Translated with an Introduction by Andrew George.
The Babylonian Epic Poem and Other Texts in Akkadian and Sumerian
Author: Andrew George
A new verse rendering of the great epic of ancient Mesopotamia, one of the oldest works in Western Literature. Ferry makes Gilgamesh available in the kind of energetic and readable translation that Robert Fitzgerald and Richard Lattimore have provided for readers in their translations of Homer and Virgil.
A New Rendering in English Verse
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
The stories translated here all of ancient Mesopotamia, and include not only myths about the Creation and stories of the Flood, but also the longest and greatest literary composition, the Epic of Gilgamesh. This is the story of a heroic quest for fame and immortality, pursued by a man of great strength who loses a unique opportunity through a moment's weakness. So much has been discovered in recent years both by way of new tablets and points of grammar and lexicography that these new translations by Stephanie Dalley supersede all previous versions. -- from back cover.
Creation, The Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others
Author: Stephanie Dalley
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
The poems about the great King of Uruk are prefaced by notes on their historical and literary background
Author: N. Sandars
Category: Literary Criticism
View every book in the Penguin Epics series. This beautiful limited edition boxed set contains the stunningly designed new Penguin Epics series: twenty short tales of human adventure, legend and myth. Penguin Epics depict the most extreme acts of heroism, ambition, bravery and violence, and in doing so they reveal mankind's most profound aspirations and darkest fears. From the rip-roaring exploits of Alexander the Great, through Dante's terrifying description of the Descent into Hell, to the swashbuckling adventures of Sindbad, these works will take the reader on a journey through the most astonishing and heroic legends of the past four-and-a-half thousand years of literature. The boxed set includes: The Epic of Gilgamesh Exodus Odysseus Returns Home Homer Xerxes Invades Greece Herodotus The Sea, The Sea Xenophon The Abduction of Sita Jason and the Golden Fleece Apollonius The Destruction of Troy Virgil The Serpent's Teeth Ovid The Fall of Jerusalem Josephus The Madness of Nero Tacitus Cupid and Psyche Apuleius The Legendary Adventures of Alexander the Great Beowulf Siegfried's Murder Sagas and Myths of the Northmen The Sunjata Story The Descent into Hell Dante King Arthur's Last Battle Malory The Voyages of Sindbad @UrukRockCity All the ladies want to get it on now that I've slain the demon. But I must decline. I'm a clean man these days. I just can't win with women. Before, nailing all the ladies was bad. Now I refuse to seduce, and the Gods send a giant bull to kill me? From
Author: N. K. Sandars,R. K. Narayan,Xenophon
Publisher: Penguin Classics
Special Features- Aims to show how The Gilgamesh Epic developed from its earliest to its latest form- Systematic, step-by-step tracking of the stylistic, thematic, structural, and theological changes in The Gilgamesh Epic- Relation of changes to factors (geographical, political, religious, literary) that may have prompted them- Attempts to identify the sources (biographical, historical, literary, folkloric) of the epic's themes, and to suggest what may have been intended by use of these themes- Extensive bibliography- Indices
Author: Jeffrey H. Tigay
Publisher: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers
Category: Literary Criticism
Illustrated Version The Epic of Gilgamesh An Old Babylonian Version By Morris Jastrow and Albert T. Clay The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. Dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (circa 2100 BC), it is often regarded as the first great work of literature. The literary history of Gilgamesh begins with five Sumerian poems about 'Bilgamesh' (Sumerian for 'Gilgamesh'), king of Uruk. These independent stories were later used as source material for a combined epic. The first surviving version of this combined epic, known as the "Old Babylonian" version, dates to the 18th century BC and is titled after its incipit, Shutur eli sharrī ("Surpassing All Other Kings"). Only a few tablets of it have survived. The later "Standard" version dates from the 13th to the 10th centuries BC and bears the incipit Sha naqba īmuru ("He who Saw the Deep", in modern terms: "He who Sees the Unknown"). Approximately two thirds of this longer, twelve-tablet version have been recovered. Some of the best copies were discovered in the library ruins of the 7th-century BC Assyrian king Ashurbanipal. The first half of the story discusses Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, and Enkidu, a wild man created by the gods to stop Gilgamesh from oppressing the people of Uruk. After an initial fight, Gilgamesh and Enkidu become close friends. Together, they journey to the Cedar Mountain and defeat Humbaba, its monstrous guardian. Later they kill the Bull of Heaven, which the goddess Ishtar sends to punish Gilgamesh for spurning her advances. As a punishment for these actions, the gods sentence Enkidu to death. In the second half of the epic, distress about Enkidu's death causes Gilgamesh to undertake a long and perilous journey to discover the secret of eternal life. He eventually learns that "Life, which you look for, you will never find. For when the gods created man, they let death be his share, and life withheld in their own hands". However, because of his great building projects, his account of Siduri's advice, and what the immortal man Utnapishtim told him about the Great Flood, Gilgamesh's fame survived his death. His story has been translated into many languages, and in recent years has featured in works of popular fiction. The Gilgamesh Epic is the most notable literary product of Babylonia as yet discovered in the mounds of Mesopotamia. It recounts the exploits and adventures of a favorite hero, and in its final form covers twelve tablets, each tablet consisting of six columns (three on the obverse and three on the reverse) of about 50 lines for each column, or a total of about 3600 lines. Of this total, however, barely more than one-half has been found among the remains of the great collection of cuneiform tablets gathered by King Ashurbanapal (668-626 B.C.) in his palace at Nineveh, and discovered by Layard in 18541 in the course of his excavations of the mound Kouyunjik (opposite Mosul). The fragments of the epic painfully gathered--chiefly by George Smith--from the circa 30,000 tablets and bits of tablets brought to the British Museum were published in model form by Professor Paul Haupt;2 and that edition still remains the primary source for our study of the Epic.
An Old Babylonian Version
Author: Morris Jastrow,Albert T. Clay
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
On the Basis of Recently Discovered Texts
Author: Morris Jastrow,Albert Tobias Clay
Category: Assyro-Babylonian religion
Warrior-prince Rama is about to be crowned Young King, when he hears the devastating news that his father, King of Ayodhya, has been tricked into banishing him to the forest. His devoted wife Sita insists on accompanying him in exile, but the evil ten-headed lord Ravana has fallen deeply in love with the beautiful princess and steals her away. Aided by Hanuman, mighty captain of the monkeys, Rama sets out across the world to find her and destroy Ravana in a deadly battle. Rama the Steadfast was composed in the oral tradition in about the fifth century BC and has been retold over the generations ever since. With its fantastical characters ranging from monsters to apes, a very human hero and its profound moral purpose, it is one of the greatest of all Indian tales.
An Early Form of the Ramayana
Publisher: Penguin UK
THE EPIC OF GILGAMESH is the Uhr epic--the hero's journey, quest, and education--inscribed onto damp clay tablets several millennia before Odysseus or the priest of Ecclesiastes found their voices. Sumerian versions of the epic date back almost 5000 years. It is a Bildungsroman of a bad king learning to become a proper human being and therefore a wise king, and to do so, besides defeating lions and monsters and surviving great physical and emotional suffering, he must face, and answer, the first (and last) great question: mortality. Translated into English and presented here in its entirety as a graphic novel, this version of THE EPIC OF GILGAMESH is a father/son project by scholar and translator Kent H. Dixon and his son, the comix artist Kevin Dixon, who bring a fresh take on this great work. The reader is slowed down by the artwork and visual jokes and the artist's wry hat-tippings to various masters (Crumb and Gilbert Shelton alongside Schultz and Capp, Popeye and Krazy Kat, Uderzo's Astérix and Hergé's Tintin), and then, once the reading pace has shifted into lower gear, having all these aspects complementarily drawn out, makes for an especially satisfying counterpoint to the low-key, the wise and cynical and morally sophisticated, and sometimes sublimely Olympian humor.
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels