The Death and Life of the Great American School System

How Testing and Choice Are Undermining Education

Author: Diane Ravitch

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465097995

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 2652

A passionate plea to preserve and renew public education, The Death and Life of the Great American School System is a radical change of heart from one of America’s best-known education experts. Diane Ravitch—former assistant secretary of education and a leader in the drive to create a national curriculum—examines her career in education reform and repudiates positions that she once staunchly advocated. Drawing on over forty years of research and experience, Ravitch critiques today’s most popular ideas for restructuring schools, including privatization, standardized testing, punitive accountability, and the feckless multiplication of charter schools. She shows conclusively why the business model is not an appropriate way to improve schools. Using examples from major cities like New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Denver, and San Diego, Ravitch makes the case that public education today is in peril. Ravitch includes clear prescriptions for improving America’s schools: leave decisions about schools to educators, not politicians or businessmen devise a truly national curriculum that sets out what children in every grade should be learning expect charter schools to educate the kids who need help the most, not to compete with public schools pay teachers a fair wage for their work, not “merit pay” based on deeply flawed and unreliable test scores encourage family involvement in education from an early age The Death and Life of the Great American School System is more than just an analysis of the state of play of the American education system. It is a must-read for any stakeholder in the future of American schooling.
Posted in Education

Summary: The Death and Life of the Great American School System

Review and Analysis of Diane Ravitch's Book

Author: BusinessNews Publishing

Publisher: Primento

ISBN: 2511001942

Category: Political Science

Page: 44

View: 2969

The must-read summary of Diane Ravitch's book: “The Death and Life of the Great American School System: How testing and Choice are Undermining Education”. This complete summary of "The Death and Life of the Great American School System" by Diane Ravitch, one of America's best-known education experts and former assistant secretary of education, presents her explanation of why ideas for restructuring schools have had no positive impact on the quality of American education. She deals with issues such as privatization, accountability, and the philanthropists that are using business models to reform schools. She also offers some guidance on improvement of schools. Added-value of this summary: • Save time • Understand the issues with the American education system • Expand your knowledge of American politics and society To learn more, read "The Death and Life of the Great American School System" and discover Ravitch's suggestions as to how positive educational reforms could be made once and for all.
Posted in Political Science

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 4203

In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.
Posted in Architecture

The Global Fourth Way

The Quest for Educational Excellence

Author: Andy Hargreaves,Dennis L. Shirley

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1452283516

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 6580

Learn from global lessons of successful educational change! Deep and lasting educational reform doesn’t happen overnight. This example-packed sequel to The Fourth Way draws upon inspiring examples unearthed by brand new research to challenge educational leaders, teachers, and policy makers to put proven strategies to work promoting student achievement and the high quality teaching that drives it. With striking success stories from diverse systems around the world, Hargreaves and Shirley discuss: The real-life, nitty-gritty challenges facing change leaders Stumbling blocks to enacting best principles and practices Developing and implementing a plan of action to overcome challenges to lasting change
Posted in Education

America's Schools at a Turning Point: And how we THE PEOPLE can help shape their future

Author: Corky O'Callaghan

Publisher: Wheatmark, Inc.

ISBN: 1627871993

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 641

The education of America's children is critical to our nation and local communities, but sweeping reforms have left teachers demoralized, children frustrated, and families disenfranchised. America's Schools at a Turning Point: And how we THE PEOPLE can help shape their future is a wake-up call. Author Corky O'Callaghan explains how families and educators can empower their communities to effectively address the growing challenges now facing our public schools and help determine the future of education reform. Ultimately, this is a story about working together and restoring faith and confidence in the American dream.
Posted in Education

Systems Theory for Pragmatic Schooling: Toward Principles of Democratic Education

Author: C. Cunningham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137449322

Category: Education

Page: 142

View: 8564

Writing for educators and education leaders, Cunningham shows that combining a philosophy of pragmatism with thinking about education as systems can illuminate challenges in contemporary schooling and provide practical solutions for creating a democratic education.
Posted in Education

Education Governance for the Twenty-First Century

Overcoming the Structural Barriers to School Reform

Author: Paul Manna,Patrick McGuinn

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815723954

Category: Education

Page: 424

View: 5928

America's fragmented, decentralized, politicized, and bureaucratic system of education governance is a major impediment to school reform. In this important new book, a number of leading education scholars, analysts, and practitioners show that understanding the impact of specific policy changes in areas such as standards, testing, teachers, or school choice requires careful analysis of the broader governing arrangements that influence their content, implementation, and impact. Education Governance for the Twenty-First Century comprehensively assesses the strengths and weaknesses of what remains of the old in education governance, scrutinizes how traditional governance forms are changing, and suggests how governing arrangements might be further altered to produce better educational outcomes for children. Paul Manna, Patrick McGuinn, and their colleagues provide the analysis and alternatives that will inform attempts to adapt nineteenth and twentieth century governance structures to the new demands and opportunities of today. Contents: Education Governance in America: Who Leads When Everyone Is in Charge?, Patrick McGuinn and Paul Manna The Failures of U.S. Education Governance Today, Chester E. Finn Jr. and Michael J. Petrilli How Current Education Governance Distorts Financial Decisionmaking, Marguerite Roza Governance Challenges to Innovators within the System, Michelle R. Davis Governance Challenges to Innovators outside the System, Steven F. Wilson Rethinking District Governance, Frederick M. Hess and Olivia M. Meeks Interstate Governance of Standards and Testing, Kathryn A. McDermott Education Governance in Performance-Based Federalism, Kenneth K. Wong The Rise of Education Executives in the White House, State House, and Mayor's Office, Jeffrey R. Henig English Perspectives on Education Governance and Delivery, Michael Barber Education Governance in Canada and the United States, Sandra Vergari Education Governance in Comparative Perspective, Michael Mintrom and Richard Walley Governance Lessons from the Health Care and Environment Sectors, Barry G. Rabe Toward a Coherent and Fair Funding System, Cynthia G. Brown Picturing a Different Governance Structure for Public Education, Paul T. Hill From Theory to Results in Governance Reform, Kenneth J. Meier The Tall Task of Education Governance Reform, Paul Manna and Patrick McGuinn
Posted in Education

Follow the Money

How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Author: Sarah Reckhow

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019020804X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2123

Some of the nation's wealthiest philanthropic organizations, including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Walton Family Foundation, and the Broad Foundation, have invested hundreds of millions of dollars in education reform. With vast wealth and a political agenda, these foundations have helped to reshape the reform landscape in urban education. In Follow the Money, Sarah Reckhow shows where and how foundation investment in education is occurring and provides a penetrating analysis of the effects of these investments in the two largest urban districts in the United States: New York City and Los Angeles. In New York City, centralized political control and the use of private resources have enabled rapid implementation of reform proposals. Yet this potent combination of top-down authority and outside funding also poses serious questions about transparency, responsiveness, and democratic accountability in New York. Furthermore, the sustainability of reform policies is closely linked to the political fortunes of the current mayor and his chosen school leader. While the media has highlighted the efforts of forceful reformers and dominating leaders such as Joel Klein in New York City and Michelle Rhee in Washington, D.C., a slower, but possibly more transformative, set of reforms have been taking place in Los Angeles. These reforms were also funded and shaped by major foundations, but they work from the bottom up, through charter school operators managing networks of schools. This strategy has built grassroots political momentum and demand for reform in Los Angeles that is unmatched in New York City and other districts with mayoral control. Reckhow's study of Los Angeles's education system shows how democratically responsive urban school reform could occur-pairing foundation investment with broad grassroots involvement. Bringing a sharp analytical eye and a wealth of evidence to one of the most politicized issues of our day, Follow the Money will reshape our thinking about educational reform in America.
Posted in Political Science

Endangering Prosperity

A Global View of the American School

Author: Eric A. Hanushek,Paul E. Peterson,Ludger Woessmann

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815722710

Category: Education

Page: 147

View: 9839

The relative deficiencies of U.S. public schools are a serious concern to parents and policymakers. But they should be of concern to all Americans, as a globalizing world introduces new competition for talent, markets, capital, and opportunity. In Endangering Prosperity, a trio of experts on international education policy compares the performance of American schools against that of other nations. The net result is a mixed but largely disappointing picture that clearly shows where improvement is most needed. The authors' objective is not to explain the deep causes of past failures but to document how dramatically the U.S. school system has failed its students and its citizens. It is a wake-up call for structural reform. To move forward to a different and better future requires that we understand just how serious a situation America faces today. For example, the authors consider the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), an international mathematics examination. America is stuck in the middle of average scores, barely beating out European countries whose national economies are in the red zone. U.S. performance as measured against stronger economies is even weaker—in total, 32 nations outperformed the United States. The authors also delve into comparative reading scores. A mere 31 percent of U.S. students in the class of 2011 could perform at the "proficient" level as measured by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) program, compared with South Korea's result of 47 percent. And while some observers may downplay the significance of cross-globe comparisons, they should note that Canadian students are dramatically outpacing their U.S. counterparts as well. Clearly something is wrong with this picture, and this book clearly explicates the costs of inaction. The time for incremental tweaking the system is long past—wider, deeper, and more courageous steps are needed, as this book amply demonstrates with accessible prose, supported with hard data that simply cannot be ignored.
Posted in Education

Engaging Students

The Next Level of Working on the Work

Author: Phillip C. Schlechty

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470640081

Category: Education

Page: 212

View: 9438

ENGAGING STUDENTS In Phillip Schlechty's best-selling book Working on the Work, he outlined a motivational framework for improving student performance by improving the quality of schools designed for students. Engaging Students offers a next-step resource in which Schlechty incorporates what he's learned from the field and from the hundreds of workshops he and the Schlechty Center staff have conducted since Working on the Work was first published. This innovative and practical book is focused on helping teachers become increasingly successful in designing engaging work for their students. Schlechty contends that rather than viewing schools as teaching platforms, schools must be viewed as learning platforms. Rather than seeing schools as knowledge distribution systems, schools must be seen as knowledge work systems. Rather than defining teachers as instructors, teachers must be defined as designers, leaders, and guides to instruction. Engaging Students also includes useful questionnaires that will facilitate discussion, analysis, and action planning at both school and classroom levels. Praise for Engaging Students "In Engaging Students, Schlechty boldly delineates why the focus on engaging students overrides the focus on test scores. Every teacher and administrator in my district will use this guide to transform our entire organization into one that is truly focused on student engagement." —KIM REDMOND, superintendent, Canton Local Schools, Canton, Ohio "This insightful book reminds us that every decision made in schools should ultimately benefit students. You will find yourself referring to this book again and again as a guide to support you in your role as an educator." —ALLENE MAGILL, executive director, Professional Association of Georgia Educators, Atlanta, Georgia "Here is a much-enriched framework for everything Dr. Schlechty advocates: well articulated curriculum standards, schools as a platform for learning, teachers as leaders and designers of engaging and meaningful work, and students becoming responsible for their learning." —NYANA SIMS, K-12 literacy and induction facilitator, Goshen School District, Torrington, Wyoming "By understanding and implementing the principles so thoughtfully articulated in this book, schools can become centers of highly engaged learners—and in that endeavor find again the joy of teaching and learning." —JOHNNY VESELKA, executive director, Texas Association of School Administrators, Austin, Texas
Posted in Education

College Student Voices on Educational Reform

Challenging and Changing Conversations

Author: K. Burke,B. Collier,M. McKenna

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137351845

Category: Education

Page: 130

View: 4081

This text critically addresses, through college student voices, the American school reform movement in its rhetoric, policy, and practice. It demonstrates how university courses can be designed to treat students as engaged citizens and contextualizes students' voices in the private university and the public sphere.
Posted in Education

Schooling, Childhood, and Bureaucracy

Bureaucratizing the Child

Author: T. Waters

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137269723

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 5740

In exploring the relationship between bureaucratic schooling and the individual child, Waters describes the persistence of educational inequality, child development, and the nature of bureaucracy. The conclusions point out how education bureaucracies frame both schooling and childhood as they relentlessly seek to create ever more perfect children.
Posted in Social Science

The End of the Rainbow

How Educating for Happiness Not Money Would Transform Our Schools

Author: Susan Engel

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1620970163

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 2154

Amid the hype of Race to the Top, online experiments such as Khan Academy, and bestselling books like The Sandbox Investment, we seem to have drawn a line that leads from nursery school along a purely economic route, with money as the final stop. But what price do we all pay for the increasingly singular focus on wage as the outcome of education? Susan Engel, a leading psychologist and educator, argues that this economic framework has had a profound impact not only on the way we think about education but also on what happens inside school buildings. The End of the Rainbow asks what would happen if we changed the implicit goal of education and imagines how different things would be if we made happiness, rather than money, the graduation prize. Drawing on psychology, education theory, and a broad range of classroom experiences across the country, Engel offers a fascinating alternative view of what education might become: teaching children to read books for pleasure and self-expansion and encouraging collaboration. All of these new skills, she argues, would not only cultivate future success in the world of work but also would make society as a whole a better, happier place. Accessible to parents and teachers alike, The End of the Rainbow will be the beginning of a new, more vibrant public conversation about what the future of American education should look like.
Posted in Education

Die Mäuse-Strategie für Manager

Veränderungen erfolgreich begegnen

Author: Spencer Johnson

Publisher: Ariston

ISBN: 3641191874

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 624

WHO MOVED MY CHEESE? Die wichtigsten Mäuse-Strategien Spencer Johnsons erfolgreiche Mäuse-Fabel hat sich weltweit über 25 Millionen mal verkauft und unzähligen Menschen gezeigt, wie man erfolgreich mit Veränderungen umgehen und ihnen mit Mut und Gelassenheit begegnen kann. Nun gibt es den Bestseller mit den besten Erfolgsstrategien der Mäuse auch als E-Book.
Posted in Business & Economics

Huck Finn's America

Mark Twain and the Era That Shaped His Masterpiece

Author: Andrew Levy

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439186987

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 368

View: 9239

A provocative, exuberant, and deeply researched investigation into Mark Twain’s writing of America’s favorite icon of childhood, Huckleberry Finn: “A boldly revisionist reading of Twain’s Huckleberry Finn…Twain’s masterpiece emerges as a compelling depiction of nineteenth-century troubles still all too familiar in the twenty-first century” (Booklist, starred review). In the “groundbreaking” (Dallas Morning News) Huck Finn’s America, award-winning biographer Andrew Levy shows how modern readers have misunderstood Huckleberry Finn for decades. Mark Twain’s masterpiece is often discussed either as a carefree adventure story for children or a serious novel about race relations, yet Levy argues, it is neither. Instead, Huck Finn was written at a time when Americans were nervous about “uncivilized” bad boys, and a debate was raging about education, popular culture, and responsible parenting—casting Huck’s now-celebrated “freedom” in a very different and very modern light. On issues of race, on the other hand, Twain’s lifelong fascination with minstrel shows and black culture inspired him to write a book not about civil rights, but about race’s role in entertainment and commerce, the same features on which much of our own modern consumer culture is also grounded. In Levy’s vision, Huck Finn has more to say about contemporary children and race that we have ever imagined—if we are willing to hear it. An eye-opening, groundbreaking exploration of the character and psyche of Mark Twain as he was writing his most famous novel, Levy’s book “explores the soul of Mark Twain's enduring achievement with the utmost self-awareness...An eloquent argument, wrapped up in rich biographical detail and historical fact.” (USA TODAY). Huck Finn’s America brings the past to vivid, surprising life, and offers a persuasive argument for why this American classic deserves to be understood anew.
Posted in Literary Criticism

How Drama Activates Learning

Contemporary Research and Practice

Author: Michael Anderson,Julie Dunn

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441194169

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 2812

How Drama Activates Learning: Contemporary Research and Practice draws together leaders in drama education and applied theatre from across the globe, including authors from Europe, North America and Australasia. It explores how learning can be activated when drama pedagogies and philosophies are applied across diverse contexts and for varied purposes. The areas explored include: · history · literacy, oracy and listening · health and human relationships education · science · democracy, social justice and global citizenship education · bullying and conflict management · criticality · digital technologies · additional language learning Drawing on a range of theoretical perspectives, the contributors present case studies of drama and applied theatre work in school and community settings, providing rich descriptions of practice accompanied by detailed analysis underpinned by the theoretical perspectives of key thinkers from both within and beyond the field of drama.
Posted in Education

Teacher and Student Evaluation

Moving Beyond the Failure of School Reform

Author: Alyson Leah Lavigne,Thomas L. Good

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135093253

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 9758

Following the recent major school reform of Race to the Top, schools, teachers, and students are increasingly evaluated through high-stakes achievement test scores. In six concise chapters, Teacher and Student Evaluation explores the historical rise and modern landscape of accountability in American education, and the current models of teacher evaluation. The authors provide realistic and useful suggestions for responding to current accountability demands. The authors explore the methodological concerns and policy implications of using value-added and observational measures to make high-stakes decisions. After reaching the conclusion that these contemporary evaluation practices are flawed, Alyson Lavigne and Thomas Good offer possible solutions that inform current and future teacher evaluation. This book is a valuable resource for students of educational assessment as well as policy makers, administrators, and teachers who are currently building accountability plans. The book is written in an accessible but authoritative fashion that practitioners, policymakers, and scholars will find useful.
Posted in Education

Research, Actionable Knowledge, and Social Change

Reclaiming Social Responsibility Through Research Partnerships

Author: Edward P. St. John

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579227376

Category: Education

Page: 276

View: 9050

A professional text written for social science researchers and practitioners, Research, Actionable Knowledge and Social Change provides strategies and frameworks for using social science research to engage in critical social and educational problem solving. Combining the best practices of critical analysis and traditional research methods, this professional text offers guidance for using the Action Inquiry Model (AIM), a transformative model that explains how to successfully conduct action-oriented research in a multitude of professional service organizations. The aim of the text is to encourage a new generation of research-based partnerships reforms that promote equity and access for underserved populations. Topics discussed include: • The historical precedents for universities engaged in social change • The limitations of current social science theory and methods • The critical-empirical approach to social research • The issues relating to social justice within the policy decision process • The use of social research to integrate an emphasis of social justice into economic and policy decision making Research, Actionable Knowledge and Social Change does not propose different foundations for social research, but rather argues that it is necessary to reconsider how to work with theory and research methods to inform change. This text can also be used by students enrolled in graduate and Ed.D/Ph.D Higher Education Leadership programs and graduate programs across professional fields including K-12, public administration, sociology, health, cultural studies, organizational development and organizational theory. It further offers students guidance for research design and dissertation research.
Posted in Education

Defending Childhood

Keeping the Promise of Early Education

Author: Beverly Falk

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 080777099X

Category: Child development

Page: 289

View: 9864

Posted in Child development

Rethinking the Education Mess: A Systems Approach to Education Reform

Author: I. Mitroff,L. Hill,C. Alpaslan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137386045

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 6605

Using a form of systems thinking, this book analyzes K-12 education as a complex, "messy" system that must be tackled as a whole and provides a series of heuristics to help those involved in the education mess to improve the system as a whole.
Posted in Education