The Failure of the Founding Fathers

Jefferson, Marshall, and the Rise of Presidential Democracy

Author: Bruce ACKERMAN

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674020057

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 492

Based on seven years of archival research, the book describes previously unknown aspects of the electoral college crisis of 1800, presenting a revised understanding of the early days of two great institutions that continue to have a major impact on American history: the plebiscitarian presidency and a Supreme Court that struggles to put the presidency's claims of a popular mandate into constitutional perspective. Through close studies of two Supreme Court cases, Ackerman shows how the court integrated Federalist and Republican themes into the living Constitution of the early republic.
Posted in History

Die amerikanischen Präsidenten

44 historische Portraits von George Washington bis Barack Obama

Author: Christof Mauch

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406587429

Category:

Page: 518

View: 8228

Posted in

Inventing the Job of President

Leadership Style from George Washington to Andrew Jackson

Author: Fred I. Greenstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400831369

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 5264

From George Washington's decision to buy time for the new nation by signing the less-than-ideal Jay Treaty with Great Britain in 1795 to George W. Bush's order of a military intervention in Iraq in 2003, the matter of who is president of the United States is of the utmost importance. In this book, Fred Greenstein examines the leadership styles of the earliest presidents, men who served at a time when it was by no means certain that the American experiment in free government would succeed. In his groundbreaking book The Presidential Difference, Greenstein evaluated the personal strengths and weaknesses of the modern presidents since Franklin D. Roosevelt. Here, he takes us back to the very founding of the republic to apply the same yardsticks to the first seven presidents from Washington to Andrew Jackson, giving his no-nonsense assessment of the qualities that did and did not serve them well in office. For each president, Greenstein provides a concise history of his life and presidency, and evaluates him in the areas of public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and emotional intelligence. Washington, for example, used his organizational prowess--honed as a military commander and plantation owner--to lead an orderly administration. In contrast, John Adams was erudite but emotionally volatile, and his presidency was an organizational disaster. Inventing the Job of President explains how these early presidents and their successors shaped the American presidency we know today and helped the new republic prosper despite profound challenges at home and abroad.
Posted in History

American Government and Politics Today, No Separate Policy Chapters Version, 2013-2014

Author: Steffen Schmidt,Mack Shelley,Barbara Bardes,Lynne Ford

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 113395605X

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 2457

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS TODAY is known nationwide for its balanced, unbiased, and up-to-date coverage of constitutional, governmental, political, social, and economic structures and their processes. It encourages students to experience the excitement that comes with being an active, engaged, and informed citizen and provides them with the tools they need to get involved. This latest edition includes a variety of updates including in-depth coverage of the 2012 elections. This version of the text does not include the policy chapters. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Political Science

Thomas Jefferson and Executive Power

Author: Jeremy D. Bailey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466291

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2893

By revisiting Thomas Jefferson's understanding of executive power this book offers a new understanding of the origins of presidential power. Before Jefferson was elected president, he arrived at a way to resolve the tension between constitutionalism and executive power. Because his solution would preserve a strict interpretation of the Constitution as well as transform the precedents left by his Federalist predecessors, it provided an alternative to Alexander Hamilton's understanding of executive power. In fact, a more thorough account of Jefferson's political career suggests that Jefferson envisioned an executive that was powerful, or 'energetic', because it would be more explicitly attached to the majority will. Jefferson's Revolution of 1800, often portrayed as a reversal of the strong presidency, was itself premised on energy in the executive and was part of Jefferson's project to enable the Constitution to survive and even flourish in a world governed by necessity.
Posted in Political Science

Popular Leadership in the Presidency

Origins and Practice

Author: Karen S. Hoffman

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739144219

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 1428

While most research on the public presidency focuses on modern presidents, this book demonstrates how the structure of the executive encourages a connection with the public for all presidents. An examination of the first four presidents in Popular Leadership in the Presidency reveals their methods of public persuasion as well as the influence of their structural position.
Posted in Political Science

Books on Early American History and Culture, 2001–2005: An Annotated Bibliography

Author: Raymond D. Irwin

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440829225

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 729

This volume offers a complete listing and description of books published on early America between 2001 and 2005. • The book is organized thematically to facilitate research • Extensive author indexes and guides to important works for the time period are provided • The most important books in each subject (e.g., gender, politics) are enumerated based on frequency of citation
Posted in History

Jefferson's Freeholders and the Politics of Ownership in the Old Dominion

Author: Christopher Michael Curtis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107017408

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 7918

Jefferson's Freeholders explores the processes by which Virginia was transformed from a British colony into a Southern slave state. Focusing on ideas of ownership, the book emphasizes the persistent influence of English common law on the state's political culture. It uniquely details how the traditional principles of land tenure were subverted by the economic and political changes of the nineteenth century and how they fostered law reforms that encouraged the idea that slavery should replace land ownership as the distinguishing basis for political power.
Posted in History

The Supreme Court and the American Elite, 1789-2008

Author: Lucas A. Powe, Jr.

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674054423

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 2368

In this engaging - and disturbing - book, a leading historian of the Court reveals the close fit between its decisions and the nation's politics. Drawing on more than four decades of thinking about the Supreme Court and its role in the American political system, this book offers a new, clear, and troubling perspective on American jurisprudence, politics, and history.
Posted in History

Framed

America's 51 Constitutions and the Crisis of Governance

Author: Sanford Levinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199930872

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 3826

In his widely acclaimed volume Our Undemocratic Constitution, Sanford Levinson boldly argued that our Constitution should not be treated with "sanctimonious reverence," but as a badly flawed document deserving revision. Now Levinson takes us deeper, asking what were the original assumptions underlying our institutions, and whether we accept those assumptions 225 years later. In Framed, Levinson challenges our belief that the most important features of our constitutions concern what rights they protect. Instead, he focuses on the fundamental procedures of governance such as congressional bicameralism; the selection of the President by the electoral college, or the dimensions of the President's veto power--not to mention the near impossibility of amending the United States Constitution. These seemingly "settled" and "hardwired" structures contribute to the now almost universally recognized "dysfunctionality" of American politics. Levinson argues that we should stop treating the United States Constitution as uniquely exemplifying the American constitutional tradition. We should be aware of the 50 state constitutions, often interestingly different--and perhaps better--than the national model. Many states have updated their constitutions by frequent amendment or by complete replacement via state constitutional conventions. California's ungovernable condition has prompted serious calls for a constitutional convention. This constant churn indicates that basic law often reaches the point where it fails and becomes obsolete. Given the experience of so many states, he writes, surely it is reasonable to believe that the U.S. Constitution merits its own updating. Whether we are concerned about making America more genuinely democratic or only about creating a system of government that can more effectively respond to contemporary challenges, we must confront the ways our constitutions, especially the United States Constitution, must be changed in fundamental ways.
Posted in Law

Nature's Man

Thomas Jefferson's Philosophical Anthropology

Author: Maurizio Valsania

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813933587

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 4084

Although scholars have adequately covered Thomas Jefferson’s general ideas about human nature and race, this is the first book to examine what Maurizio Valsania terms Jefferson’s "philosophical anthropology"—philosophical in the sense that he concerned himself not with describing how humans are, culturally or otherwise, but with the kind of human being Jefferson thought he was, wanted to become, and wished for citizens to be for the future of the United States. Valsania’s exploration of this philosophical anthropology touches on Jefferson’s concepts of nationalism, slavery, gender roles, modernity, affiliation, and community. More than that, Nature's Man shows how Jefferson could advocate equality and yet control and own other human beings. A humanist who asserted the right of all people to personal fulfillment, Jefferson nevertheless had a complex philosophy that also acknowledged the dynamism of nature and the limits of human imagination. Despite Jefferson's famous advocacy of apparently individualistic rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, Valsania argues that both Jefferson's yearning for the human individual to become something good and his fear that this hypothetical being would turn into something bad were rooted in a specific form of communitarianism. Absorbing and responding to certain moral-philosophical currents in Europe, Jefferson’s nature-infused vision underscored the connection between the individual and the community.
Posted in History

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 1463

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Judicial Politics in Polarized Times

Author: Thomas M. Keck

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618241X

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 884

When the Supreme Court upheld the Affordable Care Act, some saw the decision as a textbook example of neutral judicial decision making, noting that a Republican Chief Justice joined the Court’s Democratic appointees to uphold most provisions of the ACA. Others characterized the decision as the latest example of partisan justice and cited the actions of a bloc of the Court’s Republican appointees, who voted to strike down the statute in its entirety. Still others argued that the ACA’s fate ultimately hinged not on the Court but on the outcome of the 2012 election. These interpretations reflect larger stories about judicial politics that have emerged in polarized America. Are judges neutral legal umpires, unaccountable partisan activists, or political actors whose decisions conform to—rather than challenge—the democratic will? Drawing on a sweeping survey of litigation on abortion, affirmative action, gay rights, and gun rights across the Clinton, Bush, and Obama eras, Thomas M. Keck argues that, while each of these stories captures part of the significance of judicial politics in polarized times, each is also misleading. Despite judges’ claims, actual legal decisions are not the politically neutral products of disembodied legal texts. But neither are judges “tyrants in robes,” undermining democratic values by imposing their own preferences. Just as often, judges and the public seem to be pushing in the same direction. As for the argument that the courts are powerless institutions, Keck shows that their decisions have profound political effects. And, while advocates on both the left and right engage constantly in litigation to achieve their ends, neither side has consistently won. Ultimately, Keck argues, judges respond not simply as umpires, activists, or political actors, but in light of distinctive judicial values and practices.
Posted in Law

Um Ehre und Anerkennung

Englandbilder im amerikanischen Süden und die Aussenpolitik der Konföderation

Author: Holger Löttel

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515093347

Category: Political Science

Page: 468

View: 8475

The Civil War was not only the largest catastrophe in the history of the United States, but also a crisis of international scale. Intervention of the European states under the leadership of the United Kingdom, which for a while not only seemed possible but also probable, might have influenced the war's course considerably. This volume studies the intellectual and cultural foundations of the confederate states' foreign policy regarding the United Kingdom. It traces the views and opinions southern politicians had of England and shows how these views fluctuated between admiration and contempt, sentimentality and criticism, and became the basis of a foreign policy that was focused on the cultural key concepts of honor and acknowledgment. German text.
Posted in Political Science

Modern Democracy and the Theological-Political Problem in Spinoza, Rousseau, and Jefferson

Author: L. Ward,Bruce King

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137475056

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 7063

The book examines the intersection of two philosophical developments which define define contemporary life in the liberal democratic west, considering how democracy has become the only legitimate and publicly defensible regime, while also considering how modern democracy attempts to solve what Leo Strauss called the "theologico-political problem."
Posted in Social Science

Cradle of America

Four Centuries of Virginia History

Author: Peter Wallenstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 7269

In this first single-authored history of Virginia since the 1970s, Peter Wallenstein traces major themes across four centuries in a brisk narrative that recalls the people and events that have shaped the Old Dominion.
Posted in History

The Madisonian Constitution

Author: George Thomas

Publisher: JHUP

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 7152

Today, we think of constitutional questions as being settled by the Supreme Court.But that is not always the case, nor is it what the framers intended in constructing the three-branch federal government. This volume examines four crucial moments in the United States' political history -- the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Progressive Era, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's presidency and the New Deal, and the Reagan revolution -- to illustrate the Madisonian view that the present rise of judicial supremacy actually runs counter to the Constitution as established at the nation's founding. George Thomas opens by discussing how the Constitution encourages an antagonistic approach to settling disputes, thereby preserving itself as the nation's fundamental law rather then ceding that role to the president, Congress, or Supreme Court. In considering the four historical case studies, he focuses on judicial interpretations and the political branches' responses to them to demonstrate that competing conceptions of constitutional authority and meaning, as well as intergovernmental disputes themselves -- rather than any specific outcome -- strengthen the nature of the nation's founding document as a political instrument. Engagingly written and soundly argued, this study clarifies and highlights the political origins of the nation's foundational document and argues that American constitutionalism is primarily about countervailing power not legal limits enforced by courts. -- Michael P. Zuckert
Posted in Political Science