The EU in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Powers, Decisions and Legitimacy

Author: Bart M. J. Szewczyk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789291981649

Category: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Page: 54

View: 8571

The situation in Bosnia has increasingly deteriorated to such an extent that the current political atmosphere is, according to some observers, as tense and dangerous as before the war. Political deadlock is preventing progress on any substantive issues; there are renewed threats about dissolving the state; and Republika Srpska is officially defying the authority of the Office of the High Representative (OHR). The author analyses the legitimacy of past OHR decisions and, given the ongoing political problems in Bosnia, recommends that the Bonn Powers be retained by the OHR or the EU Special Representative, but with caveats. That is, that the Bonn Powers ought only be used to uphold the objectives justified under the Dayton Agreement: the preservation of peace, the promotion of the democratic process, and the protection of human rights.
Posted in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Politics of the European Union in Bosnia-Herzegovina

Between Conflict and Democracy

Author: Doga Ulas Eralp

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739149474

Category: Political Science

Page: 132

View: 320

In this book, author Doga Ulas Eralp questions whether reforms integral to the European Union membership process, along with existing European crisis management mechanisms, can liberate Bosnian politics from the helm of ethno-nationalism, and plant the seeds for a sustained, successful liberal democracy.
Posted in Political Science

Evaluating the EU's Crisis Missions in the Balkans

Author: Ana E. Juncos,Eva Gross,Ursula C. Schroeder,Michael Emerson

Publisher: CEPS

ISBN: 9290797096

Category: Political Science

Page: 156

View: 1645

Posted in Political Science

The Democratization Process in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Role of the European Union

Author: Lejla Starčević-Srkalović

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6027

The subject of this dissertation is the analysis of the democratization process in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), following the Dayton Agreement in 1995. How and to what degree can the democratization process in BiH be discussed in light of existing democratization theories? Using theoretical democratization approaches to identify independent variables that influence the democratization process in BiH, the focus is on a full set of political institutions and institutional designs that are usually alleged to be important preconditions for the consolidation of democracy. Within this framework, the question of statehood, the constitution-making procedure and the resulting institutional framework, and the role of international actors in the BiH context are highlighted. Finally, emphasizing the influence of international factors, such as the role of the EU in the democratization process in post-communist Europe, the EU's influence on this process in BiH is closely examined. The book examines the existing democratic structures and processes in BiH with the model of "consociational democracy" as a specific type of democracy. Thereby the applicability and functionality of this model in BiH society is deeply analyzed. Dissertation
Posted in Political Science

Ethnopolitik in Bosnien-Herzegowina

Staat und Gesellschaft in der Krise

Author: Vedran Džihić

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832948740

Category: Bosnia and Hercegovina

Page: 439

View: 7099

Posted in Bosnia and Hercegovina

The Limits of the European Vision in Bosnia and Herzegovina

An Analysis of the Police Reform Negotiations

Author: Daniel Lindvall

Publisher: Stockholm Universitet

ISBN: 9789186071288

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 3382

From the beginning of 2000 the European accession process was placed at the centre of peace-building in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The prospect of EU membership provided a common vision that encouraged different segments of society and the political elites to bridge ethnic divergences and engage in authentic post-war reconciliation. As pre-accession criterion the European Union required Bosnia and Herzegovina to unify its fragmented policing system at the level of the state. This requirement proved, however, to be a step too far, resulting in a protracted and ultimately unsuccessful process of political negotiations that lasted from 2004 to 2007. The European Unionś insistence on placing law enforcement authority at the state level came to be viewed as an identity threat, which affected interethnic group dynamics in a negative way. From this premise, this study assesses the impact of the negotiating process on the political discourse in Bosnia and Herzegovina and on public notions of societal security and illustrates the background and rationale of the European Unionś strategy.
Posted in History

Multinational Federalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author: Dr Soeren Keil

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472407342

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 1671

In 1995 none of the political parties representing the peoples of Bosnia preferred a federal option. Yet, Bosnia became a federal state, highly decentralised and with a complex institutional architecture. This solution was imposed on them by international actors as a result of peace negotiations following the Yugoslav wars. Political parties in post-war Bosnia were not willing to identify with or accept the federation. The international community intervened taking over key decisions and so Bosnia and Herzegovina became the first state to experience a new model of federalism, namely ‘imposed federalism’ and a new model of a federal state, that of the ‘internationally administered federation’. By combining comparative politics, conflict analysis and international relations theory Soeren Keil offers a unique analysis of federalism in post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina. By exploring this model of ‘imposed federalism’ not only does this study greatly contribute to the literature on developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina it also re-evaluates comparative federalism in theory and practice. This study also offers important conclusions for similar cases, both in the Western Balkans region and the wider world, where international involvement and federalism as a method of conflict resolution in diverse societies becomes ever more prevalent and important.
Posted in Political Science

The EU Common Security and Defence Policy

Author: Panos Koutrakos

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191655902

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 9546

Presenting the first analytical overview of the legal foundations of the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), this book provides a detailed examination of the law and practice of the EU's security policy. The European Union's security and defence policy has long been the focus of political scientists and international relations experts. However, it has more recently become of increasing relevance to lawyers too. Since the early 2000s, the EU has carried out more than two dozen security and defence missions in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The EU institutions are keen to stress the security dimension of other external policies also, such as development cooperation, and the Lisbon Treaty introduces a more detailed set of rules and procedures which govern the CSDP. This book provides a legal analysis of the Union's CSDP by examining the nexus of its substantive, institutional, and economic dimensions. Taking as its starting point the historical development of security and defence in the context of European integration, it outlines the legal framework created by the rules and procedures introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon. It examines the military operations and civilian missions undertaken by the Union, and looks at the policy context within which they are carried out. It analyses the international agreements concluded in this field and explores the links between the CSDP and other external policies of the Union.
Posted in Political Science

Policing Bosnia and Herzegovina 2003-05

Issues of Mandates and Management in ESDP Missions

Author: N.A

Publisher: CEPS

ISBN: 9290796855

Category: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Page: 30

View: 3161

Posted in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Selected Economic Issues

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1452757976

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 56

View: 8324

This paper assesses the extent to which data unreliability could alter the assessment of the macroeconomic challenges ahead. The contributions of the indirect tax authority (ITA) in remedying the flaws are highlighted, and the architectural agenda is discussed. Fiscal sustainability and the government’s bold initiatives to secure it by restructuring the domestic claims have been assessed and key implementation issues in realizing the government’s plans noted. A survey of selected tax policy issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina is also included in the paper.
Posted in Business & Economics

Institutions for the Management of Ethnopolitical Conflict in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287163615

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 4737

Once considered an exclusively internal affair, international organisations have, over the last few decades, become increasingly involved in the management of ethnopolitical conflicts and have been active in attempts to prevent and/or resolve them. This book presents a series of studies covering the work of eight different organisations active in central and eastern Europe: the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe; its High Commissioner on National Minorities; the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; the United Nations Development Programme and Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs; the Council of Europe; the European Union; the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe; and the World Bank. A further chapter considers the role of non-governmental organisations. The studies consider the varying approaches adopted by these institutions and illustrate the ways in which these differ from and complement one another. The assessment covers both the preventive and reactive sides of conflict management, and provides valuable lessons for similar activities in the future, both in the region and beyond.
Posted in Political Science

The EU's Role in Global Governance

The Legal Dimension

Author: Bart Van Vooren,Steven Blockmans,Jan Wouters

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191634735

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 3750

For years the European Union has been looked on as a potential model for cosmopolitan governance, and enjoyed considerable influence on the global stage. The EU has a uniquely strong and legally binding mission statement to pursue international relations on a multilateral basis, founded on the progressive development of international law. The political vision was for the EU to export its values of the rule of law and sophisticated governance mechanisms to the international sphere. Globalization and the financial crisis have starkly illustrated the limits of this vision, and the EU's dependence on global forces partially beyond the control of traditional provinces of law. This book takes stock of the EU's role in global governance. It asks: to what extent can and does the EU shape and influence the on-going re-ordering of legal processes, principles, and institutions of global governance, in line with its optimistic mission statement? With this ambitious remit it covers the legal-institutional and substantive aspects of global security, trade, environmental, financial, and social governance. Across these topics 23 contributors have taken the central question of the extent of the EU's influence on global governance, providing a broad view across the key areas as well as a detailed analysis of each. Through comparison and direct engagement with each other, the different chapters provide a distinctive contribution to legal scholarship on global governance, from a European perspective.
Posted in Law

From War to Peace in the Balkans, the Middle East and Ukraine

Author: Daniel Paul Serwer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030021734

Category: Balkan Peninsula

Page: N.A

View: 8887

This open access book focuses on the origins, consequences and aftermath of the 1995 and 1999 Western military interventions that led to the end of the most recent Balkan wars. Though challenging problems remain in Bosnia, Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia, the conflict prevention and state-building efforts thereafter were partly successful as countries of the region are on separate tracks towards European Union membership. This study highlights lessons that can be applied to the Middle East and Ukraine, where similar conflicts are likewise challenging sovereignty and territorial integrity. It is an accessible treatment of what makes war and how to make peace ideal for all readers interested in how violent international conflicts can be managed, informed by the experience of a practitioner. Daniel Serwer is Professor and Director of the Conflict Management program at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, USA. .
Posted in Balkan Peninsula

Europe and the Post-Yugoslav Space

Author: Dr Branislav Radeljic

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472404564

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 787

Charting the path from intervention to integration Europe and the Post-Yugoslav Space examines the role of Europeanization on the development of the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo may have a shared history but their experiences, views and attitudes to European integration vary dramatically. Opinion within each state is often equally as keenly divided as to the benefits of active membership. The debate within each country and their comparative differences in approach provide fascinating case studies on the importance and relevance of the EU and the effectiveness of Europeanization. A wide range of contributors with significant experience gained within the EU as well as their country of origin use their expert understanding of the language and cultures of the countries concerned to provide detailed and rich insights into the troubled history and potential of the post-Yugoslav space.
Posted in Science

European Institutions, Democratization, and Human Rights Protection in the European Periphery

Author: Henry F. Carey

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498502059

Category: Political Science

Page: 458

View: 1997

This book examines the efforts of European regional organizations in promoting democracy, human rights, and the rule of law among states seeking membership. In country-specific chapters, experts test prevailing theories about how effective the regional organizations' efforts at improvement have been.
Posted in Political Science

Western Balkan Integration and the EU

An Agenda for Trade and Growth

Author: Sanjay Kathuria

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821374737

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 155

View: 585

This title explores ways for the Western Balkan countries to improve growth prospects through deepening of regional integration and improving selected elements of their investment climate. It analyzes areas relating to trade in goods and services, regional integration, and selected aspects of the investment climate. It suggests that countries in the region could reap sustained growth payoffs by focusing on deepening regional integration, improving human capital, reducing telecommunication costs and pre-empting energy shortages.
Posted in Business & Economics

The War in Bosnia-Herzegovina

Ethnic Conflict and International Intervention

Author: Steven L. Burg,Paul Shoup,Professor Paul S Shoup

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563243080

Category: History

Page: 499

View: 4679

This is a probing examination of the historical, cultural, and political dimensions of the crisis in Bosnia and the international efforts to resolve it. It provides a detailed analysis of international proposals to end the fighting, from the Vance-Owen plan to the Dayton accord, with special attention to the national and international politics that shaped them. It analyzes the motivations and actions of the warring parties, neighboring states, and international actors including the United States, the United Nations, the European powers, and others involved in the war and the diplomacy surrounding it. With guides to sources and documentation, abundant tabular data, and over thirty maps, this will be the definitive volume on the most vexing conflict of the post-Soviet period. One reviewer commented: "Superb! There is nothing like it. Extraordinarily knowledgeable and well-documented. It has depth, it's insightful, and it's intelligent. The analysis is brilliant; it captures the goals and motives ofthe parties as well as their priorities. It will get lots of attention.
Posted in History

The Political Psychology of War Rape

Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author: Inger Skjelsbæk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136620923

Category: HISTORY

Page: 192

View: 5051

This book provides a conceptual framework for understanding war rape and its impact, through empirical examination of the case of Bosnia. Providing a contextual understanding of sexual violence in war, and situating Bosnian war rape in relation to subsequent conflicts, the book offers a methodological outline of how sexual violence in war can be studied from a political-psychological perspective. It presents empirical findings from the field that show what war rape can entail in the aftermath of armed conflict for victims and their communities. Through its comprehensive approach to Bosnian experiences, the volume expands the conceptualization of victimhood and challenges the assumption that sexual violence is a particularly difficult theme to study because of victim silence. Rather, the author demonstrates there are many voices that can provide insight and understandings of war rape and its impact without having to compromise the safety and privacy of individual victims. Finally, the book shows the ways in which individual experiences of war rape are shaped by national and international discourses on gender, sexuality and politics. This book will be of interest to students of political psychology, war and conflict studies, European politics, ethnic conflict, politics and IR in general.
Posted in HISTORY