The Human Rights Paradox

Universality and Its Discontents

Author: Steve J. Stern,Scott Straus

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299299732

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 8505

Human rights are paradoxical. Advocates across the world invoke the idea that such rights belong to all people, no matter who or where they are. But since humans can only realize their rights in particular places, human rights are both always and never universal. The Human Rights Paradox is the first book to fully embrace this contradiction and reframe human rights as history, contemporary social advocacy, and future prospect. In case studies that span Africa, Latin America, South and Southeast Asia, and the United States, contributors carefully illuminate how social actors create the imperative of human rights through relationships whose entanglements of the global and the local are so profound that one cannot exist apart from the other. These chapters provocatively analyze emerging twenty-first-century horizons of human rights—on one hand, the simultaneous promise and peril of global rights activism through social media, and on the other, the force of intergenerational rights linked to environmental concerns that are both local and global. Taken together, they demonstrate how local struggles and realities transform classic human rights concepts, including “victim,” “truth,” and “justice.” Edited by Steve J. Stern and Scott Straus, The Human Rights Paradox enables us to consider the consequences—for history, social analysis, politics, and advocacy—of understanding that human rights belong both to “humanity” as abstraction as well as to specific people rooted in particular locales.
Posted in History

Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Anthony Tirado Chase

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317613767

Category: Social Science

Page: 522

View: 1270

Recent events such as ‘Iran’s Green Revolution’ and the ‘Arab Uprisings’ have exploded notions that human rights are irrelevant to Middle Eastern and North African politics. Increasingly seen as a global concern, human rights are at the fulcrum of the region’s on-the-ground politics, transnational intellectual debates, and global political intersections. The Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa: emphasises the need to consider human rights in all their dimensions, rather than solely focusing on the political dimension, in order to understand the structural reasons behind the persistence of human rights violations; explores the various frameworks in which to consider human rights—conceptual, political and transnational/international; discusses issue areas subject to particularly intense debate—gender, religion, sexuality, transitions and accountability; contains contributions from perspectives that span from global theory to grassroots reflections, emphasising the need for academic work on human rights to seriously engage with the thoughts and practices of those working on the ground. A multidisciplinary approach from scholars with a wide range of expertise allows the book to capture the complex dynamics by which human rights have had, or could have, an impact on Middle Eastern and North African politics. This book will therefore be a key resource for students and scholars of Middle Eastern and North African politics and society, as well as anyone with a concern for Human Rights across the globe.
Posted in Social Science

Conflicted Memory

Military Cultural Interventions and the Human Rights Era in Peru

Author: Cynthia E. Milton

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299315002

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 3250

Reveals and analyzes how Peru's military elite have engaged in a cultural campaign--via memoirs, novels, films, museums--to shift public memory and debate about the nation's recent violent conflict and their part in it.
Posted in History

Human Rights, Transitional Justice, and the Reconstruction of Political Order in Latin America

Author: Michelle Frances Carmody

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319783939

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 468

In Argentina and elsewhere in Latin America, decades after the fall of authoritarian regimes in the 1970s, transitional justice has proven to be anything but transitional—it has become a cornerstone of state policy and a powerful tool of state formation. Contextualizing cultural and political shifts in Argentina after the 1976 military coup with comparisons to other countries in the Southern Cone, Michelle Frances Carmody argues that incorporating human rights practices into official policy became a way for state actors to both build the authority of the state and manage social conflict, a key aim of post-Cold War democracies. By examining the relationship between transitional justice and the Latin American political order, this book illuminates overlooked dimensions of state formation in the age of human rights.
Posted in History

Bread, Justice, and Liberty

Grassroots Activism and Human Rights in Pinochet's Chile

Author: Alison Bruey

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299316106

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 9031

In Santiago's urban shantytowns, a searing history of poverty and Chilean state violence have prompted grassroots resistance movements among the poor and working class from the 1940s to the present. Underscoring this complex continuity, Alison J. Bruey offers a compelling history of the struggle for social justice and democracy during the Pinochet dictatorship and its aftermath. As Bruey shows, crucial to the popular movement built in the 1970s were the activism of both men and women and the coalition forged by liberation-theology Catholics and Marxist-Left militants. These alliances made possible the mass protests of the 1980s that paved the way for Chile's return to democracy, but the changes fell short of many activists' hopes. Their grassroots demands for human rights encompassed not just an end to state terror but an embrace of economic opportunity and participatory democracy for all. Deeply grounded by both extensive oral history interviews and archival research, Bread, Justice, and Liberty offers innovative contributions to scholarship on Chilean history, social movements, popular protest and democratization, neoliberal economics, and the Cold War in Latin America.
Posted in History

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2037

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Making and Unmaking Nations

The Origins and Dynamics of Genocide in Contemporary Africa

Author: Scott Straus

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455677

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 8135

In Making and Unmaking Nations, Scott Straus seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. To solve that puzzle, he examines postcolonial Africa, analyzing countries in which genocide occurred and where it could have but did not. Why have there not been other Rwandas? Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide. Other critical factors include the dynamics of war, the role of restraint, and the interaction between national and local actors in the staging of campaigns of large-scale violence. Grounded in Straus's extensive fieldwork in contemporary Africa, the study of major twentieth-century cases of genocide, and the literature on genocide and political violence, Making and Unmaking Nations centers on cogent analyses of three nongenocide cases (Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal) and two in which genocide took place (Rwanda and Sudan). Straus’s empirical analysis is based in part on an original database of presidential speeches from 1960 to 2005. The book also includes a broad-gauge analysis of all major cases of large-scale violence in Africa since decolonization. Straus’s insights into the causes of genocide will inform the study of political violence as well as giving policymakers and nongovernmental organizations valuable tools for the future.
Posted in Political Science

Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies

Author: Nader Hashemi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199886520

Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 5213

Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.
Posted in Religion

Anleitung zur Unzufriedenheit

warum weniger glücklicher macht

Author: Barry Schwartz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548368672

Category:

Page: 284

View: 1635

Posted in

Das Recht auf Rechtfertigung

Elemente einer konstruktivistischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518293621

Category: Constructivism (Philosophy)

Page: 413

View: 5120

Kann es im Zeitalter des Pluralismus noch gelingen, eine hinreichend komplexe Theorie politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit mit Hilfe eines einzigen normativen Grundsatzes zu begründen? Dieses Buch unternimmt einen solchen Versuch, indem es die wesentlichen Elemente einer 'autonomen' Konstruktion der Gerechtigkeit zusammenträgt. Grundlegend ist dabei ein individuelles, moralisches Grund-Recht auf Rechtfertigung, das in den Kapiteln des ersten Teils in moralphilosophischer Perspektive expliziert wird. Im zweiten Teil werden dann die zentralen Bestandteile politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit - hinsichtlich der Grundbegriffe von Freiheit, Demokratie, Gleichheit und Toleranz - analysiert und verknüpft. Sie fügen sich zu einer kritischen, politischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit, in der die Frage der 'Rechtfertigungsmacht' zentral ist. Dies gilt auch, wie die Beiträge im dritten Teil zeigen, für die Gerechtigkeit auf transnationaler Ebene.
Posted in Constructivism (Philosophy)

Habermas

Introduction and Analysis

Author: David Ingram

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801476013

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 909

"This is a marvelous resource for anyone interested in better understanding the difficult and voluminous work of jurgen Habermas. It is clearly written, comprehensive, and fair-minded in its exegesis; moreover, it provides at the same time a highly intelligent, critical analysis of central themes in the writings of Habermas."---Stephen K. White, James Hart Professor of Politics, University of Virginia "This is a marvelously comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of Habermas's intellectual contribution to contemporary philosophy."---Simone Chambers, University of Toronto The work of Jurgen Habermas (b. 1929) has been highly influential both in philosophy and across many disciplines in the social sciences. David Ingram here provides an accessible introduction to Habermas's complex thought as it has evolved from 1953 to the present, spanning philosophy, religion, political science, social science, and law. One of today's most intriguing thinkers, Habermas is also notably prolific; for students and other readers who wish to navigate the philosopher's more than thirty books, the lucid and precise Habermas: Introduction And Analysis is a Welcome Starting point rich in insights Ingram's book addresses the entire range of Habermas's social theory, including his most recent and widely discussed contributions to religion, freedom and determinism, global democracy, and the consolidation of the European Union. Recognizing Habermas's Position as a highly public intellectual, lngram discusses how Habermas applies his own theory to pressing problems such as abortion, terrorism, genetic engineering, immigration, multiculturalism, separation of religion and state, technology and mass media, feminism, and human rights. He also presents a detailed critical analysis of Habermas's Key claims and arguments
Posted in Philosophy

Internationale Migration

Author: Khalid Koser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186930

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 204

View: 9153

"Es gibt aktuell auf der Welt mehr Migranten denn jemals zuvor; Kriege und Bürgerkriege sind genauso Gründe dafür wie Armut, wirtschaftliche Ansprüche oder gar Unternehmensgeist. Neu ist das Phänomen gleichwohl nicht, es hat die Geschichte von Kulturen und Staaten immer schon mitgeprägt. Khalid Koser, ein international gefragter Migrationsexperte des Genfer Zentrums für Sicherheitspolitik, stellt das Phänomen mit all seinen Problemen und Auswirkungen knapp, abgewogen und differenziert dar, widerlegt zahlreiche dazu umlaufende Mythen und plädiert dafür, den Wert der Migration für Volkswirtschaften und Kulturen zu erkennen und zu würdigen."--Verl.
Posted in Emigration and immigration

Das Informationszeitalter

Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft, Kultur

Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783825282622

Category: Developing countries

Page: 600

View: 1544

Posted in Developing countries

Taxation, State, and Civil Society in Germany and the United States from the 18th to the 20th Century

Author: Alexander Nützenadel,Christoph Strupp

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 8063

Taxes are a fundamental element of modern industrial societies and affect every citizen. Today's tax regimes are historical constructions that reflect a nation's political traditions, but they are also shaped by political, intellectual, and economic trends that transcend national boundaries. From a comparative and interdisciplinary perspective, this collection of essays addresses the relationship between taxes, citizenship, and state-building in Germany and the United States from the 18th to the early 20th century. Leading scholars of history and economics from both sides of the Atlantic provide insight into the development of the modern fiscal state and the relationship between taxation, tax protests, and political representation. Methodologically, the book will be regarded as a first approach towards a transnational history of modern taxation. The collection will be of interest to those who deal with questions of state-building, the development of the civil society, the relationship between the individual and the state, and the historical dimensions of taxation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Whither China?

intellectual politics in contemporary China

Author: Xudong Zhang,John David Kadvany

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 378

View: 1930

Chinese cultural and intellectual politics waned after the Tiananmen Square incident. This volume explores their revitalization in the 1990s.
Posted in History

Das Unvernehmen

Politik und Philosophie

Author: Jacques Rancière

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518291887

Category: Political science

Page: 148

View: 5941

Posted in Political science

Für Marx

Author: Louis Althusser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518126004

Category: Communism

Page: 408

View: 2432

Posted in Communism

Respekt im Zeitalter der Ungleichheit

Author: Richard Sennett

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827072263

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9406

Manche radikalen Denker glauben, man müsse lediglich für mehr soziale Gerechtigkeit sorgen, um auch mehr gegenseitigen Respekt zwischen den Menschen zu wecken. Aber ist das überhaupt realistisch? Zieht Selbstachtung nicht automatisch mangelnden Respekt gegenüber denjenigen nach sich, die im unbarmherzigen sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Wettbewerb die Benachteiligten sind? Bei der Suche nach Antworten greift Sennett auch auf seine eigene Lebensgeschichte zurück: Aufgewachsen in einem Ghetto von Chicago, gelang ihm zunächst mit Hilfe der Musik und dann des Studiums in Harvard der soziale Aufstieg. Erneut erweist sich Sennett als konstruktiver kritischer Geist mit Weitblick, als jemand, der mit Hilfe anschaulicher Beispiele grundlegende gesellschaftliche Veränderungen benennt.
Posted in Political Science