The Framework Of Plasma Physics

Author: Richard D. Hazeltine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429982437

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6239

Plasma physics is a necessary part of our understanding of stellar and galactic structure. It determines the magnetospheric environment of the earth and other planets; it forms the research frontier in such areas as nuclear fusion, advanced accelerators, and high power lasers; and its applications to various industrial processes (such as computer chip manufacture) are rapidly increasing. It is thus a subject with a long list of scientific and technological applications. This book provides the scientific background for understanding such applications, but it emphasizes something else: the intrinsic scientific interest of the plasma state. It attempts to develop an understanding of this state, and of plasma behavior, as thoroughly and systematically as possible. The book was written with the graduate student in mind, but most of the material would also fit into an upper-level undergraduate course.
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Frontiers in Fusion Research

Physics and Fusion

Author: Mitsuru Kikuchi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781849964111

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 270

View: 2849

Frontiers in Fusion Research provides a systematic overview of the latest physical principles of fusion and plasma confinement. It is primarily devoted to the principle of magnetic plasma confinement, that has been systematized through 50 years of fusion research. Frontiers in Fusion Research begins with an introduction to the study of plasma, discussing the astronomical birth of hydrogen energy and the beginnings of human attempts to harness the Sun’s energy for use on Earth. It moves on to chapters that cover a variety of topics such as: • charged particle motion, • plasma kinetic theory, • wave dynamics, • force equilibrium, and • plasma turbulence. The final part of the book describes the characteristics of fusion as a source of energy and examines the current status of this particular field of research. Anyone with a grasp of basic quantum and analytical mechanics, especially physicists and researchers from a range of different backgrounds, may find Frontiers in Fusion Research an interesting and informative guide to the physics of magnetic confinement.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Lie Algebras In Particle Physics

from Isospin To Unified Theories

Author: Howard Georgi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429978847

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 5968

Howard Georgi is the co-inventor (with Sheldon Glashow) of the SU(5) theory. This extensively revised and updated edition of his classic text makes the theory of Lie groups accessible to graduate students, while offering a perspective on the way in which knowledge of such groups can provide an insight into the development of unified theories of strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions.
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Solar Neutrinos

The First Thirty Years

Author: Raymond Davis, Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429971362

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 479

The papers reprinted in this book depict a research field that is poised to answer some of the fundamental questions of twentieth-century physics and astronomy: How does the sun shine? What is the dark matter? Is there new physics beyond the ?standard model??This book is of interest to students as well as active researchers in the scientific areas spanned by the reprinted papers, which include physics, chemistry, astronomy, geology, and engineering. Historians of science, some of whom have already used the solar neutrino problem as a case study, will also find this collection a rich source of examples and insights.Solar Neutrinos gives one the special feeling of being present at the birth of a scientific field. The physical ideas are presented with a simplicity that is unusual in review of papers. By delving into the scientific landmarks reprinted here, one can see clearly how researchers-starting with a paucity of data and with conflicting hypothesis-struggled together to grope their way to a better understanding of the sun and of weak interaction physics. Three new papers have been added to the present paperback version; these papers represent breakthroughs in the field since the original 1994 hardcopy publication.
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Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics

The X-Games of Contemporary Science

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Plasma Science Committee,Committee on High Energy Density Plasma Physics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030908637X

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 2612

Recent scientific and technical advances have made it possible to create matter in the laboratory under conditions relevant to astrophysical systems such as supernovae and black holes. These advances will also benefit inertial confinement fusion research and the nation’s nuclear weapon’s program. The report describes the major research facilities on which such high energy density conditions can be achieved and lists a number of key scientific questions about high energy density physics that can be addressed by this research. Several recommendations are presented that would facilitate the development of a comprehensive strategy for realizing these research opportunities.
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Frontiers in Modern Plasma Physics

2008 ICTP International Workshop on the Frontiers of Modern Plasma Physics

Author: Padma K. Shukla,Bengt Eliasson,Lennart Stenflo

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 3413

The main focus of the workshop was on tokamak physics and magnetic confinement fusion, plasma turbulence, dusty plasmas, intense laser-plasma interactions, plasma based particle acceleration, and quantum plasmas including quantum electrodynamic effects. The aim of the workshop was also to provide training for young scientists from all over the world, mainly from third world countries, and to give them the opportunity to interact with the senior scientists in an informal manner. A selected number of papers by the invited speakers appears in this book.
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New Frontiers in Nonlinear Sciences

Proceedings of the International Topical Conference on Plasma Physics : Universidade Do Algarve, Faro, Portugal, September 6-10, 1999

Author: P. K. Shukla,Lennart Stenflo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page: 234

View: 6656

Posted in Plasma (Ionized gases)

Ionospheric Precursors of Earthquakes

Author: Sergey Pulinets,Kyrill Boyarchuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540208396

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 1141

The book aims to explain the variations of near-Earth plasma observed over seismically active areas several days/hours before strong seismic shocks. It demonstrates how seismo-ionospheric coupling is part of the global electric circuit and shows that the anomalous electric field appearing in active seismic areas is the main carrier of information from the earth into the ionosphere. The discussion of physical mechanisms is based on experimental data. The results can be regarded as the basis for future applications such as short-term earthquake prediction. It proceeds to describe existing complex systems of space-born and ground-based monitoring for electromagnetic and ionospheric precursors of earthquakes, as well as those still under construction. It is an excellent text for courses and contains a wealth of information for those scientists working in the field of natural disaster reduction.
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Dynamics of Galaxies

Author: Giuseppe Bertin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521478557

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 1996

A complete and self-contained introduction to modern galactic dynamics for graduate students.
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Statistical Plasma Physics: Condensed plasmas

Author: Setsuo Ichimaru

Publisher: Westview Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 3076

The aim of this book is to elucidate a number of basic topics in physics of dense plasmas that interface with condensed matter physics, atomic physics, nuclear physics, and astrophysics. The different plasmas examined here include astrophysical dense plasmas - like those found in the interiors, surfaces, and outer envelopes of such astronomical objects as neutron stars, white dwarfs, the Sun, brown dwarfs, and giant planets. Condensed plasmas in laboratory settings cover metals and alloys (solid, amorphous, liquid, and compressed), semiconductors (electrons, holes, and their droplets), and various realizations of dense plasmas (shock-compressed, diamond-anvil cell, metal vaporization, pinch discharges, and more.)Statistical Plasma Physics: Volume II, Condensed Plasmas is intended as a graduate-level textbook on the subjects of condensed plasma physics, material sciences, and condensed-matter astrophysics. It will also be useful to researchers in the fields of plasma physics, condensed-matter physics, atomic physics, nuclear physics, and astrophysics.
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Statistical Plasma Physics: Basic principles

Author: Setsuo Ichimaru

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 4062

A coherent, self-contained account of the fundamental theories in plasma physics, now updated and corrected throughout.
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Journeys Beyond the Standard Model

Author: Pierre Ramond

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780738201160

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 7024

This book should be at the side of every particle and nuclear physics graduate student and professional. Journeys Beyond the Standard Model starts with a detailed and modern account of the Standard Model of elementary particle physics, the paradigm of particle physics for the last twenty years. Its timely release coincides with the recent dramatic discovery that the neutrino has a finite mass, which is the first indication that the Standard Model is an incomplete description of fundamental physics at short distances. This book presents in detail three possible generalizations of the Standard Model: its extension to accommodate neutrino masses; its extension to avoid CP violation in the strong interactions by introducing a new particle, the axion; and finally, its generalization to low-energy supersymmetry, which provides a link between the standard model and Einstein's theory of general relativity.This new graduate text complements the author's previous book, Modern Field Theory: A Primer , which focuses on the methodology of particle physics. Its aim is to give students and professional physicists alike a thorough comprehension of the phenomena described by the Standard Model, while keeping track of the most recent and cutting-edge principles of elementary particle physics.
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Statistical plasma physics

Author: Setsuo Ichimaru

Publisher: Westview Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2269

Posted in Science

Energy and Water, and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2007

Hearing Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, Second Session

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water, and Related Agencies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Energy development

Page: N.A

View: 5294

Posted in Energy development

Introduction to Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Ray Physics

Author: Pierre Sokolsky

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 3611

In one compact - and now updated - volume, this text provides a basic introduction to ultrahigh energy cosmic rays, recognized today as an important area of study between high energy physics and astrophysics.
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Kern- und Teilchenphysik

Author: Claude Amsler

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 3728136956

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 5390

Dieses Buch bietet eine phänomenologische Einführung in die Welt der elementarsten Bausteine, die mit der Entdeckung der Radioaktivität im Jahre 1896 begann und bis zum kürzlich erfolgten Nachweis der Neutrino-Oszillationen reicht. Es richtet sich an Studierende der Physik, die die Grundlagen der Physik und Mathematik schon beherrschen. Der Stoff orientiert sich am Experiment, ist chronologisch aufgebaut und schlägt eine Brücke zwischen der Kern- und Teilchenphysik. Beschrieben werden die Methoden zur Herstellung von Teilchenstrahlen und zur Beobachtung von Teilchenreaktionen. Die bahnbrechenden Erkenntnisse werden anschaulich aus der Theorie hergeleitet und mit Messungen verglichen. Dieses Buch schliesst eine schon lange bestehende Lücke zwischen Kern- und Teilchenphysik und zwischen Experimenten und Theorie. Begriffe aus nieder- und hochenergetischen Bereichen der Teilchenphysik werden phänomenologisch hergeleitet und mit Messungen verglichen.
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Antimaterie

Author: Frank Close

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827425317

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 8128

Genesis Im Anfang w ar Leere: „Finsternis lag über der Ur ut“. Dann kam es zu einem gewaltigen Energieausbruch: „Es werde Licht. Und es wurde Licht.“ Woher diese Energie kam, weiß ich nicht. Bekannt ist jedoc h, was anschließend geschah: Die Energie kondensierte zu Materie und ihrem geheimn- vollen Spiegelbild – der Antimaterie – in vollkommen gl- chen Mengen. Gewöhnliche Materie ist uns vertraut; aus ihr bestehen Luft und Erde und die Lebewesen. Doch ihr getreues, in allen Erscheinungen identisches Spiegelbild, das erst im Inneren der Atome seine „verkehrte“ Natur offenbart, ist uns mehr als fremd. Es ist die Antimaterie, die Antithese zur Materie. Antimaterie gibt es heute nicht in größeren Mengen, zumindest nicht auf der Erde. Der Grund für ihr V- schwinden gehört zu den unerklärten Geheimnissen des Universums. Wir wissen aber, dass Antimaterie existiert, denn sie konnte in physikalischen Experimenten in win- gen Mengen hergestellt werden. Antimaterie zerstört jede gewöhnliche Materie, mit der sie in Berührung kommt, in einem grellen Blitz. Die seit XII Vorwort Milliarden von Jahren gebündelte Energie der Materie wird in einem solchen Augenblick explosionsartig frei- setzt. Antimaterie könnte die ideale Energiequelle werden, die Technologie des 21. Jahrhunderts. Doch ihre Fähigkeit zur absoluten Zerstörung könnte sie auch zu einer ulti- tiven Massenvernichtungswaffe machen.
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Theory of the Electron

A Theory of Matter from START

Author: J. Keller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792368193

Category: Science

Page: 263

View: 7653

In the first century after its discovery, the electron has come to be a fundamental element in the analysis of physical aspects of nature. This book is devoted to the construction of a deductive theory of the electron, starting from first principles and using a simple mathematical tool, geometric analysis. Its purpose is to present a comprehensive theory of the electron to the point where a connection can be made with the main approaches to the study of the electron in physics. The introduction describes the methodology. Chapter 2 presents the concept of space-time-action relativity theory and in chapter 3 the mathematical structures describing action are analyzed. Chapters 4, 5, and 6 deal with the theory of the electron in a series of aspects where the geometrical analysis is more relevant. Finally in chapter 7 the form of geometrical analysis used in the book is presented to elucidate the broad range of topics which are covered and the range of mathematical structures which are implicitly or explicitly included. The book is directed to two different audiences of graduate students and research scientists: primarily to theoretical physicists in the field of electron physics as well as those in the more general field of quantum mechanics, elementary particle physics, and general relativity; secondly, to mathematicians in the field of geometric analysis.
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