The EU in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Powers, Decisions and Legitimacy

Author: Bart M. J. Szewczyk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789291981649

Category: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Page: 54

View: 8445

The situation in Bosnia has increasingly deteriorated to such an extent that the current political atmosphere is, according to some observers, as tense and dangerous as before the war. Political deadlock is preventing progress on any substantive issues; there are renewed threats about dissolving the state; and Republika Srpska is officially defying the authority of the Office of the High Representative (OHR). The author analyses the legitimacy of past OHR decisions and, given the ongoing political problems in Bosnia, recommends that the Bonn Powers be retained by the OHR or the EU Special Representative, but with caveats. That is, that the Bonn Powers ought only be used to uphold the objectives justified under the Dayton Agreement: the preservation of peace, the promotion of the democratic process, and the protection of human rights.
Posted in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Politics of the European Union in Bosnia-Herzegovina

Between Conflict and Democracy

Author: Doğa Ulaş Eralp

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739149458

Category: Political Science

Page: 135

View: 9023

In this book, author Doga Ulas Eralp questions whether reforms integral to the European Union membership process, along with existing European crisis management mechanisms, can liberate Bosnian politics from the helm of ethno-nationalism, and plant the seeds for a sustained, successful liberal democracy.
Posted in Political Science

Citizenship in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro

Effects of Statehood and Identity Challenges

Author: Jelena Džankic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317165780

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 9942

What happens to the citizen when states and nations come into being? How do the different ways in which states and nations exist define relations between individuals, groups, and the government? Are all citizens equal in their rights and duties in the newly established polity? Addressing these key questions in the contested and ethnically heterogeneous post-Yugoslav states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro, this book reinterprets the place of citizenship in the disintegration of Yugoslavia and the creation of new states in the Western Balkans. Carefully analysing the interplay between competing ethnic identities and state-building projects, the author proposes a new analytical framework for studying continuities and discontinuities of citizenship in post-partition, post-conflict states. The book maintains that citizenship regimes in challenged states are shaped not only by the immediate political contexts that generated them, but also by their historical trajectories, societal environments in which they exist, as well as the transformative powers of international and European factors.
Posted in Political Science

The EU and Member State Building

European Foreign Policy in the Western Balkans

Author: Soeren Keil,Zeynep Arkan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135092192

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 9415

This book critically examines the process of statebuilding by the EU, focusing on its attempts to build Member States in the Western Balkan region. This book analyses the European Union's policies towards, and the impact they have, upon the states of the Western Balkans, and assesses how these affect the nature of EU foreign policy. To this end, it focuses on the tools and mechanisms that the EU employs in its enlargement policy and examines the new instruments of direct intervention (in Bosnia and Kosovo), political coercion (in the case of Croatia and Serbia in relation to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia), and stricter conditionality in the Western Balkan countries. The book discusses the key aim of this special form of statebuilding, which is to establish functional liberal-democratic states in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia in order for them to join the EU and to cope with the responsibilities and pressures of membership in the future. However, the authors argue that while the EU sees itself as an international actor that promotes and protects liberal-democratic values, norms and principles, its experiences in the Western Balkans demonstrate how the EU ́s actions in the region have undermined the basic principles of democratic decision-making (such as the European support for impositions in Bosnia) and international law (Kosovo), and have consequently contributed to new tensions (see police reform in Bosnia, and the tensions between Kosovo and Serbia) and dependencies. This book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding, EU politics, global governance and IR/Security Studies in general.
Posted in Political Science

European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans

Europeanization or Business as Usual?

Author: Arolda Elbasani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136734139

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 2222

The book investigates the scope and limitations of the transformative power of EU enlargement in the Western Balkans. The extension of EU enlargement policy to the region has generated high expectations that enlargement will regulate democratic institution-building and foster reform, much as it did in Central and Eastern Europe. However, there is very little research on whether and how unfavourable domestic conditions might mitigate the transformative power of the EU. This volume investigates the role of domestic factors, identifying ‘stateness’ as the missing link between the assumed transformative power of the EU and the actual capacity to adopt EU rules across the region. Including chapters on Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Kosovo, and Bosnia-Herzegovina, leading scholars in the field offer up-to-date comparative analysis of key areas of institutional and policy reform; including state bureaucracy, rule of law, electoral management, environmental governance, cooperation with the International Court of Justice, economic liberalization and foreign policy. Looking to the future and the implications for policy change, European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans provides a new theoretical and empirical focus on this little understood area. The book will be of interest to scholars and students of EU politics, comparative democratisation, post-communist transitions and Balkan area studies.
Posted in Political Science

Local Agency and Peacebuilding

EU and International Engagement in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus and South Africa

Author: S. Kappler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137307196

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

View: 3797

Investigating local responses to EU peacebuilding, this book develops a relational and spatial concept of agency, helping to understand the processes in which peacebuilding actors engage and interact with one another. The focus on cultural actors reveals the contested nature of local agency and its potential to challenge institutional policies.
Posted in Political Science

Europeanization of the Western Balkans

Environmental Governance in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia

Author: Adam Fagan,Indraneel Sircar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137319054

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 1410

The book analyses the changing roles of international agencies, governmental bodies, non-governmental organisations, and local communities around major road-building environmental impact assessment processes in order to examine whether the influence of the European Union has transformed environmental governance in Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Serbia.
Posted in Political Science

The European Union's Approach to Conflict Resolution

Transformation Or Regulation in the Western Balkans?

Author: Laurence Cooley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138487192

Category:

Page: 230

View: 2222

This book investigates and explains the European Union's approach to conflict resolution in three countries of the Western Balkans: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo. In doing so, it critically interrogates claims that the EU acts as an agent of conflict transformation in its engagement with conflict-affected states. The book argues, contrary to the assumptions of much of the existing literature, that rather than seeking the transformation of conflicts, the EU pursues a more conservative strategy based on the regulation of conflict through the promotion of institutional mechanisms such as consociational power sharing and decentralisation. Drawing on discourse analysis of documents, speeches, and interviews conducted by the author with European Union officials and policy-makers in Brussels and the case-study countries, the book offers a theoretically grounded, methodologically rigorous and empirically detailed analysis of EU policy preferences, of the ideas that underpin them, and of how those preferences are legitimised. This book will be of key interest to scholars, students and practitioners interested in ethnic conflict and conflict resolution, the politics of the Balkans, and the external and foreign policies of the EU.
Posted in

Evaluating the EU's Crisis Missions in the Balkans

Author: Ana E. Juncos,Eva Gross,Ursula C. Schroeder,Michael Emerson

Publisher: CEPS

ISBN: 9290797096

Category: Political Science

Page: 156

View: 1177

Posted in Political Science

The European Union as a Global Conflict Manager

Author: Richard Whitman,Stefan Wolff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136293612

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 6994

In recent years the European Union (EU) has played an increasingly important role as a manager of global conflicts. This book provides a comprehensive assessment of how the EU has performed in facilitating mediation, conflict resolution and peacebuilding across the globe. Offering an accessible introduction to the theories, processes and practice of the EU’s role in managing conflict, the book features a broad range of case studies including Afghanistan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Cyprus, Israel-Palestine, Macedonia and Moldova and examines both the institutional and policy aspects including the common foreign, security and defence policy. Drawing together a wide range of contributors, this will be of great interest to students of European Foreign Policy, the EU as a global actor and conflict resolution and management.
Posted in Political Science

EU Rule of Law Promotion

Judiciary Reform in the Western Balkans

Author: Marko Kmezic

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317140176

Category: Law

Page: 186

View: 2851

Do EU institutions have an influence on the implementation of the rule of law in potential candidate countries and, if so, of what kind? During the compliance monitoring process related to the effective rule of law and democracy the EU Commission tests and criticizes the effectiveness of the judiciary and strengthens the rule of law in preparation for accession. In the Western Balkans this was a process fraught with difficulties. Despite the fact that academic scholarship and democratic politics agree on rule of law as a legitimizing principle for the exercise of state authority, there is no uniform European standard for institution-building or monitoring activities by the EU in this area. With focus on the reform of the judiciary in five case study countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, this empirical research investigates the EU's transformative power with regard to the effectiveness of rule of law and judicial sector reform in its infancy. It analyses the depth and limitations of EU rule of law promotion in the Western Balkans and presents policy recommendations intended to address the shortcomings in judiciary reform. This book aims to fill the gap in the existing academic scholarship of EU politics, law and Western Balkans literature.
Posted in Law

Bosnia in Limbo

Testimonies from the Drina River

Author: Borja Lasheras

Publisher: Ibidem Press

ISBN: 9783838211329

Category: Political Science

Page: 120

View: 9217

To this day, almost all narratives on Bosnia focus on the 1990s, the war, and the labyrinth that Dayton's institutional system represents. They also tend to be imbued with a perspective that often overdoes the ethnic and religious element. The truth is that, beyond the causes of war and its manifold tragedies, we actually know very little of its forgotten consequences, once the CNN effect is long gone. As importantly, we know very little of Bosnia today: a society shaped by the past, yes, but also exposed to shifting twenty-first-century dynamics. A society haunted not only by war tragedies but also by a long-standing and long overlooked social crisis. This revealing book thus tries to provide a somewhat different picture of Bosnia, twenty years after the war. Largely based on the author's experience in the field, it is to some extent an account of rural Bosnia, in particular of the Drina River Valley, which bore the brunt of the ethnic cleansing in the 1990s. Yet, and starting off from that isolated region of open wounds, unfinished issues and a cast of characters that range from displaced persons and victims to committed women, the book aims to overall provide a portrait of modern Bosnia as such, while also looking critically at the workings of the international community and European diplomacy. The book, with its landscape of activists, Western diplomats, and inhabitants of an underground world in Sarajevo for LGBT and youths, shows a country of so-far failed Springs and leaders who go on with their bad governance. Meanwhile, the "Europe" towards which Bosnia theoretically moves drifts between a poor understanding of the country, a fear of conflict that acts as its Achilles' heel, as well as lack of genuine interest, seems unable to really change things. This compelling book shows that Bosnia is still, in a way, a country in limbo.
Posted in Political Science

The Limits of the European Vision in Bosnia and Herzegovina

An Analysis of the Police Reform Negotiations

Author: Daniel Lindvall

Publisher: Stockholm Universitet

ISBN: 9789186071288

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 4929

From the beginning of 2000 the European accession process was placed at the centre of peace-building in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The prospect of EU membership provided a common vision that encouraged different segments of society and the political elites to bridge ethnic divergences and engage in authentic post-war reconciliation. As pre-accession criterion the European Union required Bosnia and Herzegovina to unify its fragmented policing system at the level of the state. This requirement proved, however, to be a step too far, resulting in a protracted and ultimately unsuccessful process of political negotiations that lasted from 2004 to 2007. The European Unionś insistence on placing law enforcement authority at the state level came to be viewed as an identity threat, which affected interethnic group dynamics in a negative way. From this premise, this study assesses the impact of the negotiating process on the political discourse in Bosnia and Herzegovina and on public notions of societal security and illustrates the background and rationale of the European Unionś strategy.
Posted in History

The Italian urban system

towards European integration

Author: Piero Bonavero,Fabio Sforzi,Giuseppe Dematteis

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

ISBN: 9781859722862

Category: Political Science

Page: 191

View: 3939

This book is based on research undertaken to study the integration of the Italian urban system into unified European space. The study itself is of interest as it illustrates the central role of the transformations of the urban system in the framework of the territorial transformations of the European Union.
Posted in Political Science

European Community Law on the Free Movement of Capital and the Emu

Author: Sideek Mohamed

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041111531

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 399

View: 5050

This book deals with the EC rules on the free movement of capital and economic and monetary union (EMU). In the context of capital freedom, the author performs a critical analysis, supported by case law, of the problems connected with the abolition of capital controls within the European Community and between the European Community and third countries. The book highlights some of the negative consequences of capital freedom, such as the scope for tax evasion and money laundering. EC rules on EMU, such as the rules on convergence criteria, Stability and Growth Pact, the euro and the continuity of contract, and others, are also presented in a detailed and critical manner.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Democratization Process in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Role of the European Union

Author: Lejla Starčević-Srkalović

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4006

The subject of this dissertation is the analysis of the democratization process in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), following the Dayton Agreement in 1995. How and to what degree can the democratization process in BiH be discussed in light of existing democratization theories? Using theoretical democratization approaches to identify independent variables that influence the democratization process in BiH, the focus is on a full set of political institutions and institutional designs that are usually alleged to be important preconditions for the consolidation of democracy. Within this framework, the question of statehood, the constitution-making procedure and the resulting institutional framework, and the role of international actors in the BiH context are highlighted. Finally, emphasizing the influence of international factors, such as the role of the EU in the democratization process in post-communist Europe, the EU's influence on this process in BiH is closely examined. The book examines the existing democratic structures and processes in BiH with the model of "consociational democracy" as a specific type of democracy. Thereby the applicability and functionality of this model in BiH society is deeply analyzed. Dissertation
Posted in Political Science

International Politics in Times of Change

Author: Nikolaos Tzifakis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642219551

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 6582

There is every indication that the international system is undergoing a period of significant transformation. The substantially higher growth rates of the emerging-market economies in comparison with those of the developed economies are changing the global distribution of power. Studies project that if economic trends are not reversed in the coming years, China will surpass the US and become the world’s largest economy, India will emerge in Japan’s place as the third-largest economy and Brazil will outpace Germany as the fifth-largest. This book underscores the complexity of forecasting international politics and proceeds cautiously to investigate the questions of change and continuity, examining several actors with respect to multiple issues and across different levels of analysis. Taken as a whole, this collection of essays offers a series of snapshots of different aspects, and from varying angles, of an international system in motion.
Posted in Political Science