühlings, der Occupy Wall Street-Bewegung, der Revolte in den Vorstädten Londons. 2011 – das Jahr von Breiviks ideologischer Wahnsinnstat, des aufkommenden Antisemitismus in Ungarn, des zunehmenden Rassismus. Gefährliche Träume in zweierlei Richtung stehen dahinter: emanzipatorische und destruktive. Was bedeuten diese Ereignisse im Kontext des globalen Kapitalismus? Mit Dialektik, analytischer Schärfe und gewohnt pointensicher legt Slavoj Žižek die Widersprüche der gegenwärtigen politischen Lage frei und fragt, wie wir das System bekämpfen können, ohne zu seinem Funktionieren beizutragen. »Theorie muss auch immer sexy sein, sie muss unterhalten, provozieren, bruchstückhaft und leicht zitierbar sein, physisch spürbar wie Rockmusik. All das liefert Žižek.« Der Spiegel
Posted in Literary Collections

Die Vereinbarkeit der vom Sicherheitsrat nach Kapitel VII der UN-Charta verhängten Wirtschaftssanktionen mit den Menschenrechten und dem humanitären Völkerrecht

Author: Lutz Oette

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9783631508510

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 5535

Die jungste Sanktionspraxis hat die Frage nach den sich aus den Menschenrechten und dem humanitaren Volkerrecht ergebenden Grenzen des Ermessens des Sicherheitsrats aufgeworfen, die beim Einsatz von Wirtschaftssanktionen zu beachten sind. Diese Grenzen werden anhand einer praxisorientierten Auslegung der UN-Charta bestimmt. Die rechtliche Beurteilung dieser Praxis zeigt, dass vor allem die gegenuber dem Irak verhangten Sanktionen den aus den Menschenrechten und dem humanitaren Volkerrecht folgenden Anforderungen nicht in vollem Umfang gerecht geworden sind. Seit geraumer Zeit ist aber ein Wandel zu einer Praxis erkennbar, in der -unbeabsichtigte humanitare Nebenwirkungen- vermieden werden sollen, besonders in Form gezielter Sanktionen. Diese Entwicklung bietet den Ansatzpunkt fur ein Sanktionsregime, in dessen Rahmen die Menschenrechte und humanitaren Rechte so weitgehend wie moglich gewahrleistet werden."
Posted in Political Science