The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Author: Benjamin Fine,Gerhard Rosenberger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461219280

Category: Mathematics

Page: 210

View: 7999

The fundamental theorem of algebra states that any complex polynomial must have a complex root. This book examines three pairs of proofs of the theorem from three different areas of mathematics: abstract algebra, complex analysis and topology. The first proof in each pair is fairly straightforward and depends only on what could be considered elementary mathematics. However, each of these first proofs leads to more general results from which the fundamental theorem can be deduced as a direct consequence. These general results constitute the second proof in each pair. To arrive at each of the proofs, enough of the general theory of each relevant area is developed to understand the proof. In addition to the proofs and techniques themselves, many applications such as the insolvability of the quintic and the transcendence of e and pi are presented. Finally, a series of appendices give six additional proofs including a version of Gauss'original first proof. The book is intended for junior/senior level undergraduate mathematics students or first year graduate students, and would make an ideal "capstone" course in mathematics.
Posted in Mathematics

Types for Proofs and Programs

International Workshop, TYPES 2000, Durham, UK, December 8-12, 2000. Selected Papers

Author: Paul Callaghan,Zhaohui Luo,James McKinna,Robert Pollack

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540458425

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 5857

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the International Workshop of the TYPES Working Group, TYPES 2000, held in Durham, UK in December 2000. The 15 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected during two rounds of refereeing and revision. All current issues on type theory and type systems and their applications to programming, systems design, and proof theory are addressed.
Posted in Computers

Über die Hypothesen, welche der Geometrie zu Grunde liegen

Author: Bernhard Riemann,Hermann Weyl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662248611

Category: Mathematics

Page: 50

View: 424

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.
Posted in Mathematics

A First Course in Topology

Continuity and Dimension

Author: John McCleary

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821838849

Category: Mathematics

Page: 211

View: 5559

How many dimensions does our universe require for a comprehensive physical description? In 1905, Poincare argued philosophically about the necessity of the three familiar dimensions, while recent research is based on 11 dimensions or even 23 dimensions. The notion of dimension itself presented a basic problem to the pioneers of topology. Cantor asked if dimension was a topological feature of Euclidean space. To answer this question, some important topological ideas were introduced by Brouwer, giving shape to a subject whose development dominated the twentieth century. The basic notions in topology are varied and a comprehensive grounding in point-set topology, the definition and use of the fundamental group, and the beginnings of homology theory requires considerable time.The goal of this book is a focused introduction through these classical topics, aiming throughout at the classical result of the Invariance of Dimension. This text is based on the author's course given at Vassar College and is intended for advanced undergraduate students. It is suitable for a semester-long course on topology for students who have studied real analysis and linear algebra. It is also a good choice for a capstone course, senior seminar, or independent study.
Posted in Mathematics

A First Course in Analysis

Author: George Pedrick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985549

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 879

This text on advanced calculus discusses such topics as number systems, the extreme value problem, continuous functions, differentiation, integration and infinite series. The reader will find the focus of attention shifted from the learning and applying of computational techniques to careful reasoning from hypothesis to conclusion. The book is intended both for a terminal course and as preparation for more advanced studies in mathematics, science, engineering and computation.
Posted in Mathematics

Revue de mathématique élémentaires

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8696

Elemente der Mathematik (EL) publishes survey articles about important developments in the field of mathematics; stimulating shorter communications that tackle more specialized questions; and papers that report on the latest advances in mathematics and applications in other disciplines. The journal does not focus on basic research. Rather, its articles seek to convey to a wide circle of readers - teachers, students, engineers, professionals in industry and administration - the relevance, intellectual challenge and vitality of mathematics today. The Problems Section, covering a diverse range of exercises of varying degrees of difficulty, encourages an active grappling with mathematical problems.
Posted in Mathematics

Polynomials and Polynomial Inequalities

Author: Peter Borwein,Tamas Erdelyi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461207932

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 1434

After an introduction to the geometry of polynomials and a discussion of refinements of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, the book turns to a consideration of various special polynomials. Chebyshev and Descartes systems are then introduced, and Müntz systems and rational systems are examined in detail. Subsequent chapters discuss denseness questions and the inequalities satisfied by polynomials and rational functions. Appendices on algorithms and computational concerns, on the interpolation theorem, and on orthogonality and irrationality round off the text. The book is self-contained and assumes at most a senior-undergraduate familiarity with real and complex analysis.
Posted in Mathematics

Elements of Abstract Algebra

Author: Allan Clark

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486647258

Category: Mathematics

Page: 205

View: 5251

Lucid coverage of the major theories of abstract algebra, with helpful illustrations and exercises included throughout. Unabridged, corrected republication of the work originally published 1971. Bibliography. Index. Includes 24 tables and figures.
Posted in Mathematics

Newsletter

Author: New Zealand Mathematical Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 2578

Posted in Mathematics

Complex Analysis

Author: Joseph Bak,Donald J. Newman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441972880

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 7220

This unusual and lively textbook offers a clear and intuitive approach to the classical and beautiful theory of complex variables. With very little dependence on advanced concepts from several-variable calculus and topology, the text focuses on the authentic complex-variable ideas and techniques. Accessible to students at their early stages of mathematical study, this full first year course in complex analysis offers new and interesting motivations for classical results and introduces related topics stressing motivation and technique. Numerous illustrations, examples, and now 300 exercises, enrich the text. Students who master this textbook will emerge with an excellent grounding in complex analysis, and a solid understanding of its wide applicability.
Posted in Mathematics

Lineare Algebra für Informatiker

I. Grundlagen, diskrete Mathematik. II. Lineare Algebra

Author: Bodo Pareigis

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662083841

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 9567

Das vorliegende Buch bietet eine auf die Belange der mathematischen Grundausbildung der Informatiker zugeschnittene Einführung in die Lineare Algebra, die den Leser bis hin zu den Euklidischen Vektorräumen und der Hauptachsentransformation führt. Besonders interessant sind Anwendungen der Vektorrechnung in der Codierungstheorie, Anwendungen der Matrizenrechnung auf lineare Gleichungssysteme und elementare Rechenmethoden zur Invertierung und Zerlegung von Matrizen und zur Bestimmung von Eigenwerten. Dem Teil über Lineare Algebra geht ein breit angelegter Teil über Grundlagen der Mathematik und diskrete Mathematik voraus. Neben der Mengenlehre und der Einführung der Zahlen (mit einem Abschnitt über Rekursion) enthält das Buch Kapitel über Graphentheorie, algebraische Grundstrukturen (bis hin zum Rechnen in Booleschen Algebren), über Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und eine Einführung in Fuzzy-Mengen. Mit vielen Beispielen und Anwendungen auch bestens zum Selbststudium geeignet.
Posted in Computers

The American Mathematical Monthly

The Official Journal of the Mathematical Association of America

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematicians

Page: N.A

View: 9951

Posted in Mathematicians

Mathematics and Its History

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441960538

Category: Mathematics

Page: 662

View: 2175

From a review of the second edition: "This book covers many interesting topics not usually covered in a present day undergraduate course, as well as certain basic topics such as the development of the calculus and the solution of polynomial equations. The fact that the topics are introduced in their historical contexts will enable students to better appreciate and understand the mathematical ideas involved...If one constructs a list of topics central to a history course, then they would closely resemble those chosen here." (David Parrott, Australian Mathematical Society) This book offers a collection of historical essays detailing a large variety of mathematical disciplines and issues; it’s accessible to a broad audience. This third edition includes new chapters on simple groups and new sections on alternating groups and the Poincare conjecture. Many more exercises have been added as well as commentary that helps place the exercises in context.
Posted in Mathematics

A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra

Author: Lindsay N. Childs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387745270

Category: Mathematics

Page: 604

View: 2256

This book is an informal and readable introduction to higher algebra at the post-calculus level. The concepts of ring and field are introduced through study of the familiar examples of the integers and polynomials. The new examples and theory are built in a well-motivated fashion and made relevant by many applications - to cryptography, coding, integration, history of mathematics, and especially to elementary and computational number theory. The later chapters include expositions of Rabiin's probabilistic primality test, quadratic reciprocity, and the classification of finite fields. Over 900 exercises are found throughout the book.
Posted in Mathematics

Basic Algebra

Author: Anthony W. Knapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817632484

Category: Mathematics

Page: 717

View: 6614

Basic Algebra and Advanced Algebra systematically develop concepts and tools in algebra that are vital to every mathematician, whether pure or applied, aspiring or established. Together, the two books give the reader a global view of algebra and its role in mathematics as a whole. The presentation includes blocks of problems that introduce additional topics and applications to science and engineering to guide further study. Many examples and hundreds of problems are included, along with a separate 90-page section giving hints or complete solutions for most of the problems.
Posted in Mathematics

Abstract Algebra

Author: Ronald Solomon

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821847954

Category: Mathematics

Page: 227

View: 3536

This undergraduate text takes a novel approach to the standard introductory material on groups, rings, and fields. At the heart of the text is a semi-historical journey through the early decades of the subject as it emerged in the revolutionary work of Euler, Lagrange, Gauss, and Galois. Avoiding excessive abstraction whenever possible, the text focuses on the central problem of studying the solutions of polynomial equations. Highlights include a proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, essentially due to Euler, and a proof of the constructability of the regular 17-gon, in the manner of Gauss. Another novel feature is the introduction of groups through a meditation on the meaning of congruence in the work of Euclid. Everywhere in the text, the goal is to make clear the links connecting abstract algebra to Euclidean geometry, high school algebra, and trigonometry, in the hope that students pursuing a career as secondary mathematics educators will carry away a deeper and richer understanding of the high school mathematics curriculum. Another goal is to encourage students, insofar as possible in a textbook format, to build the course for themselves, with exercises integrally embedded in the text of each chapter.
Posted in Mathematics

A Concise Text on Advanced Linear Algebra

Author: Yisong Yang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107087511

Category: Mathematics

Page: 334

View: 6087

This engaging, well-motivated textbook helps advanced undergraduate students to grasp core concepts and reveals applications in mathematics and beyond.
Posted in Mathematics

A Course in Algebra

Author: Ėrnest Borisovich Vinberg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821834138

Category: Mathematics

Page: 511

View: 3575

This is a comprehensive textbook on modern algebra written by an internationally renowned specialist. It covers material traditionally found in advanced undergraduate and basic graduate courses and presents it in a lucid style. The author includes almost no technically difficult proofs, and reflecting his point of view on mathematics, he tries wherever possible to replace calculations and difficult deductions with conceptual proofs and to associate geometric images to algebraic objects. The effort spent on the part of students in absorbing these ideas will pay off when they turn to solving problems outside of this textbook.Another important feature is the presentation of most topics on several levels, allowing students to move smoothly from initial acquaintance with the subject to thorough study and a deeper understanding. Basic topics are included, such as algebraic structures, linear algebra, polynomials, and groups, as well as more advanced topics, such as affine and projective spaces, tensor algebra, Galois theory, Lie groups, and associative algebras and their representations. Some applications of linear algebra and group theory to physics are discussed. The book is written with extreme care and contains over 200 exercises and 70 figures. It is ideal as a textbook and also suitable for independent study for advanced undergraduates and graduate students.
Posted in Mathematics